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Ethics In Science

Author: John G D'Angelo
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1351974645
Size: 15.50 MB
Format: PDF
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Providing the tools necessary for a robust debate, this fully revised and updated second edition of Ethics in Science: Ethical Misconduct in Scientific Research explains various forms of scientific misconduct. The first part describes a variety of ethical violations, why they occur, how they are handled, and what can be done to prevent them along with a discussion of the peer-review process. The second presents real-life case studies that review the known facts, allowing readers to decide for themselves whether an ethical violation has occurred and if so, what should be done. With 4 new chapters and an updated selection of case studies, this text provides resources for guided discussion of topical controversies and how to prevent scientific misconduct. Key Features: Fully revised and updated text which explains the various forms of scientific misconduct. New chapters include hot topics such as Ethics of the Pharmaceutical Industry, The Responsibility of Science to the Environment and Summary of Ethics Guidelines of STEM Professional Societies. Provides the necessary tools to lead students in the discussion of topical controversies. Includes descriptions of real ethical case studies, a number of which are new for the Second Edition. This book is applicable to any science and any level of education.

The Ethics Of Science

Author: David B. Resnik
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134705840
Size: 30.31 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Ethics of Science is a comprehensive and student-friendly introduction to the study of ethics in science and scientific research. The book covers: * Science and Ethics * Ethical Theory and Applications * Science as a Profession * Standards of Ethical Conduct in Science * Objectivity in Research * Ethical Issues in the Laboratory * The Scientist in Society * Toward a More Ethical Science * Actual case studies include: Baltimore Affair * cold fusion * Milikan's oil drop experiments * human and animal cloning * Cold War experiments * Strategic Defence Initiative * the Challenger accident * Tobacco Research.

Responsible Conduct Of Research

Author: Adil E. Shamoo
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199376042
Size: 28.24 MB
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Since the early 2000s, the field of Responsible Conduct of Research has become widely recognized as essential to scientific education, investigation, and training. At present, research institutions with public funding are expected to have some minimal training and education in RCR for their graduate students, fellows and trainees. These institutions also are expected to have a system in place for investigating and reporting misconduct in research or violations of regulations in research with human subjects, or in their applications to federal agencies for funding. Public scrutiny of the conduct of scientific researchers remains high. Media reports of misconduct scandals, biased research, violations of human research ethics rules, and moral controversies in research occur on a weekly basis. Since the 2009 publication of the 2nd edition of Shamoo and Resnik's Responsible Conduct of Research, there has been a vast expansion in the information, knowledge, methods, and diagnosis of problems related to RCR and the multitude of ethical issues of human subject protections. With the climate surrounding research conduct always shifting, developments in the field make an updated edition a necessity. All chapters have been revised and reflect the most current RCR landscape. New or further-developed topics include social responsibility and misconduct in social sciences, climate-change research, authorship, and peer review. Updates include new information on research involving human subjects or "vulnerable" biological subjects, as well as genetic research. Just like in previous editions, all chapters contain recent case studies and legal examples of various subjects.

Research Ethics For Scientists

Author: C. Neal Stewart, Jr.
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1119979862
Size: 25.53 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Research Ethics for Scientists is about best practices in all the major areas of research management and practice that are common to scientific researchers, especially those in academia. Aimed towards the younger scientist, the book critically examines the key areas that continue to plague even experienced and well-meaning science professionals. For ease of use, the book is arranged in functional themes and units that every scientist recognizes as crucial for sustained success in science; ideas, people, data, publications and funding. These key themes will help to highlight the elements of successful and ethical research as well as challenging the reader to develop their own ideas of how to conduct themselves within their work. Tackles the ethical issues of being a scientist rather than the ethical questions raised by science itself Case studies used for a practical approach Written by an experienced researcher and PhD mentor Accessible, user-friendly advice Indispensible companion for students and young scientists

Research Ethics

Author: Institute for the Study of Applied and Professional Ethics
Publisher: UPNE
ISBN: 9780874517972
Size: 35.18 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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This reader provides a thorough overview of the ethical dilemmas confronting contemporary research scientists. Original material, reprints, and cases on topics such as relationships with colleagues, institutional responsibility, conflict of interest, experimentation with animals and humans, and methodologies for ethically conducting, reporting, and funding research clarify difficult questions for students and professionals alike. The collection supports efforts, in response to increasingly stringent federal mandates, to include ethics instruction in research training.

Ethical Issues In Biomedical Publication

Author: Anne Hudson Jones
Publisher: JHU Press
ISBN: 9780801863158
Size: 80.66 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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"Highly recommended for those intending to undertake clinical trials or similar research, as well as for those presently engaged in this field, as a refresher course in medical ethics." -- JAMA "A very thorough discussion of the various legal and administative solutions... The book is well-written, has case material and examples enough to make reading vicariously pleasurable." -- Bulletin of Medical Ethics

Research Ethics

Author: Robin Levin Penslar
Publisher: Indiana University Press
ISBN: 9780253209061
Size: 72.33 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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The ethical conduct of research has become an area of great concern on university campuses across the nation. The cases and other materials in this book are designed to foster discussion of research ethics issues in the university classroom. The materials selected for inclusion here can speak to people in all disciplines, though the cases are drawn from biology, psychology, and history. They cover such topics as plagiarism, confidentiality, conflict of interest, fraud and misconduct, access to research materials, the obligations of mentors and teachers, the reporting of data, and the participation of human and animal subjects in research. Specific pedagogical suggestions for many of the cases are provided in the instructional notes. In addition, Research Ethics provides discussions of ethical theory and pedagogy. An annotated bibliography will help instructors identify resources to use as supplements to cases, assist readers who are developing courses in research ethics, and aid further research on the subject.

Science And Ethics In Dialogue

Author: Ann Boyd
Publisher: Biota Publishing
ISBN: 1615047174
Size: 34.89 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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This book represents my experience teaching graduate students in Biomedical Science at Hood College. Being science majors, the students have a limited background in philosophy and ethics. Most of the graduate students are employed at area research laboratories while also pursuing a Master of Science degree. Their practical day-to-day experience in scientific research is helpful in discussions of responsible conduct of research cases. Being aware of increased cases of misconduct the United States established the Office of Research Integrity (ORI). Their publication, Introduction to the Responsible Conduct of Research, defines misconduct as fabrication, falsification, and plagiarism. Concern for the breach of public trust with repercussions in scientific funding has led to mandates for courses in ethics for students pursuing a scientific career. In addition, the Human Genome Project megaproject funded Ethical, Legal, and Social Implications Research (www.genome.gov/ELSI/) recognizing that the genetic information produced by the project would come with applied ethical dilemmas. Teaching can be understood as conveying knowledge from generation to generation. Likewise systems of morality are collective acquisitions built up over millennia with social norms and values that aim to maintain social order. Research does not support the premise that knowing the rules of conduct will prevent misconduct. Indeed, compliance with rules can give a false sense of security, especially if the ethical reasoning grounding the rules is not understood. Therefore, I try to sketch a path through the potential phases and avenues of a scientific career, imagining that a person may do basic research, serve on ethics committees, and engage the public in ethical use of new advances in genetics. As a result the content of this text is divided into three parts. The first part deals with foundational material on science and ethics and cases that highlight proper scientific professional conduct. The second part deals with clinical research through which a research discovery is moved to the bedside of patients and the ethical parameters of the transition. The third part sketches the ethical dilemmas evolving from progress in genetic information to clinical applications. Helping students find a moral compass, a grounding of why one ought to behave in ethical ways in their profession and more generally in life is challenging. Doing so increases their awareness and mine of potential dilemmas and how to deal with them ethically.

Style And Ethics Of Communication In Science And Engineering

Author: Jay Dowell Humphrey
Publisher: Morgan & Claypool Publishers
ISBN: 1598292986
Size: 35.16 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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Scientists and engineers seek to discover and disseminate knowledge so that it can be used to improve the human condition. Style and Ethics of Communication in Science and Engineering serves as a valuable aid in this pursuit-it can be used as a textbook for undergraduate or graduate courses on technical communication and ethics, a reference book for senior design courses, or a handbook for young investigators and beginning faculty members. In addition to presenting methods for writing clearly and concisely and improving oral presentations, this compact book provides practical guidelines for preparing theses, dissertations, journal papers for publication, and proposals for research funding. Issues of authorship, peer review, plagiarism, recordkeeping, and copyright are addressed in detail, and case studies of research misconduct are presented to highlight the need for proactive attention to scientific integrity. Ample exercises cause the reader to stop and think. Style and Ethics of Communication in Science and Engineering thus motivates the reader to develop an effective, individual style of communication and a personal commitment to integrity, each of which are essential to success in the workplace. Table of Contents: Motivation / Writing Well / Scientific Publications / Proposals and Grant Applications / Oral Communication / Authorship / Recordkeeping / Ownership of Ideas, Data, and Publications

Research Ethics

Author: Deborah R. Barnbaum
Publisher:
ISBN: 9780130212641
Size: 59.98 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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A comprehensive introduction to ethical questions based on the premise that ethical research is better research. The text explores the ethical complexities of research in order to enhance researchers existing capacities of ethical reflection and decision making. Examines all aspects of the research process including the choice of research questions, methodological considerations in testing a hypothesis, recruitment and treatment of human or animal subjects, publication of results and the role of the scientist in the community.