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Ethnic Cleansing

Author: Clotilde Pegorier
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134067836
Size: 65.54 MB
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This book confronts the problem of the legal uncertainty surrounding the definition and classification of ethnic cleansing, exploring whether the use of the term ethnic cleansing constitutes a valuable contribution to legal understanding and praxis. The premise underlying this book is that acts of ethnic cleansing are, first and foremost, a criminal issue and must therefore be precisely placed within the context of the international law order. In particular, it addresses the question of the specificity of the act and its relation to existing categories of international crime, exploring the relationship between ethnic cleansing and genocide, but also extending to war crimes and crimes against humanity. The book goes on to show how the current understanding of ethnic cleansing singularly fails to provide an efficient instrument for identification, and argues that the act, in having its own distinctive characteristics, conditions and exigencies, ought to be granted its own classification as a specific independent crime. Ethnic Cleansing: A Legal Qualification, will be of particular interest to students and scholars of International Law and Political Science.

Ethnic Cleansing During The Cold War

Author: Tomasz Kamusella
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1351062689
Size: 29.54 MB
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In mid-1989, the Bulgarian communist regime seeking to prop up its legitimacy played the ethnonational card by expelling 360,000 Turks and Muslims across the Iron Curtain to neighboring Turkey. It was the single largest ethnic cleansing during the Cold War in Europe after the wrapping up of the postwar expulsions (‘population transfers’) of ethnic Germans from Central Europe in the latter half of the 1940s. Furthermore, this expulsion of Turks and Muslims from Bulgaria was the sole unilateral act of ethnic cleansing that breached the Iron Curtain. The 1989 ethnic cleansing was followed by an unprecedented return of almost half of the expellees, after the collapse of the Bulgarian communist regime. The return, which partially reversed the effects of this ethnic cleansing, was the first-ever of its kind in history. Despite the unprecedented character of this 1989 expulsion and the subsequent return, not a single research article, let alone a monograph, has been devoted to these momentous developments yet. However, the tragic events shape today’s Bulgaria, while the persisting attempts to suppress the remembrance of the 1989 expulsion continue sharply dividing the country’s inhabitants. Without remembering about this ethnic cleansing it is impossible to explain the fall of the communist system in Bulgaria and the origins of ethnic cleansing during the Yugoslav wars. Faltering Yugoslavia’s future ethnic cleansers took a good note that neither Moscow nor Washington intervened in neighboring Bulgaria to stop the 1989 expulsion, which in light of international law was then still the legal instrument of ‘population transfer.’ The as yet unhealed wound of the 1989 ethnic cleansing negatively affects the Bulgaria’s relations with Turkey and the European Union. It seems that the only way out of this debilitating conundrum is establishing a truth and reconciliation commission that at long last would ensure transitional justice for all Bulgarians irrespective of language, religion or ethnicity.

Women And Transitional Justice

Author: Lisa Yarwood
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 0415699118
Size: 16.59 MB
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This book discusses the evolving principle of transitional justice in public international law and international relations from the female perspective at a time when the concept is increasingly recognised by the international community as an effective framework in which to negotiate and manage a community’s post-conflict transition to peace and stability. The book adopts a gender lens with a particular focus on women’s direct experiences and perceptions either as intended beneficiaries of transitional justice (TJ), protagonists in that process or as practitioners, in order to present a unique view in relation to the development of TJ. The range of experiences and knowledge in this collection provides a fresh and unique perspective through its blend of theory and practice. This book will be of particular interest to students and scholars of law, political science and gender studies.

The Diversification And Fragmentation Of International Criminal Law

Author: Larissa van den Herik
Publisher: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers
ISBN: 9004214593
Size: 12.87 MB
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This volume deals with the tension between unity and diversification which has gained a central place in the debate under the label of ‘fragmentation’. It explores the meaning, articulation and risks of this phenomenon in a specific area: International Criminal Justice. It brings together established and fresh voices who analyse different sites and contestations of this concept, as well as its context and specific manifestations in the interpretation and application of International Criminal Law. The volume thereby connects discourse on ‘fragmentation’ with broader inquiry on the merits and discontents of legal pluralism in ‘Public International Law’.

Legal Lynching

Author: Jesse Jackson
Publisher: Anchor
ISBN: 9780385722117
Size: 34.42 MB
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A passionate argument against capital punishment argues that the death penalty is morally wrong, an ineffective deterrent, and an instrument of a justice system exemplified by systematic legal error and widespread racial bias. Reprint. 17,500 first printing.

Law Against Genocide

Author: David Hirsh
Publisher: Cavendish Publishing
ISBN: 1843145073
Size: 28.64 MB
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Based on first-hand observation of international war crimes tribunals and the English courts, this book examines the emergence of "cosmopolitan" criminal law - principles and institutions that aim to protect the human rights of all individuals, even when they are threatened by their own state.

Responsibility To Protect

Author: R. Cooper
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 0230618405
Size: 11.48 MB
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This edited volume holds the promise of ending the genocides and other atrocity crimes that have repeatedly stained humanity and aims to move this noble principle from rhetoric to action.

Judge Ant Nio A Can Ado Trindade The Construction Of A Humanized International Law

Author: Antônio Augusto Cançado Trindade
Publisher: Hotei Publishing
ISBN: 9004251030
Size: 67.28 MB
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This volume is the sixth in the Series The Judges, which collects and synthesizes the opinions of leading international Judges of the contemporary era who have contributed significantly to the progressive development of international law. The current volume contains a selection of the Individual Opinions of Judge Antônio A. Cançado Trindade, former Judge and President of the Inter-American Court of Human Rights, and since 2008 a Judge of the International Court of Justice. Two volume set.