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Eurekas And Euphorias

Author: Walter Gratzer
Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand
ISBN: 9780198609407
Size: 39.11 MB
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A collection of scientific anecdotes from the past two thousand years offers insight into the personalities, friendships, rivalries, deceptions, hoaxes, tragedies, and mistakes that marked the history of science. (Science & Mathematics)

Chemische Zeitreisen

Author: Klaus-Dieter Röker
Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand
ISBN: 3844897127
Size: 28.54 MB
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Chemie ist die Lehre von der Materie, deren Eigenschaften und Umwandlungen. Die Menschen beschäftigen sich seit frühester Urzeit mit den sie umgebenden Stoffen. Man versuchte zu verstehen, was Materie eigentlich ist und wie die Umwandlungen der Stoffe erklärt werden können. Die hierbei entstandenen Modelle gründeten auf dem zeitgenössischen Erfahrungswissen und spiegelten das naturphilosophisch-naturwissenschaftliche Denken der jeweiligen Zeiten wider. Die häufig anzutreffende Vorstellung, dass wissenschaftlicher Fortschritt sich gradlinig entwickelt, trifft sicher nicht zu: Wissenschaft zeigt eher die Charakteristik einer Brownschen Molekularbewegung. Das Denken geht in alle Richtungen, oftmals auch in irreführende. Es bewegt sich aber immer im geistigen und gesellschaftlichen Kontext seiner Zeit, wird bestimmt durch politisch-sozioökonomische, philosophische und religiöse Einflüsse. Der Leser wird in zwanzig Zeitreisen an die Schauplätze der Chemiegeschichte mitgenommen, an denen sich das heutige Bild der Chemie herausgebildet hat. Ganz ohne Augenzwinkern geht es dabei aber auch nicht. Der Autor Klaus-D. Röker (Jahrgang 1945) ist promovierter Chemiker: Nach langjähriger Tätigkeit in der Industrie beschäftigt er sich mit Themen der Chemiegeschichte.

The Piltdown Forgery Fiftieth Anniversary Edition With A New Introduction And Afterword By Chris Stringer

Author: J. S. Weiner
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191505072
Size: 64.95 MB
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On 21 November 1953, one of the most fascinating puzzles in science was finally solved. Three scientists--Joseph Weiner, Kenneth Oakley, and Wilfrid Le Gros Clark--described their investigations into the important fossilized human remains found at Piltdown in Sussex in the early 1900s. Their conclusion was stunning: the remains, and the accompanying materials that supposedly verified them as ancient fossils, had all been faked. The discovery of Piltdown Man had been announced to the world in 1912 by an amateur fossil hunter, Charles Dawson, and the Keeper of Geology at the Natural History Museum in London, Arthur Smith Woodward, who had found fragments of a thickset skull and an ape-like lower jaw, along with other bones and stone tools. These fragments pointed to a species of early human who had lived in England a million years ago-a 'missing link' between apes and modern man. But, as Weiner and his colleagues were to reveal in 1953, the skull was a recent one, and the jaw had belonged to an orang-utan. These and many other 'finds' from Piltdown had been deliberately stained and tampered with to make them appear ancient, and the scientific establishment had been well and truly fooled. Widely praised from its first publication in 1955, The Piltdown Forgery remains the classic account of this story and its many players. In this fiftieth anniversary edition, Professor Chris Stringer, Head of Human Origins at the Natural History Museum in London, provides an introduction to this famous story, and an afterword containing the latest detective-work. Ever-increasing technological powers may one day reveal who did what, and why, but until then this remains an engrossing tale of mixed motives, captivating trickery, and competing egos: a tale fit to rival the works of Sir Arthur Conan Doyle (himself a player in this saga) at his best.

Tasty

Author: John McQuaid
Publisher: Simon and Schuster
ISBN: 1451685025
Size: 54.72 MB
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“A fascinating blend of culinary history and the science of taste” (Publishers Weekly, starred review), from the first bite taken by our ancestors to ongoing scientific advances in taste and today’s “foodie” revolution. Can’t resist the creamy smoothness of butter? Blame Darwinian natural selection. Crave the immediate zing of sweets? They bathe your brain in a seductive high. Enjoy the savory flavors of grilled meat? So did your ancestor Homo erectus. Coffee? You had to overcome your hardwired aversion to its hint of bitterness and learn to like it. Taste is a whole-body experience, and breakthroughs in genetics and microbiology are casting light not only on the experience of french fries and foie gras, but on the mysterious interplay of body, brain, and mind. Reporting from kitchens, supermarkets, farms, restaurants, huge food corporations, and science labs, Pulitzer Prize-winning journalist John McQuaid tells the story of the still-emerging concept of flavor and how our sense of taste will evolve in the coming decades. Tasty explains why children have bizarre and stubborn tastes, how the invention of cooking changed our brains and physiology, why artificial sweeteners never taste quite right, why name brands really do taste better, how a 100,000-year-old walkabout by early humans is responsible for George H.W. Bush’s broccoli-hatred, why “supertasters” like salt, and why “nontasters” are more likely to be alcoholics. “A fascinating story with a beginning some half a billion years ago…McQuaid’s tale is about science, but also about culture, history and, one senses, our future” (Scientific American). Tasty offers a delicious smorgasbord of where taste originated and where it’s going—and why it changes by the day.

The Harmonious Universe

Author: Keith James Laidler
Publisher: Amherst, N.Y. : Prometheus Books
ISBN:
Size: 17.16 MB
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Looks at key advances and major figures in science.

Scientific Creativity

Author: Anna Mancini
Publisher: BUENOS BOOKS AMERICA LLC
ISBN: 193284824X
Size: 79.74 MB
Format: PDF
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Throughout history famous researchers had innovative dreams that sometimes won them a Nobel Prize. Why did they get these dreams? Based on 20 years innovative work on the connections between dreams and reality and on the role played by the whole body in the innovative dream process, this revolutionary book answers many questions about scientific creativity and how to boost it. It explains why innovative dreams, ideas and intuitions occur and what blocks them. It reveals how researchers can place themselves in the best conditions to become discoverers. It teaches a powerful technique to provoke innovative dreams, ideas and intuitions instead of waiting for the stroke of luck.

Science And Sensibility

Author: Keith James Laidler
Publisher: Pyr Books
ISBN:
Size: 56.65 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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This volume reviews the major contributions of the different branches of science and shows how they all lead to a unified conception of humans' place in the universe.