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European Banks And The Rise Of International Finance

Author: Carlo Edoardo Altamura
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317276965
Size: 52.43 MB
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The banking and financial sector has expanded dramatically in the last forty years, and the consequences of this accelerated growth have been felt by people around the world. European Banks and the Rise of International Finance examines the historical origins of the financialised world we live in by analysing the transformations in world finance which occurred in the decade from the first oil crisis of 1973, until the debt crisis of 1982. This a crucial and formative decade for understanding the modern financial landscape, but it is still mostly unexplored in economic and financial history. The availability of new archival evidence has allowed for the re-examination of issues such as the progressive privatisation of international financial flows to Less Developed Countries, especially in Latin America and South-East Asia, and its impact on the expansion of the European banking sector, and for the development of an invaluable financial and political history. This book is well suited for those interested in monetary economics and economic history, as well as those studying international political economy, banking history and Financial history.

The Second Bank Of The United States

Author: Jane Ellen Knodell
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 1317662776
Size: 59.14 MB
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The year 2016 marks the 200th anniversary of the founding of the Second Bank of the United States (1816-1836). This book is an economic history of an early central bank, the Second Bank of the United States (1816-36). After US President Andrew Jackson vetoed the re-chartering of the Bank in 1832, the US would go without a central bank for the rest of the nineteenth century, unlike Europe and England. This book takes a fresh look at the role and legacy of the Second Bank. The Second Bank of the United States shows how the Bank developed a business model that allowed it to make a competitive profit while providing integrating fiscal services to the national government for free. The model revolved around the strategic use of its unique ability to establish a nationwide system of branches. This book shows how the Bank used its branch network to establish dominance in select money markets: frontier money markets and markets for bills of exchange and specie. These lines of business created synergies with the Bank’s fiscal duties, and profits that helped cover their costs. The Bank’s branch in New Orleans, Louisiana, became its geographic centre of gravity, in contrast with the state-chartered banking system, which was already, by the 1820s, centred around New York. This book is of great interest to those who study banking and American history, as well as economic students who have a great interest in economic history.

War Power And The Economy

Author: A. González Enciso
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 1317518233
Size: 63.54 MB
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War, Power and the Economy contains a comparative history of Great Britain, France and Spain, the three rival empires of the 1700s. It explores how the states prepared for war, what kind of economic means they had, what institutional changes they implemented, and how efficient this was. As such, the book presents the first comparative synthesis aiming to understand the outcome of the global confrontation in the eighteenth century. Faced with the challenge of paying for new and more costly wars, some countries found flexible ways to get more money and better supplies, whereas others did not. The development of freer colonial markets, the increase of consumption and its taxation, the problems of venal administration or the different systems of patronage with contractors, are some of the factors explaining the divergences that were made clear by 1815. This book explores political and economic dimensions of the eighteenth-century European state in order to explain why and how changes in power as an outcome of war depended upon the available means and the way they were obtained and used. The book takes the idea that making war or preparing for it obliged governments to make important changes in their institutions, so that during the eighteenth century the state in many ways formed itself through war efforts. Ultimately, this study aims to show how closely political and military success was entwined with economic interests. This volume is of great interest to those who study economic history, political economy and European history.

Money Currency And Crisis

Author: R.J. van der Spek
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1351810502
Size: 28.93 MB
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Money is a core feature in all discussions of economic crisis, as is clear from the debates about the responses of the European Central Bank and the Federal Reserve Bank of the United States to the 2008 economic crisis. This volume explores the role of money in economic performance, and focuses on how monetary systems have affected economic crises for the last 4,000 years. Recent events have confirmed that money is only a useful tool in economic exchange if it is trusted, and this is a concept that this text explores in depth. The international panel of experts assembled here offers a long-range perspective, from ancient Assyria to modern societies in Europe, China and the US. This book will be of interest to students and researchers of economic history, and to anyone who seeks to understand the economic crises of recent decades, and place them in a wider historical context.

Collective Action Clauses

Author: C. Strobel
Publisher: Diplomica Verlag
ISBN: 3836697343
Size: 52.39 MB
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Um die Risiken von Umschuldungen zu minimieren oder gar ausschlie en zu k nnen, diskutieren Wirtschaftsexperten intensiv die M glichkeiten von Collective Action Clauses. In dieser Studie werden die Chancen dargestellt, die durch die Verwendung dieser Collective Action Clauses entstehen k nnen und es wird gekl rt, ob sie bei der berwindung von Finanzkrisen helfen. Zur Geldbeschaffung geben Staaten h ufig Staatsanleihen aus. Dies unterscheidet sie nicht von wirtschaftlichen Unternehmungen. Um die Besonderheiten von Staatsanleihen und Staatsinsolvenzen im Vergleich zu Industrieschuldverschreibungen und Unternehmensinsolvenzen hervorzuheben, werden zun chst begriffliche Erl uterungen herangezogen. Es besteht die M glichkeit, die Verbindlichkeiten des Schuldners - so auch Staatsanleihen - bei Zahlungsunf higkeit umzustrukturieren, um Insolvenzen abzuwenden. Durch die breit gef cherte Masse" der Gl ubiger besteht hierbei das Risiko von unkooperativen Alleing ngen einzelner Anleger. So k nnen z.B. Koordinierungsprobleme oder berst rzte Handlungen Einzelner w hrend der Umstrukturierung den Umschuldungsprozess unn tig in die L nge ziehen und die Kosten dadurch drastisch erh hen. Hier erm glichen die einzelnen Formen der Collective Action Clauses durch die in ihnen festgeschriebenen Beschr nkungen ein kontrolliertes, gezieltes sowie gemeinsames Handeln aller Investoren und bringen somit Vorteile f r Schuldner und Gl ubiger. Die zahlreichen Formen der Collective Action Clauses und die verschiedenen Gerichtsbarkeiten, denen diese auf dem internationalen Parkett unterliegen, werden in der Studie betrachtet. Auch die L sungsans tze des Sovereign Dept Restructuring Mechanism, der lange Zeit vom International Monetary Fund pr feriert wurde, wird an dieser Stelle kurz vorgestellt. Zur Kl rung der Frage, ob die Anwendung von Collective Action Clauses die berwindung der Finanzkrise unterst tzen kann, wird am Beispiel Islands zun chst die Entstehung der Finanzkrise er rtert und sch