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European Penology

Author: Tom Daems
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 1782251308
Size: 39.69 MB
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Is there something distinctive about penology in Europe? Do Europeans think about punishment and penal policy in a different way to people in other parts of the globe? If so, why is this the case and how does it work in practice? This book addresses some major and pressing issues that have been emerging in recent years in the interdisciplinary field of 'European penology', that is, a space where legal scholarship, criminology, sociology and political science meet - or should meet - in order to make sense of punishment in Europe. The chapters in European Penology? have been written by leading scholars in the field and focus in particular on the interaction of European academic penology and national practice with European policies as developed by the Council of Europe and, increasingly, by the European Union.

Life Imprisonment And Human Rights

Author: Dirk van Zyl Smit
Publisher: Hart Publishing Limited
ISBN: 9781509902200
Size: 54.59 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Life imprisonment is the most severe penalty that can be imposed by the criminal justice system. Despite this, it is a relatively under-researched form of punishment. No meaningful attempt has been made to understand its human rights implications. This important collection fills that gap by addressing these two key questions: namely what is life imprisonment and what human rights are relevant to it? These questions are explored from the perspective of a range of jurisdictions, and a dual perspective drawing on both empirical and doctrinal research is offered. Under the editorship of two leading scholars in the field, this innovative and important work will be a landmark publication in the field of penal studies and human rights. (Series: ?Onati International Series in Law and Society) [Subject: Human Rights Law, Criminology &?Policing, Socio-Legal Studies]

Adapting Legal Cultures

Author: David Nelken
Publisher: Hart Publishing
ISBN: 1841132918
Size: 54.19 MB
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Looking at the theory and practice of legal borrowing and adaptation in different areas of the world, this volume discusses legal transplants, the role of the state in producing socio-legal change and the effects of globalization.

Prison Labour

Author: Dirk Van Zyl Smit
Publisher: Ashgate Pub Limited
ISBN: 9781840147971
Size: 43.82 MB
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This book about prison labour combines national studies with comparative analyses of international trends and debates. It reports that while lip service continues to be paid to the virtues of prison labour in almost all jurisdictions, its character has changed considerably from that postulated by classical theorists. Rights of prisoners to adequately remunerated work are now more prominent. However, they are being asserted in the face of public pressure for cost effective prisons and national labour markets faced with structural unemployment and limited demand for the most unskilled labour that prisoners can offer. By highlighting these developments, this book provides the basis for a major re-evaluation of theory and practice in respect of prison labour.

Challenging Gender Inequality In Tax Policy Making

Author: Kim Brooks
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 1847316549
Size: 48.57 MB
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This volume takes a critical look at the gender of tax policy around the world. Contributors based in eight different countries examine the profound effects that gender norms and practices have had in shaping tax law and policy, and how taxation in turn impacts upon the possibilities for equality along gender, race, class, sexuality and other lines. Chapters explore how the gendered fiscal state might be theorised; how structural choices about rates and bases in tax policy design contribute to gender inequality; how tax policy affects family configurations and perceptions of what constitutes family; how fiscal systems impact on savings and wealth accumulation by women and men; and the role of different policy-making processes and institutions in occluding and sometimes challenging these patterns. Most significantly, perhaps, the book explores these questions in an international frame, traversing countries and continents. The conclusion: fiscal policy has deep rooted, long standing gender implications that affect virtually every aspect of our social, political, and economic lives whether we live in Canada, Australia or Kenya.

Law And The Precarious Home

Author: Helen Carr
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 1509914587
Size: 34.29 MB
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This book explores the emergent and internationally widespread phenomenon of precariousness, specifically in relation to the home. It maps the complex reality of the insecure home by examining the many ways in which precariousness is manifested in legal and social change across a number of otherwise very different jurisdictions. By applying innovative work done by socio-legal scholars in other fields such as labour law and welfare law to the home, Law and the Precarious Home offers a broader theoretical understanding of contemporary 'precarisation' of law and society. It will enable reflections upon differential experience of home dependent upon class, race and gender from a range of local, national and cross-national perspectives. Finally it will explore the pluralisation of ideas of home in subjective experience, social reality and legal form. The answers offered in this book reflect the expertise and standing of the assembled authors who are international leaders in their field, with decades of first-hand practical and intellectual engagement with the area.

Transitional Criminal Justice In Post Dictatorial And Post Conflict Societies

Author: Agata Fijalkowski
Publisher: Intersentia Uitgevers N V
ISBN: 9781780682600
Size: 39.47 MB
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This volume considers the important and timely question of criminal justice as a method of addressing state violence committed by non-democratic regimes. The book's main objectives concern a fresh, contemporary, and critical analysis of transitional criminal justice as a concept, as well as its related measures, beginning with the initiatives that have been put in place with the fall of the Communist regimes in Europe in 1989. The project argues for re-thinking and re-visiting filters that scholars use to interpret main issues of transitional criminal justice, such as: the relationship between judicial accountability, democratization, and politics in transitional societies * the role of successor trials in re-writing history * the interaction between domestic and international actors and specific initiatives in shaping transitional justice * the paradox of time in enhancing accountability for human rights violations. In order to accomplish this, the book considers cases of domestic accountability in the post-1989 era, from different geographical areas - such as Europe, Asia, and Africa - in relation to key events from various periods of time. In this way, the approach, which investigates space and time-lines in key examples, also takes into account a longitudinal study of transitional criminal justice itself. (Series: Transitional Justice - Vol. 18) [Subject: Transitional Justice, Criminal Justice, Human Rights]

Criminologies Of The Military

Author: Andrew Goldsmith
Publisher: Hart Publishing
ISBN: 9781509904860
Size: 72.13 MB
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This innovative collection offers one of the first analysis of criminologies of the military from an interdisciplinary perspective. Criminologists have commented in detail in the past on the military; war crimes for example, is a well discussed topic. This collection looks at those equally important, but less explored aspects, such as private military actors, insurgents and paramilitary groups. The contributions, by leading experts in the field, have a broad reach and take a truly global approach to the subject.

Select Proceedings Of The European Society Of International Law

Author: James Crawford
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 1847318762
Size: 33.33 MB
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This book continues the series Select Proceedings of the European Society of International Law, containing the proceedings of the Fourth Biennial Conference organised by ESIL and the University of Cambridge in 2010. The title of the conference was 'International Law 1989-2010: A Performance Appraisal'. The highlights, selected for publication in this volume, cover a wide spectrum of topics in international law.

Trends And Issues In Victimology

Author: Natti Ronel
Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing
ISBN: 1443814539
Size: 60.63 MB
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This book focuses on varied practical and theoretical issues of the science of victims, Victimology. Featuring a foreword and epilogue by leading victimologists, and fifteen original essays by leading as well as by young international victimologists, Trends and issues in Victimology, illustrates how victimization is currently perceived. This edited collection describes how the victim’s right for privacy is deprived for the benefit of the accused and the public interest, and how special needs populations are exposed to revictimization during criminal proceedings. It also delineates specific characteristics of stalking victims, sexual abused victims, and victims in work place. Several recommendations and solutions in order to balance the justice system and improve the victims of crime situation are presented in this book. Practical modifications such as the adoption of the principle of restitution in the penal code as a framework for building evidence of victim legislation and policy, and the incorporation of the victim’s therapy and restorative justice proceedings into the criminal justice system, are suggested. Theoretical aspects discuss the rhetoric of victimization and the social construction of victimization and empirical aspects of the focus on the impact of victimization. This book is a valuable addition to the growing literature on Victimology and Victimization. This book offers versatile authors of multidisciplinary fields of law, victimology, psychology and criminology. It is suitable to use in courses across social sciences, criminology, victimology and law. ”I have read this book with a kind of breathless tension and with an intellectual joy. Its contributions triggered many theoretical questions. This book not only reflects the current intellectual climate in social science, but it has also posed certain challenges.” —Prof. Gerd Ferdinand Kirchhoff (from the Foreward).