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European Penology

Author: Tom Daems
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 1782251294
Size: 66.49 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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Is there something distinctive about penology in Europe? Do Europeans think about punishment and penal policy in a different way to people in other parts of the globe? If so, why is this the case and how does it work in practice? This book addresses some major and pressing issues that have been emerging in recent years in the interdisciplinary field of 'European penology', that is, a space where legal scholarship, criminology, sociology and political science meet - or should meet - in order to make sense of punishment in Europe. The chapters in European Penology? have been written by leading scholars in the field and focus in particular on the interaction of European academic penology and national practice with European policies as developed by the Council of Europe and, increasingly, by the European Union.

Human Rights Encounter Legal Pluralism

Author: Giselle Corradi
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 1849467722
Size: 20.52 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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This collection of essays interrogates how human rights law and practice acquire meaning in relation to legal pluralism, ie, the co-existence of more than one regulatory order in a same social field. As a social phenomenon, legal pluralism exists in all societies. As a legal construction, it is characteristic of particular regions, such as post-colonial contexts. Drawing on experiences from Latin America, Sub-Saharan Africa and Europe, the contributions in this volume analyse how different configurations of legal pluralism interplay with the legal and the social life of human rights. At the same time, they enquire into how human rights law and practice influence interactions that are subject to regulation by more than one normative regime. Aware of numerous misunderstandings and of the mutual suspicion that tends to exist between human rights scholars and anthropologists, the volume includes contributions from experts in both disciplines and intends to build bridges between normative and empirical theory.

Rights And Courts In Pursuit Of Social Change

Author: Dia Anagnostou
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 1782251863
Size: 38.87 MB
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Over the past few decades, European countries have witnessed a proliferation of legal norms concerning marginalised individuals and minorities who increasingly invoke them in front of courts to assert their rights and claim protection. The present volume explores the relationship between law, rights and social mobilisation in Europe. It specifically enquires into the extent and ways in which legal processes and entitlements are mobilised by less privileged social actors to advance their rights claims and pursue social change. Most distinctly, it explores such processes in the context of the multi-level European system, characterised by the existence of multiple legal and judicial arenas at the national, subnational and supranational/transnational level. In such a complex system of law and governance in Europe, concepts like legal opportunity structures, as well as the factors shaping them need to be reconceptualised. How does the multi-level European context distinctly shape the nature and salience of rights, as well as their mobilisation by individuals and minority actors?

Trust In International Police And Justice Cooperation

Author: Saskia Hufnagel
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 1509911308
Size: 16.54 MB
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The use of extra-territorial intelligence is growing among security, border, and public agencies. Internationally, rapidly evolving efforts to tackle transnational crime entail the exchange of intelligence across jurisdictions and state borders as well as the 'linking' of law enforcement operations. This book provides a number of different perspectives from across Europe, Australasia and Canada to examine recent cooperation experiences and the challenges faced in practice. The book brings together scholars from a range of legal and criminological fields to examine the legal imperatives and social parameters that shape international police and justice cooperation and highlights the importance of both trust and clear legal rules to ensure effective cooperation. It focuses on areas where cooperation is now mandated, but where significant issues are raised, including the international and regional methods of information and intelligence exchange and challenges to human rights protection; the coordination of international and regional exchange of evidence, such as forensic bioinformation; police cooperation in international investigations and the added value of formalising investigative strategies across jurisdictions regionally and internationally and the operation, accountability and legitimacy of organisations and institutions of 'cooperation' in law enforcement and specific international policing 'missions'.

Pol Tica Criminal Y Libertad

Author: Marcela Gutiérrez
Publisher: U. Externado de Colombia
ISBN: 9587722108
Size: 21.79 MB
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Este libro es el producto de las investigaciones realizadas durante el año 2013, que se socializaron en el Congreso Internacional de Política Criminal y Libertad, en donde se discutieron diferentes posturas hacia el “delito” y las diversas reacciones frente a él. La primera parte del libro la hemos denominado “Hacia la desprisionalizacion”, en ella se encontrará: una crítica a la penalidad y al castigo, elementos de una racionalidad neoliberal, y a los sujetos que se comportan como empresarios; una confrontación de lo normativo con la realidad de la justicia penal y penitenciaria, mostrando el incumplimiento de las funciones declaradas de la pena; la búsqueda de verdaderas alternativas que garanticen los derechos humanos de todos los actores de un conflicto social; una exposición a la estrecha relación entre desigualdad y prisionalización; y la complejidad del sistema penal y sus imaginarios sociales. La segunda parte del libro la hemos denominado “Prisión y sociedad”, para explicar las vivencias de sujetos de especial protección que son sometidos a un control punitivo excesivo y deshumanizante. En ella se encontrará: una propuesta de una justicia juvenil restaurativa fundamentada en el principio de excepcionalidad y en la alternatividad: desjudicialización y desinstitucionalización de las sanciones; los avances normativos de la justicia penal juvenil, en contraste con las detenciones y muertes de jóvenes privados de la libertad; la riqueza del derecho indígena y sus lecciones aprendidas para la resolución de los conflictos; el estigma social frente al adulto mayor en el mundo extramuros e intramuros; y la incidencia de los medios de comunicación en una política criminal coyuntural, reactiva y punitiva.

Rechtssoziologie

Author: Niklas Luhmann
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3322956997
Size: 35.36 MB
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Inhalt: Klassische Ansätze zur Rechtssoziologie - Rechtsbildung: Grundlagen einer soziologischen Theorie - Recht als Struktur der Gesellschaft - Positives Recht - Sozialer Wandel durch positives Recht - Rechtssystem und Rechtstheorie.

Elektronische Berwachung Von Straff Lligen Im Europ Ischen Vergleich Bestandsaufnahme Und Perspektiven

Author: Frieder Dünkel
Publisher: Forum Verlag Godesberg GmbH
ISBN: 9783942865784
Size: 78.30 MB
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Der vorliegende Sammelband enthält die Ergebnisse verschiedener Projekte zur Bedeutung und aktuellen Praxis der elektronischen Überwachung (EÜ) von Straftätern im europäischen Vergleich. Ausgangspunkt war ein von der Europäischen Kommission gefördertes Projekt mit dem Titel „Creativity and Effectiveness in the Use of Electronic Monitoring as an Alternative to Imprisonment in EU Member States und den beteiligten Ländern Belgien, Deutschland, Eng-land/Wales, Niederlande und Schottland. Für die vorliegende Publikation wurden der deutsche Landesbericht und der zusammenfassende Projektbericht in voller Länge und die Kurzfassung der Länderberichte von Belgien, England/Wales, den Niederlanden und Schottland übersetzt. Das EU-Projekt beinhaltete eine Bestandsaufnahme der rechtlichen und rechtspraktischen Entwicklung von EÜ in den Partnerländern und eine empirische Studie, die vor allem die Entscheidungsträger hinsichtlich der EÜ-Anordnung, die Praktiker der Bewährungshilfe und der Betreiberfirmen bis hin zu mit der Durchsetzung der EÜ befassten Polizeibeamten und anderen Überwachungspersonen im Hinblick auf ihre Erfahrungen und mögliche Verbesserungen der alltäglichen Praxis in den Blick nehmen sollte. Die Herausgeber des vorliegenden Bandes hatten angesichts der Zusammensetzung der EU-Projektpartner den Eindruck, dass keine repräsentative Auswahl von Ländern vorlag. Deshalb erweiterten sie das Forschungsnetzwerk und baten namhafte Forscher aus weiteren europäischen Ländern, den aktuellen Stand der elektronischen Überwachung in ihrem Land und die kriminalpolitische Diskussion bzw. entsprechende Perspektiven zu beschreiben.