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Evagrius Of Pontus Talking Back

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Publisher: Liturgical Press
ISBN: 0879079681
Size: 40.65 MB
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How did the monks of the Egyptian desert fight against the demons that attacked them with tempting thoughts? How could Christians resist the thoughts of gluttony, fornication, or pride that assailed them and obstructed their contemplation of God? According to Evagrius of Pontus (345 '399), one of the greatest spiritual directors of ancient monasticism, the monk should talk back to demons with relevant passages from the Bible. His book Talking Back (Antirrhaªtikos) lists over 500 thoughts or circumstances in which the demon-fighting monk might find himself, along with the biblical passages with which the monk should respond. It became one of the most popular books among the ascetics of Late Antiquity and the Byzantine East, but until now the entire text had not been translated into English. From Talking Back we gain a better understanding of Evagrius's eight primary demons: gluttony, fornication, love of money, sadness, anger, listlessness, vainglory, and pride. We can explore a central aspect of early monastic spirituality, and we get a glimpse of the temptations and anxieties that the first desert monks faced. David Brakke is professor and chair of the Department of Religious Studies in the College of Arts and Sciences of Indiana University. He studied ancient Christianity at Harvard Divinity School and Yale University. Brakke is the author of Athanasius and Asceticism and Demons and the Making of the Monk: Spiritual Combat in Early Christianity, and he edits the Journal of Early Christian Studies.

Gottes K Rper

Author: Christoph Markschies
Publisher: C.H.Beck
ISBN: 3406668674
Size: 63.26 MB
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Christoph Markschies macht in seinem glänzend geschriebenen Buch über die antiken Religionen mit einem erstaunlich fremdartigen Christentum bekannt, das tief in der Welt der heidnischen Gottesvorstellungen verwurzelt war. Er geht den Verbindungslinien zwischen den antiken Religionen nach und erklärt, warum sich erst im Mittelalter die bis heute geläufige Vorstellung von Gott als einem körperlosen Wesen durchgesetzt hat. Hat Gott einen Körper – und wenn ja, wie viele? In der Antike war jedenfalls auch für gebildete Christen ganz selbstverständlich, dass Gott, so wie die heidnischen Götter, einen Körper hat. Christoph Markschies zeigt, wie man sich den Körper Gottes konkret vorgestellt hat, verfolgt die philosophischen und theologischen Debatten darüber, besichtigt die antiken Tempel und geht den zahlreichen Bezügen zwischen dem christlichen und jüdischen Gott und den paganen Göttern nach. Daneben geht es immer wieder auch um den Menschen, seinen Körper, seine Seele und um die Heilkraft der Religion. Wer morgens gerne kalt duscht, sollte dieses bahnbrechende Buch mit seinem verstörend neuen Blick auf den christlichen Gott lesen.

Angels In Late Ancient Christianity

Author: Ellen Muehlberger
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199931933
Size: 28.52 MB
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Ellen Muehlberger explores the diverse and inventive ideas Christians held about angels in late antiquity. During the fourth and fifth centuries, Christians began experimenting with new modes of piety, adapting longstanding forms of public authority to Christian leadership and advancing novel ways of cultivating body and mind to further the progress of individual Christians. Muehlberger argues that in practicing these new modes of piety, Christians developed new ways of thinking about angels. The book begins with a detailed examination of the two most popular discourses about angels that developed in late antiquity. In the first, developed by Christians cultivating certain kinds of ascetic practices, angels were one type of being among many in a shifting universe, and their primary purpose was to guard and to guide Christians. In the other, articulated by urban Christian leaders in contest with one another, angels were morally stable characters described in the emerging canon of Scripture, available to enable readers to render Scripture coherent with emerging theological positions. Muehlberger goes on to show how these two discourses did not remain isolated in separate spheres of cultivation and contestation, but influenced one another and the wider Christian culture. She offers in-depth analysis of popular biographies written in late antiquity, of the community standards of emerging monastic communities, and of the training programs developed to prepare Christians to participate in ritual, demonstrating that new ideas about angels shaped and directed the formation of the definitive institutions of late antiquity. Angels in Late Ancient Christianity is a meticulous and thorough study of early Christian ideas about angels, but it also offers a different perspective on late ancient Christian history, arguing that angels were central rather than peripheral to the emergence of Christian institutions and Christian culture in late antiquity.

Late Antique Letter Collections

Author: Cristiana Sogno
Publisher: Univ of California Press
ISBN: 0520966198
Size: 64.29 MB
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Bringing together an international team of historians, classicists, and scholars of religion, this volume provides the first comprehensive overview of the extant Greek and Latin letter collections of late antiquity (ca. 300–600 c.e.). Each chapter addresses a major collection of Greek or Latin literary letters, introducing the social and textual histories of each collection and examining its assembly, publication, and transmission. Contributions also reveal how collections operated as discrete literary genres, with their own conventions and self-presentational agendas. This book will fundamentally change how people both read these texts and use letters to reconstruct the social history of the fourth, fifth, and sixth centuries.

Origenes Werke

Author: Paul Koetschau Origen
Publisher: Рипол Классик
ISBN: 5883255817
Size: 20.81 MB
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