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Evaluation Of The Effects And Consequences Of Major Accidents In Industrial Plants

Author: Joaquim Casal
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 044463892X
Size: 47.55 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Evaluation of the Effects and Consequences of Major Accidents in Industrial Plants, Second Edition, covers the essential aspects of a diverse range of major accidents including fires, explosions and toxic clouds, and provides the key models necessary to calculate their effects and consequences with applications to real incidents. New topics in this up-to-date edition include dust explosions, evaluation of frequencies and probabilities, domino effect, transportation of hazardous materials, and analysis of significant accidents. The new edition of Evaluation of the Effects and Consequences of Major Accidents in Industrial Plants is a valuable resource to engineers from the chemical/petrochemical industry and those working with the transportation of hazardous materials (by road, rail, or pipelines), in addition to engineering companies and academics alike. Evaluates the expected/probable occurrence frequency of major accidents Describes the main features of fires, explosions and toxic releases Includes mathematical modeling of major accidents, evaluation of their effects, and consequences on people and equipment Explains how to perform a Quantitative Risk Analysis

Risk Assessment And Management In The Context Of The Seveso Ii Directive

Author: Michalis D Christou
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080540610
Size: 70.25 MB
Format: PDF
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The assessment and management of risk to society from the operation of chemical process plants and other industrial activities in which dangerous substances are produced, used, handled or stored will remain a topic of great importance in the next decade. In order to evaluate this specific risk on a qualitative and/or quantitative basis, the concepts of risk analyses are linked together in this book. The "performance based" and "goal oriented" regulatory requirements of the European Council's new "Seveso II Directive" for the identification of large scale industrial hazards, prevention of sudden and uncontrolled releases of dangerous substances from industrial plants and mitigation of serious consequences of industrial accidents to people and the environment are examined. The fact that risk assessment and management are key elements to such forms of regulation is also demonstrated. While the "Seveso II Directive" defines "what" has to be achieved on the control of major hazards involving dangerous substances within the European Union, the methods of risk assessment and management give guidance on "how" to achieve it. The text provides a practical guide for decision-makers in regulatory bodies and companies with a non-technical background. Scientists and engineers who are not yet familiar with the concepts of risk assessment and who want a survey of some fundamentals of, and principal results from, risk assessment studies and approaches primarily for applications in the context defined by the "Seveso Directives" will also find this book invaluable.

Fluid Mechanics For Industrial Safety And Environmental Protection

Author: T.K. Fannelöp
Publisher: Newnes
ISBN: 0444597840
Size: 39.30 MB
Format: PDF
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Applications of the science of fluid mechanics to the new and expanding fields of industrial safety and environmental protection are discussed in this volume. The material is organized in accordance with the chain-of-events in real accidents, starting with the loss of containment of hazardous fluids, going on to the spreading and mixing processes in water or air, and ending with the damage loads caused by explosions, fires or toxic content. To develop solutions relevant to the wide range of problems considered, it is necessary to draw on material from various branches of fluid mechanics, i.e. from the engineering fields (aero- and gas- and hydrodynamics, hydraulics, heat transfer and two-phase flows) as well as from geophysics (environmental flows, boundary-layer meteorology). The relevant solutions are developed from the fundamental equations, but are kept simple for transparency and understanding. To achieve this, the simplifications offered by scaling, similarity and entrainment concepts are used extensively. Many of the solutions are novel but have been confirmed by laboratory experiments. The material in the book has been used as a teaching text on Master's level, but the content will be useful also for practising engineers and scientists engaged in safety and environmental impact. The problems considered have been encountered in consultancy work for industry and government agencies. The coherent presentation and the fundamental basis for analytical developments, makes the material accessible also to readers not acquainted with the field.

Risk Analysis And Control For Industrial Processes Gas Oil And Chemicals

Author: Hans J Pasman
Publisher: Butterworth-Heinemann
ISBN: 0128009128
Size: 59.77 MB
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Risk Analysis and Control for Industrial Processes - Gas, Oil and Chemicals provides an analysis of current approaches for preventing disasters, and gives readers an overview on which methods to adopt. The book covers safety regulations, history and trends, industrial disasters, safety problems, safety tools, and capital and operational costs versus the benefits of safety, all supporting project decision processes. Tools covered include present day array of risk assessment, tools including HAZOP, LOPA and ORA, but also new approaches such as System-Theoretic Process Analysis (STPA), Blended HAZID, applications of Bayesian data analytics, Bayesian networks, and others. The text is supported by valuable examples to help the reader achieve a greater understanding on how to perform safety analysis, identify potential issues, and predict the likelihood they may appear. Presents new methods on how to identify hazards of low probability/high consequence events Contains information on how to develop and install safeguards against such events, with guidance on how to quantify risk and its uncertainty, and how to make economic and societal decisions about risk Demonstrates key concepts through the use of examples and relevant case studies

Safety Reliability And Risk Analysis

Author: R.D.J.M. Steenbergen
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1315815591
Size: 28.88 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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During the last decade there have been increasing societal concerns over sustainable developments focusing on the conservation of the environment, the welfare and safety of the individual and at the same time the optimal allocation of available natural and financial resources. As a consequence the methods of risk and reliability analysis are becoming increasingly important as decision support tools in various fields of engineering. In this book, the risk and reliability research community looks beyond the horizon. The technology we deploy to fix today’s problems is based on research that started more than two decades ago. What we are doing today should make a difference for tomorrow. Developing innovative new knowledge and applications helps engineers to better play the important role they have for society in establishing the basis for decision making. Safety, Reliability and Risk Analysis: Beyond the Horizon contains the papers presented at the 22nd European Safety and Reliability (ESREL 2013) annual conference in Amsterdam, The Netherlands. The abstracts book (785 pages) + full paper CD-ROM (3426 pages) cover a wide range of topics for which risk analysis forms an indispensable field of knowledge to ensure sufficient safety: Uncertainty Analysis, Accident and Incident Modeling, Human Factors and Human Reliability, System Reliability, Structural Reliability, Safety in Civil Engineering, Quantitative Risk Assessment, Prognostics and System Health Management, Occupational Safety, Mathematical Methods in Reliability and Safety, and Maintenance Modeling and Applications. Applications in different industrial areas are shown: Natural Hazards, Land Transportation, Aeronautics Aerospace, Chemical and Process Industry, Critical Infrastructures, Manufacturing, Security, Nuclear Industry, Energy, Maritime Transportation, and Information Technology.

Nutritional Care Of The Patient With Gastrointestinal Disease

Author: Alan L Buchman
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1138001236
Size: 21.59 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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This evidence-based book serves as a clinical manual as well as a reference guide for the diagnosis and management of common nutritional issues in relation to gastrointestinal disease. Chapters cover nutrition assessment; macro- and micronutrient absorption; malabsorption; food allergies; prebiotics and dietary fiber; probiotics and intestinal microflora; nutrition and GI cancer; nutritional management of reflux; nutrition in IBS and IBD; nutrition in acute and chronic pancreatitis; enteral nutrition; parenteral nutrition; medical and endoscopic therapy of obesity; surgical therapy of obesity; pharmacologic nutrition, and nutritional counseling.

Chemical Process Safety

Author: Daniel A. Crowl
Publisher: Pearson Education
ISBN: 0132440555
Size: 46.65 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Combines academic theory with practical industry experience Updated to include the latest regulations and references Covers hazard identification, risk assessment, and inherent safety Case studies and problem sets enhance learning Long-awaited revision of the industry best seller. This fully revised second edition of Chemical Process Safety: Fundamentals with Applications combines rigorous academic methods with real-life industrial experience to create a unique resource for students and professionals alike. The primary focus on technical fundamentals of chemical process safety provides a solid groundwork for understanding, with full coverage of both prevention and mitigation measures. Subjects include: Toxicology and industrial hygiene Vapor and liquid releases and dispersion modeling Flammability characterization Relief and explosion venting In addition to an overview of government regulations, the book introduces the resources of the AICHE Center for Chemical Process Safety library. Guidelines are offered for hazard identification and risk assessment. The book concludes with case histories drawn directly from the authors' experience in the field. A perfect reference for industry professionals, Chemical Process Safety: Fundamentals with Applications, Second Edition is also ideal for teaching at the graduate and senior undergraduate levels. Each chapter includes 30 problems, and a solutions manual is now available for instructors.

Reliability Risk And Safety Three Volume Set

Author: Radim Bris
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 0203859758
Size: 31.34 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Containing papers presented at the 18th European Safety and Reliability Conference (Esrel 2009) in Prague, Czech Republic, September 2009, Reliability, Risk and Safety – Theory and Applications will be of interest for academics and professionals working in a wide range of industrial and governmental sectors, including Aeronautics and Aerospace, Automotive Engineering, Civil Engineering, Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Energy Production and Distribution, Environmental Engineering, Information Technology and Telecommunications, Critical Infrastructures, Insurance and Finance, Manufacturing, Marine Industry, Mechanical Engineering, Natural Hazards, Nuclear Engineering, Offshore Oil and Gas, Security and Protection, Transportation, Policy Making.

Improving Safety Culture

Author: Dominic Cooper
Publisher: Wiley
ISBN: 9780471958215
Size: 22.52 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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The aim of this book is to provide safety practitioners with sufficient knowledge and practical guidance to enable them to improve the safety culture within an organization. Provides practical guidance for safety practitioners.