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Evo Devo Of Child Growth

Author: Ze'ev Hochberg
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118156145
Size: 32.59 MB
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Working with principles from the fields of evolutionary and developmental biology (evo-devo), this fascinating work offers a new approach to analyzing child growth and development, examining each stage and transition in detail, from fetal development to preadulthood. Based on the author's in-depth review of the current literature and his own observations as a pediatric endocrinologist, the book demonstrates how the transitions between human life history phases represent unique periods of evolutionary adaptive response to the environment. In addition, the author explains why an understanding of these transition periods enables us to better understand the sequence and mechanisms of child growth as well as to better diagnose child growth disorders. Logically organized and clearly written, Evo-Devo of Child Growth: Sets a solid foundation of principles such as evolutionary thinking in medicine and child growth, life history theory, and heterochrony and allometry Examines the relationship between child growth and the theory of life history Applies evo-devo theory to fetal growth, infancy, childhood, juvenility, adolescence, and preadulthood Explores the trade-offs and adaptive phenotypic plasticity during transition periods Explains the role of life history theory in understanding and diagnosing growth disorders such as Down syndrome, Noonan syndrome, and Silver-Russell syndrome In addition to the author's own analysis and observations, this book also features notes from leading clinicians and evolutionary biologists, offering additional perspectives on the relationship between evo-devo and child growth and development. Evo-Devo of Child Growth provides a new perspective for evolutionary biologists to understand the phases and transitions of child growth. Moreover, it offers a new approach to help clinicians to better understand and diagnose a broad range of child growth disorders.

Childhood

Author: Courtney L. Meehan
Publisher: University of New Mexico Press
ISBN: 0826357016
Size: 13.22 MB
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This collection is the first to specifically address our current understanding of the evolution of human childhood, which in turn significantly affects our interpretations of the evolution of family formation, social organization, cultural transmission, cognition, ontogeny, and the physical and socioemotional needs of children. Moreover, the importance of studying the evolution of childhood has begun to extend beyond academic modeling and into real-world applications for maternal and child health and well-being in contemporary populations around the world. Combined, the chapters show that what we call childhood is culturally variable yet biologically based and has been critical to the evolutionary success of our species; the significance of integrating childhood into models of human life history and evolution cannot be overstated. This volume further demonstrates the benefits of interdisciplinary investigation and is sure to spur further interest in the field.

Ewige Jugend

Author: Robert P. Harrison
Publisher: Carl Hanser Verlag GmbH Co KG
ISBN: 3446250131
Size: 20.68 MB
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Man ist nur so alt wie man sich fühlt – stimmt das? Unser Geburtsjahr sagt noch lange nichts darüber aus, wie es um unseren Körper steht oder wie wir selbst und andere Menschen uns wahrnehmen. Unser Alter, so Robert P. Harrison, hängt von der Welt ab, in der wir leben. Unsere Welt treibt einen verhängnisvollen Kult um die Jugend. Wenn eine alternde Gesellschaft die ewige Jugend für sich reklamiert, gibt es am Ende überhaupt keine Jugend mehr. Literatur und Philosophie liefern Harrison reiches Material für originelle Denkanstöße, immer ist bei ihm die Lust am Lesen auch die Lust zu denken. Sein Buch ist eine Kulturgeschichte des Alterns und meinungsstarke Gegenwartsdiagnose zugleich.

Handbook Of Biology And Politics

Author: Steven A. Peterson
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
ISBN: 1783476273
Size: 25.11 MB
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The study of biology and politics (or biopolitics) has gained considerable currency in recent years, as articles on the subject have appeared in mainstream journals and books on the subject have been well received. The literature has increased greatly since the 1960s and 1970s, when this specialization first made an appearance. This volume assesses the contributions of biology to political science. Chapters focus on general biological approaches to politics, biopolitical contributions to mainstream areas within political science, and linkages between biology and public policy. The volume provides readers with a comprehensive introduction to the subject.

Juvenescence

Author: Robert Pogue Harrison
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 022617204X
Size: 42.11 MB
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How old are you? The more thought you bring to bear on the question, the harder it is to answer. For we age simultaneously in different ways: biologically, psychologically, socially. And we age within the larger framework of a culture, in the midst of a history that predates us and will outlast us. Looked at through that lens, many aspects of late modernity would suggest that we are older than ever, but Robert Pogue Harrison argues that we are also getting startlingly younger—in looks, mentality, and behavior. We live, he says, in an age of juvenescence. Like all of Robert Pogue Harrison's books, Juvenescence ranges brilliantly across cultures and history, tracing the ways that the spirits of youth and age have inflected each other from antiquity to the present. Drawing on the scientific concept of neotony, or the retention of juvenile characteristics through adulthood, and extending it into the cultural realm, Harrison argues that youth is essential for culture’s innovative drive and flashes of genius. At the same time, however, youth—which Harrison sees as more protracted than ever—is a luxury that requires the stability and wisdom of our elders and the institutions. “While genius liberates the novelties of the future,” Harrison writes, “wisdom inherits the legacies of the past, renewing them in the process of handing them down.” A heady, deeply learned excursion, rich with ideas and insights, Juvenescence could only have been written by Robert Pogue Harrison. No reader who has wondered at our culture's obsession with youth should miss it.

T Tigkeit Bewusstsein Pers Nlichkeit

Author: Leont'ev, Aleksej N
Publisher: Lehmanns Media
ISBN: 3865416667
Size: 74.36 MB
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Das vorliegende Buch ist das wohl wichtigste Werk Aleksej N. Leont'evs. Im Unterschied zu seinen anderen Schriften verfolgt es primär methodologische Fragen und konzentriert sich dabei auf die Kategorie der gegenständlichen Tätigkeit. Es ist daher kein im engeren Sinne psychologisches Werk, denn es geht nicht in erster Linie um eine richtige Psychologie, sondern darum, wie man Psychologie richtig betreibt, also um eine Kritik der Psychologie. Leont'ev beabsichtigt hier nichts weniger, als der metaphorisch formulierten Forderung Vygotskijs nachzukommen, das „Kapital“ – die „Kritik der politischen Ökonomie“ – der Psychologie zu schreiben. Das Buch ist daher geeignet, das die Rezeption der kulturhistorischen Schule seit Jahren belastende Missverständnis zu klären, als beabsichtige Leont'ev, die kulturhistorische Psychologie Vygotskijs durch eine tätigkeitstheoretische Psychologie abzulösen. Darüber hinaus ist es zugleich ein herausforderndes Modell für jede kritische Kultur- oder Sozialwissenschaft.

Theory Of The Earth With Proofs And Illustrations

Author: Archibald Geikie
Publisher: Wentworth Press
ISBN: 9780270254785
Size: 65.11 MB
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This work has been selected by scholars as being culturally important, and is part of the knowledge base of civilization as we know it. This work was reproduced from the original artifact, and remains as true to the original work as possible. Therefore, you will see the original copyright references, library stamps (as most of these works have been housed in our most important libraries around the world), and other notations in the work. This work is in the public domain in the United States of America, and possibly other nations. Within the United States, you may freely copy and distribute this work, as no entity (individual or corporate) has a copyright on the body of the work. As a reproduction of a historical artifact, this work may contain missing or blurred pages, poor pictures, errant marks, etc. Scholars believe, and we concur, that this work is important enough to be preserved, reproduced, and made generally available to the public. We appreciate your support of the preservation process, and thank you for being an important part of keeping this knowledge alive and relevant.