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Evolution And The Human Mind

Author: Peter Carruthers
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521789080
Size: 51.94 MB
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This volume of essays offers an interdisciplinary examination of the evolution of the human mind.

Evolution In Natur Und Kultur

Author: G. Schurz
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 9783827426666
Size: 40.60 MB
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Wie entstand komplexes Leben – bis hin zum Menschen – aus der ersten Zelle? Das war die Frage, die der Begründer der biologischen Evolutionstheorie Charles Darwin in seinerzeit skandalerregender Weise beantwortete. Doch man kann weiterfragen: Was kam davor? Wie entstand die erste Zelle selber? Wie entstand unser Planetensystem? Wem oder was verdankt unser Universum die lebensfreundlichen Parametersetzungen? Und was kam danach? Was änderte sich, als der zivilisierte Mensch die Bühne der Evolution betrat? Nach welchen Prinzipien entwickelt und verändert sich seine Kultur, soziale Organisation, Technik und Kognition? Zu diesen Fragen gibt es mittlerweise einheitliche Antworten im Rahmen eines übergreifenden Theoriegebildes, der verallgemeinerten Evolutionstheorie. Dieses Gebiet wird im vorliegenden Werk erstmals als Gesamtdarstellung interdisziplinär und philosophisch entwickelt und dem Leser in einfacher und anschaulich illustrierter Weise nahegebracht. Die biologische Evolution, den aktuellsten Wissensstand widerspiegelnd, hat darin ebenso ihren Platz wie die kulturelle Evolution und die Konzeption der Meme. Ebenso gehören die präbiologisch-kosmische Protoevolution, die Auseinandersetzung mit dem Kreationismus, die evolutionäre Spieltheorie und die mathematisch-wissenschaftstheoretischen Grundlagen der verallgemeinerten Evolutionstheorie dazu. Das Buch schließt mit einer Analyse der Evolution von sozialer Koope-ration, Kognition und Weltanschauung im Spannungsfeld von Rationalität und Irrationalität.

Language Brain And Cognitive Development

Author: Jacques Mehler
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 9780262041973
Size: 71.78 MB
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Interdisciplinary essays on central issues in cognitive science. In the early 1960s, the bold project of the emerging field of cognition was to put the human mind under the scrutiny of rational inquiry, through the conjoined efforts of philosophy, linguistics, computer science, psychology, and neuroscience. Forty years later, cognitive science is a flourishing academic field. The contributions to this collection, written in honor of Jacques Mehler, a founder of the field of psycholinguistics, assess the progress of cognitive science. The questions addressed include: What have we learned or not learned about language, brain, and cognition? Where are we now? Where have we failed? Where have we succeeded? The book is organized into four sections in addition to the introduction: thought, language, neuroscience, and brain and biology. Some chapters cut across several sections, attesting to the cross-disciplinary nature of the field.

The Routledge Handbook Of Evolution And Philosophy

Author: Richard Joyce
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317655567
Size: 14.98 MB
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In recent years, the relation between contemporary academic philosophy and evolutionary theory has become ever more active, multifaceted, and productive. The connection is a bustling two-way street. In one direction, philosophers of biology make significant contributions to theoretical discussions about the nature of evolution (such as "What is a species?"; "What is reproductive fitness?"; "Does selection operate primarily on genes?"; and "What is an evolutionary function?"). In the other direction, a broader group of philosophers appeal to Darwinian selection in an attempt to illuminate traditional philosophical puzzles (such as "How could a brain-state have representational content?"; "Are moral judgments justified?"; "Why do we enjoy fiction?"; and "Are humans invariably selfish?"). In grappling with these questions, this interdisciplinary collection includes cutting-edge examples from both directions of traffic. The thirty contributions, written exclusively for this volume, are divided into six sections: The Nature of Selection; Evolution and Information; Human Nature; Evolution and Mind; Evolution and Ethics; and Evolution, Aesthetics, and Art. Many of the contributing philosophers and psychologists are international leaders in their fields.

The Evolution Of Cognition

Author: Cecilia M. Heyes
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 9780262082860
Size: 36.66 MB
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This book encompasses the behavior and mentality of nonhuman as well as human animalsand a full range of evolutionary approaches. Rather than a collection by and for the like-minded, itis a debate about how evolutionary processes have shaped cognition.

Why We Lie

Author: David Livingstone Smith
Publisher: Macmillan
ISBN: 1466821507
Size: 18.70 MB
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Deceit, lying, and falsehoods lie at the very heart of our cultural heritage. Even the founding myth of the Judeo-Christian tradition, the story of Adam and Eve, revolves around a lie. We have been talking, writing and singing about deception ever since Eve told God, "The serpent deceived me, and I ate." Our seemingly insatiable appetite for stories of deception spans the extremes of culture from King Lear to Little Red Riding Hood, retaining a grip on our imaginations despite endless repetition. These tales of deception are so enthralling because they speak to something fundamental in the human condition. The ever-present possibility of deceit is a crucial dimension of all human relationships, even the most central: our relationships with our very own selves. Now, for the first time, philosopher and evolutionary psychologist David Livingstone Smith elucidates the essential role that deception and self-deception have played in human--and animal--evolution and shows that the very structure of our minds has been shaped from our earliest beginnings by the need to deceive. Smith shows us that by examining the stories we tell, the falsehoods we weave, and the unconscious signals we send out, we can learn much about ourselves and how our minds work. Readers of Richard Dawkins and Steven Pinker will find much to intrigue them in this fascinating book, which declares that our extraordinary ability to deceive others--and even our own selves--"lies" at the heart of our humanity.

Philosophy At 3 Am

Author: Richard Marshall
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199969531
Size: 35.16 MB
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The 25 interviews collected in this volume were carried out with the aim of confronting widespread ignorance about contemporary philosophy. Contemporary philosophical issues are presented through engaging but serious dialogues that, taken together, offer a glimpse into key debates across the discipline.

Conflict And Multimodal Communication

Author: Francesca D'Errico
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319140817
Size: 48.79 MB
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This book explores the use of technology to detect, predict and understand social cues, in order to analyze and prevent conflict. Traditional human sciences approaches are enriched with the latest developments in Social Signal Processing aimed at an automatic understanding of conflict and negotiation. Communication—both verbal and non-verbal, within the context of a conflict—is studied with the aim of promoting the use of intelligent machines that automatically measure and understand the escalation of conflict, and are able to manage it, in order to support the negotiation process. Particular attention is paid to the integration of human sciences findings with computational approaches, from the application of correct methodologies for the collection of valid data to the development of computational approaches inspired by research on verbal and multimodal communication. In the words of the trade unionist Pierre Carniti, "We should reevaluate conflict, since without conflict there is no social justice." With this in mind, this volume does not approach conflict simply as an obstacle to be overcome, but as a concept to be fully analyzed. The philosophical, linguistic and psychological aspects of conflict, once understood, can be used to promote conflict management as a means for change and social justice.

Human Social Evolution

Author: Kyle Summers
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199339635
Size: 19.64 MB
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Richard D. Alexander is an accomplished entomologist who turned his attention to solving some of the most perplexing problems associated with the evolution of human social systems. Using impeccable Darwinian logic and elaborating, extending and adding to the classic theoretical contributions of pioneers of behavioral and evolutionary ecology like George Williams, William Hamilton and Robert Trivers, Alexander developed the most detailed and comprehensive vision of human social evolution of his era. His ideas and hypotheses have inspired countless biologists, anthropologists, psychologists and other social scientists to explore the evolution of human social behavior in ever greater detail, and many of his seminal ideas have stood the test of time and come to be pillars of our understanding of human social evolution. This volume presents classic papers or chapters by Dr. Alexander, each focused on an important theme from his work. Introductions by Dr. Alexander's former students and colleagues highlight the importance of his work to the field, describe more recent work on the topic, and discuss current issues of contention and interest.

The Uses Of Argument

Author: David Hitchcock
Publisher: [Hamilton, Ont.] : Ontario Society for the Study of Argumentation
ISBN: 9780968346143
Size: 23.42 MB
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