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Evolution And Victorian Culture

Author: Bernard V. Lightman
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107028426
Size: 38.60 MB
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Examines the dynamic interplay between evolution and Victorian culture, mapping new relationships between the arts and sciences.

Evolution And Imagination In Victorian Children S Literature

Author: Jessica Straley
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1316531325
Size: 70.90 MB
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Evolutionary theory sparked numerous speculations about human development, and one of the most ardently embraced was the idea that children are animals recapitulating the ascent of the species. After Darwin's Origin of Species, scientific, pedagogical, and literary works featuring beastly babes and wild children interrogated how our ancestors evolved and what children must do in order to repeat this course to humanity. Exploring fictions by Rudyard Kipling, Lewis Carroll, Frances Hodgson Burnett, Charles Kingsley, and Margaret Gatty, Jessica Straley argues that Victorian children's literature not only adopted this new taxonomy of the animal child, but also suggested ways to complete the child's evolution. In the midst of debates about elementary education and the rising dominance of the sciences, children's authors plotted miniaturized evolutions for their protagonists and readers and, more pointedly, proposed that the decisive evolutionary leap for both our ancestors and ourselves is the advent of the literary imagination.

Darwin Literature And Victorian Respectability

Author: Gowan Dawson
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521872499
Size: 44.65 MB
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The success of Charles Darwin's evolutionary theories in mid-nineteenth-century Britain has long been attributed, in part, to his own adherence to strict standards of Victorian respectability, especially in regard to sex. Gowan Dawson contends that the fashioning of such respectability was by no means straightforward or unproblematic, with Darwin and his principal supporters facing surprisingly numerous and enduring accusations of encouraging sexual impropriety. Integrating contextual approaches to the history of science with work in literary studies, Dawson sheds light on the well-known debates over evolution by examining them in relation to the murky underworlds of Victorian pornography, sexual innuendo, unrespectable freethought and artistic sensualism. Such disreputable and generally overlooked aspects of nineteenth-century culture were actually remarkably central to many of these controversies. Focusing particularly on aesthetic literature and legal definitions of obscenity, Dawson reveals the underlying tensions between Darwin's theories and conventional notions of Victorian respectability.

Byron And The Victorians

Author: Andrew Elfenbein
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521454520
Size: 35.38 MB
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Literary-historical account of Byron's influence on Victorian writers, concentrating on class and sexuality.

The Victorian Parlour

Author: Thad Logan
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521631822
Size: 69.78 MB
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The parlour was the centre of the Victorian home and, as Thad Logan shows, the place where contemporary conflicts about domesticity and gender relations were frequently played out. In The Victorian Parlour: A Cultural Study, Logan uses an interdisciplinary approach that combines the perspectives of art history, social history and literary theory to describe and analyse the parlour as a cultural artefact. She offers a detailed investigation of specific objects in the parlour, and argues that these things articulated social meaning and could present symbolic resolutions to disturbances in the social field. The book concludes with a discussion of how representations of the parlour in literature and art reveal the pleasures and anxieties associated with Victorian domestic life.

Fairies In Nineteenth Century Art And Literature

Author: Nicola Bown
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521793155
Size: 64.88 MB
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Although fairies are now banished to the realm of childhood, these diminutive figures were central to the work of many Victorian painters, novelists, poets and even scientists. It would be no exaggeration to say that the Victorians were obsessed with fairies: yet this obsession has hitherto received little scholarly attention. Nicola Bown reminds us of the importance of fairies in Victorian culture. In the figure of the fairy, the Victorians crystallized contemporary anxieties about the effects of industrialization, the remoteness of the past, the value of culture and the way in which science threatened to undermine religion and spirituality. Above all, the fairy symbolized disenchantment with the irresistible forces of progress and modernity. As these forces stripped the world of its wonder, the Victorians consoled themselves by dreaming of a place and a people suffused with the enchantment that was disappearing from their own lives.

The Poetry Of Victorian Scientists

Author: Daniel Brown
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107023378
Size: 69.97 MB
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The first study of poetry by Victorian scientists, a unique record of the nature and cultures of Victorian science.

Evolution And Victorian Musical Culture

Author: Bennett Zon
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107020441
Size: 67.17 MB
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Explores the musical background to Darwinism and the development of the relationship between science and the arts in Victorian Britain.

Darwin And The Memory Of The Human

Author: Cannon Schmitt
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521765609
Size: 15.15 MB
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This book shows how Victorian naturalists transformed their encounters with South America into influential accounts of biological change.

Satire In An Age Of Realism

Author: Aaron Matz
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139488317
Size: 51.24 MB
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As nineteenth-century realism became more and more intrepid in its pursuit of describing and depicting everyday life, it blurred irrevocably into the caustic and severe mode of literature better named satire. Realism's task of portraying the human became indistinguishable from satire's directive to castigate the human. Introducing an entirely new way of thinking about realism and the Victorian novel, Aaron Matz refers to the fusion of realism and satire as 'satirical realism': it is a mode in which our shared folly and error are so entrenched in everyday life, and so unchanging, that they need no embellishment when rendered in fiction. Focusing on the novels of Eliot, Hardy, Gissing, and Conrad, and the theater of Ibsen, Matz argues that it was the transformation of Victorian realism into satire that granted it immense moral authority, but that led ultimately to its demise.