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Evolution In Health And Disease

Author: Stephen C. Stearns
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199207453
Size: 73.67 MB
Format: PDF
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A fully revised edition of a volume written by the world's leading authorities on this subject. It discusses how the evolution of humans and their pathogens have generated important medical issues, covering both infectious and degenerative diseases. It presents important ideas that are not yet sufficiently appreciated in the medical community.

The Story Of The Human Body

Author: Daniel Lieberman
Publisher: Vintage
ISBN: 0307907414
Size: 40.64 MB
Format: PDF
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In this landmark book of popular science, Daniel E. Lieberman—chair of the department of human evolutionary biology at Harvard University and a leader in the field—gives us a lucid and engaging account of how the human body evolved over millions of years, even as it shows how the increasing disparity between the jumble of adaptations in our Stone Age bodies and advancements in the modern world is occasioning this paradox: greater longevity but increased chronic disease. The Story of the Human Body brilliantly illuminates as never before the major transformations that contributed key adaptations to the body: the rise of bipedalism; the shift to a non-fruit-based diet; the advent of hunting and gathering, leading to our superlative endurance athleticism; the development of a very large brain; and the incipience of cultural proficiencies. Lieberman also elucidates how cultural evolution differs from biological evolution, and how our bodies were further transformed during the Agricultural and Industrial Revolutions. While these ongoing changes have brought about many benefits, they have also created conditions to which our bodies are not entirely adapted, Lieberman argues, resulting in the growing incidence of obesity and new but avoidable diseases, such as type 2 diabetes. Lieberman proposes that many of these chronic illnesses persist and in some cases are intensifying because of “dysevolution,” a pernicious dynamic whereby only the symptoms rather than the causes of these maladies are treated. And finally—provocatively—he advocates the use of evolutionary information to help nudge, push, and sometimes even compel us to create a more salubrious environment. (With charts and line drawings throughout.)

Health And Disease According To Darwinian Evolution

Author: Shahriar Khan
Publisher: Shahriar Khan
ISBN: 9843361636
Size: 44.44 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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We know much about the construction and functioning of the human body, but rarely ask how and why the human body came into existence. The evolution of the human body and mind provides answers to longstanding and hard-to-answer questions on human health, disease and treatment. The Quantum theory gives the most fundamental explanation of the creation of atoms and molecules, organic compounds, DNA and its replication, crossover during Meiosis, etc. Central is the theme that our bodies are made of the very product of primordial supernova explosions from billions of years ago. Understanding the body may be the ultimate extension of quantum physics and evolution. Man, his fellow animals, health, germs, and disease are a huge mystery novel, and it is for us to solve with evolution how it all happened. For thousands or millions of years, man s DNA was programmed by natural selection from his life as a hunter gatherer or a farmer. Our genetic makeup has been unable to keep pace with the rapid changes in diet, lifestyle and environment over the last few decades. Much of today s health disorders arise from the DNA s inability to cope with these rapid changes. The internal environment of the body contains at least hundreds of chemicals, organic and inorganic, detectable and undetectable, known and unknown. We can never hope to know all the chemicals and their reactions. A new concept is introduced about our hidden arms race with farm animals. This book is based on an understanding of evolution of human life, and life in general on the planet. It has a common-sense approach to immunity, and the ability of the body to heal itself. The approaches are not dramatic new discoveries, but an extension of well-established principles of anthropology and evolution. The language does not require specialized knowledge, and may be read by anyone with an interest in health and disease.

Medicine And Evolution

Author: Sarah Elton
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781420051377
Size: 11.70 MB
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Can an evolutionary perspective be integrated in day-to-day practice and is it of value in medical education and training? If so, when and how? Highlighting exciting areas of research into the evolutionary basis of health and disease, Medicine and Evolution: Current Applications and Future Prospects answers these questions and more. It draws on work from anthropologists, life scientists, and clinicians to provide a multidisciplinary perspective. Contributors emphasize practical applications and address how their work may inform clinical practice and medical education. They consider when evolutionary viewpoints might and might not be useful and conduct critical debates on controversial areas such as race-based pharmaceuticals. Presenting new data and weighing relevant evidence, the book introduces novel viewpoints on nutrition, diabetes, fertility, pediatrics, immune response, and psychiatry. The book brings anthropologically sophisticated, evidence-based discussions to common beliefs such as the role decreased parasite load plays in increasing vulnerability to certain diseases, variations in human environments and human adaptability, daily protein requirements, reasons for early pregnancy loss, and optimal mother-infant sleeping arrangements, as well as fresh ideas about syndromes as diverse as delusions and polycystic ovary syndrome. A critical assessment of evolutionary medicine and its potential to unlock the mysteries behind some of today’s most baffling chronic diseases, this book provides physicians with a more accurate view of the body and a better ability to assess health and disease.

Unser K Rper

Author: Daniel E. Lieberman
Publisher: S. Fischer Verlag
ISBN: 3104031304
Size: 31.24 MB
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+++ Das Standardwerk über den menschlichen Körper +++ – »MONUMENTAL.« Neil Shubin Wir leben in einer widersprüchlichen Zeit: Einerseits sind wir so gesund und wohlgenährt wie nie zuvor, andererseits leiden wir unter einer Flut von vermeidbaren chronischen Erkrankungen wie Diabetes, Herzerkrankungen, Rückenleiden und vielen mehr. Der Schlüssel zu einer besseren und vor allem gesünderen Zukunft liegt, so der führende Evolutionsbiologe und Harvard-Professor Daniel E. Lieberman, in der Vergangenheit. In diesem einzigartigen Buch stellt er erstmals dar, wie unsere Geschichte und unsere Lebensbedingungen unseren Körper geprägt haben und bis heute bestimmen. Lieberman zeigt unterhaltsam und konkret, wie wir aus der Vergangenheit lernen, um unser zukünftiges Befinden beeinflussen zu können. Denn die Evolution geht weiter...

Evolution Re Psychologie

Author: David M. Buss
ISBN: 9783827370945
Size: 33.35 MB
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In den verschiedenen Verhaltenswissenschaften hat sich ein Ansatz etabliert, der als "Neodarwinische Renaissance" angesehen werden kann. Dieser evolutionäre Ansatz breitet sich in jüngster Zeit auch in der Psychologie zunehmend aus. David Buss gilt als einer der Pioniere der evolutionären Psychologie. Die inhaltlichen Schwerpunkte in dem Standardwerk von Buss liegen auf Fragen zu Liebe und Partnerschaft sowie zur Persönlichkeit. Es orientiert sich an den grundlegenden Anpassungsproblemen der Psychologie. Die verschiedenen Teilbereiche der Psychologie werden aus einer evolutionären Perspektive betrachtet.

Born To Run

Author: Christopher McDougall
Publisher: Karl Blessing Verlag
ISBN: 3641043360
Size: 73.52 MB
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Originell, faszinierend, abenteuerlich: ein Journalist auf der Suche nach dem letzten Geheimnis des Sports Seine Passion: das Laufen, sein Beruf: das Schreiben. Christopher McDougall suchte eine Antwort auf eine vermeintlich einfache Frage: Warum tut mir mein Fuß weh? Wie er sind Millionen von Hobbyläufern mindestens einmal im Jahr ernsthaft verletzt. Nach unzähligen Zyklen des Dauerschmerzes, der Kortisonspritzen und immer neuer Hightech-Sportschuhen stand McDougall kurz davor, zu kapitulieren und die Diagnose der Mediziner ein für alle Mal hinzunehmen: „Sie sind einfach nicht zum Laufen gemacht.“ Stattdessen hat sich der Journalist weit abseits der kostspieligen Empfehlungen von Ärzten und Ausrüstern auf eine abenteuerliche Reise zu den geheimnisvollsten und besten Läufern der Welt begeben. Eine Reise, die McDougall in die von Mythen erfüllten Schluchten der Copper Canyons in Mexiko führen sollte, wo ein Volk lebt, das sich seit Jahrhunderten unter extremen Bedingungen seine Lebensweise bewahrt hat. Die Tarahumara verkörpern den menschlichen Bewegungsdrang in seiner reinsten und faszinierendsten Form. Laufen über lange Strecken ist für sie so selbstverständlich wie atmen. Was wussten sie, was McDougall nicht wusste? In seiner Reportage geht er den vergessenen Geheimnissen der Tarahumara nach. Er verbindet lebendiges Infotainment über neueste evolutionsbiologische und ethnologische Erkenntnisse mit zahlreichen, inspirierenden Porträts von Menschen, die sich – egal, ob sie zum Spaß das Death Valley durchqueren oder einen Ultramarathon in den Rocky Mountains absolvieren – eines bewahrt haben: die Freude daran, laufen zu können wie ein Kind. Einfach immer weiter. Denn in Wahrheit, so McDougalls Fazit, sind wir alle zum Laufen geboren.

Food And Western Disease

Author: Staffan Lindeberg
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118728858
Size: 42.91 MB
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Nutrition science is a highly fractionated, contentious field with rapidly changing viewpoints on both minor and major issues impacting on public health. With an evolutionary perspective as its basis, this exciting book provides a framework by which the discipline can finally be coherently explored. By looking at what we know of human evolution and disease in relation to the diets that humans enjoy now and prehistorically, the book allows the reader to begin to truly understand the link between diet and disease in the Western world and move towards a greater knowledge of what can be defined as the optimal human diet. Written by a leading expert Covers all major diseases, including cancer, heart disease, obesity, stroke and dementia Details the benefits and risks associated with the Palaeolithic diet Draws conclusions on key topics including sustainable nutrition and the question of healthy eating This important book provides an exciting and useful insight into this fascinating subject area and will be of great interest to nutritionists, dietitians and other members of the health professions. Evolutionary biologists and anthropologists will also find much of interest within the book. All university and research establishments where nutritional sciences, medicine, food science and biological sciences are studied and taught should have copies of this title.

Principles Of Evolutionary Medicine

Author: Alan Beedle
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199663920
Size: 38.76 MB
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Evolutionary science is critical to an understanding of integrated human biology and is increasingly recognised as a core discipline by medical and public health professionals. Advances in the field of genomics, epigenetics, developmental biology, and epidemiology have led to the growing realisation that incorporating evolutionary thinking is essential for medicine to achieve its full potential. This revised and updated second edition of the first comprehensive textbook of evolutionary medicine explains the principles of evolutionary biology from a medical perspective and focuses on how medicine and public health might utilise evolutionary thinking. It is written to be accessible to a broad range of readers, whether or not they have had formal exposure to evolutionary science. The general structure of the second edition remains unchanged, with the initial six chapters providing a summary of the evolutionary theory relevant to understanding human health and disease, using examples specifically relevant to medicine. The second part of the book describes the application of evolutionary principles to understanding particular aspects of human medicine: in addition to updated chapters on reproduction, metabolism, and behaviour, there is an expanded chapter on our coexistence with micro-organisms and an entirely new chapter on cancer. The two parts are bridged by a chapter that details pathways by which evolutionary processes affect disease risk and symptoms, and how hypotheses in evolutionary medicine can be tested. The final two chapters of the volume are considerably expanded; they illustrate the application of evolutionary biology to medicine and public health, and consider the ethical and societal issues of an evolutionary perspective. A number of new clinical examples and historical illustrations are included. This second edition of a novel and popular textbook provides an updated resource for doctors and other health professionals, medical students and biomedical scientists, as well as anthropologists interested in human health, to gain a better understanding of the evolutionary processes underlying human health and disease.