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Evolution Of Sleep

Author: Patrick McNamara
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521894972
Size: 57.32 MB
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This book is aimed at researchers and graduate students in neuroscience, evolutionary biology, and biological anthropology and to biomedical researchers studying sleep medicine.

Big Dreams

Author: Kelly Bulkeley
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199351538
Size: 53.13 MB
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Big dreams are rare but highly memorable dream experiences that make a strong and lasting impact on the dreamer's waking awareness. Moving far beyond "I forgot to study and the finals are today" and other common scenarios, such dreams can include vivid imagery, intense emotions, fantastic characters, and an uncanny sense of being connected to forces beyond one's ordinary dreaming mind. In Big Dreams, Kelly Bulkeley provides the first full-scale cognitive scientific analysis of such dreams, putting forth an original theory about their formation, function, and meaning. Big dreams have played significant roles in religious and cultural history, but because of their infrequent occurrence and fantastical features, they have rarely been studied in light of modern science. We know a great deal about the religious manifestations of big dreams throughout history and around the world, but until now that cross-cultural knowledge has never been integrated with scientific research on their psychological roots in the brain-mind system. In Big Dreams, Bulkeley puts a classic psychological thesis to the scientific test by clarifying and improving it with better data, sharper analysis, and a broader evolutionary framework. He brings evidence from multiple sources, shows patterns of similarity and difference, questions prior assumptions, and provides predictive models that can be applied to new sets of data. The notion of a connection between dreaming and religion has always been intuitively compelling; Big Dreams transforms it into a solid premise of religious studies and brain-mind science. Combining evidence from religious studies, psychology, anthropology, evolutionary biology, and neuroscience, Big Dreams makes a compelling argument that big dreams are a primal wellspring of religious experience. They represent an innate, neurologically hard-wired capacity of our species that regularly provokes greater self-awareness, creativity, and insight into the existential challenges and spiritual potentials of human life.

Encyclopedia Of Sleep And Dreams The Evolution Function Nature And Mysteries Of Slumber 2 Volumes

Author: Deirdre Barrett
Publisher: ABC-CLIO
ISBN: 031338665X
Size: 71.87 MB
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This fascinating reference covers the major topics concerning dreaming and sleep, based on the latest empirical evidence from sleep research as well as drawn from a broad range of dream-related interdisciplinary contexts, including history and anthropology. • 330 alphabetically arranged entries • An appendix provides resources for further reading, including online sources • A special index on dreams • Primary resources lists afer each entry for reference and review

The Comparative Approach In Evolutionary Anthropology And Biology

Author: Charles L. Nunn
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 0226608980
Size: 33.79 MB
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Comparison is fundamental to evolutionary anthropology. When scientists study chimpanzee cognition, for example, they compare chimp performance on cognitive tasks to the performance of human children on the same tasks. And when new fossils are found, such as those of the tiny humans of Flores, scientists compare these remains to other fossils and contemporary humans. Comparison provides a way to draw general inferences about the evolution of traits and therefore has long been the cornerstone of efforts to understand biological and cultural diversity. Individual studies of fossilized remains, living species, or human populations are the essential units of analysis in a comparative study; bringing these elements into a broader comparative framework allows the puzzle pieces to fall into place, creating a means of testing adaptive hypotheses and generating new ones. With this book, Charles L. Nunn intends to ensure that evolutionary anthropologists and organismal biologists have the tools to realize the potential of comparative research. Nunn provides a wide-ranging investigation of the comparative foundations of evolutionary anthropology in past and present research, including studies of animal behavior, biodiversity, linguistic evolution, allometry, and cross-cultural variation. He also points the way to the future, exploring the new phylogeny-based comparative approaches and offering a how-to manual for scientists who wish to incorporate these new methods into their research.

Sogni Celebri E Bizzarri

Author: Paoli Marco
Publisher: FrancoAngeli
ISBN: 8891711136
Size: 74.51 MB
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Un approfondimento sul tema delle distorsioni visive e delle incongruenze narrative frequenti nell'esperienza onirica, sotto tre punti di vista: la bizzarria nella storia del sogno, dagli autori greci e latini fino al Cinquecento; l’esame degli oltre cinquanta contributi scientifici apparsi negli ultimi decenni del Novecento e nel primo di questo secolo; una nuova ipotesi su come si genera il fenomeno della bizzarria.

Principles And Practice Of Sleep Medicine E Book

Author: Meir H. Kryger
Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences
ISBN: 1437727735
Size: 13.33 MB
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Principles and Practice of Sleep Medicine, 5th Edition, by Meir H. Kryger, MD, FRCPC, Thomas Roth, PhD, and William C. Dement, MD, PhD, delivers the comprehensive, dependable guidance you need to effectively diagnose and manage even the most challenging sleep disorders. Updates to genetics and circadian rhythms, occupational health, sleep in older people, memory and sleep, physical examination of the patient, comorbid insomnias, and much more keep you current on the newest areas of the field. A greater emphasis on evidence-based approaches helps you make the most well-informed clinical decisions. And, a new more user-friendly, full-color format, both in print and online, lets you find the answers you need more quickly and easily. Whether you are preparing for the new sleep medicine fellowship examination, or simply want to offer your patients today's best care, this is the one resource to use! Make optimal use of the newest scientific discoveries and clinical approaches that are advancing the diagnosis and management of sleep disorders.

Sleep In Childhood Neurological Disorders

Author: Suresh Kotagal, MD
Publisher: Demos Medical Publishing
ISBN: 1935281550
Size: 30.28 MB
Format: PDF
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Sleep in Childhood Neurological Disorders addresses the myriad sleep-wake issues associated with neurological disturbances from the newborn period through adolescence. The editors and contributing authors are internationally recognized authorities who cover everything from sleep and ADHD, headaches, restless leg syndrome, parasomnias, hypersomnias, autism, brain tumors, epilepsy, traumatic brain injury, and other primary disorders to sleep co-morbidities, assessment, testing, interventions, pharmacology and more. The first book devoted to the growing field of pediatric neurosomnology, Sleep in Childhood Neurological Disorders is an invaluable text for clinicians looking for current information and practical guidance to successfully manage their pediatric sleep patients. Sleep in Childhood Neurological Disorders features Dedicated focus on neurologically-based sleep disorders in children Diagnostic tables, key points, clinical pearls, and treatment algorithms throughout to enhance clinical utility Directions for "Future Research" in each chapter highlight promising studies and new therapies Broad-based coverage of the full range of common sleep disorders and co-morbidities

Systemic Homeostasis And Poikilostasis In Sleep

Author: Pier Luigi Parmeggiani
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 1848165722
Size: 78.14 MB
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This book aims at presenting biologists and clinicians with a compact description of the physiological manifestations of sleep that are significant from the viewpoint of the principle of homeostasis. In the jargon of the physiological literature, the word ?homeostasis?, introduced by W.B. Cannon (1926), refers to the existence of a constant state of extracellular body fluids with regard to their physical and chemical properties. Since normal cell function depends on the constancy of such fluids, in multicellular animals there are many regulatory mechanisms under the control of the central nervous system that act to maintain the constancy of the internal environment.The experimental study of homeostasis in wakefulness already revealed the nature and complexity of the underlying physiological mechanisms. Many of these regulatory mechanisms trigger compensatory changes according to the principle of negative feedback. In contrast, the control of homeostasis across sleep states is still an issue under debate concerning its physiological persistence and significance. The author's aim is to find the specific mechanistic proofs of the actual consistency or inconsistency of the principle in different states of sleep. In this respect, there are several interacting physiological functions that ought to be examined across the sleep states. The selection of the most significant experimental data is carried out with a view to present a simple but not simplistic approach to the issue.The book brings forth the evidence that the systemic homeostatic regulation of many physiological variables underlying cellular life is not active in a particular state of the ultradian sleep cycle in mammals. It also shows the theoretical and functional importance of the principle of homeostasis, as a criterion of the systemic characterisation of the integrative control of physiological functions by the central nervous system during sleep in mammals.

Sleep Disorders Medicine E Book

Author: Sudhansu Chokroverty
Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences
ISBN: 070203908X
Size: 67.36 MB
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Dr. Sudhansu Chokroverty—a world-recognized expert in sleep medicine—presents the third edition of Sleep Disorders Medicine for the latest developments in this rapidly expanding specialty, with coverage of neuroscience and clinical application. In addition to summarizing basic science and important technological aspects of diagnosis and treatment, this edition presents new chapters—on sleep and memory consolidation, neuroimaging, and more—in a color layout that makes it easy to access the latest advances in the field. The text’s manageable size and logical, multi-disciplinary approach make it the right choice for newcomers and experienced clinicians alike. Covers all aspects of sleep medicine in a practical, logical format divided into three sections: the basic science of sleep physiology, neuroanatomy, and biochemistry; the technical methods of recording; and a clinical approach to patients with sleep complaints. Represents the breadth of knowledge across disciplines through the contributions of 50 prominent names in the field of sleep medicine. Provides a multidisciplinary approach to the diagnosis and management of sleep disorders with coverage of related fields such as pulmonology, otolaryngology, and psychiatry. Includes a Glossary of Terms adapted from the American Sleep Disorders Association for quick reference to the sleep terminology used throughout the text. Demonstrates how recent basic science advances affect clinical medicine through new chapters on Sleep Deprivation and Sleepiness; Sleep and Memory Consolidation; Neuroimaging in Sleep and Sleep Disorders; Nutrition and Sleep; Nature and Treatment of Insomnia; Evolution of Sleep from Birth through Adolescence; Sleep-Disordered Breathing in Children and Women’s Sleep. Improves on the clarity and consistency of the text with a new, completely redrawn art program, including full-color illustrations in the clinical section that enhances diagnostic material.