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Evolutionary Developmental Biology Of Invertebrates 5

Author: Andreas Wanninger
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3709118689
Size: 33.58 MB
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This multi-author, six-volume work summarizes our current knowledge on the developmental biology of all major invertebrate animal phyla. The main aspects of cleavage, embryogenesis, organogenesis and gene expression are discussed in an evolutionary framework. Each chapter presents an in-depth yet concise overview of both classical and recent literature, supplemented by numerous color illustrations and micrographs of a given animal group. The largely taxon-based chapters are supplemented by essays on topical aspects relevant to modern-day EvoDevo research such as regeneration, embryos in the fossil record, homology in the age of genomics and the role of EvoDevo in the context of reconstructing evolutionary and phylogenetic scenarios. A list of open questions at the end of each chapter may serve as a source of inspiration for the next generation of EvoDevo scientists. Evolutionary Developmental Biology of Invertebrates is a must-have for any scientist, teacher or student interested in developmental and evolutionary biology as well as in general invertebrate zoology. This third volume on ecdysozoans is dedicated to the Hexapoda. Despite being the most species-rich animal clade by far, comparatively little developmental data is available for the majority of hexapods, in stark contrast to one of the best-investigated species on Earth, the fruit fly Drosophila melanogaster. Accordingly, an entire chapter is dedicated to this well-known and important model species, while the two remaining chapters summarize our current knowledge on early and late development in other hexapods.

The Routledge Handbook Of Mechanisms And Mechanical Philosophy

Author: Stuart Glennan
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 131755230X
Size: 21.42 MB
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Scientists studying the burning of stars, the evolution of species, DNA, the brain, the economy, and social change, all frequently describe their work as searching for mechanisms. Despite this fact, for much of the twentieth century philosophical discussions of the nature of mechanisms remained outside philosophy of science. The Routledge Handbook of Mechanisms and Mechanical Philosophy is an outstanding reference source to the key topics, problems, and debates in this exciting subject and is the first collection of its kind. Comprising over thirty chapters by a team of international contributors, the Handbook is divided into four Parts: Historical perspectives on mechanisms The nature of mechanisms Mechanisms and the philosophy of science Disciplinary perspectives on mechanisms. Within these Parts central topics and problems are examined, including the rise of mechanical philosophy in the seventeenth century; what mechanisms are made of and how they are organized; mechanisms and laws and regularities; how mechanisms are discovered and explained; dynamical systems theory; and disciplinary perspectives from physics, chemistry, biology, biomedicine, ecology, neuroscience, and the social sciences. Essential reading for students and researchers in philosophy of science, the Handbook will also be of interest to those in related fields, such as metaphysics, philosophy of psychology, and history of science.

Evolutionary Developmental Biology Of Invertebrates 3

Author: Andreas Wanninger
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3709118654
Size: 48.30 MB
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This multi-author, six-volume work summarizes our current knowledge on the developmental biology of all major invertebrate animal phyla. The main aspects of cleavage, embryogenesis, organogenesis and gene expression are discussed in an evolutionary framework. Each chapter presents an in-depth yet concise overview of both classical and recent literature, supplemented by numerous color illustrations and micrographs of a given animal group. The largely taxon-based chapters are supplemented by essays on topical aspects relevant to modern-day EvoDevo research such as regeneration, embryos in the fossil record, homology in the age of genomics and the role of EvoDevo in the context of reconstructing evolutionary and phylogenetic scenarios. A list of open questions at the end of each chapter may serve as a source of inspiration for the next generation of EvoDevo scientists. Evolutionary Developmental Biology of Invertebrates is a must-have for any scientist, teacher or student interested in developmental and evolutionary biology as well as in general invertebrate zoology. This is the first of three volumes dedicated to animals that molt in the course of their lifecycle, the Ecdysozoa. It covers all non-hexapods and non-crustaceans, i.e., the Cycloneuralia, Tardigrada, Onychophora, Chelicerata and Myriapoda. While the Nematoda and all other phyla are treated in their own chapters, the remaining cycloneuralians are presented jointly due to the dearth of available developmental data on its individual subclades.

Author: Николай Озернюк
Publisher: Litres
ISBN: 5040640609
Size: 70.43 MB
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Эволюция онтогенеза рассматривается как основная проблема эволюционной биологии развития, поскольку эволюционные преобразования организмов обусловлены изменениями их онтогенеза. Интеграция современных данных и гипотез эволюционной биологии развития, генетики развития и сравнительной геномики с классическими концепциями эволюции онтогенеза дает новые возможности для понимания механизмов преобразований индивидуального развития и различий эволюционной стратегии разных таксонов Metazoa. В монографии рассматриваются такие фундаментальные факторы эволюционных трансформаций индивидуального развития, как контроль пространственно-временной организации развивающегося зародыша генными регуляторными сетями, включающими Hox-гены, эпигенетическая регуляция процессов развития, возникновение новых клеточных ресурсов роста и развития, а также, роль гетерохроний и других классических механизмов эволюционных изменений. Обсуждаются геномно-морфогенетические корреляции, способствующие эволюционным преобразованиям онтогенеза Metazoa по типу ароморфоза либо идиоадаптаций.

Evolutionary Developmental Biology Of Invertebrates 4

Author: Andreas Wanninger
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3709118530
Size: 32.37 MB
Format: PDF
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This multi-author, six-volume work summarizes our current knowledge on the developmental biology of all major invertebrate animal phyla. The main aspects of cleavage, embryogenesis, organogenesis and gene expression are discussed in an evolutionary framework. Each chapter presents an in-depth yet concise overview of both classical and recent literature, supplemented by numerous color illustrations and micrographs of a given animal group. The largely taxon-based chapters are supplemented by essays on topical aspects relevant to modern-day EvoDevo research such as regeneration, embryos in the fossil record, homology in the age of genomics and the role of EvoDevo in the context of reconstructing evolutionary and phylogenetic scenarios. A list of open questions at the end of each chapter may serve as a source of inspiration for the next generation of EvoDevo scientists. Evolutionary Developmental Biology of Invertebrates is a must-have for any scientist, teacher or student interested in developmental and evolutionary biology as well as in general invertebrate zoology. This second volume on ecdysozoans covers all animals commonly known as crustaceans. While “Crustacea” is currently not considered a monophylum, it still appears reasonable to combine its representatives in one joint volume due to their numerous shared morphological and developmental characteristics. Because of the huge variation in the amount of available developmental data between the various taxa, only the Dendrobranchiata, Astacida and Cirripedia are treated in individual chapters. The remaining data on crustacean development, usually incomplete and often patchy, is presented in two chapters summarizing early development and larval diversity, thereby also taking into account the data on fossil larval forms.

Kunstformen Der Natur

Author: Ernst Haeckel
Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand
ISBN: 3867415773
Size: 61.43 MB
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"Die Natur erzeugt im ihrem Scho e eine unersch pfliche F lle von wunderbaren Gestalten, durch deren Sch nheit und Mannigfaltigkeit alle vom Menschen geschaffenen Kunstformen weitaus bertroffen werden." Der Naturwissenschaftler Ernst Haeckel stellt in seinem Werk sthetische Formen aus Bereichen der Botanik und der Zoologie zusammen. Zahlreiche Schwarzwei - und Farbabbildungen. Nachdruck der Komplettausgabe von 1904 mit 100 Tafeln und dem "Supplement-Heft" .

Animal Behavior Das Original Mit Bersetzungshilfen Easy Reading Edition

Author: John Alcock
Publisher: Spektrum Akademischer Verlag
ISBN: 9783827417831
Size: 44.16 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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John Alcocks Standardwerk Animal Behavior - jetzt in Form eines völlig neuen Lehrbuchtyps, der speziell für die Studiensituation im deutschsprachigen Raum konzipiert wurde.* Das erfolgreiche Lehrbuch Animal Behavior stellt die verschiedenen Aspekte tierischen Verhaltens in einen evolutionsbiologischen Rahmen. Es behandelt die grundlegenden Mechanismen des Verhaltens ebenso wie seine stammesgeschichtlichen Ursachen und betont die Bedeutung der Evolutionstheorie als einigendes Element der unterschiedlichen Teildisziplinen der Verhaltensbiologie. Wichtige Konzepte werden sowohl an Wirbellosen wie an Wirbeltieren verdeutlicht. Alcocks klarer und engagierter Schreibstil macht es auch Anfängern trotz der stark konzeptionellen Ausrichtung des Werkes leicht, den Stoff zu verstehen. Die nun vorliegende achte Auflage des Standardwerkes wurde völlig neu geschrieben. Zahlreiche Erkenntnisse aus jüngster Zeit haben darin Eingang gefunden. Verständnisfragen direkt an den entsprechenden Textstellen regen dazu an, sich mit dem gerade gelesenen Stoff auseinanderzusetzen. Die beiden Kapitel über die Einflüsse von Vererbung und Umwelt auf die Entwicklung wurden vereint, um zu verdeutlichen, dass Entwicklungsprozesse sowohl von genetischen als auch von Umweltfaktoren abhängen. Der Autor führt dem Leser immer wieder vor Augen, welche Rolle der Überprüfung von Theorien und Hypothesen zukommt und dass wissenschaftliche Schlussfolgerungen immer nur vorübergehend gültig sind. So werden in diesem Buch auch kontrovers diskutierte und bisher ungelöste Probleme angesprochen. * Von Studierenden der Biowissenschaften wird heute erwartet, dass sie im Laufe ihres Studiums englische Literatur problemlos lesen und verstehen und schließlich auch Forschungsergebnisse auf Englisch kommunizieren können. Den Weg dorthin bereitet der neu entwickelte Lehrbuchtyp Easy Reading - Das Original mit Übersetzungshilfen. So bietet die vorliegende Ausgabe von Animal Behavior in einem zusammen: den englischen Originaltext deutsche Übersetzungshilfen in der Randspalte deutschsprachige Verständnisfragen / Übungsaufgaben ein englisch-deutsches Glossar deutsch- und englischsprachige Kapitelzusammenfassungen und auf der Website www.elsevier.de/alcock: eine Übersicht über die im Buch erwähnten Arten (deutsch, englisch, lateinisch) Internetlinks für Deutschland, Österreich und die Schweiz Wesentlicher Zusatznutzen der "Easy Reading"-Ausgabe ist, das Lesen des englischen Grundtextes zu erleichtern und in die spezielle wissenschaftliche Terminologie einzuführen. Wer dieses Buch durcharbeitet, steigert somit seine fachliche und seine sprachliche Kompetenz zugleich. This new edition of Animal Behavior has been completely rewritten with coverage of much recent work in animal behavior, resulting in a thoroughly up-to-date text. Notable is the inclusion, for the first time, of discussion questions embedded in the text itself, rather than appended to the end of each chapter. This format is designed to encourage students to reflect on the material they have just digested while also making it easier for instructors to promote a problem-solving approach to the subject in their classes. Another key organizational improvement is the consolidation of what had been two separate chapters on the genetic and environmental influences on development. By combining this material, the new Chapter 3 makes a stronger, more tightly argued case for the view that development is a truly interactive process codependent on both genetic and environmental factors. Like previous editions, the book shows how evolutionary biologists analyze all aspects of behavior. It is distinguished by its balanced treatment of both the underlying mechanisms and evolutionary causes of behavior, and stresses the utility of evolutionary theory in unifying the different behavio