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Experiments In Ethics

Author: Anthony Appiah
Publisher: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 9780674026094
Size: 35.14 MB
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Introduction: The waterless moat -- The case against character -- The case against intuition -- The varieties of moral experience -- The ends of ethics.

Experiments In Ethics

Author: Kwame Anthony Appiah
Publisher:
ISBN: 9780674034570
Size: 47.27 MB
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Appiah explores how the new empirical moral psychology relates to the age-old project of philosophical ethics. In this study, he urges that the relation between empirical research and morality, now so often antagonistic, should be seen in terms of dialogue, not contest. And he shows how experimental philosophy, far from being something new, is actually as old as philosophy itself.

New Perspectives On Technology In Society

Author: Ibo van de Poel
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1315468239
Size: 40.10 MB
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The development and introduction of a new technology to society can be viewed as an experimental process, full of uncertainties, which are only gradually reduced as the technology is employed. Unexpected developments may trigger an experimental process in which society must find new ways to deal with the uncertainties posed. This book explores how the experimental perspective determines what ethical issues new technologies raise and how it helps morally evaluate their introduction. Expert contributors highlight the uncertainties that accompany the process, identify the social and ethical challenges they give rise to, and propose strategies to manage them. Focusing on the introduction of new technologies and experimentation as ways to perceive new developments and changing contexts, a key theme of the book is how to approach the moral issues raised by new technology and understand the role of experimentation in exploring these matters.

Applied Ethics

Author: Larry May
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1351576313
Size: 23.28 MB
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This best-selling text continues to fill an existing gap in the literature taught in applied ethics courses. As a growing number of courses that include the perspectives of diverse cultures are being added to the university curriculum, texts are needed that represent more multicultural and diverse histories and backgrounds. This new edition enhances gender coverage, as nearly half of the pieces are now authored by women. The new edition also increases the percentage of pieces written by those who come from a non-Western background. It offers twelve up-to-date articles (not found in previous editions) on human rights, environmental ethics, poverty, war and violence, gender, race, euthanasia, and abortion; all of these topics are addressed from Western and non-Western perspectives.

Life And Death Decisions In The Clinical Setting

Author: Paul Walker
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9811043019
Size: 15.69 MB
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This book moves away from the frameworks that have traditionally guided ethical decision-making in the Western clinical setting, towards an inclusive, non-coercive and, reflective dialogic approach to moral decision-making. Inspired in part by Jürgen Habermas’s discourse theory of morality and principles of communicative action, the book offers a proportionist approach as a way of balancing out the wisdom in traditional frameworks, set in the actual reality of the clinical situation at hand. Putting this approach into practice requires having a conversation, a dialogue or a discourse, with collaboration amongst all the stakeholders. The aim of the dialogue is to reach consensus in the decision, via mutual understanding of the values held by the patient and others whom they see as significant. This book aims to underscore the moral philosophical foundations for having a meaningful conversation. Life and Death Decision in the Clinical Setting is especially relevant in our contemporary era, characterised medically by an ever-increasing armamentarium of life-sustaining technology, but also by increasing multiculturalism, a multiplicity of faiths, and increasing value pluralism.

Love As A Guide To Morals

Author: Andrew Fitz-Gibbon
Publisher: Brill Rodopi
ISBN: 9789042035300
Size: 78.24 MB
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Love as a Guide to Morals is an entry-level introduction to the ethical importance of love. Written in conversational format this book looks uniquely at the complexity of love in human relationships and how love can guide ethical decision-making. The book suggests that love in all its intricacy—erotic/erosic love, friendship, affection, and agapic love—is the great good of human life. The book argues that love has a unifying power for morality, and is more suited to ethical thinking and practice than any other idea. Love as a Guide to Morals uses a modified Aristotelian argument (after Alsdair MacIntyre) and suggests “loving relationships” rather than happiness as the goal of human life.

As If

Author: Kwame Anthony Appiah
Publisher: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 0674982193
Size: 18.26 MB
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Idealization is a basic feature of human thought. We proceed “as if” our representations were true, while knowing they are not. Kwame Anthony Appiah defends the centrality of the imagination in science, morality, and everyday life and shows that our best chance for accessing reality is to open our minds to a plurality of idealized depictions.

Natural Ethical Facts

Author: William D. Casebeer
Publisher: Bradford Books
ISBN:
Size: 55.37 MB
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An original and comprehensive theory of a naturalized ethic using conceptual tools from cognitive science and evolutionary biology.

Worst Case Scenarios

Author: Cass R Sunstein
Publisher: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 0674033531
Size: 58.91 MB
Format: PDF
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Nuclear bombs in suitcases, anthrax bacilli in ventilators, tsunamis and meteors, avian flu, scorchingly hot temperatures: nightmares that were once the plot of Hollywood movies are now frighteningly real possibilities. Sunstein explores these and other worst-case scenarios and how we might best prevent them in this vivid, illuminating, and highly original analysis.

Death Dying And Organ Transplantation

Author: Franklin G. Miller
Publisher: OUP USA
ISBN: 019973917X
Size: 79.55 MB
Format: PDF
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Withdrawing life-sustaining treatment: allowing to die or causing death? -- Active euthanasia -- Death and the brain -- Challenges to a circulatory-respiratory criterion for death -- Donation after circulatory determination of death -- Vital organ donation without the dead donor rule -- Legal fictions approach to organ donation.