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Export Instability And Economic Development

Author: Alasdair Macbean
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136877665
Size: 48.72 MB
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When this work was first published in 1966, there was much interest in various types of commodity agreements and compensatory financing as methods of reducing the effects of export fluctuations on the economies of developing countries. The book concluded that short term fluctuations in export earnings, though perhaps important for some countries, did not appear to be the general problem that had been assumed. If correct, it would suggest that any measures should be carefully designed to fit the situations of countries that were affected and be subjected to cost-benefit analysis. This led to many published and unpublished studies on the issues: some supported, others contradicted the book’s conclusions. The data available now are vastly greater and probably more accurate than pre-1966. However, the work and the issues it raised remain important because most schemes proposed to reduce export instability would be costly and likely to divert resources from uses more obviously aimed at raising economic development in most developing countries.

Rural Wage Employment In Developing Countries

Author: Carlos Oya
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317562909
Size: 51.85 MB
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There is a striking scarcity of work conducted on rural labour markets in the developing world, particularly in Africa. This book aims to fill this gap by bringing together a group of contributors who boast substantial field experience researching rural wage employment in various developing countries. It provides critical perspectives on mainstream approaches to rural/agrarian development, and analysis of agrarian change and rural transformations from a long-term perspective. This book challenges the notion that rural areas in low- and middle-income countries are dominated by self-employment. It purports that this conventional view is largely due to the application of conceptual frameworks and statistical conventions that are ill-equipped to capture labour market participation. The contributions in this book offer a variety of methodological lessons for the study of rural labour markets, focusing in particular on the use of mixed methods in micro-level field research, and more emphasis on capturing occupation multiplicity. The emphasis on context, history, and specific configurations of power relations affecting rural labour market outcomes are key and reoccurring features of this book. This analysis will help readers think about policy options to improve the quantity and quality of rural wage employment, their impact on the poorest rural people, and their political feasibility in each context.

China S New Role In The World Economy

Author: Yiping Huang
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135136807
Size: 10.76 MB
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The remarkable rise of China over the past three decades has been unprecedented in both its scale and speed. Analysts around the world have attempted to understand the causes of this unique event and to predict how long it will last. China's rise has also raised two important questions. The first concerns the stability and the sustainability of China’s growth, which has been accompanied by growing internal and external imbalances, rising inequality at home, environmental degradation and an increased risk of catastrophic climate change, and has happened in spite of the continuing, if diminished, role of the state in many sectors of the economy. The second concerns trying to guess what the effect of China’s rise will be on its relations with the rest of the region, the world and the existing global order. It seems only a matter of time until China becomes the world’s largest economy, and history suggests that it is unthinkable that this event would be without geopolitical consequences. The chapters in this volume draw on papers originally presented to the 34th Pacific Trade and Development Conference held in Beijing in 2010 to discuss these two big questions and China’s changing role in the world economy. This book will be welcomed by students and scholars of Chinese economics, business and politics, and those interested in the pervasive impact of China’s development on the global economy.

Fiscal Policy And The Natural Resources Curse

Author: Paul Mosley
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 1317370155
Size: 54.27 MB
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It is widely accepted that natural resource wealth, especially in the form of oil and minerals, can be a key factor in inhibiting economic development. Many of the countries that are richest in natural resources – including oil, metals and diamonds – are amongst the world’s poorest. Why? Fiscal Policy and the Natural Resources Curse re-examines this ancient, unsolved puzzle, asking why many governments of natural resource-intensive countries are incapable, in a globalised world, of dealing with the natural-resource curse. This book offers a detailed analysis of the power-relationships which underpin the natural resource curse, using both statistical analysis and country case studies from Africa and Latin America to pinpoint the strategies that have enable developing countries to break out of the poverty trap. The book differs from other works on this subject, as it not only identifies the issues at stake but also offers solutions in the form of a series of suggested policy measures. The work focusses in particular on fiscal escape routes, namely measures to develop and diversify the tax system, and to reallocate and target public expenditure. This volume will be of great interest to scholars of economic development, the economics of natural resources and economic growth as well as all those with an interest in development, global politics and anti-poverty policies.

The Western European Economy Routledge Library Editions Economic Geography

Author: Allan M. Williams
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317508963
Size: 48.86 MB
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This book, originally published in 1987, presents a broad overview of the spatial organization of the European economy, providing a valuable synthesis of recently published material by geographers and other social scientists. A major theme is the interdependence of economic development at various scales. The three main sections look at international and European economic context; detailed changes in particular sectors; specific types if regional economic formations. Case studies are used and reference made to historical processes.

Finance And Economic Growth In Developing Countries

Author: K. L Gupta
Publisher:
ISBN: 9780415847667
Size: 11.65 MB
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First published in 1984, this study analyses contemporary research into the role of financial development as a means of accelerating the economic growth of developing countries. The author analyses both the 'financial structuralist' and 'financial repressionist' schools of thought in order to determine both the direction of causality between financial and real growth and the accuracy of the repressionists' assertion that real interest rates and their stability do matter in the economies of developing countries.

A Social And Economic History Of Medieval Europe

Author: Gerald A. Hodgett
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136583149
Size: 52.45 MB
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This excellent and concise summary of the social and economic history of Europe in the Middle Ages examines the changing patterns and developments in agriculture, commerce, trade, industry and transport that took place during the millennium between the fall of the Roman Empire and the discovery of the New World. After outlining the trends in demography, prices, rent, and wages and in the patterns of settlement and cultivation, the author also summarizes the basic research done in the last twenty-five years in many aspects of the social and economic history of medieval Europe, citing French, German and Italian works as well as English. Significantly, this study surveys the present state of discussion on a number of on unresolved issues and controversies, and in some areas suggests common sense answers. Some of the problems of economic growth, or the lack of it, are looked at in the light of current theories in sociology and economic thought. This classic text, first published in 1972, makes a useful and interesting general introduction for students of medieval and economic history.

The Geography Of State Policies Routledge Library Editions Political Geography

Author: J. R. V. Prescott
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317598431
Size: 22.35 MB
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This book examines the reciprocal relationships between geography and the policies of states. The text begins with a theoretical analysis which sets the study in the context of geography and related fields, and an analysis of certain global strategies advocated by geographers and others. The remainder of the book deals with policies of defence, development and administration.

The Changing Face Of Imperialism

Author: Sunanda Sen
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 1351184792
Size: 24.19 MB
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This volume reiterates the relevance of imperialism in the present, as a continuous arrangement, from the early years of empire-colonies to the prevailing pattern of expropriation across the globe. While imperialism as an arrangement of exploitation has sustained over ages, measures deployed to achieve the goals have gone through variations, depending on the network of the prevailing power structure. Providing a historical as well as a conceptual account of imperialism in its ‘classical’ context, this collection brings to the fore an underlying unity which runs across the diverse pattern of imperialist order over time. Dealing with theory, the past and the contemporary, the study concludes by delving into the current conjuncture in Latin America, the United States and Asia. The Changing Face of Imperialism will provide fresh ideas for future research into the shifting patterns of expropriation – spanning the early years of sea-borne plunder and the empire-colonies of nineteenth-century to contemporary capitalism, which is rooted in neoliberalism, globalization and free market ideology. With contributions from major experts in the field, this book will be a significant intervention. It will be of interest to scholars and researchers of economics, politics, sociology and history, especially those dealing with imperial history and colonialism.

China S Contingencies And Globalization

Author: Liu Debin
Publisher:
ISBN: 9781138293052
Size: 42.81 MB
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How have Chinese views on globalization been developing over time? How is China managing the new normal of slower growth? Is China creating an alternative modernity? Is China a status quo power or a reform power? Can China manage its growing international role in international institutions and in the New Development Bank, the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank, along with infrastructure projects in the region such as One Belt One Road and the Maritime Silk Road? Can China achieve balanced interactions with ASEAN and with developing countries in the region and worldwide? How is governance in China evolving in relation to social movements, protests, labour struggles and migrant workers? Do Chinese policies in relation to religious diversity contribute to social harmony or to friction? This timely volume by Chinese and international scholars offers diverse perspectives on these questions. This book was originally published as a special edition of Third World Quarterly.