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Expository Science Forms And Functions Of Popularisation

Author: T. Shinn
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9400952392
Size: 67.93 MB
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The prevailing view of scientific popularization, both within academic circles and beyond, affirms that its objectives and procedures are unrelated to tasks of cognitive development and that its pertinence is by and large restricted to the lay public. Consistent with this view, popularization is frequently portrayed as a logical and hence inescapable consequence of a culture dominated by science-based products and procedures and by a scientistic ideology. On another level, it is depicted as a quasi-political device for chan nelling the energies of the general public along predetermined paths; examples of this are the nineteenth-century Industrial Revolution and the U. S. -Soviet space race. Alternatively, scientific popularization is described as a carefully contrived plan which enables scientists or their spokesmen to allege that scientific learn ing is equitably shared by scientists and non-scientists alike. This manoeuvre is intended to weaken the claims of anti-scientific protesters that scientists monopolize knowledge as a means of sustaining their social privileges. Pop ularization is also sometimes presented as a psychological crutch. This, in an era of increasing scientific specialisation, permits the researchers involved to believe that by transcending the boundaries of their narrow fields, their endeavours assume a degree of general cognitive importance and even extra scientific relevance. Regardless of the particular thrust of these different analyses it is important to point out that all are predicated on the tacit presupposition that scientific popularization belongs essentially to the realm of non-science, or only concerns the periphery of scientific activity.

Wissenschaft Und Hochschulbildung Im Kontext Von Wirtschaft Und Medien

Author: Barbara Hölscher
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3531926489
Size: 74.76 MB
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Thematisiert werden in diesem Sammelband die neuen gesellschaftlichen Anforderungen an die Wissensproduktion und die Hochschulbildung. Zum einen geht es um die Frage, wie die steigenden Erwartungen an Effizienz und Effektivität innerhalb des Wissenschaftssystems und des tertiären Bildungssektors der Hochschulen in Informationen und strukturelle Neuerungen umgesetzt werden. Das heißt, wie reagieren die Hochschulen auf die neuen Funktionsanforderungen aus Politik, Wirtschaft und Gesellschaft? Zum anderen wird in den Beiträgen diskutiert, inwieweit die Wissenschaft und die Hochschulen den Umweg über die Medien suchen, um sich und ihren Kerninstitutionen im steigenden Wettbewerb Legitimation zu verschaffen. Mit diesem Programm richtet sich dieser Band aber nicht nur an Wissenschaftler und Hochschullehrer und -lehrerinnen, sondern ebenfalls an Studierende, Politiker und Medienfachleute sowie an all jene, die bei der These „Ökonomisierung der Wissenschaften und der Hochschulbildung“ aufhorchen.

Handbuch Wissenschaftssoziologie

Author: Sabine Maasen
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3531174436
Size: 61.79 MB
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Das Handbuch gibt einen Überblick über den Forschungsbereich der Wissenschaftssoziologie.

The Social Direction Of The Public Sciences

Author: Stuart Blume
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9400937555
Size: 47.77 MB
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This volume of the Sociology of the Sciences Yearbooks stems from our experience that collaborations between non-scientists and scientists, often initiated by scientists seeking greater social relevance for science, can be of major importance for cognitive development. It seemed to us that it would be useful to explore the conditions under which such collaborations affect scientific change and the nature of the processes involved. This book therefore focuses on a number of instances in which scientists and non-scientists were jointly involved in the genera tion of scientific results at the "interface" of science and society. Despite the considerable variety of cases reported here, a number of questions are central. Under what conditions do such cooperative processes occur? What perceptions of social relevance and what sorts of col laborations with non-scientific groups are involved? How is this collaboration achieved, and through what forums? How can insights into its conditions and mechanisms stabilize such cooperations over a longer period of time? If they are stabilized, do they really affect science, or do they mainly function to shield the rest of the science system against external influences? These questions are pertinent both to intellectual problems in the sociology of science and to the practical concerns of modern science policies. The significance of relations between knowledge producers and knowledge consumers and interest in how these relations affect science and society have changed considerably in recent decades.

Handbook Of Public Communication Of Science And Technology

Author: Massimiano Bucchi
Size: 26.41 MB
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Comprehensive yet accessible, this key Handbook provides an up-to-date overview of the fast growing and increasingly important area of 'public communication of science and technology', from both research and practical perspectives. As well as introducing the main issues, arenas and professional perspectives involved, itnbsp;presents the findings of earlier research and the conclusions previously drawn. Unlike most existing books on this topic, this unique volume couples an overview of the practical problems faced by practitioners with a thorough review of relevant literature and research.Thenbsp;practical handbook formatnbsp;ensures itnbsp;is a student-friendly resource, but its breadth of scope and impressive contributors means that it is alsonbsp;ideal fornbsp;practitioners and professionals working in the field. Combining the contributions of different disciplines (media and journalism studies, sociology andnbsp;history of science), the perspectives of different geographical and cultural contexts, and by selecting key contributions from appropriate and well-respected authors, this original text provides an interdisciplinary as well as a global approach tonbsp;public communication of science and technology.