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Extending Ourselves

Author: Paul Humphreys
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780198036005
Size: 51.12 MB
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Computational methods have become the dominant technique in many areas of science. This book contains the first systematic philosophical account of these new methods and their consequences for scientific method. This book will be of interest to philosophers of science and to anyone interested in the role played by computers in modern science.

Mit Allem Rechnen Zur Philosophie Der Computersimulation

Author: Johannes Lenhard
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
ISBN: 3110401363
Size: 54.31 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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How have computers and simulation models changed scientific practice? Johannes Lenhard examines the methodology and epistemic nature of computer simulations. The conception of mathematical modeling that has so dominated modern science is undergoing redefinition: theory and technology are becoming inseparably connected, thereby resulting in a convergence of the natural and engineering sciences.

Die Ordnung Des Kontingenten

Author: Alberto Cevolini
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3531192353
Size: 39.24 MB
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Die Moderne ist durch eine Mathematisierung der Natur gekennzeichnet. Dass diese Zahlensucht die Art und Weise betrifft, wie die Gesellschaft sich selbst beschreibt, stellt hingegen eine Hochunwahrscheinlichkeit dar, die noch weiter aufgeklärt werden soll. Es ist bekannt, dass zwischen dem 17. und 18. Jahrhundert einerseits die ersten Sterblichkeits- und Morbiditätstafeln bearbeitet werden, die nicht nur der modernen Bevölkerungsstatistik und Demografie, sondern auch jeder Leibrentenberechnung und demnach den Lebensversicherungsanstalten zugrunde liegen, andererseits die ersten Staatsfinanzberichte vor der Öffentlichkeit bekannt gegeben werden. Hier handelt es sich um eine anspruchsvolle Homogenisierung und Rekombination des Sozialen, deren Abstraktheit der Ausdifferenzierungsform der modernen Gesellschaft besonders angepasst ist. Die Beiträge zielen darauf, die historischen Ursachen, die gesellschaftsstrukturellen Bedingungen und die funktionale Entwicklung eines solchen Phänomens zu erläutern.

Toward A New Dimension

Author: Anne Marcovich
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191024015
Size: 20.73 MB
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Over the course of the last thirty years, the investigation of objects at the nano scale has rocketed. Nanoscale scientific research has not only powerfully affected the amount and orientation of knowledge, it has perhaps even more significantly redirected the ways in which much research work is carried out, changed scientists' methodology and reasoning processes, and influenced aspects of the structure of career trajectory and the functioning of scientific disciplines. This book identifies key historical moments and episodes in the birth and evolution of nanoscience, discusses the novel repertory of epistemological concerns of practitioners, and signals sociological propensities. As Galileo's telescope explored the moon's surface four hundred years ago, nano instrumentation now makes it possible to see the surface of single molecules. Moreover, practitioners are able to manipulate individual atoms and molecules at will to produce pre-designed synthetic materials, non-existent in nature. The combinatorial of heightened observational capacity and the tailoring of synthetic artificial materials exhibiting hitherto novel physical properties has widened and transformed the worlds of scientific knowledge and technical artefact. This book invites the question: to what extent does nanoscale scientific research constitute a kind of 'scientific revolution'?

Inventing Temperature

Author: Hasok Chang
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199883696
Size: 36.32 MB
Format: PDF
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What is temperature, and how can we measure it correctly? These may seem like simple questions, but the most renowned scientists struggled with them throughout the 18th and 19th centuries. In Inventing Temperature, Chang examines how scientists first created thermometers; how they measured temperature beyond the reach of standard thermometers; and how they managed to assess the reliability and accuracy of these instruments without a circular reliance on the instruments themselves. In a discussion that brings together the history of science with the philosophy of science, Chang presents the simple eet challenging epistemic and technical questions about these instruments, and the complex web of abstract philosophical issues surrounding them. Chang's book shows that many items of knowledge that we take for granted now are in fact spectacular achievements, obtained only after a great deal of innovative thinking, painstaking experiments, bold conjectures, and controversy. Lurking behind these achievements are some very important philosophical questions about how and when people accept the authority of science.

Thinking Machines And The Philosophy Of Computer Science

Author: Jordi Vallverdú
Publisher: IGI Global Snippet
ISBN: 1616920157
Size: 69.21 MB
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This discipline of philosophy and computer science offers an interdisciplinary exchange of ideas that range from philosophical and mathematical logic to epistemology, engineering, ethics or neuroscience. Thinking Machines and the Philosophy of Computer Science: Concepts and Principles presents a conversation between established experts and new researchers in the field of philosophy and computer science about human and non-human relationships with the environment. This resource contains five sections including topics on philosophical analysis, the posterior ethical debate, the nature of computer simulations, and the crossroads between robotics, AI, cognitive theories and philosophy.