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Facility Inspection Field Manual A Complete Condition Assessment Guide

Author: Bernard T. Lewis
Publisher: McGraw Hill Professional
ISBN: 0071414746
Size: 39.75 MB
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Get longer, safer system operating life for every facility maintenance dollar! How do you efficiently manage facility infrastructure? You turn to this hands-on, answer-packed, time- and money-saving guide designed for every facility manager who has to do more with less. It shows you how to conduct seamless facility condition inspections that provide an overall snapshot of the current condition of your facility, generating enormous amounts of priceless information that will help you reduce or eliminate downtime and keep your facility humming. This comprehensive, portable toolkit packs everything you need to: * Continually assess the condition status of every aspect of a building: all of its systems and equipment, components and subcomponents *Identify deficiencies before they become major problems * Get better performance from every system

Facility Manager S Maintenance Handbook

Author: Bernard Lewis
Publisher: McGraw Hill Professional
ISBN: 9780071511001
Size: 35.11 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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An Updated Guide to Establishing Cutting-Edge Operations and Maintenance Procedures for Today's Complex Facilities An essential on-the-job resource, Facility Manager's Maintenance Handbook presents step-by-step coverage of the planning, design, and execution of operations and maintenance procedures for structures, equipment, and systems in any type of facility. This career-building reference provides the tools needed to streamline facility management processes...reduce operational costs...and ensure the effective utilization, maintenance, repair, and renovation of existing physical assets. Now with 40% new information, this Second Edition includes brand-new chapters on emergency response procedures...maintenance operations benchmarking...capital and operational budgets management...boiler and steam plant operations... and other vital topics. The only book of its kind to cover both operations and maintenance, the updated Facility Manager's Maintenance Handbook features: Updated information on mechanical equipment and systems maintenance The latest fire protection procedures A comprehensive account of building codes Guidance on hazardous materials handling Excellent preparation for the IFMA Certified Facility Manager (CFM) qualification Inside This State-of-the-Art Facility Management Resource • Part 1: Organizing for Maintenance Operations • Part 2: Facility Operations and Maintenance • Operations Plans • Maintenance Plans • Part 3: Equipment and Systems Operations • Maintenance o Part 4: Facilities Emergency Preparedness o Part 5: Capital Investment

Handbook Of Pharmaceutical Manufacturing Formulations

Author: Sarfaraz K. Niazi
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1420081241
Size: 45.68 MB
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While liquid drugs do not share the compression problems of solid dosage forms, the filling problems of powder dosage forms, or the consistency problems of semisolid dosage forms, they do have their own set of considerations in the formulation and manufacturing stages. Highlights from Liquid Products, Volume Three include: practical details involved in complying with the current good manufacturing practice requirements in liquid manufacturing access to what an FDA auditor would be looking for during a liquid manufacturing audit issues that may arise during a US FDA inspection the protocols used for stability testing for new drugs and new dosage forms, drawn from the most current ICH guidelines

Handbook Of Pharmaceutical Manafacturing Formulations 2nd Ed Sarfaraz K Niazi 2009

Author: Informa Healthcare
Publisher: Bukupedia
ISBN:
Size: 76.18 MB
Format: PDF
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The science and the art of pharmaceutical formulation keeps evolving as new materials, methods, and machines become readily available to produce more reliable, stable, and releasecontrolled formulations. At the same time, globalization of sourcing of raw and finished pharmaceuticals brings challenges to regulatory authorities and results in more frequent revisions to the current good manufacturing practices, regulatory approval dossier requirements, and the growing need for cost optimization. Since the publication of the first edition of this book, a lot has changed in all of these areas of importance to pharmaceutical manufacturers. The second edition builds on the dynamic nature of the science and art of formulations and provides an evermore useful handbook that should be highly welcomed by the industry, the regulatory authorities, as well as the teaching institutions. The first edition of this book was a great success as it brought under one umbrella the myriad of choices available to formulators. The readers were very responsive and communicated withmefrequently pointing out to the weaknesses as well as the strengths of the book. The second edition totally revised attempts to achieve these by making major changes to the text, some of which include: 1. Complete, revised errors corrected and subject matter reorganized for easy reference. Whereas this series has six volumes differentiated on the basis of the type of dosage form and a separate inclusion of the U.S. OTC products, ideally the entire collection is needed to benefit from the myriad of topics relating to formulations, regulatory compliance, and dossier preparation. 2. Total number of pages is increased from 1684 to 2726. 3. Total number of formulations is expanded by about 30% with many newly approved formulations. 4. Novel formulations are now provided for a variety of drugs; these data are collected from the massive intellectual property data and suggest toward the future trend of formulations. While some of these formulations may not have been approved in the United States or Europe, these do provide additional choices, particularly for the NDA preparation. As always, it is the responsibility of the manufacturer to assure that the intellectual property rights are not violated. 5. A significant change in this edition is the inclusion of commercial products; while most of this information is culled out from the open source such as the FOIA (http://www.fda.gov/foi/default.htm), I have made attempts to reconstruct the critical portions of it based on what I call the generally acceptable standards. The drug companies are advised to assure that any intellectual property rights are not violated and this applies to all information contained in this book. The freedom of information act (FOIA) is an extremely useful conduit for reliable information and manufacturers are strongly urged to make use of this information. Whereas this information is provided free of charge, the process of obtaining the information may be cumbersome, in which case, commercial sources of these databases can prove useful, particularly for the non-U.S. companies. 6. Also included are the new Good Manufacturing Guidelines (2007) with amendments (2008) for the United States and similar updates for European Union and WHO; it is strongly urged that the companies discontinue using all old documents as there are significant changes in the revised form, and many of them are likely to reduce the cost of GMP compliance. 7. Details on design of clean rooms is a new entry that will be of great use to sterile product manufacturers; whereas the design and flow of personnel and material flow is of critical nature, regulatory agencies view these differently and the manufacturer is advised always to comply with most stringent requirements. 8. Addition of a self-auditing template in each volume of the series. While the cGMP compliance is a complex issue and the requirements diversified across the globe, the basic compliance remains universal. I have chosen the European Union guidelines (as these are more in tune with the ICH) to prepare a self-audit module that I recommend that every manufacturer adopt as a routine to assure GMP compliance. In most instances reading the template by those responsible for compliance with keep them sensitive to the needs of GMP. 9. OTC products cross-referenced in other volumes where appropriate. This was necessary since the regulatory authorities worldwide define this class of drug differently. It is important to iterate that regardless of the prescription or the OTC status of a product, the requirements for compliance with the cGMP apply equally. 10. OTCmonograph status is anew section added to theOTC volume and this should allow manufacturers to chose appropriate formulations that may not require a filing with the regulatory agencies; it is important to iterate that an approved OTC monograph includes details of formulation including the types and quantities of active drug and excipients, labeling, and presentation. To qualify the exemption, the manufacturer must comply with the monograph in its entirety. However, subtle modifications that are merely cosmetic in nature and where there is an evidence that the modification will not affect the safety and efficacy of the products can be made but require prior approval of the regulatory agencies and generally these approvals are granted. 11. Expanded discussion on critical factors in the manufacturing of formulations provided; from basic shortcuts to smart modifications now extend to all dosage forms. Pharmaceutical compounding is one of the oldest professions and whereas the art of formulations has been v vi Preface to the Series—Second Edition relegated to more objective parameters, the art nevertheless remains. An experienced formulator, like an artist, would know what goes with what and why; he avoids the pitfalls and stays with conservative choices. These sections of the book present advice that is time tested, although it may appear random at times; this is intended for experienced formulators. 12. Expanded details on critical steps in the manufacturing processes provided but to keep the size of the book manageable, and these are included for prototype formulations. The reader is advised to browse through similar formulations to gain more insight. Where multiple formulations are provided for the same drug, it intended to show the variety of possibilities in formulating a drug and whereas it pertains to a single drug, the basic formulation practices can be extended to many drugs of same class or even of diversified classes. Readers have often requested that more details be provided in the Manufacturing Direction sections. Whereas sufficient details are provided, this is restricted to prototype formulations to keep the size of the book manageable and to reduce redundancy. 13. Addition of a listing of approved excipients and the level allowed by regulatory authorities. This new section allows formulators a clear choice on which excipients to choose; the excipients are reported in each volume pertaining to the formulation type covered. The listing is drawn from the FDA-approved entities. For the developers of an ANDA, it is critical that the level of excipients be kept within the range generally approved to avoid large expense in justifying any unapproved level. The only category for which the listing is not provided separately is theOTCvolume since it contains many dosage forms and the reader is referred to dosage form–specific title of the series. The choice of excipients forms keeps increasing with many new choices that can provide many special release characteristics to the dosage forms. Choosing correct excipients is thus a tedious exercise and requires sophisticated multivariate statistical analysis. Whereas the formulator may choose any number of novel or classical components, it is important to know the levels of excipients that are generally allowed in various formulations to reduce the cost of redundant exercises; I have therefore included, as an appendix to each volume, a list of all excipients that are currently approved by the U.S. FDA along their appropriate levels. I suggest that a formulator consult this table before deciding on which level of excipient to use; it does not mean that the excipient cannot be used outside this range but it obviates the need for a validation and lengthy justification studies in the submission of NDAs. 14. Expanded section on bioequivalence submission was required to highlight the recent changes in these requirements. New entries include a comprehensive listing of bioequivalence protocols in abbreviated form as approved by the U.S. FDA; these descriptions are provided in each volume where pertinent. To receive approval for an ANDA, an applicant must generally demonstrate, among other things, equivalence of the active ingredient, dosage form, strength, route of administration and conditions of use as the listed drug, and that the proposed drug product is bioequivalent to the reference listed drug [21 USC 355(j)(2)(A); 21 CFR 314.94(a)]. Bioequivalent drug products show no significant difference in the rate and extent of absorption of the therapeutic ingredient [21 U.S.C. 355(j)(8); 21 CFR 320.1(e)]. BE studies are undertaken in support of ANDA submissions with the goal of demonstrating BE between a proposed generic drug product and its reference listed drug. The regulations governing BE are provided at 21 CFR in part 320. The U.S. FDA has recently begun to promulgate individual bioequivalence requirements. To streamline the process for making guidance available to the public on how to design product-specific BE studies, the U.S. FDA will be issuing product-specific BE recommendations (www.fda.gov/cder/ogd/index.htm). To make this vital information available, an appendix to each volume includes a summary of all currently approved products by the U.S. FDA where a recommendation on conducting bioequivalence studies is made available by the U.S. FDA. When filing an NDA or an ANDA, the filer is faced with the choice of defending the methods used to justify the bioavailability or bioequivalence data. The U.S. FDA now allows application for waiver of bioequivalence requirement; a new chapter on this topic has been added along with details of the dissolution tests, where applicable, approved for various dosage forms. 15. Dissolution testing requirements are included for all dosage forms where this testing is required by the FDA. Surrogate testing to prove efficacy and compliance is getting more acceptance at regulatory agencies; in my experience, a well-designed dissolution test is the best measure of continuous compliance. Coupled with chapters on waivers of bioequivalence testing, this information on dissolution testing should be great value to all manufacturers; it is recommended that manufacturers develop their own in-house specifications, more stringent than those allowed in these listings and the USP. 16. Best-selling products (top 200 prescription products) are identified with an asterisk and a brand name where applicable; in all instances, composition of these products is provided and formulation of generic equivalents. Despite the vast expansion of pharmaceutical sales and shifting of categories of blockbuster drugs, basic drugs affecting gastrointestinal tract, vascular system, and brain remain most widely prescribed. 17. Updated list of approved coloring agents in the United States, Canada, European Union, and Japan is included to allow manufactures to design products for worldwide distribution. 18. Tablet-coating formulations that meet worldwide requirements of color selection are included in the Volume 1 (compressed solids) and Volume 5 (OTC) because these represent the products often coated. 19. Guidelines on preparing regulatory filings are now dispersed throughout the series depending on where these guidelines are more crucial. However, the reader would, as before, need access to all volumes to benefit from the advice and guidelines provided. As always, comments and criticism from the readers are welcomed and these can be sent to me at [email protected] .com or [email protected] I would try to respond to any inquiries requiring clarification of the information enclosed in these volumes. I would like to express deep gratitude to Sherri R. Niziolek and Michelle Schmitt-DeBonis at Informa, the publisher of Preface to the Series—Second Edition vii this work, for seeing an immediate value to the readers in publishing the second edition of this book and allowing me enough time to prepare this work. The diligent editing and composing staff at Informa, particularly Joseph Stubenrauch, Baljinder Kaur and others are highly appreciated. Regardless, all errors and omissions remain altogether mine. In the first edition, I had dedicated each volume to one of my mentors; the second edition continues the dedication to these great teachers. Sarfaraz K. Niazi, Ph.D. Deerfield, Illinois, U.S.A

Guidelines For Essential Trauma Care

Author: World Health Organization
Publisher: World Health Organization
ISBN: 9789241546409
Size: 65.18 MB
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Injury is an increasingly significant health problem throughout the world, accounting for 16 per cent of the global burden of disease. The public health burden of death and disability from injury is particularly notable in low and middle income countries. These guidelines seek to establish practical and affordable standards applicable to injury or trauma care worldwide, whether in rural health posts, small hospitals, hospitals staffed by specialists or tertiary care centres. It sets out a list of key trauma treatment services designed to be achievable in all settings, and defines the various human and physical resources required. It also includes a number of recommendations for methods to promote such standards including training, performance improvement, trauma team organisation and hospital inspection.

Establishing A Cgmp Laboratory Audit System

Author: David M. Bliesner
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 047178477X
Size: 57.72 MB
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The first systematic, hands-on auditing guide for today's pharmaceutical laboratories In today's litigious environment, pharmaceutical laboratories are subject to ever stricter operational guidelines as mandated by the FDA, and must be able to establish and demonstrate sustainable operational practices that ensure compliance with the current good manufacturing practice (CGMP) regulations. David Bliesner's Establishing a CGMP Laboratory Audit System: A Practical Guide is designed to provide laboratory supervisors and personnel with a step-by-step, hands-on audit system that they can rely on to ensure their facility remains compliant with all current and future requirements. Focusing on a "team approach," the author uses detailed flowcharts, checklists, and descriptions of the auditing process to help readers develop a new audit system or upgrade their current system in order to: * Improve current compliance * Demonstrate sustainable compliance * Produce data for federal inspections * Avoid regulatory action Enhanced with detailed checklists and a wealth of practical and flexible auditing tools on CD-ROM, this book provides an ideal resource for new and future laboratory personnel, and an excellent means for keeping existing industry practitioners up to date on the nuances of operating a consistently compliant pharmaceutical laboratory.

Monitoring Bathing Waters

Author: Jamie Bartram
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 0203478266
Size: 51.78 MB
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This book, which has been prepared by an international group of experts, provides comprehensive guidance for the design, planning and implementation of assessments and monitoring programmes for water bodies used for recreation. It addresses the wide range of hazards which may be encountered and emphasizes the importance of linking monitoring programmes to effective and feasible management actions to protect human health. It also provides details of sampling and analytical methods. This book will be an invaluable source of information for anyone concerned with monitoring and assessing recreational waters, including field staff. It will also be useful for national and regional government departments concerned with tourism and recreation, and for students and special interest groups.

Bulletin Of The Atomic Scientists

Author:
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 21.97 MB
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The Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists is the premier public resource on scientific and technological developments that impact global security. Founded by Manhattan Project Scientists, the Bulletin's iconic "Doomsday Clock" stimulates solutions for a safer world.