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Facing Social Class

Author: Susan T. Fiske
Publisher: Russell Sage Foundation
ISBN: 1610447816
Size: 18.18 MB
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Many Americans, holding fast to the American Dream and the promise of equal opportunity, claim that social class doesn't matter. Yet the ways we talk and dress, our interactions with authority figures, the degree of trust we place in strangers, our religious beliefs, our achievements, our senses of morality and of ourselves—all are marked by social class, a powerful factor affecting every domain of life. In Facing Social Class, social psychologists Susan Fiske and Hazel Rose Markus, and a team of sociologists, anthropologists, linguists, and legal scholars, examine the many ways we communicate our class position to others and how social class shapes our daily, face-to-face interactions—from casual exchanges to interactions at school, work, and home. Facing Social Class exposes the contradiction between the American ideal of equal opportunity and the harsh reality of growing inequality, and it shows how this tension is reflected in cultural ideas and values, institutional practices, everyday social interactions, and psychological tendencies. Contributor Joan Williams examines cultural differences between middle- and working-class people and shows how the cultural gap between social class groups can influence everything from voting practices and political beliefs to work habits, home life, and social behaviors. In a similar vein, Annette Lareau and Jessica McCrory Calarco analyze the cultural advantages or disadvantages exhibited by different classes in institutional settings, such as those between parents and teachers. They find that middle-class parents are better able to advocate effectively for their children in school than are working-class parents, who are less likely to challenge a teacher's authority. Michael Kraus, Michelle Rheinschmidt, and Paul Piff explore the subtle ways we signal class status in social situations. Conversational style and how close one person stands to another, for example, can influence the balance of power in a business interaction. Diana Sanchez and Julie Garcia even demonstrate that markers of low socioeconomic status such as incarceration or unemployment can influence whether individuals are categorized as white or black—a finding that underscores how race and class may work in tandem to shape advantage or disadvantage in social interactions. The United States has one of the highest levels of income inequality and one of the lowest levels of social mobility among industrialized nations, yet many Americans continue to buy into the myth that theirs is a classless society. Facing Social Class faces the reality of how social class operates in our daily lives, why it is so pervasive, and what can be done to alleviate its effects.

Class And Campus Life

Author: Elizabeth M. Lee
Publisher: Cornell University Press
ISBN: 1501703897
Size: 58.89 MB
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In 2015, the New York Times reported, "The bright children of janitors and nail salon workers, bus drivers and fast-food cooks may not have grown up with the edifying vacations, museum excursions, daily doses of NPR and prep schools that groom Ivy applicants, but they are coveted candidates for elite campuses." What happens to academically talented but economically challenged "first-gen" students when they arrive on campus? Class markers aren't always visible from a distance, but socioeconomic differences permeate campus life—and the inner experiences of students—in real and sometimes unexpected ways. In Class and Campus Life, Elizabeth M. Lee shows how class differences are enacted and negotiated by students, faculty, and administrators at an elite liberal arts college for women located in the Northeast. Using material from two years of fieldwork and more than 140 interviews with students, faculty, administrators, and alumnae at the pseudonymous Linden College, Lee adds depth to our understanding of inequality in higher education. An essential part of her analysis is to illuminate the ways in which the students' and the college’s practices interact, rather than evaluating them separately, as seemingly unrelated spheres. She also analyzes underlying moral judgments brought to light through cultural connotations of merit, hard work by individuals, and making it on your own that permeate American higher education. Using students’ own descriptions and understandings of their experiences to illustrate the complexity of these issues, Lee shows how the lived experience of socioeconomic difference is often defined in moral, as well as economic, terms, and that tensions, often unspoken, undermine students’ senses of belonging.

Political Psychology

Author: Christopher J. Hewer
Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell
ISBN: 1118982398
Size: 14.68 MB
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A research-based guide to political psychology that is filled with critical arguments from noted experts Political Psychology is solidly grounded in empirical research and critical arguments. The text puts the emphasis on alternative approaches to psychological enquiry that challenge our traditional assumptions about the world. With contributions from an international panel of experts, the text contains a meaningful exchange of ideas that draw on the disciplines of social psychology, sociology, history, media studies and philosophy. This important text offers a broader understanding of the different intellectual positions that academics may take towards political psychology. Comprehensive in scope Political Psychology provides a historical context to the subject and offers a critical history of common research methods. The contributors offer insight on political thought in psychology, the politics of psychological language, narrating as political action, political decision-making and much more. This important text: Offers contributions from a panel of international experts on the topic Includes a review of some political ideas associated with the work of Karl Marx, Erich Fromm, R.D. Laing, Michel Foucault and others Presents information on prejudice, stereotypes and discrimination in the context of mass migration Reviews a wide range of relevant topics such as identity, social exclusion and foreign policy and more Contains questions for group debate and discussion at the end of each chapter Written for academics and students of political psychology, Political Psychology is a comprehensive resource that includes contributions from experts in a variety of fields and disciplines.

Confronting Racism

Author: Jennifer Lynn Eberhardt
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 9780761903680
Size: 55.41 MB
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The contributors to this volume identify the cognitive and motivational influences on the intrapersonal, interpersonal, and intergroup processes that lead to racism. Confronting Racism establishes a unique link between public discourse on race and social scientific analysis. Covering theory, implications for policy and applications to education, employment, crime, politics, and health; the book provides a collective account of the variety of racial outcomes and dynamics that result from the complex and multifaceted nature of racism and race relations.

Social Cognition

Author: Susan T. Fiske
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 1473987512
Size: 46.48 MB
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How do people make sense of each other? How do people make sense of themselves? Social cognition attempts to explain the most fundamental of questions. It looks at why other people are not simply ‘objects’ to be perceived and how the social world provides dramatic and complex perspectives on the Self and Others. The subtitle of this book ‘From Brains to Culture’ reflects the journey that Social Cognition has been on since it first emerged as a dynamic and forward-looking field of research within social psychology. Structured in four clear parts, Social Cognition: From Brains to Culture begins with a clear outline of the basic concepts before moving into more topical sections: understanding individual selves and others, followed by making sense of society. The authors finish by looking beyond cognition to affect and behaviour. Challenging and rigorous, yet strikingly accessible, this book is essential reading for all students of social psychology from undergraduate to post-graduate and beyond.

The Sage Handbook Of Social Cognition

Author: Susan T Fiske
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 1446266028
Size: 37.50 MB
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The SAGE Handbook of Social Cognition is a landmark volume. Edited by two of the field's most eminent academics and supported by a distinguished global advisory board, the 56 authors - each an expert in their own chapter topic - provide authoritative and thought-provoking overviews of this fascinating territory of research. Not since the early 1990s has a Handbook been published in this field, now, Fiske and Macrae have provided a timely and seminal benchmark; a state of the art overview that will benefit advanced students and academics not just within social psychology but beyond these borders too. Following an introductory look at the 'uniqueness of social cognition', the Handbook goes on to explore basic and underlying processes of social cognition, from implicit social cognition and consciousness and meta-cognition to judgment and decision-making. Also, the wide-ranging applications of social cognition research in 'the real world' from the burgeoning and relatively recent fields of social cognitive development and social cognitive aging to the social cognition of relationships are investigated. Finally, there is a critical and exciting exploration of the future directions in this field. The SAGE Handbook of Social Cognition will be an indispensable volume for any advanced student or academic wanting or needing to understand the landscape of social cognition research in the 21st century.

Fremdenfeindlichkeit Und Rechtsextremismus

Author: Felix Büchel
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3322950530
Size: 35.93 MB
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Fremdenfeindlichkeit wird immer mehr zu einem Bestandteil unserer gesellschaftlichen Realität, und die Bedrohung durch rechtsextreme Gewalt nimmt zu. In diesem Buch diskutieren Wissenschaftler aus der Perspektive sieben verschiedener Fachrichtungen mögliche Ursachen und Entstehungsbedingungen von Fremdenfeindlichkeit und Rechtsextremismus. Zugleich werden Ansatzpunkte für Interventions- und Präventionsmaßnahmen erörtert. Die Auseinandersetzung mit diesem Phänomen muss über verkürzte Erklärungsansätze hinausgehen und der Komplexität der Wirkungszusammenhänge Rechnung tragen. Das Buch bietet einen Anstoß dazu.

Achtsamkeit Und Humor

Author: Metzner, Michael Stefan
Publisher: Schattauer Verlag
ISBN: 3794531647
Size: 31.34 MB
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Ein Buch aus der Reihe "Wissen & Leben" Eine Hommage an zwei der wertvollsten menschlichen Eigenschaften Stress, Ärger, trübe Gedanken? Als Rezept für einen besseren Umgang mit dem „ganz normalen Wahnsinn“ unseres Lebens empfiehlt der Psychotherapeut Michael Metzner, sich auf zwei menschliche Grundqualitäten zurückzubesinnen: Achtsamkeit und Humor. Der Autor zeigt ganz konkret auf, wie wir Achtsamkeit und Humor pflegen können: von traditionellen Achtsamkeitsübungen über achtsames Essen bis hin zu solchen Übungen, die man zu zweit oder in einer (Therapie-)Gruppe durchführen kann. In der 2. Auflage des erfolgreichen Buchs werden diese praktischen Aspekte stärker betont, es sind weitere Übungsanleitungen, z.B. für eine Hörmeditation, hinzugekommen. Die Yogaübungen wurden zum besseren Verständnis bebildert und stehen online zum Download zur Verfügung. Außerdem beantwortet der Autor Fragen aus der Praxis, die ihm von Lesern und Patienten oft gestellt wurden. Das Buch wurde insbesondere von den vielen Ansätzen der modernen Verhaltenstherapie inspiriert, die Achtsamkeit nutzen. Es fließen außerdem die aktuellen Ergebnisse der Gehirnforschung zum Thema Humor ein. Die Würze geben ihm zahlreiche Geschichten, Anekdoten, Witze und Metaphern, die der Lebensgeschichte des Autors und seiner therapeutischen Tätigkeit entspringen. Für alle, die sich für Achtsamkeit, Meditation und Humor interessieren und sich selbst nicht ernster nehmen als es sein muss, ob sie nun psychotherapeutische Profis oder bewusst lebende „interessierte Laien“ sind! Keywords: Achtsamkeit, Humor, Meditation, Achtsamkeitsübungen, Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction, Achtsamkeitsbasierte Stressreduktion, Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy, Achtsamkeitsbasierte Kognitive Therapie, Provokative Therapie, Gehirn, Psychotherapie, Lachen ist gesund, Yoga, Humorforschung