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Facing The Ocean

Author: Barry Cunliffe
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 9780192853554
Size: 40.50 MB
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In this highly illustrated book Barry Cunliffe focuses on the western rim of Europe--the Atlantic facade--an area stretching from the Straits of Gibraltar to the Isles of Shetland.We are shown how original and inventive the communities were, and how they maintained their own distinctive identities often over long spans of time. Covering the period from the Mesolithic hunter-gatherers, c. 8000 BC, to the voyages of discovery c. AD 1500, he uses this last half millennium more as a well-studied test case to help the reader better understand what went before. The beautiful illustrations show how this picturesque part of Europe has many striking physical similarities. Old hard rocks confront the ocean creating promontories and capes familiar to sailors throughout the millennia. Land's End, Finistere, Finisterra--until the end of the fifteenth century this was where the world ended in a turmoil of ocean beyond which there was nothing. To the people who lived in these remote placesthe sea was their means of communication and those occupying similar locations were their neighbours. The communities frequently developed distinctive characteristics intensifying aspects of their culture the more clearly to distinguish themselves from their in-land neighbours. But there is an added level of interest here in that the sea provided a vital link with neighbouring remote-place communities encouraging a commonality of interest and allegiances. Even today the Bretons see themselvesas distinct from the French but refer to the Irish, Welsh, and Galicians as their brothers and cousins. Archaeological evidence from the prehistoric period amply demonstrates the bonds which developed and intensified between these isolated communities and helped to maintain a shared but distinctive Atlantic identity.

Eine Kurze Geschichte Der Menschheit

Author: Yuval Noah Harari
Publisher: DVA
ISBN: 364110498X
Size: 20.89 MB
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Krone der Schöpfung? Vor 100 000 Jahren war der Homo sapiens noch ein unbedeutendes Tier, das unauffällig in einem abgelegenen Winkel des afrikanischen Kontinents lebte. Unsere Vorfahren teilten sich den Planeten mit mindestens fünf weiteren menschlichen Spezies, und die Rolle, die sie im Ökosystem spielten, war nicht größer als die von Gorillas, Libellen oder Quallen. Vor 70 000 Jahren dann vollzog sich ein mysteriöser und rascher Wandel mit dem Homo sapiens, und es war vor allem die Beschaffenheit seines Gehirns, die ihn zum Herren des Planeten und zum Schrecken des Ökosystems werden ließ. Bis heute hat sich diese Vorherrschaft stetig zugespitzt: Der Mensch hat die Fähigkeit zu schöpferischem und zu zerstörerischem Handeln wie kein anderes Lebewesen. Anschaulich, unterhaltsam und stellenweise hochkomisch zeichnet Yuval Harari die Geschichte des Menschen nach und zeigt alle großen, aber auch alle ambivalenten Momente unserer Menschwerdung.

Geschichte Der Globalisierung

Author: Jürgen Osterhammel
Publisher: C.H.Beck
ISBN: 3406689051
Size: 47.58 MB
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"Globalisierung" wird häufiger als jeder andere Begriff benutzt, um die gegenwärtige Epoche zu charakterisieren. Welche langfristigen Prozesse haben aber den gegenwärtigen Zustand herbeigeführt? Solche Prozesse waren bereits wirksam, als es den Begriff "Globalisierung" noch nicht gab. Die Zeitgenossen sprachen von der europäischen Expansion, der Entstehung der Weltwirtschaft, der Verknüpfung der Kontinente durch massenhafte Wanderungen, der planetarischen Ausweitung internationaler Beziehungen und der Herausbildung kosmopolitischer Strömungen auf kulturellem Gebiet. All diese Prozesse, von denen keiner stetig und krisenfrei verlief, werden in einen interpretierenden Zusammenhang zueinander gesetzt. Das Buch verleiht einem der wichtigsten Begriffe heutiger Zeitdiagnose historische Tiefenschärfe.

Sklavenh Ndler Negreros Und Atlantikkreolen

Author: Michael Zeuske
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
ISBN: 3110422670
Size: 43.40 MB
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Michael Zeuske examines the transatlantic slave trade (1450–1900) with regard to the historical place of the Atlantic as well as the institutions and actors involved (especially in non-European societies of origin and destination). A focus is on the hidden Atlantic slave trade of the 19th century that took place after the European and American ban on the transatlantic slave trade.

Atlantic History

Author: Philip D. Morgan
Publisher: OUP USA
ISBN: 0195320336
Size: 58.70 MB
Format: PDF
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This title offers an incisive look at how interpretations of the Atlantic world have changed over time and from a variety of national perspectives. This volume discusses key areas of the Atlantic world, including the British, Dutch, French, Iberian, and African Atlantic, as well as the movement of ideas, peoples, and goods.

Into The Ocean

Author: Kristjan Ahronson
Publisher: University of Toronto Press
ISBN: 1442665084
Size: 65.73 MB
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That Gaelic monasticism flourished in the early medieval period is well established. The “Irish School” penetrated large areas of Europe and contemporary authors describe North Atlantic travels and settlements. Across Scotland and beyond, Celtic-speaking communities spread into the wild and windswept north, marking hundreds of Atlantic settlements with carved and rock-cut sculpture. They were followed in the Viking Age by Scandinavians who dominated the Atlantic waters and settled the Atlantic rim. With Into the Ocean, Kristján Ahronson makes two dramatic claims: that there were people in Iceland almost a century before Viking settlers first arrived c. AD 870, and that there was a tangible relationship between the early Christian “Irish” communities of the Atlantic zone and the Scandinavians who followed them. Ahronson uses archaeological, paleoecological, and literary evidence to support his claims, analysing evidence ranging from pap place names in the Scottish islands to volcanic airfall in Iceland. An interdisciplinary analysis of a subject that has intrigued scholars for generations, Into the Ocean will challenge the assumptions of anyone interested in the Atlantic branch of the Celtic world.

Naval Power

Author: Jeremy Black
Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education
ISBN: 1137059907
Size: 80.76 MB
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Man lives on land, but the seas of the world are crucial to his lot. Focusing on navies as instruments of power and analysing what they indicate about the nature of state systems and cultures all over the world, Black provides an overview of the most significant debates within the field. Organised into key historical periods and accessibly framed, this wide-ranging account emphasises the links between past and present throughout the history of naval power.

Foundations Of Modern International Thought

Author: David Armitage
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521807077
Size: 25.50 MB
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This insightful and wide-ranging volume traces the genesis of international intellectual thought, connecting international and global history with intellectual history.