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Facts On The Ground

Author: Nadia Abu El-Haj
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 0226002152
Size: 37.66 MB
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Archaeology in Israel is truly a national obsession, a practice through which national identity—and national rights—have long been asserted. But how and why did archaeology emerge as such a pervasive force there? How can the practices of archaeology help answer those questions? In this stirring book, Nadia Abu El-Haj addresses these questions and specifies for the first time the relationship between national ideology, colonial settlement, and the production of historical knowledge. She analyzes particular instances of history, artifacts, and landscapes in the making to show how archaeology helped not only to legitimize cultural and political visions but, far more powerfully, to reshape them. Moreover, she places Israeli archaeology in the context of the broader discipline to determine what unites the field across its disparate local traditions and locations. Boldly uncovering an Israel in which science and politics are mutually constituted, this book shows the ongoing role that archaeology plays in defining the past, present, and future of Palestine and Israel.

The Genealogical Science

Author: Nadia Abu El-Haj
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 0226201422
Size: 35.30 MB
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The Genealogical Science analyzes the scientific work and social implications of the flourishing field of genetic history. A biological discipline that relies on genetic data in order to reconstruct the geographic origins of contemporary populations—their histories of migration and genealogical connections to other present-day groups—this historical science is garnering ever more credibility and social reach, in large part due to a growing industry in ancestry testing. In this book, Nadia Abu El-Haj examines genetic history’s working assumptions about culture and nature, identity and biology, and the individual and the collective. Through the example of the study of Jewish origins, she explores novel cultural and political practices that are emerging as genetic history’s claims and “facts” circulate in the public domain and illustrates how this historical science is intrinsically entangled with cultural imaginations and political commitments. Chronicling late-nineteenth- to mid-twentieth-century understandings of race, nature, and culture, she identifies continuities and shifts in scientific claims, institutional contexts, and political worlds in order to show how the meanings of biological difference have changed over time. In so doing she gives an account of how and why it is that genetic history is so socially felicitous today and elucidates the range of understandings of the self, individual and collective, this scientific field is making possible. More specifically, through her focus on the history of projects of Jewish self-fashioning that have taken place on the terrain of the biological sciences, The Genealogical Science analyzes genetic history as the latest iteration of a cultural and political practice now over a century old.

Recovered Roots

Author: Yael Zerubavel
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 9780226981574
Size: 23.21 MB
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Because new nations need new pasts, they create new ways of commemorating and recasting select historic events. In Recovered Roots, Yael Zerubavel illuminates this dynamic process by examining the construction of Israeli national tradition. In the years leading to the birth of Israel, Zerubavel shows, Zionist settlers in Palestine consciously sought to rewrite Jewish history by reshaping Jewish memory. Zerubavel focuses on the nationalist reinterpretation of the defense of Masada against the Romans in 73 C.E. and the Bar Kokhba revolt of 133-135; and on the transformation of the 1920 defense of a new Jewish settlement in Tel Hai into a national myth. Zerubavel demonstrates how, in each case, Israeli memory transforms events that ended in death and defeat into heroic myths and symbols of national revival. Drawing on a broad range of official and popular sources and original interviews, Zerubavel shows that the construction of a new national tradition is not necessarily the product of government policy but a creative collaboration between politicans, writers, and educators. Her discussion of the politics of commemoration demonstrates how rival groups can turn the past into an arena of conflict as they posit competing interpretations of history and opposing moral claims on the use of the past. Zerubavel analyzes the emergence of counter-memories within the reality of Israel's frequent wars, the ensuing debates about the future of the occupied territories, and the embattled relations with Palestinians. A fascinating examination of the interplay between history and memory, this book will appeal to historians, sociologists, anthropologists, political scientists, and folklorists, as well as to scholars of cultural studies, literature, and communication.

Dark Hope

Author: David Shulman
Publisher: ReadHowYouWant.com
ISBN: 1459627121
Size: 50.78 MB
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For decades, we've been shocked by images of violent clashes between Israelis and Palestinians in the West Bank and Gaza. But for all their power, those images leave us at a loss: from our vantage at home, it's hard for us to imagine the struggles of those living in the midst of the fighting. Now, American - born Israeli David Shulman takes us right into the heart of the conflict with Dark Hope, an eye - opening chronicle of his work as a member of the peace group Ta'ayush, which takes its name from the Arabic for ''living together.'' With Dark Hope, Shulman has written a book of deep moral searching, an attempt to discover how his beloved Israel went wrong - - and how, through acts of compassionate disobedience, it might still be brought back.

Nukak

Author: Gustavo Politis
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1315423391
Size: 32.73 MB
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From Gustavo Politis, one of the most renowned South American archaeologists, comes the first in-depth study in English of the last “undiscovered” people of the Amazon. His work is groundbreaking and urgent, both because of encroaching guerrilla violence that makes Nukak existence perilously fragile, and because his work with the Nukak represented one of the last opportunities to conduct research with hunter-gatherers using contemporary methodological and the theoretical tools. Through a rich and comprehensive ethno-archaeological portrait of material culture “in the making,” this work makes methodological and conceptual advances in the interpretation of hunter-gather societies. Politis’s conclusions, based on six years of original research and on comparative analysis, are integrative and contribute to the identification of the multiple factors involved in the formation of hunter-gatherer archaeological assemblages.

Jerusalem 1900

Author: Vincent Lemire
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 022618823X
Size: 27.36 MB
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Elected Council Members: Citizens, City Dwellers, and Property Owners -- Yussuf Ziya al-Khalidi, the Founding Mayor -- At the Heart of Municipal Action: The Defense of Public Space -- Urbanites All? Public Health, Leisure, and Municipal Finances -- 6. The Wild Revolutionary Days of 1908 -- What Time Was It in Jerusalem? -- The Wild Days of August 1908: Jerusalem's Forgotten Revolution -- Unexpected Fracture Lines -- New Vectors of Lively Public Opinion -- Underneath Communities, Classes? -- 7. Intersecting Identities -- Albert Antébi, Levantine Urbanite -- An "Arab Awakening" in the Chaos of Battle -- Jerusalem and the Parochialism of the "People of the Holy Land" -- Jerusalem, the Thrice-Holy City, and the Municipium -- Conclusion: The Bifurcation of Time -- The Bird People -- Ben-Yehuda, the Outsider -- Toward a Shared History -- Notes -- Bibliography -- Index

Of Body And Brush

Author: Angela Zito
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 9780226987293
Size: 69.22 MB
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The Qianlong emperor, who dominated the religious and political life of 18th-century China, was in turn dominated by elaborate ritual prescriptions. These texts determined what he wore and ate, how he moved, and how he performed the yearly Grand Sacrifices. OF BODY AND BRUSH shows how ritualizing power was produced jointly by the throne and the official literati who dictated the prescriptions. Illustrated.

The Politics Of Planting

Author: Shaul Ephraim Cohen
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 9780226112763
Size: 56.54 MB
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On the open landscape of Israel and the West Bank, where pine and cypress forests grow alongside olive groves, tree planting has become symbolic of conflicting claims to the land. Palestinians cultivate olive groves as a vital agricultural resource, while the Israeli government has made restoration of mixed-growth forests a national priority. Although both sides plant for a variety of purposes, both have used tree planting to assert their presence on—and claim to—disputed land. Shaul Ephraim Cohen has conducted an unprecedented study of planting in the region and the control of land it signifies. In The Politics of Planting, he provides historical background and examines both the politics behind Israel's afforestation policy its consequences. Focusing on the open land surrounding Jerusalem and four Palestinian villages outside the city, this study offers a new perspective on the conflict over land use in a region where planting has become a political tool. For the valuable data it presents—collected from field work, previously unpublished documents, and interviews—and the insight it provides into this political struggle, this will be an important book for anyone studying the Israeli-Palestinian conflict.

Archaeology Under Dictatorship

Author: Michael L. Galaty
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 0387362142
Size: 13.43 MB
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This volume provides a theoretical basis for understanding the specific effects of totalitarian dictatorship upon the practice of archaeology, both during and after the dictator's reign. The nine essays explore experiences from every corner of the Mediterranean. With its wide-range of case-studies and strong theoretical orientation, this volume is a major advance in the study of the history and politics of archaeology.

When Peace Is Not Enough

Author: Atalia Omer
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 022600807X
Size: 15.16 MB
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The state of Israel is often spoken of as a haven for the Jewish people, a place rooted in the story of a nation dispersed, wandering the earth in search of their homeland. Born in adversity but purportedly nurtured by liberal ideals, Israel has never known peace, experiencing instead a state of constant war that has divided its population along the stark and seemingly unbreachable lines of dissent around the relationship between unrestricted citizenship and Jewish identity. By focusing on the perceptions and histories of Israel’s most marginalized stakeholders—Palestinian Israelis, Arab Jews, and non-Israeli Jews—Atalia Omer cuts to the heart of the Israeli-Arab conflict, demonstrating how these voices provide urgently needed resources for conflict analysis and peacebuilding. Navigating a complex set of arguments about ethnicity, boundaries, and peace, and offering a different approach to the renegotiation and reimagination of national identity and citizenship, Omer pushes the conversation beyond the bounds of the single narrative and toward a new and dynamic concept of justice—one that offers the prospect of building a lasting peace.