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Fear Of Crime In The United States

Author: Jodi Lane
Publisher:
ISBN: 9781611630664
Size: 52.47 MB
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Fear of Crime in the United States: Causes, Consequences, and Contradictions examines the nature and extent of crime-related fear. The authors describe and evaluate key research findings in the specific areas of methodology; gender, age, race and ethnicity, and socioeconomic status; contextual predictors; and the consequences of fear of crime. They discuss the improvement of fear of crime measures over time; the consistent finding that women are more afraid of crime; the impact of age, race and ethnicity, and socioeconomic status on fear; and the importance of environmental factors (such as witnessing crime and perceptions of diversity, disorder, and decline) and indirect victimization (through acquaintances and the media) on fear. The book also describes the physical, psychological, behavioral, and social effects of fear of crime. In the end, the authors tie the findings together to suggest important policy and research implications from the wealth of available research. There is no other book of which I am aware that so masterfully reviews empirical studies on fear of crime during the past half century to show how the research has changed and will continue to evolve. As long as there is crime, there will be perceptions of risk and fear of victimization; and Lane et al. help one to sift through the research with conceptual precision to formulate the most scientifically valid conclusions about the phenomena. The book is a hedgehog view of the research but points the way to needed research on topics such as fear of terrorism and how social context shapes perceptions of crime. The book is must-reading for those involved in research on victimization or fear of crime. - Kenneth F. Ferraro, Distinguished Professor of Sociology and Director of the Center on Aging and the Life Course, Purdue University This book consolidates the literature on fear of crime in a way that is unprecedented and that lends much-needed coherence to the area. It is

Contemporary Issues In Victimology

Author: Carly M. Hilinski-Rosick
Publisher: Lexington Books
ISBN: 1498566383
Size: 20.22 MB
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This book explores and analyzes contemporary issues associated with victimology in more depth than is possible in an introductory textbook. Included are chapters on rape and sexual assault on the college campus, mass shootings, institutional victimization, and child-to-parent violence, among others.

Psychology Of Fear Crime And The Media

Author: Derek Chadee
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 1317700597
Size: 75.88 MB
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The media continue to have a significant persuasive influence on the public perception of crime, even when the information presented is not reflective of the crime rate or actual crime itself. There have been numerous theoretical studies on fear of crime in the media, but few have considered this from a social psychological perspective. As new media outlets emerge and public dependence on them increases, the need for such awareness has never been greater. This volume lays the foundation for understanding fear of crime from a social psychological perspective in a way that has not yet been systematically presented to the academic world. This volume brings together an international team of experts and scholars to assess the role of fear and the media in everyday life. Chapters take a multidisciplinary approach to psychology, sociology and criminology and explore such topics as dual process theory, construal level theory, public fascination with gangs, and other contemporary issues.

The Oxford Handbook Of Prisons And Imprisonment

Author: John D. Wooldredge
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0190888318
Size: 25.96 MB
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Research on prisons prior to the prison boom of the 1980s and 1990s focused mainly on inmate subcultures, inmate rights, and sociological interpretations of inmate and guard adaptations to their environment, with qualitative studies and ethnographic methods the norm. In recent years, research has expanded considerably to issues related to inmates' mental health, suicide, managing special types of offenders, risk assessment, and evidence-based treatment programs. The Oxford Handbook of Prisons and Imprisonment provides the only single source that bridges social scientific and behavioral perspectives, providing graduate students with a more comprehensive understanding of the topic, academics with a body of knowledge that will more effectively inform their own research, and practitioners with an overview of evidence-based best practices. Across thirty chapters, leading contributors offer new ideas, critical treatments of substantive topics with theoretical and policy implications, and comprehensive literature reviews that reflect cumulative knowledge on what works and what doesn't. The Handbook covers critical topics in the field, some of which include recent trends in imprisonment, prison gangs, inmate victimization, the use and impact of restrictive housing, unique problems faced by women in prison, special offender populations, risk assessment and treatment effectiveness, prisoner re-entry, and privatization. The Oxford Handbook of Prisons and Imprisonment offers a rich source of information on the current state of institutional corrections around the world, on issues facing both inmates and prison staff, and on how those issues may impede or facilitate the various goals of incarceration.

The New Jim Crow

Author: Michelle Alexander
Publisher: Antje Kunstmann
ISBN: 3956141598
Size: 44.49 MB
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Die Wahl von Barack Obama im November 2008 markierte einen historischen Wendepunkt in den USA: Der erste schwarze Präsident schien für eine postrassistische Gesellschaft und den Triumph der Bürgerrechtsbewegung zu stehen. Doch die Realität in den USA ist eine andere. Obwohl die Rassentrennung, die in den sogenannten Jim-Crow-Gesetzen festgeschrieben war, im Zuge der Bürgerrechtsbewegung abgeschafft wurde, sitzt heute ein unfassbar hoher Anteil der schwarzen Bevölkerung im Gefängnis oder ist lebenslang als kriminell gebrandmarkt. Ein Status, der die Leute zu Bürgern zweiter Klasse macht, indem er sie ihrer grundsätzlichsten Rechte beraubt – ganz ähnlich den explizit rassistischen Diskriminierungen der Jim-Crow-Ära. In ihrem Buch, das in Amerika eine breite Debatte ausgelöst hat, argumentiert Michelle Alexander, dass die USA ihr rassistisches System nach der Bürgerrechtsbewegung nicht abgeschafft, sondern lediglich umgestaltet haben. Da unter dem perfiden Deckmantel des »War on Drugs« überproportional junge männliche Schwarze und ihre Communities kriminalisiert werden, funktioniert das drakonische Strafjustizsystem der USA heute wie das System rassistischer Kontrolle von gestern: ein neues Jim Crow.

Nichts Ist Okay

Author: Brendan Kiely
Publisher: Deutscher Taschenbuch Verlag
ISBN: 3423430400
Size: 48.29 MB
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Zwei Stimmen, zwei Autoren, schwarz und weiß.. Eigentlich wollte Rashad nur eine Tüte Chips kaufen, doch kaum hat er den Laden betreten, wird er von einem Polizisten brutal niedergeschlagen. Beobachtet hat den Vorfall ein anderer Junge: Quinn, der ausgerechnet mit der Familie des Angreifers befreundet ist. Rashad ist schwarz, der Polizist weiß. Ein weiterer rassistischer Übergriff? Wie so viele? Rashad landet im Krankenhaus, und Quinn steht zwischen den Fronten. Er muss sich entscheiden: Tritt er als Zeuge auf und wird zum Verräter? Oder hält er den Mund und schweigt zu Diskriminierung und Gewalt. Derweil organisieren Rashads Freunde eine Demonstration gegen Rassismus und Polizeiwillkür. Eine Stadt gerät in Ausnahmezustand. Und zwei Jugendliche mittendrin.

No Borders

Author: Emma Bell
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 35.60 MB
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It is often asserted that neoliberal globalisation has had the liberating effect of breaking clown traditional borders as barriers to free trade are swept away. Yet, in practice, recent decades have seen the erection of a host of new boundarics and the reinforcement of old ones. Boundaries continue to be a salient feature of the contemporary political, geographical and social landscape. National and extra-national boundaries have been reinforced, particularly in the European security state and beyond as ever-stricter immigration controls are adopted. Through an analysis of immigration policies in Europe, the United States and Australia, this book aims to challenge both the physical and metaphorical borders that divide citizens from migrants, `bogus' asylum-seekers from the `genuine', `legal' from `illegal' migrants... Rather than seeing immigration as problematic in itself, this collection instead regards barriers to immigration as problematic to the extent that they contribute to the marginalisation, criminalisation and even death of those who seek to make a better life for themselves in another country and tend to obfuscate the cultural, social and economic benefits which migration might bring to host countries.