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Cell Biology Of Extracellular Matrix

Author: Elizabeth D. Hay
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 146130881X
Size: 26.17 MB
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At a recent meeting to discuss the domains of cell biology, I put forth a case for the extracellular matrix, even though my argument ran the risk of falling on deaf ears. After all, the matrix is EXTRAcellular, outside the cells. In this book, however, the authors make a compelling case for the relevance of the matrix to cellular concerns. Not only are numerous cell types, including many epithelia, quite caught up in the business of manufacturing matrix components, but also most of them contain matrix molecules in exoskeletons that are attached to the plasmalemma and that organize or otherwise influence the affairs of the cyto plasm. The idea of this book is to present the extracellular matrix to cell biolo gists of all levels. The authors are active and busy investigators, recognized experts in their fields, but all were enthusiastic about the prospect of writing for this audience. The chapters are not "review" articles in the usual sense, nor are they rehashes of symposium talks; they were written specifically for this book and they present the "state of the art" in engaging style, with ample references to more technical or historical reviews. The book is rich in electron micro graphs and diagrams and for many of the latter, as well as for the design of the cover, we are indebted to Sylvia J. Keene, medical illustrator for the Department of Anatomy at Harvard Medical Scrool. We also owe special thanks to Susan G.

Molecular Biology Of The Cell

Author: Bruce Alberts
Publisher: Garland Science
ISBN: 1317563743
Size: 65.66 MB
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As the amount of information in biology expands dramatically, it becomes increasingly important for textbooks to distill the vast amount of scientific knowledge into concise principles and enduring concepts.As with previous editions, Molecular Biology of the Cell, Sixth Edition accomplishes this goal with clear writing and beautiful illustrations. The Sixth Edition has been extensively revised and updated with the latest research in the field of cell biology, and it provides an exceptional framework for teaching and learning. The entire illustration program has been greatly enhanced.Protein structures better illustrate structure–function relationships, icons are simpler and more consistent within and between chapters, and micrographs have been refreshed and updated with newer, clearer, or better images. As a new feature, each chapter now contains intriguing openended questions highlighting “What We Don’t Know,” introducing students to challenging areas of future research. Updated end-of-chapter problems reflect new research discussed in the text, and these problems have been expanded to all chapters by adding questions on developmental biology, tissues and stem cells, pathogens, and the immune system.

The Extracellular Matrix An Overview

Author: Robert Mecham
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783642165559
Size: 23.37 MB
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Knowledge of the extracellular matrix (ECM) is essential to understand cellular differentiation, tissue development, and tissue remodeling. This volume of the series “Biology of Extracellular Matrix” provides a timely overview of the structure, regulation, and function of the major macromolecules that make up the extracellular matrix. It covers topics such as collagen types and assembly of collagen-containing suprastructures, basement membrane, fibronectin and other cell-adhesive glycoproteins, proteoglycans, microfibrils, elastin, fibulins and matricellular proteins, such as thrombospondin. It also explores the concept that ECM components together with their cell surface receptors can be viewed as intricate nano-devices that allow cells to physically organize their 3-D-environment. Further, the role of the ECM in human disease and pathogenesis is discussed as well as the use of model organisms in elucidating ECM function.

Extracellular Matrix In Tumor Biology

Author: Rolf A. Brekken
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319609076
Size: 35.67 MB
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This volume provides an overview on the influence of Extracellular Matrix (ECM) on tumor progression. It covers topics such as signaling induced by structural ECM proteins including collagen and fibronectin, the control of ECM deposition and the turnover in tumors. Also discussed are the migration of cells through basement membranes and the function of proteoglycans including lumican and veriscan in tumor progression. Biomaterial-based in-vitro models as well as C. elegans models of the tumor microenvironment are used to show how these models can lead to a greater understanding of the disease mechanisms that promote cancer progression. The book addresses researchers working on cancer biology or ECM, and oncologists alike.

Methods In Extracellular Matrix Biology

Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0128122986
Size: 16.34 MB
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Methods in Extra Cellular Matrix, Volume 142, a new volume in the Methods in Cell Biology series, continues the legacy of this premier serial with quality chapters authored by leaders in the field. Unique to this updated volume are sections devoted to Elastin, Quantification of collagen and elastin, Fibrillins, Lysyl oxidase, Fibulins, Matrilins, Hyaluronic Acid, Small leucine-rich proteoglycans, Syndecans, Fibronectin, SPARC, Thrombospondins, Tenascins, Collagen IV, Multi-photon analysis of ECM, Cell-derived extracellular matrices, Laminins, Fibrillar Collagens, Imaging ECM in developing embryos, Analysis of Matrix Degradation, Ultrastructural analysis of ECM, Versican and Large proteoglycans, and an ECM crosslink analysis. This series covers a wide array of topics about the extracellular matrix, including an understanding of crucial proteins and glycoproteins components of ECM. Contains contributions from experts in the field from across the world Covers a wide array of topics on the extracellular matrix, including an understanding crucial proteins and the glycoproteins components of ECM Includes analysis based topics, such as quantification of collagen and elastin, mulit-photon analysis of ECM and ECM crosslink analysis

Extracellular Matrix Biology

Author: Richard O. Hynes
ISBN: 9781936113385
Size: 60.33 MB
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In most tissues, cells are surrounded by an extracellular matrix (ECM) containing proteins such as collagen, laminin, and fibronectin. The ECM plays an important role in the regulation of cell function. ECM proteins bind to cell surface receptors such as integrins, activating signaling pathways that regulate cellular morphology, adhesion, cell migration, cell proliferation, and apoptosis. This book covers all aspects of ECM composition and function, as well as alterations in the ECM that occur during tumorigenesis and other disease states. The editors are both giants in the field (Dr. Hynes discovered fibronectin), who are highly respected through the cell, molecular, and cancer biology communities.

Extracellular Matrix Genes

Author: Charles Boyd
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0323157661
Size: 43.71 MB
Format: PDF
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Extracellular Matrix Genes provides some of the interesting complexities of the structure of the entire family of extracellular matrix genes. This book illustrates the permanent role that molecular biology and molecular genetics play in the detailed understanding of the normal biology of extracellular matrix. Organized into 10 chapters, this book begins with an overview of the structural and sequence aspects of the entire family of genomic sequences with a view to establishing common functional domains among collagens and their genes. This text then examines the status of the literature concerning human types. III and V. Other chapters consider the FACIT collagen gene family. This book discusses as well the development in understanding the structure of small proteoglycan core proteins and their role in proteoglycan biosynthesis and function as a result of their molecular cloning and expression. The final chapter deals with mutations in collagen genes. This book is a valuable resource for biochemists.

Extracellular Matrix Assembly And Structure

Author: Peter D. Yurchenco
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 1483289427
Size: 20.33 MB
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The complex and critical process of extracellular matrix (ECM) assembly is described in this book. Assembly may involve molecules interacting with molecules of the same matrix class, such as in collagen, or interactions between different ECM molecules, such as in basement membranes. The text shows how this is driven by structural information within the matrix monomer. This information will be of interest to cell, developmental, and molecular biologists, biochemists, biophysicists, and biomedical researchers involved in macromolecular assembly, biological macromolecules, and extracellular matrix. Addresses assembly of most of the known classes of extracellular matrix macromolecules Discusses higher order structures produced by ECM Gives important concepts in ECM and cell-matrix interactions, Protein structure and protein-protein interactions, Development and tissue remodeling

Evolution Of Extracellular Matrix

Author: Fred W. Keeley
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642360025
Size: 15.50 MB
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The evolution of single cells into multicellular organisms was mediated, in large part, by the extracellular matrix. The proteins and glycoconjugates that make up the extracellular matrix provide structural support to cellular complexes, facilitate cell adhesion and migration, and impart mechanical properties that are important for tissue function. Each class of ECM macromolecule has evolved to incorporate distinctive properties that are defined by conserved modules that are mixed together to achieve appropriate function. This volume provides a comprehensive analysis of how the major ECM components evolved over time in order to fill their specific roles found in modern organisms. The major focus is on the structural matrix proteins, matricellular proteins, and more complex ECM structures such as basement membranes. Adhesive proteins and their receptors are also discussed.

Extracellular Matrix In Development

Author: Douglas W. DeSimone
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642359353
Size: 59.54 MB
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Cells in the developing embryo depend on signals from the extracellular environment to help guide their differentiation. An important mediator in this process is the extracellular matrix – secreted macromolecules that interact to form large protein networks outside the cell. During development, the extracellular matrix serves to separate adjacent cell groups, participates in establishing morphogenic gradients, and, through its ability to interact directly will cell-surface receptors, provides developmental clocks and positional information. This volume discusses how the extracellular matrix influences fundamental developmental processes and how model systems can be used to elucidate ECM function. The topics addressed range from how ECM influences early development as well as repair processes in the adult that recapitulate developmental pathways.