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Fighting Faiths

Author: Richard Polenberg
Publisher: Cornell University Press
ISBN: 9780801486180
Size: 27.46 MB
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Jacob Abrams et al. v. United States is the landmark Supreme Court case in the definition of free speech. Although the 1918 conviction of four Russian Jewish anarchists—for distributing leaflets protesting America's intervention in the Russian revolution—was upheld, Justice Oliver Wendell Holmes's dissenting opinion (with Justice Louis Brandeis) concerning "clear and present danger" has proved the touchstone of almost all subsequent First Amendment theory and litigation.In Fighting Faiths, Richard Polenberg explores the causes and characters of this dramatic episode in American history. He traces the Jewish immigrant experience, the lives of the convicted anarchists before and after the trials, the careers of the major players in the court cases—men such as Holmes, defense attorney Harry Weinberger, Southern Judge Henry DeLamar Clayton, Jr., and the young J. Edgar Hoover—and the effects of this important case on present-day First Amendment rights.

Our Rights

Author: David J. Bodenhamer
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 0195325672
Size: 73.11 MB
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Designed for high school students and motivated lay readers, this book will be an introduction to the rights held by American citizens under the U.S. Constitution as explored through a series of historical case studies. Each chapter will use dramatic narrative to illustrate a right in action. Most examples, but not all, will use U.S. Supreme Court cases to focus on a time when the right in question received its modern interpretation. The aim, however, will be to use each chapter to discuss how the right applies today and how courts and other interpreters seek to balance this right with important societal concerns, such as the need for order and public safety. The book will begin with a 20-page chapter on how we arrived at our modern concept of rights. The major interpretive thread will be the continual struggle to define limits on the power of the state. The chapter will introduce several key themes: our understanding of rights has emerged from history (experience); our definition and interpretation of rights is always evolving; concepts of rights are always under contention; and various actors-legislatures, executives, and courts-compete to be the final interpreter of our rights. American constitutional rights generally fall into one of three groups-rights of democracy, that is, rights required for American democracy to work effectively; rights of the accused, or due process rights that assure a fair trial for individuals accused of crimes; and other rights of persons, including the right to privacy. A fourth category of rights are not constitutional per se, but often we conceive of them as such even though often they are statutory rights, such as the right to education... A concluding chapter will discuss other rights that may evolve as a result of current political and social movements, such as the right to health care. Along with Our Constitution and Pivotal Supreme Court Cases (working title), this book has the potential to become a core text for the annual observance of Constitution Day on September 17, which is mandated by Congress for all educational institutions receiving federal funds.

Supreme Court Justices

Author: Timothy L. Hall
Publisher: Infobase Publishing
ISBN: 1438108176
Size: 40.90 MB
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Presents an alphabetical listing of Supreme Court justices with a short biography on each person.

Uncle Sam Wants You

Author: Christopher Capozzola
Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand
ISBN: 019533549X
Size: 13.84 MB
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Examines the effects of participation in World War I on society and government in the United States, including the increased tolerance of legal controls on behavior and the condemnation of those who did not conform.

First Freedoms

Author: Charles C. Haynes
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 9780195157505
Size: 58.15 MB
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Uses thirty-seven documents from the Charter of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations in 1663 to the Patriot Act of 2001 to explore the origins and attacks on the First Amendment.

The Pursuit Of Justice

Author: Kermit Hall
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 9780195325683
Size: 44.54 MB
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Reviews and discusses landmark cases heard by the United States Supreme court from 1803 through 2000.

Darkest Before Dawn

Author: Clemens P. Work
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 53.36 MB
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Today's threats against freedom of speech echo the hysteria of World War I, when Americans went to prison for dissent. This cautionary tale focuses on events in Montana and the West that led to the suspension of this crucial right.

In The Matter Of J Robert Oppenheimer

Author: Richard Polenberg
Publisher: Cornell University Press
ISBN: 9780801486616
Size: 65.86 MB
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At the end of World War II, J. Robert Oppenheimer was one of America's preeminent physicists. For his work as director of the Manhattan Project, he was awarded the Medal for Merit, the highest honor the U.S. government can bestow on a civilian. Yet, in 1953, Oppenheimer was denied security clearance amidst allegations that he was "more probably than not" an "agent of the Soviet Union." Determined to clear his name, he insisted on a hearing before the Atomic Energy Commission's Personnel Security Board.In the Matter of J. Robert Oppenheimer contains an edited and annotated transcript of the 1954 hearing, as well as the various reports resulting from it. Drawing on recently declassified FBI files, Richard Polenberg's introductory and concluding essays situate the hearing in the Cold War period, and his thoughtful analysis helps explain why the hearing was held, why it turned out as it did, and what that result meant, both for Oppenheimer and for the United States.Among the forty witnesses who testified were many who had played vitally important roles in the making of U.S. nuclear policy: Enrico Fermi, Hans Bethe, Edward Teller, Vannevar Bush, George F. Kennan, and Oppenheimer himself. The hearing provides valuable insights into the development of the atomic bomb and the postwar debate among scientists over the hydrogen bomb, the conflict between the foreign policy and military establishments over national defense, and the controversy over the proper standards to apply in assessing an individual's loyalty. It reveals as well the fears and anxieties that plagued America during the Cold War era.

The Oxford Guide To United States Supreme Court Decisions

Author: Kermit Hall
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN:
Size: 20.39 MB
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Here are the landmark decisions that have shaped American life, described by some of America's most eminent legal scholars. The new edition contains more than 450 entries on major cases, including 53 new entries on the latest landmark rulings. This outstanding guide serves as an excellent introduction to the work of the Court from the late eighteenth century to the present day.