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Finite Element Modelling Of Structural Concrete

Author: Michael D. Kotsovos
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1498712312
Size: 38.46 MB
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A Powerful Tool for the Analysis and Design of Complex Structural Elements Finite-Element Modelling of Structural Concrete: Short-Term Static and Dynamic Loading Conditions presents a finite-element model of structural concrete under short-term loading, covering the whole range of short-term loading conditions, from static (monotonic and cyclic) to dynamic (seismic and impact) cases. Experimental data on the behavior of concrete at both the material and structural levels reveal the unavoidable development of triaxial stress conditions prior to failure which dictate the collapse and ductility of structural concrete members. Moreover, and in contrast with generally accepted tenets, it can be shown that the post-peak behavior of concrete as a material is realistically described by a complete and immediate loss of load-carrying capacity. Hence rational analysis and design of concrete components in accordance with the currently prevailing limit-state philosophy requires the use of triaxial material data consistent with the notion of a fully brittle material, and this approach is implemented in the book by outlining a finite-element method for the prediction of the strength, deformation, and cracking patterns of arbitrary structural concrete forms. Presents a Unified Approach to Structural Modeling Numerous examples are given that show both the unifying generality of this proposed approach and the reliability of the ensuing numerical procedure for which the sole input is the specified uniaxial cylinder compressive strength of concrete and the yield stress of the steel. This not only offers a better understanding of the phenomenology of structural concrete behavior but also illustrates, by means of suitable examples, the type of revision required for improving design methods in terms of both safety and economy. This book: Highlights the significance of valid experimental information on the behavior of concrete under triaxial stress conditions for interpreting structural behavior Describes the techniques used for obtaining valid test data and modeling concrete behavior Discusses the modeling of steel properties as well as the interaction between concrete and steel Presents numerical techniques for incorporating the material models into nonlinear finite-element analysis for the case of short-term static loading Provides numerical techniques adopted for extending the use of the numerical analysis scheme for the solution of dynamic problems Predicts the response of a wide range of structural-concrete configurations to seismic and impact excitations Using relevant case studies throughout, Finite-Element Modelling of Structural Concrete: Short-Term Static and Dynamic Loading Conditions focuses on the realistic modeling of structural concrete on the basis of existing and reliable material data and aids in the research and study of structural concrete and concrete materials.

Infrastructure Risk Assessment Management

Author: G. Schleyer
Publisher: WIT Press
ISBN: 1784660930
Size: 43.35 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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Infrastructure Risk Assessment & Management contains selected papers presented at both the 10th International Conference on Computer Simulation in Risk Analysis and Hazard Mitigation and the 14th International Conference on Structures under Shock and Impact, organized by the Wessex Institute. The papers cover a variety of topics, including impact and blast loading, response of buildings and other structures to blast and their dynamic behaviour. These are all areas of active research and general interest, focused on the survivability of physical facilities and the protection of people. It contains a series of research contributions, essential to deepen the knowledge of how structures and materials behave under a wide variety of dynamic load actions. Current events emphasise the importance of the analysis and management of risk to planners, civil authorities, law enforcement agencies, non-governmental organisations, information technology experts and many other researchers and practitioners throughout the world. This volume brings together the work of researchers and other professionals actively involved in finding new ways to cope with the increased demands for a more effective control of impact and blast effects as well as risk management and control.

Computational Methods In Earthquake Engineering

Author: Manolis Papadrakakis
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9789400700536
Size: 52.24 MB
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This book provides an insight in advanced methods and concepts for structural analysis and design against seismic loading. The book consists of 25 chapters dealing with a wide range of timely issues in contemporary Earthquake Engineering. In brief, the topics covered are: collapse assessment, record selection, effect of soil conditions, problems in seismic design, protection of monuments, earth dam structures and liquid containers, numerical methods, lifetime assessment, post-earthquake measures. A common ground of understanding is provided between the communities of Earth Sciences and Computational Mechanics towards mitigating seismic risk. The topic is of great social and scientific interest, due to the large number of scientists and practicing engineers currently working in the field and due to the great social and economic consequences of earthquakes.

Building The Future

Author: G.S.T. Armer
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9780203474532
Size: 80.11 MB
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This book forms the proceedings of the international seminar held by the Institution of Structural Engineers and the Building Research Establishment in Brighton in April 1993. It brings together contributions from 20 countries on recent innovations in building and construction.

Advances In Rock Dynamics And Applications

Author: Yingxin Zhou
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 0203093208
Size: 35.88 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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The study of rock dynamics is important because many rock mechanics and rock engineering problems involve dynamic loading ranging from earthquakes to vibrations and explosions. The subject deals with the distribution and propagation of loads, dynamic responses, and processes of rocks and rate-dependent properties, coupled with the physical environment. Rock dynamics has a wide range of applications in civil, mining, geological and environmental engineering. However, due to the additional "4th" dimension of time, rock dynamics remains, in the discipline of rock mechanics, a relatively more challenging topic to understand and to apply, where documented research and knowledge are limited. Advances in Rock Dynamics and Applications provides a summary of the current knowledge of rock dynamics with 18 chapters contributed by individual authors from both academia and engineering fields. The topics of this book are wide-ranging and representative, covering fundamental theories of fracture dynamics and wave propagation, rock dynamic properties and testing methods, numerical modelling of rock dynamic failure, engineering applications in earthquakes, explosion loading and tunnel response, as well as dynamic rock support.