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Finite Elements In Fracture Mechanics

Author: Meinhard Kuna
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9400766807
Size: 53.27 MB
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Fracture mechanics has established itself as an important discipline of growing interest to those working to assess the safety, reliability and service life of engineering structures and materials. In order to calculate the loading situation at cracks and defects, nowadays numerical techniques like finite element method (FEM) have become indispensable tools for a broad range of applications. The present monograph provides an introduction to the essential concepts of fracture mechanics, its main goal being to procure the special techniques for FEM analysis of crack problems, which have to date only been mastered by experts. All kinds of static, dynamic and fatigue fracture problems are treated in two- and three-dimensional elastic and plastic structural components. The usage of the various solution techniques is demonstrated by means of sample problems selected from practical engineering case studies. The primary target group includes graduate students, researchers in academia and engineers in practice.

Recent Trends In Fracture And Damage Mechanics

Author: Geralf Hütter
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319214675
Size: 14.89 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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This book covers a wide range of topics in fracture and damage mechanics. It presents historical perspectives as well as recent innovative developments, presented by peer reviewed contributions from internationally acknowledged authors. The volume deals with the modeling of fracture and damage in smart materials, current industrial applications of fracture mechanics, and it explores advances in fracture testing methods. In addition, readers will discover trends in the field of local approach to fracture and approaches using analytical mechanics. Scholars in the fields of materials science, engineering and computational science will value this volume which is dedicated to Meinhard Kuna on the occasion of his 65th birthday in 2015. This book incorporates the proceedings of an international symposium that was organized to honor Meinhard Kuna’s contributions to the field of theoretical and applied fracture and damage mechanics.

The Variational Approach To Fracture

Author: Blaise Bourdin
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1402063954
Size: 32.93 MB
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Presenting original results from both theoretical and numerical viewpoints, this text offers a detailed discussion of the variational approach to brittle fracture. This approach views crack growth as the result of a competition between bulk and surface energy, treating crack evolution from its initiation all the way to the failure of a sample. The authors model crack initiation, crack path, and crack extension for arbitrary geometries and loads.

Elasticity

Author: Martin H. Sadd
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0124104320
Size: 43.34 MB
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Elasticity: Theory, Applications, and Numerics, Third Edition, continues its market-leading tradition of concisely presenting and developing the linear theory of elasticity, moving from solution methodologies, formulations, and strategies into applications of contemporary interest, such as fracture mechanics, anisotropic and composite materials, micromechanics, nonhomogeneous graded materials, and computational methods. Developed for a one- or two-semester graduate elasticity course, this new edition has been revised with new worked examples and exercises, and new or expanded coverage of areas such as spherical anisotropy, stress contours, isochromatics, isoclinics, and stress trajectories. Using MATLAB software, numerical activities in the text are integrated with analytical problem solutions. These numerics aid in particular calculations, graphically present stress and displacement solutions to problems of interest, and conduct simple finite element calculations, enabling comparisons with previously studied analytical solutions. Online ancillary support materials for instructors include a solutions manual, image bank, and a set of PowerPoint lecture slides. Thorough yet concise introduction to linear elasticity theory and applications Only text providing detailed solutions to problems of nonhomogeneous/graded materials New material on stress contours/lines, contact stresses, curvilinear anisotropy applications Further and new integration of MATLAB software Addition of many new exercises Comparison of elasticity solutions with elementary theory, experimental data, and numerical simulations Online solutions manual and downloadable MATLAB code

The Mechanics Of Adhesives In Composite And Metal Joints

Author: Magd Abdel Wahab
Publisher: DEStech Publications, Inc
ISBN: 1605950963
Size: 68.54 MB
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Scientific background and practical methods for modeling adhered joints Tools for analyzing stress, fracture, fatigue crack propagation, thermal, diffusion and coupled thermal-stress/diffusion-stress, as well as life prediction of joints Book includes access to downloadable macrofiles for ANSYS This text investigates the mechanics of adhesively bonded composite and metallic joints using finite element analysis, and more specifically, ANSYS, the basics of which are presented. The book provides engineers and scientists with the technical know-how to simulate a variety of adhesively bonded joints using ANSYS. It explains how to model stress, fracture, fatigue crack propagation, thermal, diffusion and coupled field analysis of the following: single lap, double lap, lap strap/cracked lap shear, butt and cantilevered beam joints. Readers receive free digital access to a variety of input and program data, which can be downloaded as macrofiles for modeling with ANSYS.

Matlab Codes For Finite Element Analysis

Author: A. J. M. Ferreira
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1402092008
Size: 49.95 MB
Format: PDF
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This book intend to supply readers with some MATLAB codes for ?nite element analysis of solids and structures. After a short introduction to MATLAB, the book illustrates the ?nite element implementation of some problems by simple scripts and functions. The following problems are discussed: • Discrete systems, such as springs and bars • Beams and frames in bending in 2D and 3D • Plane stress problems • Plates in bending • Free vibration of Timoshenko beams and Mindlin plates, including laminated composites • Buckling of Timoshenko beams and Mindlin plates The book does not intends to give a deep insight into the ?nite element details, just the basic equations so that the user can modify the codes. The book was prepared for undergraduate science and engineering students, although it may be useful for graduate students. TheMATLABcodesofthisbookareincludedinthedisk.Readersarewelcomed to use them freely. The author does not guarantee that the codes are error-free, although a major e?ort was taken to verify all of them. Users should use MATLAB 7.0 or greater when running these codes. Any suggestions or corrections are welcomed by an email to [email protected]

Fracture Mechanics Of Concrete Structural Application And Numerical Calculation

Author: George C. Sih
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9400961529
Size: 29.82 MB
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Concrete has traditionally been known as a material used widely in the construction of roads, bridges and buildings. Since cost effectiveness has always been one of the more important aspects of design, concrete, when reinforced and/or prestressed, is finding more use in other areas of application such as floating marine structures, storage tanks, nuclear vessel containments and a host of other structures. Because of the demand for concrete to operate under different loading and environmen tal conditions, increasing attention has been paid to study concrete specimens and structure behavior. A subject of major concern is how the localized segregation of the constituents in concrete would affect its global behavior. The degree of nonhomogeneity due to material property and damage. by yielding and/or cracking depends on the size scale and loading rate under consideration. Segregation or clustering of aggregates at the macroscopic level will affect specimen behavior to a larger degree than it would to a large structure such as a dam. Hence, a knowledge of concrete behavior over a wide range of scale is desired. The parameters governing micro-and macro-cracking and the techniques for evaluating and observing the damage in concrete need to be better understood. This volume is intended to be an attempt in this direction. The application of Linear Elastic Fracture Mechanics to concrete is discussed in several of the chapters.

Micromechanics Of Composite Materials

Author: George Dvorak
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9400741014
Size: 63.75 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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This book presents a broad exposition of analytical and numerical methods for modeling composite materials, laminates, polycrystals and other heterogeneous solids, with emphasis on connections between material properties and responses on several length scales, ranging from the nano and microscales to the macroscale. Many new results and methods developed by the author are incorporated into the rich fabric of the subject, which has developed from the work of many researchers over the last 50 years. Among the new results, the book offers an extensive analysis of internal and interface stresses caused by eigenstrains, such as thermal, transformation and inelastic strains in the constituents, which often exceed those caused by mechanical loads, and of inelastic behavior of metal matrix composites. Fiber prestress in laminates, and modeling of functionally graded materials are also analyzed. Furthermore, this book outlines several key subjects on modeling the properties of composites reinforced by particles of various shapes, aligned fibers, symmetric laminated plates and metal matrix composites. This volume is intended for advanced undergraduate and graduate students, researchers and engineers interested and involved in analysis and design of composite structures.

Finite Element Analysis Concepts

Author: John Edward Akin
Publisher: World Scientific Publishing Company
ISBN: 9813107928
Size: 43.38 MB
Format: PDF
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Young engineers are often required to utilize commercial finite element software without having had a course on finite element theory. That can lead to computer-aided design errors. This book outlines the basic theory, with a minimum of mathematics, and how its phases are structured within a typical software. The importance of estimating a solution, or verifying the results, by other means is emphasized and illustrated. The book also demonstrates the common processes for utilizing the typical graphical icon interfaces in commercial codes. In particular, the book uses and covers the widely utilized SolidWorks solid modeling and simulation system to demonstrate applications in heat transfer, stress analysis, vibrations, buckling, and other fields. The book, with its detailed applications, will appeal to upper-level undergraduates as well as engineers new to industry.