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Five To Rule Them All

Author: David L. Bosco
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 0195328760
Size: 79.80 MB
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From the Berlin Airlift to the Iraq War, the UN Security Council has stood at the heart of global politics. Part public theater, part smoke-filled backroom, the Council has enjoyed notable successes and suffered ignominious failures, but it has always provided a space for the five great powers to sit down together. Five to Rule Them All tells the inside story of this remarkable diplomatic creation. Drawing on extensive research, including dozens of interviews with serving and former ambassadors on the Council, the book chronicles political battles and personality clashes as it opens the closed doors of its meeting room. What emerges here is a revealing portrait of the most powerful diplomatic body in the world. When the five permanent members are united, David Bosco points out, the Council can wage war, impose blockades, redraw borders, unseat governments, and levy sanctions. There are almost no limits to its authority. Yet the Council exists in a world of realpolitik. Its members are, above all, powerful states with their own diverging interests. Time and again, the Council's performance has dashed the hope that its members would somehow work together to establish a more peaceful world. But if these lofty hopes have been unfulfilled, the Council has still served an invaluable purpose: to prevent conflict between the Great Powers. In this role, the Council has been an unheralded success. As Bosco reminds us, massacres in the Balkans and chaos in Iraq are human tragedies, but conflicts between the world's great powers in the nuclear age would be catastrophic. In this lively, fast-moving, and often humorous narrative, Bosco illuminates the role of the Security Council in the postwar world, making a compelling case for the enduring importance of the five who rule them all.

Un Security Council Reform

Author: Peter Nadin
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317417593
Size: 52.83 MB
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This volume comprehensively evaluates the current state and future reform prospects of the UN Security Council, providing the most accessible and rigorous treatment of the subject of reform to date. Apart from a couple of critical eyes in the academic community, few have asked the pertinent questions that this volume seeks to address: Will the enlargement of the Council constitute a reform? Could the inclusion of countries such as India, Germany, Japan, and Brazil markedly improve the Council’s agency? In response, this book focuses on: The Role and Agency of the UN Security Council The History of the Reform Debate An Expanded Council Working Method Reforms Enhancing Agency As the future of the UN Security Council continues to be the focus of fierce debate, this book will be essential reading for students of international relations, international organizations and international security studies alike.

Georgetown Journal Of International Affairs Summer Fall 2015

Author: Mike Fox
Publisher: Georgetown University Press
ISBN: 162616259X
Size: 31.71 MB
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The Georgetown Journal of International Affairs is the official publication of the Edmund A. Walsh School of Foreign Service at Georgetown University. Each issue of the journal provides readers with a diverse array of timely, peer-reviewed content penned by top policymakers, business leaders, and academic luminaries. The theme of this issue will be a look at the United Nations past, present, and future, to commemorate its 70th anniversary. The secondary theme will be global development.

Reforming Un Decision Making Procedures

Author: Martin Daniel Niemetz
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317575237
Size: 80.94 MB
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The institutional procedures for the UN’s decision-making on issues of global peace and security, first and foremost the Security Council (SC), were conceived with the objective of enabling a swift but internationally coordinated response to irregular situations of crises. Today, however, the UN is constantly involved in situations of conflict and has expanded its range of activities. This book offers a concrete and practically applicable answer to the question of how to reform the UN and increase the legitimacy of the UN’s decision-making procedures on issues of global peace and security. In order to provide this answer, it connects the minutia of institutional design with the abstract principals of democratic theory in a systematic and reproducible method, thereby enabling a clear normative evaluation of even the smallest technical detail of reform. This evaluation demonstrates that there is a range of feasible proposals for reform that could improve the SC’s accountability both to the General Assembly and to the general public, that could increase the opportunities for effective input from the UN membership and NGOs. This book will be of interest to students and scholars of the United Nations, International Organizations and regional governance.

Global Politics And The Responsibility To Protect

Author: Alex J. Bellamy
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136868631
Size: 54.93 MB
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This book provides an in-depth introduction to, and analysis of, the issues relating to the implementation of the recent Responsibility to Protect principle in international relations The Responsibility to Protect (RtoP) has come a long way in a short space of time. It was endorsed by the General Assembly of the UN in 2005, and unanimously reaffirmed by the Security Council in 2006 (Resolution 1674) and 2009 (Resolution 1894). UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon has identified the challenge of implementing RtoP as one of the cornerstones of his Secretary-Generalship. The principle has also become part of the working language of international engagement with humanitarian crises and has been debated in relation to almost every recent international crisis – including Sudan, Sri Lanka, Myanmar, Georgia, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Darfur and Somalia. Concentrating mainly on implementation challenges including the prevention of genocide and mass atrocities, strengthening the UN’s capacity to respond, and the role of regional organizations, this book introducing readers to contemporary debates on R2P and provides the first book-length analysis of the implementation agenda. The book will be of great interest to students of the responsibility to protect, humanitarian intervention, human rights, foreign policy, security studies and IR and politics in general.

Rough Justice

Author: David Bosco
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199844135
Size: 36.85 MB
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The story of the movement to establish the International Criminal Court, its tumultuous first decade, and the challenges it will continue to face in the future.

Demain Qui Gouvernera Le Monde

Author: Jacques Attali
Publisher: Fayard
ISBN: 2213665079
Size: 67.95 MB
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L'Union européenne (UE) est devenue une forteresse ultralibérale. D'élargissement en élargissement, de guerre économique en ouverture des marchés, le piège de la construction européenne s'est refermé sur les peuples, priés d'accepter cet eurolibéralisme à marche forcée. Devant le mécontentement grandissant des citoyens, certains partis appellent à réformer « l'Europe » de l'intérieur, sans jamais dire comment y parvenir. Rien de surprenant, puisque les institutions furent verrouillées pour, justement, interdire tout changement d'orientation. Des gouvernements traînent parfois des pieds, et retardent la transcription de directive quitte à se faire tirer l'oreille. Mais ils finissent toujours par se plier aux exigences libérales du droit communautaire. Pour rompre avec cette Europe du capitalisme, il faut assumer une autre position : celle de la désobéissance européenne. Mettre en place des politiques sociales et environnementales nécessitera souvent de construire un droit national en rupture avec le droit européen. Il faudra inverser la hiérarchie des normes pour que ce droit national prime à nouveau sur le droit communautaire. Tout le monde le sait, mais personne ne le dit. C'est la raison pour laquelle les programmes politiques de nombreux partis progressistes sont totalement incohérents et conduisent à l'échec électoral. Face au plus grand tabou politique de notre époque, ce livre met les pieds dans le plat : des États courageux, à commencer par la France, doivent provoquer une crise institutionnelle salutaire en désobéissant à l'UE.

Der Vn Sicherheitsrat Und Seine Reform

Author: Johannes Bullmann
Publisher: Diplomica Verlag
ISBN: 3842873514
Size: 45.39 MB
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Seit ihrer Gründung im Jahr 1945 haben die Vereinten Nationen (VN) zahlreiche epochale Veränderungen miterlebt, etwa den Ost-West-Konflikt, sein Ende oder den Krieg gegen den Terror. Im Laufe dieser historischen Einschnitte sah sich auch die Weltorganisation der Notwendigkeit kontinuierlicher Anpassungen ausgesetzt. Dies betraf und betrifft einerseits die neuen globalen Herausforderungen, wie die zunehmende Ungleichverteilung von Gütern zwischen der Ersten und der Dritten Welt, und andererseits teilweise damit einhergehende Veränderungen der VN-Strukturen. So hat sich beispielsweise seit ihrer Gründung die Mitgliederzahl mehr als verdreifacht, was fortwährende Anpassungen an die Organisation von Abläufen und Prozessen innerhalb der Gremien und einzelnen Arbeitsbereiche der VN notwendig gemacht hat. Eines der wichtigsten Organe, das bislang von jeglichem Wandel nahezu unangetastet geblieben ist, stellt der Sicherheitsrat (SR) der VN dar. Es wird untersucht, warum die von verschiedenen Seiten innerhalb der VN vorgetragenen Forderungen einer grundlegenden Reformierung des VN-Sicherheitsrates bislang nicht umgesetzt worden sind. Konkret geht es um die Reformbemühungen 1997, 2005 und die Debatte seit 2007.