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Foreign Interventions In Ethnic Conflicts

Author: Robert Nalbandov
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 131713396X
Size: 44.25 MB
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This volume analyzes the successes and failures of foreign interventions in intrastate ethnic wars. Adding value to current research in the fields of international security and conflict resolution, it adopts the unique approach of considering successes of third party actions not by durable peace established in a target country (which is the more traditional approach) but by actual fulfilment of intervention goals and objectives, because multilateral interventions are more likely to achieve success in the pursuit of their goals than unilateral actions. Robert Nalbandov takes in-depth studies of interventions in Chad, Georgia, Somalia and Rwanda and relates them to the main theories of international security - the ethnic security dilemma and the credible commitment problem - to produce a fascinating and valuable volume.

International Intervention Identity And Conflict Transformation

Author: Timea Spitka
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317584430
Size: 68.89 MB
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This book addresses the challenges of international intervention in violent conflicts and its impact on groups in conflict. When the international community intervenes in a violent internal conflict, intervening powers may harden divisions, constructing walls between groups, or they may foster transformation, soften barriers and build bridges between conflicting groups. This book examines the different types of external processes and their respective contributions to softening or hardening divisions between conflicting groups. It also analyses the types of conflict resolution strategies, including integration, accommodation and partitioning, and investigates the conditions under which the international community decides to pursue a particular strategy, and how the different strategies contribute to solidification or transformation of group identities. The author uses three case studies, Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH), Northern Ireland and Israel-Palestine, to reveal how different types of external interventions impact on the identities of conflicting groups. The volume seeks to address how states and international organizations ought to intervene in order to stimulate the building of bridges rather than walls between conflicting groups. In doing so, the book sheds light on some of the pitfalls in international interventions and highlights the importance of united external process and inclusive identity strategies that promote transformation and bridge differences between conflicting groups. This book will be of much interest to students of intervention, peace and conflict studies, ethnic conflict, security studies and IR.

Ethnic Conflict And International Intervention Crisis In Bosnia Herzegovina 1990 93

Author: Steven L. Burg
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317471024
Size: 50.39 MB
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This book examines the historical, cultural and political dimensions of the crisis in Bosnia and the international efforts to resolve it. It provides a detailed analysis of international proposals to end the fighting, from the Vance-Owen plan to the Dayton Accord, with special attention to the national and international politics that shaped them. It analyzes the motivations and actions of the warring parties, neighbouring states and international actors including the United States, the United Nations, the European powers, and others involved in the war and the diplomacy surrounding it. With guides to sources and documentation, abundant tabular data and over 30 maps, this should be a definitive volume on the most vexing conflict of the post-Soviet period.

International Security A Very Short Introduction

Author: Christopher S. Browning
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191645621
Size: 73.64 MB
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The subject of international security is never out of the headlines. The subjects of war and peace, military strategy, the proliferation of nuclear weapons and revisionist states remain central to the discussion, but burgeoning concerns such as climate change, migration, poverty, health, and international terrorism have complicated the field. So what really matters? The traditional prioritization of state security or the security needs of individuals, humanity, and the biosphere? And where do the problems lie? Are states themselves as much a part of the problem as the solution for people's security needs? With globalization, the international security environment has become more interdependent than ever before with the establishment of complex networks that make responding to and managing security challenges increasingly difficult, but increasingly necessary. This Very Short Introduction shows that international security is both vibrant and deeply contested, with stakeholders frequently in disagreement over questions of priority and approach. Christopher S. Browning outlines the nature of the key debates about contemporary international security challenges, and discusses the inherent difficulties that exist in tackling them. He also asks to what extent such debates are infused with questions of power, politics, justice, morality, and responsibility. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.

International Conflict Resolution After The Cold War

Author: National Research Council
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 9780309171731
Size: 19.39 MB
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The end of the Cold War has changed the shape of organized violence in the world and the ways in which governments and others try to set its limits. Even the concept of international conflict is broadening to include ethnic conflicts and other kinds of violence within national borders that may affect international peace and security. What is not yet clear is whether or how these changes alter the way actors on the world scene should deal with conflict: Do the old methods still work? Are there new tools that could work better? How do old and new methods relate to each other? International Conflict Resolution After the Cold War critically examines evidence on the effectiveness of a dozen approaches to managing or resolving conflict in the world to develop insights for conflict resolution practitioners. It considers recent applications of familiar conflict management strategies, such as the use of threats of force, economic sanctions, and negotiation. It presents the first systematic assessments of the usefulness of some less familiar approaches to conflict resolution, including truth commissions, "engineered" electoral systems, autonomy arrangements, and regional organizations. It also opens up analysis of emerging issues, such as the dilemmas facing humanitarian organizations in complex emergencies. This book offers numerous practical insights and raises key questions for research on conflict resolution in a transforming world system.

Der Kriegerische Konflikt In Somalia Und Die Internationale Intervention 1992 Bis 1995

Author: Ron H. Herrmann
Size: 19.22 MB
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Zwischen 1992 und 1995 versuchte die internationale Staatengemeinschaft unter Schirmherrschaft der Vereinten Nationen und unter Führung der USA dem kriegerischen Konflikt in Somalia vor Ort humanitär wie militärisch entgegenzutreten. Nach einer Eskalation der Gewalt im Sommer 1993 nahm das internationale Engagement jedoch graduell ab, ohne daß sich im Frühjahr 1995 nach Beendigung der Intervention die Situation am Horn von Afrika elementar verbessert hätte und so das (UN-)Peace-keeping im allgemeinen belastet wurde. Nach einer entwicklungsgenetischen Untersuchung der Konfliktgeschichte Somalias sowie einer Beschreibung des Interventionsverlauf sucht die Studie im Rahmen des Völkerrechts, der Mandatsentwicklung, der Operationalisierung und der Medienberichterstattung nach den Ursachen für den geringen Erfolg der ebenso umfangreichen wie kostspieligen Mission. Abschließend wird die Einzelfallstudie den globalen Entwicklungen von Konflikten und Interventionen gegenüber gestellt, um schließlich die Forderung nach einer Agenda Globaler Sicherheit abzuleiten.

International Security Challenges In A Changing World

Author: Kurt R. Spillmann
Publisher: Peter Lang Pub Inc
Size: 72.16 MB
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During the past decade, the nature of world affairs has undergone significant changes unparalleled since the end of World War II. The 1990s have witnessed neither a new 'World Order' nor the 'End of History.' The new world could rather be characterized as

Reading Humanitarian Intervention

Author: Anne Orford
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9781139435710
Size: 78.62 MB
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During the 1990s, humanitarian intervention seemed to promise a world in which democracy, self-determination and human rights would be privileged over national interests or imperial ambitions. Orford provides critical readings of the narratives that accompanied such interventions and shaped legal justifications for the use of force by the international community. Through a close reading of legal texts and institutional practice, she argues that a far more circumscribed, exploitative and conservative interpretation of the ends of intervention was adopted during this period. The book draws on a wide range of sources, including critical legal theory, feminist and postcolonial theory, psychoanalytic theory and critical geography, to develop ways of reading directed at thinking through the cultural and economic effects of militarized humanitarianism. The book concludes by asking what, if anything, has been lost in the move from the era of humanitarian intervention to an international relations dominated by wars on terror.

International Intervention In Ethnic Conflict

Author: Etain Tannam
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137317426
Size: 29.93 MB
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Tannam focuses on the role of bureaucracies when dealing with conflict in two international organisations, the European Union (EU) and the United Nations (UN), providing a unique comparative account of their policy-making procedures.