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Forensic Psychology And Neuropsychology For Criminal And Civil Cases

Author: Harold V. Hall
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 0849381738
Size: 55.74 MB
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Greater Understanding, Better Evaluations Today's increasingly sophisticated psychological and neuropsychological assessments allow for greater understanding and evaluations in forensic psychology. By integrating discussions of modern psychological and neuropsychological tests with extant civil and criminal cases, this book presents a unique resource for insight into the impact of modern behavioral science on the legal system. Foundational, Criminal, and Civil Issues Divided into three parts, this timely compilation of articles from national and international experts begins with foundational issues such as the legal, ethical, and applied aspects of mitigation evaluations. It examines violence prediction and risk analysis, violence in the family, and the detection of malingering and deception in forensic evaluations. Part 2 looks at the psychological issues found in criminal forensic evaluation. This section discusses assessments of competence to stand trial, mitigatory defenses, and hostage negotiation, as well as the psychological impact of officer-involved shootings. The final part focuses on neuropsychological evaluation as it is relevant to civil cases including worker’s compensation, malingered pain and memory deficits, and parental assessment in child maltreatment cases. Template Case Studies Providing several full case studies in more than a dozen appendices, this book addresses both psychological and neuropsychological concepts in the context of the legal system and allows for a practical understanding and application of behavioral, legal, and ethical issues in civil and criminal cases.

Disorders Of Executive Functions

Author: Harold V. Hall
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781878205162
Size: 70.47 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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The demands and expectations of a psychologist or neuropsychologist in a courtroom are different from those in a clinical practice. The challenges to and scrutiny of one's basic credentials, training, expertise, and conclusions can be intimidating. The contributors of Disorders of Executive Functions display obvious knowledge of these demands and challenges. Law and neuropsychology of executive functions will be increasingly intertwined as findings are applied to forensic settings and situations. In instances where executive impairment is suspected, this book will assist the forensic evaluator to demonstrate the relationship between frontal lobe impairment and criminal/civil behavior. Disorders of Executive Functions was written not only for professionals in psychology and neuropsychology, but also for plaintiff and defense attorneys and judges, rehabilitation and insurance professionals. Specific, on-point issues are addressed within each chapter with specific references and suggested readings. This source book presents realistic examples and case studies, then prepares the reader for litigation situations. Heavily illustrated, it provides numerous checklists, tables, and interview formats. Sample tests and evaluation, an extensive glossary, and an exhaustive list of core readings are also included.

Clinical Neuropsychology In The Criminal Forensic Setting

Author: Robert L. Denney
Publisher: Guilford Press
ISBN: 1593857217
Size: 30.43 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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Neuropsychologists are increasingly serving as expert witnesses and consultants in legal proceedings of all kinds. Yet the criminal forensic setting is new terrain for most practitioners, and navigating it requires specialized knowledge and skills. This volume brings together leading neuropsychologists to present the legal and clinical foundations of criminal forensic practice. Authoritative yet accessible, this book is a reference for neuropsychologists who already work in the criminal arena or who are seeking to expand their practice, as well as other mental health practitioners who evaluate criminal defendants. Neuropsychology graduate students, interns, and residents will find it a highly useful text.

Forensic Neuropsychology

Author: José A. Valciukas
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 9781560244028
Size: 50.97 MB
Format: PDF
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Forensic Neuropsychology presents in-depth knowledge about brain function and the state-of-the-art techniques for the assessment of brain function in a legal (forensic) context. It also explores how experts successfully or unsuccessfully use this knowledge to defend the notion that “my brain caused me to commit the crime” in criminal and civil courts. Author Jose Valciukas focuses on the difficulties of extracting accurate medical and psychological information from individuals who are motivated to suggest that something or nothing is wrong with them. This is clearly illustrated through case histories woven into each chapter. This source book gives readers a panoramic view of the science, technology, and art and advocacy on brain disorders, crime, and personal responsibility. Lawyers and legal experts will find Forensic Neuropsychology a valuable tool in their preparation of criminal or civil cases. It provides a large number of vistas, examples, case reports, and references where the link between brain disorder and crime can or cannot be argued and if such a link could or could not stand a chance to be successfully argued in court. Forensic Neuropsychology is organized in four major parts. Part I describes the scope and the history of neuropsychology in general and forensic psychology in particular. Part II contains the nuts and bolts of the forensic neuropsychological evaluation. Part III describes 11 brain disorders and handicapping conditions that are commonly found to be the focus of the neuropsychological evaluation. Part IV contains one essay on conceptual links relating brain disorder to crimes and another on the history and prospects of forensic neuropsychology. Mental health workers--including psychiatrists, psychologists, social workers, psychiatric nurses--have been increasingly called upon to testify in criminal and civil court. Forensic Neuropsychology provides background cases to assist mental health professionals who must prepare for : criminal law cases in which individuals claim that brain disorders have “caused” the crime and created a “diminished capacity” to know and appreciate the nature and consequences of their behavior civil and tort law cases involving individuals who have been or are afflicted by brain disorder and other handicapping conditions as a result of traumatic conditions (i.e. car accidents), work accidents, and exposures to neurotoxic agents in the environment. Clinical psychologists with little training in biological psychology would benefit from reading chapters concerned with clinical neuropsychology; clinical neuropsychologists who are experts in specific aspects of criminal or civil law would be interested in application of knowledge about brain and behavioral disorders to legal issues; and students of the epidemiology of crime would be interested to know how difficult it is to obtain reliable information pertaining to individual behavior and crime. Translated into Japanese!

Forensic Neuropsychology Casebook

Author: Robert L. Heilbronner
Publisher: Guilford Press
ISBN: 1593851855
Size: 52.60 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Featuring compelling case presentations from experienced neuropsychologists, this volume offers a window into the complexities of conducting forensic assessments and serving as an expert witness. Covering both the civil and criminal arenas, the contributors demonstrate evidence-based procedures for evaluating premorbid functioning, competency, malingering, and other forensic issues. Each case includes step-by-step details on the clinical interview, behavioral observations, neuropsychological test results, and preparation for deposition or courtroom testimony. The concluding "Ask the Experts" section provides a thought-provoking Q&A on salient professional and ethical issues. An ideal format for translating science to practice, the casebook yields valuable insights on navigating the twists and turns of the legal system.

Intellectual Disability

Author: Michael Chafetz
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 0199998116
Size: 23.81 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Courts recognize that those who are involved in medico-legal proceedings have a stake in the outcome of their psychological assessment, regardless of whether they are high- or low-functioning individuals. Accounting for the validity of the evaluation in low-functioning examinees is frequently made more difficult by impairment; when evaluating testimony from people with intellectual disability (ID), neuropsychologists and psychologists must acknowledge the differences between the medico-legal evaluation and the clinical evaluation. This book provides helpful guidelines for assessing validity in low-functioning claimants. It charts recent advances in psychological and neuropsychological assessment pertaining to civil and criminal proceedings while examining issues such as validity and motivation, assessments of disability, criminal and civil capacities, capital cases, Miranda waiver cases, and others. In disability cases, the Social Security Administration has had a long-standing policy that prevents neuropsychologists and psychologists from using validity instruments--yet, using this book, an accurate and valid assessment can still be obtained. Evaluators who perform assessments in capital cases will find up-to-date discussions of the Flynn Effect, measurement of intellectual functioning, problems associated with the assessment of adaptive functioning, and the challenge of validity assessment. Miranda waiver evaluations for those with low IQ are discussed concerning issues of capacity measurement, including reading and language analysis for the Miranda advisement in the particular jurisdiction in question. Testamentary capacity is discussed at length, showing how understanding of the legal standard is helpful in guiding the examination. Competency to stand trial, or adjudicative competence, is the main topic in the area of criminal competencies, with exploration of the Dusky standard and the various tests used to evaluate this competence, focusing on individuals with ID.

Ptsd And Forensic Psychology

Author: Laurence Miller
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 331909081X
Size: 53.17 MB
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In World War I, they spoke of shell shock. By World War II, the term was battle fatigue. Modern understanding of trauma psychology has evolved to give the concept a non-military name: posttraumatic stress disorder. As such, it has been at the heart of civil and criminal cases from workers' compensation to murder. PTSD and Forensic Psychology brings its topic into real-world focus by examining posttraumatic stress as a clinical entity and taking readers through the evaluation process for court cases involving the PTSD syndrome. This timely reference differentiates between PTSD and disorders that may be mistaken for it, and demonstrates its legal application in seeking civil damages and mounting a criminal defense. An evidence-based framework for conducting a trial-worthy evaluation and guidelines for establishing strong cases and refuting dubious ones further illustrate the protocols and challenges surrounding the status of PTSD in legal settings. For maximum usefulness, the book offers courtroom advice for expert witnesses as well as "practice points" at the end of each chapter. Featured topics include: History of the PTSD concept and its relation to the law. PTSD as syndrome: symptoms, diagnosis, treatment. PTSD and other traumatic disability syndromes. PTSD in the civil litigation and criminal justice systems. PTSD as an insanity defense and in claims of diminished capacity. PTSD cases: evaluation, interpretation, testimony. This thorough yet concise analysis makes PTSD and Forensic Psychology the ideal training tool for beginning mental health expert witnesses, as well as a concise practical review and reference source for seasoned forensic psychologists. It will also serve as a useful practice and teaching guide for attorneys, medical rehabilitation professionals, military personnel, psychotherapists, researchers, and educators in the fields of clinical and forensic psychology, criminology, traumatic stress studies, and mental health law.

Forensic Assessments In Criminal And Civil Law

Author: Ronald Roesch
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199766851
Size: 19.15 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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Designed to meet the specific needs of lawyers,Forensic Assessments in Criminal and Civil Law: A Handbook for Lawyers provides insight into what to expect from forensic mental health evaluations and how to navigate these assessments with skill and competence. The volume is divided into sections by evaluation type: criminal, civil, and juvenile and family evaluations. Each chapter addresses one of the most commonly requested forensic evaluations and is written by a forensic psychologist with both academic and professional experience with that type of evaluation.

Forensic Psychology

Author: Brent Van Dorsten
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 0306479230
Size: 18.73 MB
Format: PDF
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This book includes a discussion of the propagation of forensic psychology as a field of specialization, professional preparation issues for training as a forensic psychologist, unique ethical concerns, and an authoritative discussion of issues in several prominent areas of forensic psychology practice.

Forensic Nursing Science E Book

Author: Virginia A. Lynch
Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences
ISBN: 0323066380
Size: 20.32 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
View: 174
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Written and edited by the most respected authorities in forensic nursing and forensic sciences, this new edition provides the tools and concepts you need to collect evidence that is admissible in court, determine the significance of that evidence, and provide accurate, reliable testimony while administering high-quality patient care. Now in full color throughout, it remains the most comprehensive, highly illustrated text of its kind. Provides a comprehensive, updated guide to forensic nursing science, paying special attention to the International Association of Forensic Nurses’s (IAFN) goals for forensic nursing. Retains a focus on assessment skills and the collection and preservation of evidence, following the established guidelines of the forensic sciences. Prepares you to provide testimony as a fact witness or a forensic nursing expert. Includes an illustrated case study in almost every chapter, helping you relate the information to clinical practice. Highlights important recommendations for interventions in Best Practice boxes, including the evidence base for each. Summarizes important points in Key Point boxes, so you can quickly review the most important concepts in each chapter. Explores the evolving role of forensic nurses in today’s health care facilities and the community. Edited by Virginia Lynch, founding member and first President of the International Association of Forensic Nurses and Janet Barber Duval, both well-respected pioneers and educators in the field. Contains 300 full-color illustrations integrated throughout the text, so you can view evidence quickly and easily, as it is likely to appear in practice. Presents information on courtroom testimony and depositions in one reorganized, streamlined chapter, giving you a full, organized treatment of this extremely important topic. Includes twelve new chapters: Digital Evidence, Medical Evidence Recovery at the Death Scene, Asphyxia, Electrical and Thermal Injury, Intrafamilial Homicide and Unexplained Childhood Death, Human Trafficking, Credential Development for Forensic Nurses, Gangs and Hate Crimes, Ethics Issues in Forensic Nursing, Forensic Physics and Fracture Analysis, Sexual Deviant Behaviors and Crime and Forensic Epidemiology. Contains heavily revised information on Prehospital Evidence, Forensic Investigation in the Hospital, and Human Abuse and Deaths in Custody. Features critical thinking questions with every case study, so you can thoroughly consider the implications of each clinical scenario. Evolve site will include appendices and additional documentation materials.