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Fractal Analysis

Author: Clifford Brown
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 1412971659
Size: 53.88 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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As one of the only texts introducing fractal analysis and the social processes involved to social science readers, this is a must-have book for those looking to gain an understanding of this area of analysis.

Exploring Spatial Scale In Geography

Author: Christopher D. Lloyd
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1119971357
Size: 69.92 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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This book offers alternative definitions of spatial scale, presents approaches for exploring spatial scale, and makes use of a wide variety of case studies in the physical and social sciences to demonstrate key concepts. It consists of three integrated strands. The first is conceptual, outlining some definitions of spatial scale and debating the meaning and value of concepts of scale. The second strand outlines methods for exploration of spatial scale including standard measures of spatial autocorrelation, fractals, wavelets, multilevel models and geostatistical measures. The third and final strand demonstrates the application of these concepts and methods to real world case studies. --

Mathematical Modeling Of Social Relationships

Author: Urszula Strawinska-Zanko
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319767658
Size: 77.20 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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This edited volume presents examples of social science research projects that employ new methods of quantitative analysis and mathematical modeling of social processes. This book presents the fascinating areas of empirical and theoretical investigations that use formal mathematics in a way that is accessible for individuals lacking extensive expertise but still desiring to expand their scope of research methodology and add to their data analysis toolbox. Mathematical Modeling of Social Relationships professes how mathematical modeling can help us understand the fundamental, compelling, and yet sometimes complicated concepts that arise in the social sciences. This volume will appeal to upper-level students and researchers in a broad area of fields within the social sciences, as well as the disciplines of social psychology, complex systems, and applied mathematics.

Attracted To Conflict Dynamic Foundations Of Destructive Social Relations

Author: Robin R. Vallacher
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642352804
Size: 25.85 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Conflict is inherent in virtually every aspect of human relations, from sport to parliamentary democracy, from fashion in the arts to paradigmatic challenges in the sciences, and from economic activity to intimate relationships. Yet, it can become among the most serious social problems humans face when it loses its constructive features and becomes protracted over time with no obvious means of resolution. This book addresses the subject of intractable social conflict from a new vantage point. Here, these types of conflict represent self-organizing phenomena, emerging quite naturally from the ongoing dynamics in human interaction at any scale—from the interpersonal to the international. Using the universal language and computational framework of nonlinear dynamical systems theory in combination with recent insights from social psychology, intractable conflict is understood as a system locked in special attractor states that constrain the thoughts and actions of the parties to the conflict. The emergence and maintenance of attractors for conflict can be described by means of formal models that incorporate the results of computer simulations, experiments, field research, and archival analyses. Multi-disciplinary research reflecting these approaches provides encouraging support for the dynamical systems perspective. Importantly, this text presents new views on conflict resolution. In contrast to traditional approaches that tend to focus on basic, short-lived cause-effect relations, the dynamical perspective emphasizes the temporal patterns and potential for emergence in destructive relations. Attractor deconstruction entails restoring complexity to a conflict scenario by isolating elements or changing the feedback loops among them. The creation of a latent attractor trades on the tendency toward multi-stability in dynamical systems and entails the consolidation of incongruent (positive) elements into a coherent structure. In the bifurcation scenario, factors are identified that can change the number and types of attractors in a conflict scenario. The implementation of these strategies may hold the key to unlocking intractable conflict, creating the potential for constructive social relations.

Social Network Analysis

Author: David Knoke
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 1412927498
Size: 46.63 MB
Format: PDF
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Providing a general overview of fundamental theoretical and methodological topics, with coverage in greater depth of selected issues, the text covers various issues in basic network concepts, data collection and network analytical methodology.

Cluster Analysis

Author: Mark S. Aldenderfer
Publisher: Chronicle Books
ISBN: 9780803923768
Size: 53.25 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Although clustering--the classifying of objects into meaningful sets--is an important procedure, cluster analysis as a multivariate statistical procedure is poorly understood. This volume is an introduction to cluster analysis for professionals, as well as advanced undergraduate and graduate students with little or no background in the subject. Reaching across disciplines, Aldenderfer and Blashfield pull together the newest information on cluster analysis--providing the reader with a pragmatic guide to its current uses, statistical techniques, validation methods, and compatible software programs.

The Association Graph And The Multigraph For Loglinear Models

Author: Harry J. Khamis
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 1452238952
Size: 51.76 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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The Association Graph and the Multigraph for Loglinear Models will help students, particularly those studying the analysis of categorical data, to develop the ability to evaluate and unravel even the most complex loglinear models without heavy calculations or statistical software. This supplemental text reviews loglinear models, explains the association graph, and introduces the multigraph to students who may have little prior experience of graphical techniques, but have some familiarity with categorical variable modeling. The author presents logical step-by-step techniques from the point of view of the practitioner, focusing on how the technique is applied to contingency table data and how the results are interpreted.

Cohort Analysis

Author: Norval D. Glenn
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 9780761922155
Size: 60.97 MB
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Cohort Analysis, Second Edition covers the basics of the cohort approach to studying aging, social, and cultural change. This volume also critiques several commonly used (but flawed) methods of cohort analysis, and illustrates appropriate methods with analyses of personal happiness and attitudes toward premarital and extramarital sexual relations. Finally, the book describes the major sources of suitable data for cohort studies and gives the criteria for appropriate data.

Fractals And Chaos Simplified For The Life Sciences

Author: Larry S. Liebovitch
Publisher: OUP USA
ISBN:
Size: 44.71 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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There is a growing interest on the part of undergraduate and graduate students and investigators in applying fractals and chaos (nonlinear dynamics) to a variety of problems in biology and medicine. This book explains fractals and chaos and illustrates their use with examples from biomedical research. The author presents the material in a unique style that doesn't require a strong background in mathematics. The ideas are presented in a straightforward way without technical jargon. One concept at a time is explained in a set of facing pages, with text on the left page and graphics on the right page. The graphics pages can be copied directly on to transparencies for teaching.

Fractal Cities

Author: Michael Batty
Publisher:
ISBN: 9780124555709
Size: 33.25 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Fractal Cities is the pioneering study of the development and use of fractal geometry for understanding and planning the physical form of cities, showing how this geometry enables cities to be simulated throughcomputer graphics. The book explains how the structure of cities evolve in ways which at first sight may appear irregular, but when understood in terms of fractals reveal a complex and diverse underlying order. The book includes numerous illustrations and 16 pages full-color plates of stunning computer graphics, along with explanations of how to construct them. The authors provide an accessible and thought-provoking introduction to fractal geometry, as well as an exciting visual understanding of the formof cities. This approach, bolstered by new insights into the complexity of social systems, provides one of the best introductions to fractal geometry available for non-mathematicians and social scientists. Fractal Cities is useful as a textbook for courses on geographic information systems, urban geography, regional science, and fractal geometry. Planners and architects will find that many aspects of fractal geometry covered in this book are relevant to their own interests. Those involved in fractals and chaos, computer graphics, and systems theory will also find important methods and examples germane to their work. Michael Batty is Director of the National Center for Geographic Information and analysis in the State University of New York at Buffalo, and has worked in planning theory and urban modeling. Paul Longley is a lecturer in geography at the University of Bristol, and is involved in the development of geographic information systems in urban policy analysis. Richly illustrated, including 16 pages of full-color plates of brilliant computer graphics Provides an introduction to fractal geometry for the non-mathematician and social scientist Explains the influence of fractals on the evolution of the physical form of cities