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Frames Fields And Contrasts

Author: Adrienne Lehrer
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 113647580X
Size: 62.46 MB
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Recently, there has been a surge of interest in the lexicon. The demand for a fuller and more adequate understanding of lexical meaning required by developments in computational linguistics, artificial intelligence, and cognitive science has stimulated a refocused interest in linguistics, psychology, and philosophy. Different disciplines have studied lexical structure from their own vantage points, and because scholars have only intermittently communicated across disciplines, there has been little recognition that there is a common subject matter. The conference on which this volume is based brought together interested thinkers across the disciplines of linguistics, philosophy, psychology, and computer science to exchange ideas, discuss a range of questions and approaches to the topic, consider alternative research strategies and methodologies, and formulate interdisciplinary hypotheses concerning lexical organization. The essay subjects discussed include: * alternative and complementary conceptions of the structure of the lexicon, * the nature of semantic relations and of polysemy, * the relation between meanings, concepts, and lexical organization, * critiques of truth-semantics and referential theories of meaning, * computational accounts of lexical information and structure, and * the advantages of thinking of the lexicon as ordered.

Frames Fields And Contrasts

Author: Adrienne Lehrer
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 9781138156388
Size: 70.21 MB
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Recently, there has been a surge of interest in the lexicon. The demand for a fuller and more adequate understanding of lexical meaning required by developments in computational linguistics, artificial intelligence, and cognitive science has stimulated a refocused interest in linguistics, psychology, and philosophy. Different disciplines have studied lexical structure from their own vantage points, and because scholars have only intermittently communicated across disciplines, there has been little recognition that there is a common subject matter. The conference on which this volume is based brought together interested thinkers across the disciplines of linguistics, philosophy, psychology, and computer science to exchange ideas, discuss a range of questions and approaches to the topic, consider alternative research strategies and methodologies, and formulate interdisciplinary hypotheses concerning lexical organization. The essay subjects discussed include: * alternative and complementary conceptions of the structure of the lexicon, * the nature of semantic relations and of polysemy, * the relation between meanings, concepts, and lexical organization, * critiques of truth-semantics and referential theories of meaning, * computational accounts of lexical information and structure, and * the advantages of thinking of the lexicon as ordered.

Descriptive English Linguistics

Author: Paul Georg Meyer
Publisher: Narr Francke Attempto Verlag
ISBN: 3823374001
Size: 54.86 MB
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This introduction to linguistics is especially designed for students of English with a German-speaking background. It concentrates on the traditional core areas of linguistics, without neglecting interdisciplinary and applied branches. For this 4th, revised edition all chapters were updated and supplemented with historical content, and a chapter on the history of the English language was added. New: the comprehensive online-glossary and online-exercises.

Wortsch Tze

Author: Stefan Engelberg
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
ISBN: 3110579960
Size: 38.60 MB
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Mit der Verfügbarkeit immer größerer und vielfältigerer Korpora wird im Übergang zum 21. Jahrhundert in der Lexikonforschung ein neues Kapitel aufgeschlagen. Der korpuslinguistische Zugang zum Lexikon hat die Lexikografie mit einer neuen empirischen Basis versehen und die klassische Abgrenzung zwischen Lexikon und Grammatik wird in sprachtheoretischen Debatten zunehmend in Frage gestellt. Der vorliegende Band nimmt eine Positionsbestimmung dieser Entwicklungen vor. Er setzt ein mit der Diskussion zur Rolle des Lexikons im Sprachsystem. Im zweiten Teil, „Kookkurrenz und Konstruktion“, geht es um Phänomene, die über die Ebene des einzelnen Wortes hinausgehen und seit einiger Zeit immer größeres Interesse auf sich ziehen. Mentale Prozesse und Repräsentationen des Lexikons bilden den Fokus im Teil „Kognition und Semantik“. Mit „Komplexität und Dynamik“ werden im vierten Teil zwei weitere zentrale Begriffe der aktuellen linguistischen Diskussion über das Lexikon thematisiert, bevor abschließend auch auf die Implikationen für Wortschatzforschung und Lexikografie eingegangen wird.

Theories Of Lexical Semantics

Author: Dirk Geeraerts
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 019870030X
Size: 54.74 MB
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This book offers a comprehensive overview of the major traditions of word meaning research in linguistics. It charts the evolution of lexical semantics from the mid nineteenth century to the present day, presenting the main ideas, landmark publications, and the dominant figures ofthe the five semantic traditions.

Cognitive Modeling In Linguistics

Author: Vladimir Polyakov
Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing
ISBN: 1443836826
Size: 53.29 MB
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Created as intercultural and interdisciplinary, conferences of the series “Cognitive Modeling in Linguistics” have been successfully held since 1998. Over the years, CML has visited a number of countries, attracting more and more scientists from all over the world and thus broadening the scope of its topics. The conference has worked out its scientific character and now it has a constant core of participants; and the term “cognitive modeling” has become a popular topic of high profile conferences in linguistics and artificial intelligence, which affirms the CML’s direction of movement. The present volume gathers the most outstanding and interesting articles from participants of the XIIIth International Conference “Cognitive Modeling in Linguistics”, whose studies will no doubt be of interest to both scientists who have tied their lives with linguistics, as well as to those people who treat it as a hobby. For information about CML conferences, please visit www.cml.msisa.ru

Geschichte Kunst Nation

Author: Marcus Müller
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 3110969432
Size: 36.80 MB
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Working from a discourse analysis perspective, Müller examines how a national art history was constituted through its linguistic construction and transmission. The study demonstrates how German art history was ‘manufactured’ through language, particularly in the 19th and 20th centuries. The study operates at the interface between text linguistics, the history of concepts and the history of words and makes an important contribution to the history of national consciousness.

Wissensrepr Sentation

Author: Wolfgang G. Stock
Publisher: Oldenbourg Verlag
ISBN: 9783486584394
Size: 25.81 MB
Format: PDF
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Wissensreprasentation ist die Wissenschaft, Technik und Anwendung von Methoden und Werkzeugen, Wissen derart abzubilden, damit dieses in digitalen Datenbanken optimal gesucht und gefunden werden kann. Sie ermoglicht die Gestaltung von Informationsarchitekturen, die auf der Grundlage von Begriffen und Begriffsordnungen arbeitend gestatten, Wissen in seinen Bedeutungszusammenhangen darzustellen. Ohne elaborierte Techniken der Wissensreprasentation ist es unmoglich, das "semantische Web" zu gestalten. Das Lehrbuch vermittelt Kenntnisse uber Metadaten und beschreibt eingehend sowohl dokumentarische wie bibliothekarische Ansatze der Inhaltserschliessung (Thesauri und Klassifikationssysteme), Bemuhungen der Informatik um Begriffsordnungen (Ontologien) als auch nutzerkonzentrierte Entwicklungen im Web 2.0 (Folksonomies). Es geht um das Auswerten und Bereitstellen von Informationen bei Diensten im World Wide Web, bei unternehmensinternen Informationsdiensten im Kontext des betrieblichen Wissensmanagement sowie bei fachspezifischen professionellen (kommerziellen) Datenbanken."

Word Sense Disambiguation

Author: Eneko Agirre
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1402048092
Size: 78.88 MB
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This is the first comprehensive book to cover all aspects of word sense disambiguation. It covers major algorithms, techniques, performance measures, results, philosophical issues and applications. The text synthesizes past and current research across the field, and helps developers grasp which techniques will best apply to their particular application, how to build and evaluate systems, and what performance to expect. An accompanying Website extends the effectiveness of the text.