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Frankfurt School Perspectives On Globalization Democracy And The Law

Author: William E. Scheuerman
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134003536
Size: 62.81 MB
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Frankfurt School Perspectives on Globalization, Democracy, and the Law makes use of the work of first-generation Frankfurt School theorist Franz L. Neumann, in conjunction with his famous successor, Jürgen Habermas, to try to understand the momentous political and legal transformations generated by globalization. This volume demonstrates that the Frankfurt School tradition speaks directly to some pressing political and social concerns, including globalization, the reform of the welfare state, and the environmental crisis. Despite widespread claims to the contrary, the legal substructure of economic globalization tends to conflict with traditional models of the "rule of law." Neumann’s prediction that contemporary capitalism would decreasingly depend on generality, clarity, publicity, and stability in the law is supported by a surprising variety of empirical evidence. Habermas’s recent work is then interrogated in order to pursue the question of how we might counteract the deleterious trends accurately predicted by Neumann. How might democracy and the rule of law flourish in the context of globalization? The book is intended for scholars and advanced students in political science, sociology, philosophy and cultural studies.

John Rawls And The History Of Political Thought

Author: Jeffrey Bercuson
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 131781553X
Size: 23.82 MB
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In this book, Jeffrey Bercuson presents the immense, and yet for the most part unrecognized, influences of Jean-Jacques Rousseau and Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel on John Rawls, the most important political philosopher of the 20th century. While the well-documented influence of Immanuel Kant on Rawls is deep and profound, Kantian features and interpretation of justice as fairness do not tell the whole story about that doctrine. Drawing on Rawls’s Lectures on the History of Moral Philosophy and his Lectures on the History of Political Philosophy, Bercuson presents the reader with a more nuanced, accurate account of the moral and political philosophy of Rawls in light of these under-appreciated influences. This new, richer image of Rawls’s political philosophy shows that Rawls’s notion of reasonableness – his notion of the kind and extent of our obligations to those fellows with whom we are engaged in social cooperation – is conspicuously more demanding, and therefore more attractive, than most interpreters and critics assume. Rawls turns to Rousseau and to Hegel, both of whom provide attractive images of engaged citizenship worthy of emulation. Written accessibly, and contributing to key contemporary debates of global justice, this book will be read by scholars within the fields of social and political theory, ethics, and philosophy.

Culture Class And Critical Theory

Author: David Gartman
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136169768
Size: 79.27 MB
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Culture, Class, and Critical Theory develops a theory of culture that explains how ideas create and legitimate class inequalities in modern society. This theory is developed through a critique and comparison of the powerful ideas on culture offered by Pierre Bourdieu and the Frankfurt School thinkers, especially Theodor Adorno. These ideas are illuminated and criticized through the development of two empirical cases on which Gartman has published extensively, automobile design and architecture. Bourdieu and the Frankfurt School postulate opposite theories of the cultural legitimation of class inequalities. Bourdieu argues that the culture of modern society is a class culture, a ranked diversity of beliefs and tastes corresponding to different classes. The cultural beliefs and practices of the dominant class are arbitrarily defined as superior, thus legitimating its greater share of social resources. By contrast, the thinkers of the Frankfurt School conceive of modern culture as a mass culture, a leveled homogeneity in which the ideas and tastes shared by all classes disguises real class inequalities. This creates the illusion of an egalitarian democracy that prevents inequalities from being contested. Through an empirical assessment of the theories against the cases, Gartman reveals that both are correct, but for different parts of modern culture. These parts combine to provide a strong legitimation of class inequalities.

Critical Theory Of International Politics

Author: Steven C. Roach
Publisher:
ISBN: 9780415774857
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This is first detailed account on the origins of critical theory and how it has developed and influenced international relations. Making complex ideas accessible to all, it discusses Marx and post-Marxist thinkers; the Frankfurt School; Adorno, Benjamin and Marcuse; Habermas, Gramsci and Foucault alongside critical IR scholars Robert W. Cox, Rob Walker, James Der Derian, Christine Sylvester, Richard Ashley and Andrew Linklater.

Diskurstheorie Und Gesellschaft

Author: Franka Schäfer
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3658220015
Size: 30.43 MB
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Das Lehrbuch bietet eine systematische Einstiegshilfe in die soziologische Beschäftigung mitGesellschaft in diskursanalytischer Perspektive und führt gut verständlich in die für die Soziologie relevanten Felder der Diskurstheorie ein. Es gelingt der Autorin damit sowohl eine Herleitung und Erklärung der zentralen Begriffe und Konzepte, als auch eine anwendungsorientierte Kontextualisierung, so dass die Diskurstheorie auch für aktuelle gesellschaftstheoretische Debatten fruchtbar gemacht wird. Durch die Lektüre erhalten Lesende grundlegende Einblicke in die soziologische Diskurstheorie, lernen diskursive Praktiken neben anderen als eine relevante Dimension gesellschaftlicher Praxis kennen und bekommen Methoden zur Analyse von Diskursen und deren Verhältnis zu Gesellschaft an die Hand. Die Autorin lädt ihre Leser*innen im Rahmen der Lektüre dazu ein, mit der diskursanalytischen Brille den ein oder anderen Blick auf Gesellschaft zu riskieren und das soziologische Arbeiten mit den Werkzeugen der Diskursanalyse auszuprobieren. Der InhaltDiskurswolken am gesellschaftlichen Denkhorizont • Diskurs und Gesellschaft – alte Bekannte, aktueller denn je • Mit dem diskursiven Werkzeugkoffer bis zum gesellschaftlichen Denkhorizont • Multimediales Material • Weiterführende Literatur • Erkenntnisse evaluierende Fragen Die AutorinDr. Franka Schäfer ist Soziologin. Sie lehrt und forscht zu Soziologischer Theorie, Soziologie der Populärkultur, Soziologie des Protests und Soziologie sozialer Ungleichheit an der FernUniversität in Hagen.

Morgenthau

Author: William E. Scheuerman
Publisher: Polity
ISBN:
Size: 72.23 MB
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The ideas of Hans Morgenthau dominated the study of international politics in the United States for many decades. He was the leading representative of Realist international relations theory in the last century and his work remains hugely influential in the field. In this engaging and accessible new study of his work, William E. Scheuerman provides a comprehensive and illuminating introduction to Morgenthau’s ideas, and assesses their significance for political theory and international politics. Scheuerman shows Morgenthau to be an uneasy Realist, uncomfortable with conventional notions of Realism and sometimes unsure whether his reflections should be grouped under its rubric. He was a powerful critic of the existing state system and defended the idea of a world state. By highlighting Morgenthau’s engagement with the leading lights of European political and legal theory, Scheuerman argues that he developed a morally demanding political ethics and an astute diagnosis of the unprecedented perils posed by nuclear weaponry. Believing that the irrationalities of US foreign policy were rooted partly in domestic factors, he sympathized with demands for radical political and social change. Scheuerman illustrates that Morgenthau’s thinking has been widely misunderstood by both disciples and critics and that it offers many challenges to contemporary Realists who discount his normative aspirations. With the advent of the cosmopolitan goal of international reform, Morgenthau’s work serves up an unsettling mix of sympathy and hard-headed skepticism which remains crucially important in the development of the field. Lucidly and persuasively written, this book will be a valuable resource for students and scholars seeking to understand the continued importance of Morgenthau’s thinking.

Die Frankfurter Schule

Author: Rolf Wiggershaus
Publisher: S. Fischer Verlag
ISBN: 3104035997
Size: 59.16 MB
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Der Philosophiehistoriker Wiggershaus hat mit diesem Buch das Standardwerk zur Kritischen Theorie vorgelegt. Er stellt vom Anfang des »Instituts für Sozialforschung« bis zum Tod Adornos 1969 alle wesentlichen Publikationen in ihrer philosophischen und gesellschaftstheoretischen Programmatik vor und schildert deren Einbindung in die jeweiligen Entwicklungsstadien der Institutsgeschichte. Dabei entsteht eine Darstellung der philosophischen Theorien der führenden Köpfe Horkheimer, Adorno, Fromm, Pollock, Löwenthal, Marcuse und Benjamin und der vielen Gesprächspartner von außerhalb. »Wer in Zukunft über die Frankfurter Schule arbeiten und schreiben will, kommt an diesem Buch nicht mehr vorbei.« Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung

Sinneswahrnehmung Als Grundlage Der Sthetischen Bildung Und Kreativit T

Author: Yelena Rörig
Publisher: GRIN Verlag
ISBN: 9783668156470
Size: 77.61 MB
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Studienarbeit aus dem Jahr 2014 im Fachbereich Sozialwissenschaften allgemein, Note: 1,7, Hochschule Koblenz, Veranstaltung: Asthetische Bildung und Kreativitat, Sprache: Deutsch, Abstract: Das Kind lernt bereits als Neugeborenes uber Sinneswahrnehmung und Bewegung seine Umwelt kennen. Seine kognitive Entwicklung hangt mageblich von seinen sensomotorischen Erfahrungen ab. Die vorliegende Arbeit befasst sich mit der Frage, inwieweit die Sinneswahrnehmung eine wichtige Voraussetzung fur die asthetische Bildung und Kreativitat darstellt. Nach einer kurzen Einfuhrung zum Thema folgt in Kapitel zwei eine Beschreibung der Bedeutung der kindlichen sinnlichen Wahrnehmung. Im dritten Kapitel werden die einzelnen menschlichen Sinne naher beschrieben. Kapitel vier stellt uns die Wichtigkeit der Forderung der Sinne dar. Weiterhin wird auf die einzelnen funf klassischen Sinne eingegangen und die Wirksamkeit des Spielens, Spielideen und ihre praktische Anwendung aufgezeigt. Die asthetische Bildung und Kreativitat werden in Kapitel sechs beschrieben. Abschlieend folgt in der Schlussfolgerung eine kurze Zusammenfassung.