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Friendship

Author: Barbara Caine
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317545613
Size: 78.56 MB
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There has been an increasing interest in the meaning and importance of friendship in recent years, particularly in the West. However, the history of friendship, and the ways in which it has changed over time, have rarely been examined. Friendship: A History traces the development of friendship in Europe from the Hellenistic period to today. The book brings together a range of essays that examine the language of friendship and its significance in terms of ethics, social institutions, religious organizations and political alliances. The essays study the works of classical and contemporary authors to explore the role of friendship in Western philosophy. Ranging from renaissance friendships to Christian and secular friendships and from women’s writing to the role of class and sex in friendships, Friendship: A History will be invaluable to students and scholars of social history.

Friendship In The Middle Ages And Early Modern Age

Author: Albrecht Classen
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 3110253984
Size: 79.10 MB
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Although it seems that erotic love generally was the prevailing topic in the medieval world and the Early Modern Age, parallel to this the Ciceronian ideal of friendship also dominated the public discourse, as this collection of essays demonstrates. Following an extensive introduction, the individual contributions explore the functions and the character of friendship from Late Antiquity (Augustine) to the 17th century. They show the spectrum of variety in which this topic appeared ‑ not only in literature, but also in politics and even in painting.

Histories Of Sexuality

Author: Stephen Garton
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317489020
Size: 35.35 MB
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This book presents the first assessment of one of the most rapidly expanding fields of research: the history of sexuality. From the early efforts of historians to work out a model for sexual history, to the extraordinary impact of French philosopher Michel Foucault, to the vigorous debates about essentialism and social constructionism, to the emergence of contemporary debates about historicism, queer theory, embodiment, gender and cultural history - we now have vast and diverse historical scholarship on sex and sexuality. 'Histories of Sexuality' highlights the key historical moments and issues: pederasty and cultures of male passivity in ancient Greece and Rome; the impact of early Christianity and ideals of renunciation on the sexual cultures of late antiquity; the sustained existence of homosexual cultures in medieval and renaissance Europe; the "invention" of homosexuality and heterosexuality in eighteenth century Europe and America; the truth behind Victorian sexual repression; the work of reformers and scientists such as Havelock Ellis, Marie Stopes, Stella Browne, Margaret Sanger, Alfred Kinsey, William Masters and Virginia Johnson.

Friendship In An Age Of Economics

Author: Todd May
Publisher: Lexington Books
ISBN: 0739175823
Size: 25.88 MB
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This is the first book not only to detail the relationships neoliberalism encourages us to have but also to see how friendship can provide a bulwark of resistance to it. Written in an engaging style, it will be understandable to political theorists, philosophers, social scientists, and cultural theorists.

Friendship Politics

Author: John von Heyking
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 23.33 MB
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Throughout the history of Western political philosophy, the idea of friendship has occupied a central place in the conversation. It is only in the context of the modern era that friendship has lost its prominence. By retrieving the concept of friendship for philosophical investigation, these essays invite readers to consider how our political principles become manifest in our private lives. They provide a timely corrective to contemporary confusion plaguing this central experience of our public and our private life. This volume assembles essays by well-known scholars who address contemporary concerns about community in the context of philosophical ideas about friendship. Part One includes essays on ancient philosophers including Plato, Aristotle, and Cicero. Part Two considers treatments of friendship by Christian thinkers such as Augustine, Aquinas, Luther, and Calvin, and Part Three continues with Thomas Hobbes, Montaigne, the American founders, and de Tocqueville. The volume concludes with two essays that address the postmodern emphasis on fragmentation and the dynamics of power within the modern state. "This is an outstanding anthology in every respect. Friendship and Politics brings into focus a topic that lies at the heart of the political, even while it has not always garnered the attention it deserves. Friendship, the contributors demonstrate, is an indispensable concept for the analysis of the bonds of political association. The case is most convincingly made by drawing upon the analyses of the greatest thinkers within the history of political thought." --David Walsh, Catholic University of America "Contemporary political theory assumes that friendship is a private affair, a human relationship that should be quarantined from explorations of politics. The essays in this volume--uniformly excellent, by our best political thinkers--put those assumptions to the test. Together, the essays point to a conception of politics that necessarily includes the highest and best form of human companionship as a necessary means, and even worthwhile end, of the good life. They consider friendship to be a good and at times a challenge that should properly be the concern of political thought and political action. This is an indispensable volume on the inescapable relationship between friendship and politics." --Patrick J. Deneen, Georgetown University

We Are All Equal

Author: Bradley U. Levinson
Publisher: Duke University Press
ISBN: 0822381079
Size: 55.87 MB
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We Are All Equal is the first full-length ethnography of a Mexican secondary school available in English. Bradley A. U. Levinson observes student life at a provincial Mexican junior high, often drawing on poignant and illuminating interviews, to study how the the school’s powerful emphasis on equality, solidarity, and group unity dissuades the formation of polarized peer groups and affects students’ eventual life trajectories. Exploring how students develop a cultural “game of equality” that enables them to identify—across typical class and social boundaries—with their peers, the school, and the nation, Levinson considers such issues as the organizational and discursive resources that students draw on to maintain this culture. He also engages cultural studies, media studies, and globalization theory to examine the impact of television, music, and homelife on the students and thereby better comprehend—and problematize—the educational project of the state. Finding that an ethic of solidarity is sometimes used to condemn students defined as different or uncooperative and that little attention is paid to accommodating the varied backgrounds of the students—including their connection to indigenous, peasant, or working class identities—Levinson reveals that their “schooled identity” often collapses in the context of migration to the United States or economic crisis in Mexico. Finally, he extends his study to trace whether the cultural game is reinforced or eroded after graduation as well as its influence relative to the forces of family, traditional gender roles, church, and global youth culture. We Are All Equal will be of particular interest to educators, sociologists, Latin Americanists, and anthropologists.

The Interpretation Of Cultures

Author: Clifford Geertz
Publisher: Basic Books
ISBN: 0465093566
Size: 10.21 MB
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In The Interpretation of Cultures, the most original anthropologist of his generation moved far beyond the traditional confines of his discipline to develop an important new concept of culture. This groundbreaking book, winner of the 1974 Sorokin Award of the American Sociological Association, helped define for an entire generation of anthropologists what their field is ultimately about.

All American Boys

Author: Jason Reynolds
Publisher: Simon and Schuster
ISBN: 1481463330
Size: 27.86 MB
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When sixteen-year-old Rashad is mistakenly accused of stealing, classmate Quinn witnesses his brutal beating at the hands of a police officer who happens to be the older brother of his best friend. Told through Rashad and Quinn's alternating viewpoints.

The Other Side Of Silence

Author: Urvashi Butalia
Publisher: Penguin Books India
ISBN: 9780140271713
Size: 55.28 MB
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The Partition Of India In 1947 Caused One Of The Great Human Convulsions Of History. The Statistics Are Staggering. Twelve Million People Were Displaced; A Million Died; Seventy-Five Thousand Women Are Said To Have Been Abducted And Raped; Families Were Divided; Properties Lost; Homes Destroyed. In Public Memory, However, The Violent, Disturbing Realities That Accompanied Partition Have Remained Blanketed In Silence. And Yet, In Private, The Voices Of Partition Have Never Been Stilled And Its Ramifications Have Not Yet Ended. Urvashi Butalia S Remarkable Book, The Outcome Of A Decade Of Interviews And Research, Looks At What Partition Was Intended To Achieve, And How It Worked On The Ground, And In People S Lives. Pieced Together From Oral Narratives And Testimonies, In Many Cases From Women, Children And Dalits-Marginal Voices Never Heard Before-And Supplemented By Documents, Reports, Diaries, Memoirs And Parliamentary Records, This Is A Moving, Personal Chronicle Of Partition That Places People, Instead Of Grand Politics, At The Centre. These Are The Untold Stories Of Partition, Stories That India Has Not Dared To Confront Even After Fifty Years Of Independence.