Download from local patriotism to a planetary perspective impact crater research in germany 1930s 1970s science technology and culture 1700 1945 in pdf or read from local patriotism to a planetary perspective impact crater research in germany 1930s 1970s science technology and culture 1700 1945 in pdf online books in PDF, EPUB and Mobi Format. Click Download or Read Online button to get from local patriotism to a planetary perspective impact crater research in germany 1930s 1970s science technology and culture 1700 1945 in pdf book now. This site is like a library, Use search box in the widget to get ebook that you want.



From Local Patriotism To A Planetary Perspective

Author: Martina Kölbl-Ebert
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317132092
Size: 30.58 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
View: 3906
Download and Read
The Nördlinger Ries and Steinheim Basin, two conspicuous geological structures in southern Germany, were traditionally viewed as somewhat enigmatic but nevertheless definitely volcanic edifices until they were finally recognized as impact craters in the 1960s. The changing views about the origin of the craters mark an important paradigm shift in the Earth sciences, from an Earth-centric approach to a planetary perspective that acknowledged Earth’s place in the wider cosmos. Drawing on a range of printed sources, detailed archival material, letters, personal notes, and interviews with veterans of Ries research, Martina Kölbl-Ebert provides a detailed reconstruction, not only of the historical sequence of events throughout the twentieth century, but also of the personal thoughts, emotions and motives of the scientists involved and the social context of their research. She shows that there was a sudden reconnection of German researchers with the international scientific community, particularly with more progressive American researchers, after some twenty-five years of scientific isolation during the build-up to WWII and its aftermath. This reconnection brought about not only a new view of geoscience, but also saved German geology from self-sufficiency and patriotic arrogance by integrating it in an interdisciplinary and international framework. In so doing this book sheds much valuable light on an under-explored but crucial development in the way we understand Earth’s history, as well as the way that science functioned during times of conflict.

Science Policies And Twentieth Century Dictatorships

Author: Amparo Gómez
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317058968
Size: 20.16 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
View: 3518
Download and Read
Making a fresh contribution to the political history of science, this book explores the connections between the science policies of three countries that each experienced considerable political upheaval in the twentieth century: Spain, Italy and Argentina. By focussing on these three countries, the contributors are able to present case studies that highlight the characteristics and specificities of the democratic and dictatorial political processes involved in the production of science and technology. The focus on dictatorship presents the opportunity to expand our knowledge -beyond the more extensive literature about science in Nazi Germany and Stalinist USSR -about the level of political involvement of scientists in non-democratic contexts and to what extent they act as politicians in different contexts. Key topics covered include the new forms of organization and institutionalization of science in the twentieth century; the involvement of scientific communities in the governance of science and its institutions; the role of ideology in scientific development; the scientific practices adopted by scientific communities in different contexts; and the characteristics of science and technology produced in these contexts.

Between Text And Artifact

Author: Milton C. Moreland
Publisher: Brill Academic Pub
ISBN: 9789004127098
Size: 63.55 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
View: 991
Download and Read
These essays by archaeologists and biblical scholars teaching in undergraduate, graduate, and seminary settings provide biblical studies teachers all the tools needed to integrate the most recent archaeological literature and audio-visual material into their teaching and scholarship. Paperback edition available from the Society of Biblical Literature (www.sbl-site.org).

The Halloween Parade

Author: Matt Beighton
Publisher:
ISBN: 9781999724436
Size: 33.75 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
View: 7321
Download and Read
How would you feel if your new school was full of Vampires, Werewolves, Wizards and worse? The Halloween Parade is a monstrously funny modern classic and brilliantly silly chapter book that will be enjoyed by young readers aged 5 and above.

The Silent Countdown

Author: Peter Brimblecombe
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642751598
Size: 36.29 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
View: 2387
Download and Read
There is a growing need for cooperation between disciplines, not only to deal with the burning problems of the present, but to study the interaction of societies and their ecosystems in the past. In the 1970s studies in Environmental History were largely confined to North America. Recent years have brought about a vast increase in the "amount, the quality and the scope of scholarship on historical interactions between human (social and economic) de velopment and the biosphere in Europe, both East and West. This broad interest in environmental history may have been heightened and sharpened by the dangers of unbridled technology and unlimited growth, which are becoming more and more manifest. However, for several reasons it is still difficult to become familiar with the different approaches to this new and interdisciplinary of study. Many fields of thought - biology, anthropology, field geography, sociology and history - are involved; the relevant books and articles are hard to find and a coherent theoretical framework is still lacking, because the key issues have yet to be submitted to a thorough scholarly debate. It is hoped that the pre sent volume will make a contribution towards overcoming those shortcomings.

Pursuing The Unity Of Science

Author: Harmke Kamminga
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317073061
Size: 73.60 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
View: 6134
Download and Read
From 1918 to the late 1940s, a host of influential scientists and intellectuals in Europe and North America were engaged in a number of far-reaching unity of science projects. In this period of deep social and political divisions, scientists collaborated to unify sciences across disciplinary boundaries and to set up the international scientific community as a model for global political co-operation. They strove to align scientific and social objectives through rational planning and to promote unified science as the driving force of human civilization and progress. This volume explores the unity of science movement, providing a synthetic view of its pursuits and placing it in its historical context as a scientific and political force. Through a coherent set of original case studies looking at the significance of various projects and strategies of unification, the book highlights the great variety of manifestations of this endeavour. These range from unifying nuclear physics to the evolutionary synthesis, and from the democratization of scientific planning to the utopianism of H.G. Wells's world state. At the same time, the collection brings out the substantive links between these different pursuits, especially in the form of interconnected networks of unification and the alignment of objectives among them. Notably, it shows that opposition to fascism, using the instrument of unified science, became the most urgent common goal in the 1930s and 1940s. In addressing these issues, the book makes visible important historical developments, showing how scientists participated in, and actively helped to create, an interwar ideology of unification, and bringing to light the cultural and political significance of this enterprise.

Shaping Biology

Author: Toby A. Appel
Publisher: JHU Press
ISBN: 0801873479
Size: 21.12 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
View: 4759
Download and Read
Historians of the postwar transformation of science have focused largely on the physical sciences, especially the relation of science to the military funding agencies. In Shaping Biology, Toby A. Appel brings attention to the National Science Foundation and federal patronage of the biological sciences. Scientists by training, NSF biologists hoped in the 1950s that the new agency would become the federal government's chief patron for basic research in biology, the only agency to fund the entire range of biology—from molecules to natural history museums—for its own sake. Appel traces how this vision emerged and developed over the next two and a half decades, from the activities of NSF's Division of Biological and Medical Sciences, founded in 1952, through the cold war expansion of the 1950s and 1960s and the constraints of the Vietnam War era, to its reorganization out of existence in 1975. This history of NSF highlights fundamental tensions in science policy that remain relevant today: the pull between basic and applied science; funding individuals versus funding departments or institutions; elitism versus distributive policies of funding; issues of red tape and accountability. In this NSF-funded study, Appel explores how the agency developed, how it worked, and what difference it made in shaping modern biology in the United States. Based on formerly untapped archival sources as well as on interviews of participants, and building upon prior historical literature, Shaping Biology covers new ground and raises significant issues for further research on postwar biology and on federal funding of science in general. -- Margaret RossiterCornell University, author of Women Scientists in America: Before Affirmative Action, 1940-1972

A Short History Of The Future

Author: Colin Mason
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136572880
Size: 65.62 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
View: 1543
Download and Read
Has the future a future? Are we bringing history to an end? Observing any one of several individual but critical trends suggests that, without rapid and positive action, history may have only a very short way to run. Whether it is the growth of world population, of greenhouse gas concentrations and the accelerating rate of climate change, the running down of oil and natural gas reserves, growing shortages of fresh water for agriculture, industry and domestic use, or the increasing difficulty in controlling epidemic diseases we are facing a mounting global crisis that will peak in less than a generation, around the year 2030. Taken together, these trends point to a potentially apocalyptic period, if not for the planet itself then certainly for human societies and for humankind. In this compelling book, and update to The 2030 Spike, Colin Mason explains in clear and irrefutable terms what is going on largely below the surface of our daily or weekly news bulletins. The picture he paints is stark, and yet it is not bleak. Being forewarned, we are forearmed, and he draws on his own extensive political experience to describe how much we can do as individuals, and above all collectively, not merely to avert crisis but to engineer thoroughgoing change that can usher in genuinely sustainable and valuable alternatives to the way we live now.

War And Nature

Author: Edmund Russell
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521799379
Size: 45.68 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
View: 431
Download and Read
A social narrative documents the close ties between chemical weapons development and “peaceful†applications in insect warfare, discussing the role of chemists and chemistry in military history and the changing attitude of war departments toward chemists.