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American Environmentalism

Author: J. Michael Martinez
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 0415633184
Size: 33.35 MB
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Protecting the natural environment and promoting sustainability have become important objectives, but achieving such goals presents myriad challenges for even the most committed environmentalist. American Environmentalism: Philosophy, History, and Public Policy examines whether competing interests can be reconciled while developing consistent, coherent, effective public policy to regulate uses and protection of the natural environment without destroying the national economy. It then reviews a range of possible solutions. The book delves into key normative concepts that undergird American perspectives on nature by providing an overview of philosophical concepts found in the western intellectual tradition, the presuppositions inherent in neoclassical economics, and anthropocentric (human-centered) and biocentric (earth-centered) positions on sustainability. It traces the evolution of attitudes about nature from the time of the Ancient Greeks through Europeans in the Middle Ages and the Renaissance, the Enlightenment and the American Founders, the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, and up to the present. Building on this foundation, the author examines the political landscape as non-governmental organizations (NGOs), industry leaders, and government officials struggle to balance industrial development with environmental concerns. Outrageous claims, silly misrepresentations, bogus arguments, absurd contentions, and overblown prophesies of impending calamities are bandied about by many parties on all sides of the debate—industry spokespeople, elected representatives, unelected regulators, concerned citizens, and environmental NGOs alike. In lieu of descending into this morass, the author circumvents the silliness to explore the crucial issues through a more focused, disciplined approach. Rather than engage in acrimonious debate over minutiae, as so often occurs in the context of "green" claims, he recasts the issue in a way that provides a cohesive look at all sides. This effort may be quixotic, but how else to cut the Gordian knot?

From Materials To Structures

Author: Bijan Samali
Publisher:
ISBN: 9781134082537
Size: 34.23 MB
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From Materials to Structures: Advancement through Innovation is a collection of peer-reviewed papers presented at the 22nd Australasian Conference on the Mechanics of Structures and Materials (ACMSM22) held in Sydney Australia, from 11-14 December 2012 by academics, researchers and practising engineers mainly from Australasia and the Asia-Pacific region. The topics under discussion include: * Biomechanics * Composite structures and materials * Computational mechanics * Concrete, masonry, steel and timber structures * Earthquake engineering and structural dynamics * Fire engineering * Geomechan.

Construction Materials And Structures

Author: S.O. Ekolu
Publisher: IOS Press
ISBN: 1614994668
Size: 34.78 MB
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The two volumes of these Proceedings contain about 200 conference papers and 10 keynote papers presented at the First International Conference on Construction Materials and Structures, held in Johannesburg, South Africa from 24 to 26 November 2014. It includes sections on Materials and characterization; Durability of construction materials; Structural implications, performance, service life; Sustainability, waste utilization, the environment; and Building science and construction.

Structural Cross Sections

Author: Naveed Anwar
Publisher: Butterworth-Heinemann
ISBN: 0128044837
Size: 77.46 MB
Format: PDF
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Structural Cross Sections: Analysis and Design provides valuable information on this key subject covering almost all aspects including theoretical formulation, practical analysis and design computations, various considerations and issues related to cross-sectional behavior, and computer applications for determination of cross-sectional response. The presented approach can handle all complex shapes, material behaviors and configurations. The book starts with a clear and rigorous overview of role of cross-sections and their behavior in overall structural design process. Basic aspects of structural mechanics are reviewed and procedures to determine basic cross-sectional properties, stress and strain distributions, stress resultants and other response parameters, are provided. A brief discussion about the role of material behavior in cross-sectional response is also included. The unified and integrated approach to determine axial-flexural capacity of cross-sections is utilized in development of P-M and M-M interaction diagrams of cross-sections of various shapes. The behavior and design of cross-sections subjected to shear and torsion is also included with emphasis on reinforced concrete sections. Several detailed flow charts are included to demonstrate the procedures used in ACI, BS and Euro codes for design of cross-section subjected to shear and torsion, followed by solved examples. The book also presents the discussion about various factors that can lead to ductile response of cross-sections, especially those made of reinforced concrete. The definition and development of action-deformation curves especially moment-curvature (-) curve is discussed extensively. Various factors such as confinement, rebar distribution and axial load effect on the ductility are shown through examples. The use of moment-curvature curve to compute various section response parameters is also explained though equations and examples. Several typical techniques and materials for retrofitting of cross-sections of reinforced concrete beams, columns and slabs etc. are reviewed. A brief discussion of various informative references related to the evaluation and retrofitting of structures is included for practical applications. Towards the end, the book provides an overview of various software applications available for cross-section design and analysis. A framework for the development of a general-purpose cross-section analysis software, is presented and various features of few commercially available software packages are compared using some example cross-sections. Presents a generalized procedure to compute axial-flexural capacity of cross-sections of any number and configuration of materials Heavily illustrated with schematics, diagrams, and line drawings Includes the convenient approach to develop P-M interaction, M-M Interaction and Moment-Curvature relationships for reinforced concrete cross-sections Provides detailed flowcharts for code-based (ACI, BS and Eurocode) design of reinforced concrete cross-sections subjected to axial-flexural actions as well as shear-torsion. Presents formulae and expressions to compute various commonly used cross-sectional properties of common section shapes Discusses various parameters affecting the ductility of cross-sections and the role of confinement in the behavior reinforced concrete cross-sections Reviews various practical retrofitting techniques to rehabilitate the damaged cross-sections Covers the concepts discussed in main text using various solved and unsolved numerical examples Presents an overview of various computer applications and packages available for analysis of cross-sections Supported by author-developed computer-based apps to be used in conjunction with the practical applications presented in the book

Fatigue And Fracture Of Adhesively Bonded Composite Joints

Author: A P Vassilopoulos
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0857098128
Size: 28.40 MB
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It is commonly accepted that the majority of engineering failures happen due to fatigue or fracture phenomena. Adhesive bonding is a prevailing joining technique, widely used for critical connections in composite structures. However, the lack of knowledge regarding fatigue and fracture behaviour, and the shortage of tools for credible fatigue design, hinders the potential benefits of adhesively bonded joints. The demand for reliable and safe structures necessitates deep knowledge in this area in order to avoid catastrophic structural failures. This book reviews recent research in the field of fatigue and fracture of adhesively-bonded composite joints. The first part of the book discusses the experimental investigation of the reliability of adhesively-bonded composite joints, current research on understanding damage mechanisms, fatigue and fracture, durability and ageing as well as implications for design. The second part of the book covers the modelling of bond performance and failure mechanisms in different loading conditions. A detailed reference work for researchers in aerospace and engineering Expert coverage of different adhesively bonded composite joint structures An overview of joint failure

Green Composites

Author: Subramanian Senthilkannan Muthu
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9811319693
Size: 63.69 MB
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This book highlights the production of green composites from various sustainable raw materials. We now live in an environmentally conscious era, in which sustainable raw materials (renewable, biodegradable, recycled), sustainable processing sequences, the production of recyclable and biodegradable products, and avoiding the depletion of renewable resources are key considerations with regarding to producing any product. The textile sector is no exception. Accordingly, this book addresses these aspects in connection with textiles, and discusses how they can be actively practiced.

Bearing Capacity Of Roads Railways And Airfields

Author: Andreas Loizos
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1351585789
Size: 67.23 MB
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Bearing Capacity of Roads, Railways and Airfields includes the contributions to the 10th International Conference on the Bearing Capacity of Roads, Railways and Airfields (BCRRA 2017, 28-30 June 2017, Athens, Greece). The papers cover aspects related to materials, laboratory testing, design, construction, maintenance and management systems of transport infrastructure, and focus on roads, railways and airfields. Additional aspects that concern new materials and characterization, alternative rehabilitation techniques, technological advances as well as pavement and railway track substructure sustainability are included. The contributions discuss new concepts and innovative solutions, and are concentrated but not limited on the following topics: · Unbound aggregate materials and soil properties · Bound materials characteritics, mechanical properties and testing · Effect of traffic loading · In-situ measurements techniques and monitoring · Structural evaluation · Pavement serviceability condition · Rehabilitation and maintenance issues · Geophysical assessment · Stabilization and reinforcement · Performance modeling · Environmental challenges · Life cycle assessment and sustainability Bearing Capacity of Roads, Railways and Airfields is essential reading for academics and professionals involved or interested in transport infrastructure systems, in particular roads, railways and airfields.

Advances In Manufacturing And Processing Of Materials And Structures

Author: Yoseph Bar-Cohen
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1351867954
Size: 55.96 MB
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This book cover the latest advances in materials and structures in manufacturing and processing including additive and subtractive processes. It's intended to provide a compiled resource that reviews details of the advances that have been made in recent years in manufacturing and processing of materials and structures. A key development incorporated within this book is 3D printing, which is being used to produce complex parts including composites with odd shape fibers, as well as tissue and body organs. This book has been tailored for engineers, scientists and practitioners in a number of different fields such as aerospace, mechanical engineering, materials science and biomedicine. Biomimetic principles have also been integrated.

Additive Manufacturing

Author: T.S. Srivatsan
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1498714781
Size: 46.98 MB
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Get Ready for the Future of Additive Manufacturing Additive Manufacturing: Innovations, Advances, and Applications explores the emerging field of additive manufacturing (AM)—the use of 3D printing to make prototype parts on demand. Often referred to as the third industrial revolution, AM offers many advantages over traditional manufacturing. This process enables users to quickly build three-dimensional objects from the bottom-up, adding material one cross-sectional layer at a time directly from a computer model. This book provides a clear overview of specific technologies related to AM. It covers existing and emerging techniques in AM in use for a wide spectrum of manufacturing applications, and highlights the advantages of each technique with specific references to technological applications. Introduces Valuable Processes for Making Prototype Parts among Manufacturers of Many Types The book outlines many of the processes developed using various materials ranging from metals to plastics, and composites to human tissue. It presents recent innovations and potential viable applications that include: near-net shape capabilities, superior design, geometric flexibility, innovations in fabrication using multiple materials, and reduced tooling and fixturing. It also introduces several illustrations and case studies that focus on the present and far-reaching applications, developments, and future prospects of AM technologies. Written by renowned experts in their fields, this book: Covers the reactive inkjet printing of nylon materials relevant to AM Discusses the AM of metals using the techniques of free space deposition and selective laser melting Provides a comparison between AM materials and human tissues Addresses the use of AM for medical devices and drug and cell delivery Focuses on the relevance of AM to rare earth magnets and more Additive Manufacturing: Innovations, Advances, and Applications emphasizes the use of AM commensurate with advances in technical applications, and provides a solid background on the fundamentals and principles of this rapidly developing field.

Thin Walled Structures

Author: J. Loughlan
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9780750310062
Size: 75.96 MB
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This volume contains the papers presented at the Fourth International Conference of Thin-Walled Structures (ICTWS4), and contains 110 papers which, collectively, provide a comprehensive state-of-the-art review of the progress made in research, development and manufacture in recent years in thin-walled structures. The presentations at the conference have representation form 35 different countries and their topical areas of interest include Aeroelactic response and structural-acoustic coupling, Aerospace structures, Analysis, design and manufacture, Cold-formed structures, Cyclic loading, Dynamic loading, crushing and energy absorption, Fatigue, fracture and damage tolerance, Plates, stiffened panels and plated structures, Polymer matrix composite members, Sandwich structures, Shell structures, Thin-walled beams and columns and Vibrational response.The range of applications of thin-walled structures has become increasingly diverse with a considerable deployment of thin-walled structural elements and systems being found in a wide range of areas within Aeronautical, Automotive, Civil, Mechanical, Chemical and Offshore Engineering fields. This volume is an extremely useful reference volume for researchers and designers working within a wide range of engineering disciplines towards the design, development and manufacture of efficient thin-walled structural systems.