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The Organisation Of Mind

Author: Tim Shallice
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199579245
Size: 28.89 MB
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To understand the mind, we need to draw equally on the fields of cognitive science and neuroscience. But these two fields have very separate intellectual roots, and very different styles. So how can these two be reconciled in order to develop a full understanding of the mind and brain.This is the focus of this landmark new book.

Cognitive Psychology

Author: Michael W. Eysenck
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 9780863775505
Size: 65.26 MB
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This text introduces contemporary topics such as cognitive neuropsychology, connectionism and cognition and emotion. This edition includes a new chapter on judgement and decision-making.

Classic Cases In Neuropsychology

Author: Christopher Code
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 9780863773969
Size: 16.71 MB
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The importance of detailed examination and theoretical interpretation of the single case has been increasingly recognized in neuropsychology. This book brings together in one volume discussion of the classic cases which have shaped the way we think about the relationships between brain, behaviour and cognition. The single cases covered may be ancient or modern, famous or less well-known. But the book is comprehensive in its coverage of contemporary neuropsychological issues. Represented are classic cases in language, memory, perception, attention and praxis. Some of the cases included are rare, or have acted as catalysts to the development of theory. Some have remained the definitive case; many were the first of their type to be described and gave rise to the development of new syndrome entities. Some are still controversial. In some instances, the cases resulted in major paradigm shifts. Some, while still highly influential, were misinterpreted. But most of them were read only by a few in their original form. Each chapter highlights the relevance of the case for the development of neuropsychology, describes the particular features of the case that are interesting and discusses the theoretical implications.

Evidenzbasierte Praxis In Den Gesundheitsberufen

Author: Robin Haring
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3662553775
Size: 51.98 MB
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Dieses Buch erläutert den aktuellen Diskussionsstand zum wissenschaftlichen Anspruch evidenz-basierter Praxis in den Gesundheitsberufen.Aus multidisziplinärer Sicht wird die Entwicklung der Evidenzlage für die therapeutische Praxis in Deutschland thematisiert, die Diskrepanz zwischen Evidenzanspruch und Versorgungsrealität diskutiert und methodische Konsequenzen für den Wirksamkeitsnachweis therapeutischer Interventionen evaluiert. Dabei stehen die Kompetenzen der Gesundheitsberufe für eine bedarfsgerechte Versorgung im Fokus. Im Rahmen der voranschreitenden Akademisierung in der Physiotherapie, Logopädie und Ergotherapie finden Wissenschaftler, Studierende und Praktiker hier eine kritische Auseinandersetzung mit den Chancen und Risiken einer evidenz-basierten Praxis.

Int Integrierte Neurokognitive Therapie Bei Schizophren Erkrankten

Author: Volker Roder
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3642214401
Size: 25.34 MB
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Die Integrierte neurokognitive Therapie (INT) ist ein Gruppentherapieansatz, der erstmals alle Bereiche der MATRICS-Initiative des NIMH (National Institute of Mental Health, USA) in ein umfassendes Therapiekonzept integriert (MATRICS: Measurement and Treatment Research to improve Cognition in Schizophrenia). Diese Initiative definierte 11 neuro- und sozialkognitive Funktionsbereiche, die für schizophren Erkrankte relevant sind und deren Stärkung eines der wichtigsten Therapieziele sein muss. Die INT basiert auf den kognitiven Unterprogrammen des weitverbreiteten und umfassend evaluierten Integrierten psychologischen Therapieprogamms (IPT). Die INT ist ein ressourcen- und recovery-orientierter Ansatz, der auch die Verbesserung von Therapiemotivation und Selbstwahrnehmung zum Ziel hat. Der Fokus liegt konsequent auf der Gruppendynamik und dem Selbst- und Alltagsbezug der Patienten. Übergeordnetes Ziel ist die Erhöhung der Lebensqualität und -funktionalität und damit die Wiedereingliederung der Patienten in die Gesellschaft. Das vorliegende Manual - ... bietet dem Kliniker einen gut verständlichen Einstieg in die Behandlung von Neuro- und sozialen Kognitionen im Rahmen eines umfassenden und gut aufeinander abgestimmten Therapie- und Behandlungsangebots - ... beschreibt detailliert und gut strukturiert den Aufbau der INT in 4 Modulen - ... veranschaulicht mit zahlreichen Fallbeispielen das therapeutische Vorgehen auch in schwierigen Therapiesituationen - ... enthält umfangreiche und teilweise computergestützte Therapiematerialien, die sich patientenorientiert und vielfältig – auch im Einzelsetting – einsetzen lassen - ... thematisiert in kleineren Einheiten mögliche Indikationsstellungen, eine sorgfältige und individuell abgestimmte Therapieplanung („Fallkonzeption“) und Implementierung der INT Die INT wurde von Therapeuten und Patienten sehr gut angenommen und durch eine internationale, randomisierte Multicenterstudie in Deutschland, Österreich und der Schweiz erfolgreich evaluiert. Das Manual eignet sich hervorragend zur Vorbereitung und Durchführung von Therapiesitzungen.

Applied Neuropsychology Of Attention

Author: Michel Leclercq
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 1135431787
Size: 37.90 MB
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The concept of attention in academic psychology has been treated with varying degrees of importance over the years. From playing a key role in the 19th century, it was discarded in the first half of the 20th century, as clinical psychologists claimed it was superfluous to the essential subconscious processes of the mind, and experimental psychologists thought it was not a scientific term. Applied Neuropsychology of Attention aims to review the considerable developments in the field of attention over the last 20 years as it makes its comeback. This collection of essays forms a comprehensive overview of this crucial component of human cognitive function. The book begins with an explanation of the essential theoretical concepts and definitions. Aspects of diagnosis are then discussed as the assessment and impairments of attention are reviewed in normal ageing and in specific neurological categories. Victims of brain injury and patients with cerebrovascular or neurodegenerative diseases are considered. A critical analysis of existing practices in cognitive rehabilitation is given and a review of the techniques and methodologies used for treating attentional disturbances brings the book to a conclusion. Leclercq and Zimmermann have compiled a book of cutting-edge research which provides an effective framework to detect, analyse and understand the nature of attention deficit. The book will be invaluable to clinicians, mental health specialists and all academic psychologists in the field.

Connectionist Modelling In Cognitive Neuropsychology

Author: David C. Plaut
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 9780863773365
Size: 61.92 MB
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Computational models offer tools for exploring the nature of human cognitive processes. In connectionist, neural network, or parallel distributed processing models, information processing takes the form of cooperative and competitive interactions among many simple, neuron-like processing units. These models provide new ways of thinking about the neural basis of cognitive processes, and how disorders of brain function lead to disorders of cognition. This monograph is an expanded version of a recent issue of the journal Cognitive Neuropsychology. It presents the most comprehensive existing "case study" of how the effects of damage in connectionist models can replicate the detailed and diverse patterns of cognitive impairments that can arise in humans as a result of brain damage. It begins with a review of the basic methodology of cognitive neuropsychology and of other attempts at modeling neuropsychological phenomena. It then focuses on a particular form of acquired reading disorder, "deep dyslexia," in which previously literate adults with brain damage exhibit a wide range of symptoms in pronouncing written words, the most striking of which is the production of semantic errors (e.g. reading RIVER as "ocean"). A series of simulations investigate the effects of damage in connectionist models that pronounce written words via their meaning. The work systematically explores each main aspect of the design of the models, identifying the basic computational properties that are responsible for the occurrence of deep dyslexia when the models are damaged. Although the investigation concerns a specific form of reading impairment, the computational principles that emerge as critical are very general ones: representation of concepts as distributed patterns of activity, encoding of knowledge in terms of weights on connections between units, interactivity between units to form stable attractors for familiar activity patterns, and greater richness of concrete vs. abstract semantics. The fact that damage to models embodying these principles and damage to the brain can produce strikingly similar behaviour supports the view that the human cognitive system operates according to similar principles.

Applied Clinical Neuropsychology

Author: Jan Leslie Holtz, PhD
Publisher: Springer Publishing Company
ISBN: 0826104754
Size: 26.58 MB
Format: PDF
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"Luring readers in...with meticulously woven clinical vignettes, Holtz masterfully presents the mechanics and the art of neuropsychology....students will appreciate the historical roots of neuropsychology, [and] will understand the multiplex systems of current neuropsychological approaches..." -Nancy S. Koven, PhD Bates College "...there has not been an available text focusing on the application of the basic principles in clinical neuropsychological practice....Finally, a text is available to remedy this problem." -Dennis Andersen, MS, LMHC Eastern Washington University "A valuable introduction to the field of clinical neuropsychology and its terminology, this text fills a void. The reader gains an appreciation for the multifaceted role of the clinical neuropsychologist, not only as an assessor of cognitive functioning but also as a treatment professional." Lauren Littlefield, PhD, Washington College This breakthrough introductory text-unlike all other clinical neuropsychology textbooks on the market-introduces advanced undergraduate students and clinicians in training to the field by showing undergraduate students how clinical neuropsychologists actually practice their craft. The book uncovers the professional issues that clinical neuropsychologists deal with daily, including neurogenerative disorders, acquired disorders, ethical practice issues, interviewing, testing, prognosis and treatment planning, drug prescriptions, and more. Using case studies culled from the author's own clinical work, the book provides students with firsthand accounts of neuropsychology in action. As the first textbook to integrate real, practical applications of neuropsychology, it covers the assessment, diagnosis, and treatment of individuals with brain illness or injury, as opposed to examining brain structures and functions alone. This innovative, application-based approach to neuropsychology is guaranteed to give students a clear, comprehensive understanding of what neuropsychology is and what neuropsychologists do. Key features: Covers core concepts of neuropsychology, including neuroanatomy, neurophysiology, brain structure and function, and disorders of the central nervous system Includes application-based topics not covered in traditional texts, such as: differential diagnosis; individual, group, and family therapy; and psychopharmacology Discusses test theory and evaluation, examining tests of intellectual abilities, memory functioning, and more Extensive instructors' ancillary package available with test questions and nearly 100 illustrations in PowerPoint format

The Neuropsychology Of Mental Illness

Author: Stephen J. Wood
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521862892
Size: 45.82 MB
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Describes neuropsychological approaches to the investigation, description, measurement and management of a wide range of mental illnesses.