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From Prehistoric Villages To Cities

Author: Jennifer Birch
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135045119
Size: 49.70 MB
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Archaeologists have focused a great deal of attention on explaining the evolution of village societies and the transition to a ‘Neolithic’ way of life. Considerable interest has also concentrated on urbanism and the rise of the earliest cities. Between these two landmarks in human cultural development lies a critical stage in social and political evolution. Throughout world, at various points in time, people living in small, dispersed village communities have come together into larger and more complex social formations. These community aggregates were, essentially, middle-range; situated between the earliest villages and emergent chiefdoms and states. This volume explores the social processes involved in the creation and maintenance of aggregated communities and how they brought about revolutionary transformations that affected virtually every aspect of a society and its culture. While there have been a number of studies that address coalescence from a regional perspective, less is understood about how aggregated communities functioned internally. The key premise explored in this volume is that large-scale, long-term cultural transformations were ultimately enacted in the context of daily practices, interactions, and what might be otherwise considered the mundane aspects of everyday life. How did these processes play out "on the ground" in diverse and historically contingent settings? What are the strategies and mechanisms that people adopt in order to facilitate living in larger social formations? What changes in social relations occur when people come together? This volume employs a broadly cross-cultural approach to interrogating these questions, employing case studies which span four continents and more than 10,000 years of human history.

Cretan Cities Formation And Transformation

Author: Florence Gaignerot-Driessen
Publisher: Presses universitaires de Louvain
ISBN: 287558328X
Size: 34.38 MB
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This volume brings together a series of papers reflecting a number of lectures given at the Université catholique de Louvain (UCL) in 2010-2012 in the frame of a seminar entitled La naissance des cités crétoises. Eight Cretan sites (Axos, Phaistos, Prinias, Karphi, Dreros, Azoria, Praisos, and Itanos), recently excavated or re-excavated, are considered in their regional and historical context in order to explore the origin and early development of the Greek city-state on the island.

Killing Civilization

Author: Justin Jennings
Publisher: UNM Press
ISBN: 0826356613
Size: 73.23 MB
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Killing Civilization uses case studies from across the modern and ancient world to develop a new model of incipient urbanism and its consequences.

The Archaeology Of Roman Britain

Author: Adam Rogers
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317633857
Size: 35.46 MB
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Within the colonial history of the British Empire there are difficulties in reconstructing the lives of people that came from very different traditions of experience. The Archaeology of Roman Britain argues that a similar critical approach to the lives of people in Roman Britain needs to be developed, not only for the study of the local population but also those coming into Britain from elsewhere in the Empire who developed distinctive colonial lives. This critical, biographical approach can be extended and applied to places, structures, and things which developed in these provincial contexts as they were used and experienced over time. This book uniquely combines the study of all of these elements to access the character of Roman Britain and the lives, experiences, and identities of people living there through four centuries of occupation. Drawing on the concept of the biography and using it as an analytical tool, author Adam Rogers situates the archaeological material of Roman Britain within the within the political, geographical, and temporal context of the Roman Empire. This study will be of interest to scholars of Roman archaeology, as well as those working in biographical themes, issues of colonialism, identity, ancient history, and classics.

War And Rumours Of War

Author: Julie Wileman
Publisher: British Archaeological Reports Limited
ISBN: 9781407305165
Size: 19.30 MB
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The goal of this study is to examine the potential for the understanding and recognition of the processes and occurrence of prehistoric warfare through the development of a series of correlates, resulting in testable models that can be applied to the archaeological record. Such models need to be flexible and applicable across different periods and in a variety of geographical areas. To this purpose, examples of evidence are included from a wide spectrum of sources. After offering definitions of warfare and considering the nature of its archaeological evidence, the correlates and models will, for comparative purposes, be applied to a number of case studies which are located in later prehistoric societies. This study, therefore, provides models (from the UK, France and the US), for investigation, suggests some areas for research and data-gathering, and highlight potentials and problems for the interpretation of evidence, providing some frameworks for future appreciations of the concept of prehistoric war. If evidence can be sought and recognised for warfare on more extended scales, it may be possible to approach the questions of the prevalence, scale and influence of conflict on the development of societies with a little more certainty. The aim is to encourage further debate on the range of potential evidence and its value in this sphere of archaeological research.

Stress And The City

Author: Mazda Adli
Publisher: C. Bertelsmann Verlag
ISBN: 364116933X
Size: 47.26 MB
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Wie das Großstadtleben unsere Psyche verändert Machen Städte krank? Schadet Stadtleben unserer Psyche? Macht nur Landleben glücklich? Provokante Fragen mit brisantem Hintergrund. Denn 2050 werden rund siebzig Prozent der Weltbevölkerung in Städten leben. Immer mehr Millionenstädte verändern das Gesicht der Erde. Sie sind die Zentren unserer Gesellschaften. Die Menschen profitieren von der Vielfalt, den kulturellen Ressourcen und den Möglichkeiten zur persönlichen Entfaltung. Gleichzeitig prägen Dichte, Lärm, Hektik, Gewalt und Anonymität den urbanen Alltag. Der Arzt und Psychiater Mazda Adli fragt, wie unser Gehirn auf die permanenten Reize in der Stadt reagiert und ob uns sozialer Stadtstress krank machen kann. Urbanisierung, so sein Fazit, wird sich für unsere Gesundheit als mindestens so relevant erweisen wie der Klimawandel. Gesunde Städte zu formen wird deshalb eine immer dringendere sozial- und gesundheitspolitische Notwendigkeit. Adli plädiert für eine Neurourbanistik, einen interdisziplinären Ansatz für Wissenschaft, Kultur und Politik, um neue Visionen für unsere Städte zu entwerfen. Er sagt: Städte sind gut für uns – wir müssen nur lernen, sie zu lebenswerten Orten zu machen.

Cyberidentities At War

Author: Birgit Bräuchler
Publisher: transcript Verlag
ISBN: 3839402875
Size: 68.57 MB
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Konfliktakteure setzen weltweit das Internet in zunehmendem Maße strategisch ein. Lokal ausgetragene Konflikte erhalten so eine neue Dimension: Die veränderte Medialisierung führt zu ihrer Ausdehnung in den globalen Cyberspace. Auf der Grundlage ethnographischer Forschungen zu den Online-Aktivitäten christlicher wie muslimischer Akteure im Molukkenkonflikt (1999-2002) untersucht die Studie Prozesse der Identitätskonstruktion und Gemeinschaftsbildung im Internet. Die Autorin leistet damit einen innovativen Beitrag zur Konflikt- und Internetforschung und ebnet methodisch den Weg für eine neue Cyberethnologie.

Spathellenistische Und Fruhkaiserzeitliche Keramik Aus Priene

Author: Nina Fenn
Publisher: Dr Ludwig Reichert
ISBN: 9783954900954
Size: 30.50 MB
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Priene gilt als Inbegriff einer hellenistischen Stadt Kleinasiens, deren Architektur im Mittelpunkt der bisherigen Veröffentlichungen stand. Mit der vorliegenden Arbeit werden erstmals zwei umfangreiche und repräsentative Fundkomplexe einschließlich aller keramischer Gattungen (Tafel- und Haushaltsgeschirr, Amphoren, Lampen und Ziegel) unter Einbezug archäometrischer Methoden (WD-XRF, Dünnschliff- und Schwermineral Analysen) zur Herkunftsbestimmung der Fundkeramik vorgelegt. Der späthellenistischen Auffüllung aus der Südhalle des Athenaheiligtums ist die frühkaiserzeitliche Planierschicht der Insula E5 innerhalb der nordwestlichen Wohnbebauung gegenübergestellt. Beide Fundkomplexe können als geschlossene Befunde behandelt werden und daher als wichtige Bezugspunkte für Keramikforschung in Kleinasien gelten.