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From Testing To Assessment

Author: Clifford Hill
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317893395
Size: 34.81 MB
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From Testing to Assessment: English as an International Language provides a critical review of conventional and alternative approaches to the assessment of English literacy skills in various parts of the world. It presents empirical studies conducted in three major settings: in countries such as Japan and Brazil where English functions as the language of international commernce; in multilingual countries such as Nigeria and Zimbabwe where English is the national language of education and government; and in such countries as Canada, the United Kingdom and the United States where English is the dominant language. The book opens with a discussion of language assessment in relation to debates about the nature of literacy; it concludes with a discussion of policy implications, which is grounded in literacy theory as well as in practical constraints such as available human and material resources.

Language Testing And Assessment

Author: Caroline Clapham
Publisher: Kluwer Academic Publishers
ISBN: 9780792347026
Size: 68.97 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Each of the 29 reviews in this book provides a state-of-the-art report of research into a different aspect of assessment of first and/or second language ability. There are sections on the testing of individual skills, methods of assessment, quantitative and qualitative approaches to test validation, and the ethics and effects of testing and assessment. The volume is specifically aimed at researchers who are looking for a brief synopsis of past and present research in a specific field, but will also be useful as a general introduction to research in language assessment for applied linguists and language teachers.

Practical Language Testing

Author: Glenn Fulcher
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1444174096
Size: 41.89 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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Practical Language Testing equips you with the skills, knowledge and principles necessary to understand and construct language tests. This intensely practical book gives guidelines on the design of assessments within the classroom, and provides the necessary tools to analyse and improve assessments, as well as deal with alignment to externally imposed standards. Testing is situated both within the classroom and within the larger social context, and readers are provided the knowledge necessary to make realistic and fair decisions about the use and implementation of tests. The book explains the normative role of large scale testing and provides alternatives that the reader can adapt to their own context. This fulfils the dual purpose of providing the reader with the knowledge they need to prepare learners for tests, and the practical skills for using assessment for learning. Practical Language Testing is the ideal introduction for students of applied linguistics, TESOL and modern foreign language teaching as well as practicing teachers required to design or implement language testing programmes. The book is supported by frequently updated online resources at http://languagetesting.info/ including sets of scenarios providing resources to study aviation English assessment, call centre assessment, military language assessment, and medical language assessment. The materials can be used to structure debates and seminars, with pre-reading and video activities. Practical Language Testing was commended as a 2012 runner-up of the prestigious SAGE/ILTA Award for Best Book on Language Testing.

Handbook Of Research In Second Language Teaching And Learning

Author: Eli Hinkel
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 131750836X
Size: 45.62 MB
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Volume III of the Handbook of Research in Second Language Teaching and Learning, like Volumes I and II, is a comprehensive, state-of-the-art overview of current research into social contexts of second language (L2)/foreign language (FL) teaching and learning; language policy; curriculum; types of instruction; incremental language skills such as listening, speaking, reading, writing, vocabulary, and grammar; international communication; pragmatics; assessment and testing. It differs from earlier volumes in its main purpose—to provide a more in-depth discussion and detailed focus on the development of the essential language skills required for any type of communication: speaking, listening, reading, vocabulary, grammar, and writing. Volume III preserves continuity with previous volumes in its coverage of all the classical areas of research in L2/FL teaching and learning and applied linguistics, but rather than offering a historical review of disciplinary traditions, it explores innovations and new directions of research, acknowledges the enormous complexity of teaching and learning the essential language abilities, and offers a diversity of perspectives. Chapter authors are all leading authorities in their disciplinary areas. What’s new in Volume III? Updates the prominent areas of research, including the sub-disciplines addressed in Volumes I and II, and represents the disciplinary mainstays Considers and discusses perspectives held by different schools of thought on the what, the how, and the why of teaching foundational language skills, including theories, pedagogical principles, and their implementation in practice Captures new and ongoing developments and trends in the key areas of L2/FL teaching and learning, and innovative research topics that have gained substantial recognition in current publications, including the role of corpora, technology, and digital literacy in L2/FL teaching and learning Examines new trends in language pedagogy and research, such as an increased societal emphasis on teaching academic language for schooling, somewhat contradictory definitions of literacy, and the growing needs for instruction in intercultural communication.

Diagnosing Foreign Language Proficiency

Author: J. Charles Alderson
Publisher: A&C Black
ISBN: 1441147594
Size: 67.87 MB
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This book addresses the need for tests that can diagnose the strengths and weaknesses in learners' developing foreign language proficiency. It presents the rationale for, and research surrounding, the development of DIALANG, a suite of internet-delivered diagnostic foreign language tests funded by the European Commission. The word 'diagnosis' is common in discussions in language education and applied linguistics, but very few truly diagnostic tests exist. However, the diagnosis of foreign language proficiency is central to helping learners make progress. This volume explores the nature of diagnostic testing, emphasizing the need for a better understanding of the nature of appropriate diagnosis. The book starts with a debate about how diagnostic testing might most appropriately be developed. Charles Alderson argues that the field has neglected to construct diagnostic tests, partly because other forms of testing have dominated the field. Alderson examines how proficiency has been diagnosed in the key areas of language: reading, listening, writing, grammar and vocabulary. The value of self-assessment is discussed and exemplified as a key component in developing learners', and teachers', awareness of the complexity of language learning. The book ends with a consideration of and recommendations for future developments in the diagnosis of foreign language proficiency.

Learning The Language Of Global Citizenship

Author: Adrian J. Wurr
Publisher: Jossey-Bass
ISBN: 9781933371061
Size: 34.43 MB
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While addressing the implications of rising multilingualism in America, Learning the Language of Global Citizenship explores the link between the achievement gap and academic language proficiency, as well as civic literacy and the individuals' motivation for civic engagement. In this book, the authors show how service-learning enhances language learning, international understanding, and global civic participation skills. This is a topical book designed for practical use by service-learning and language educators in applied linguistics and related disciplines such as English, foreign languages, hearing and speech sciences, and TESOL. It introduces readers to current and unique approaches toward research on first- and second-language acquisition, language policy and planning, language testing and methodology, assessment, and bilingualism. The book also raises fundamental questions for undergraduate and graduate courses with social justice themes by considering educational, linguistic, and human rights issues. Learning the Language of Global Citizenship is divided into four parts: Theoretical framework for developing service-learning projects in applied linguistics Domestic service-learning efforts International service-learning efforts Service-learning research reports representing Spanish, TESOL, teacher education, and composition studies The authors make a convincing case for promoting and preparing learners for educated and engaged citizenship in both local and global arenas. Each of the projects and methods they describe emphasizes the importance of second language proficiency for establishing and sustaining academic community partnerships in today's multilingual and multicultural societies.

Dictionary Of Language Testing

Author: Alan Davies
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521658764
Size: 33.52 MB
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This Dictionary of Language Testing contains some 600 entries on language assessment

The Handbook Of Language Teaching

Author: Michael H. Long
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1444350021
Size: 31.84 MB
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Bringing together an international and interdisciplinary team of contributors, this Handbook is a wide-ranging and invaluable reference guide to language teaching. A comprehensive reference work on language teaching, which combines the latest research findings, coverage of core topics, and examples of teaching experience from a variety of languages and settings Provides a unique breadth of coverage, including: the psycholinguistic underpinnings of language learning; social, political, and educational contexts; program design; materials writing and course design; teaching and testing; teacher education; and assessment and evaluation Offers a balanced evaluation of the major positions and approaches, including examining the increasingly important social and political context of language teaching Written by an international and interdisciplinary group of authors from a dozen different countries; English is only one of the many languages used as examples throughout the volume

Aviation English

Author: Dominique Estival
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317339320
Size: 73.38 MB
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Aviation English investigates the key issues related to the use of English for the purpose of communication in aviation and analyses the current research on language training, testing and assessment in the area of Aviation English. Based on a series of recent empirical studies in aviation communication and taking an interdisciplinary approach, this book: provides a description of Aviation English from a linguistic perspective lays the foundation for increased focus in the area of Aviation English and its assessment in the form of English Language Proficiency (ELP) tests critically assesses recent empirical research in the domain. This book makes an important contribution to the development of the field of Aviation English and will be of interest to researchers in the areas of applied linguistics, TESOL and English for Specific Purposes.

Second Language Education

Author: G. Richard Tucker
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780792346401
Size: 74.23 MB
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In many parts of the world, it is common for a child to grow up speaking a local language at home, another in the market place, adding another to her repertoire as a lingua franca, and then adding a language of wider communication such as English or French if she continues her formal schooling. The contributions to the volume examine in some detail diverse aspects of second language education, ranging from a focus on the basic contributions of linguistic theory and research to our understanding of second language learning and teaching on the one hand, to a series of reviews of innovative language education practices in selected regions of the world on the other. For the purposes of this volume, second language education has been defined operationally to encompass education which occurs in those settings and situations in which a dominant language is offered as a second language (e.g., ESL in England or the United States whether as a subject of study or a vehicle through which other material is studied), as well as those cases in which an official, but not necessarily dominant, language is mandated (e.g., French or English in certain parts of the Middle East or the Mahgreb). The contributions also focus mainly, albeit not exclusively, on second language education for school-aged learners.