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Functional Neuromarkers For Psychiatry

Author: Juri D. Kropotov
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0124105203
Size: 30.14 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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Functional Neuromarkers for Psychiatry explores recent advances in neuroscience that have allowed scientists to discover functional neuromarkers of psychiatric disorders. These neuromarkers include brain activation patterns seen via fMRI, PET, qEEG, and ERPs. The book examines these neuromarkers in detail—what to look for, how to use them in clinical practice, and the promise they provide toward early detection, prevention, and personalized treatment of mental disorders. The neuromarkers identified in this book have a diagnostic sensitivity and specificity higher than 80%. They are reliable, reproducible, inexpensive to measure, noninvasive, and have been confirmed by at least two independent studies. The book focuses primarily on the analysis of EEG and ERPs. It elucidates the neuronal mechanisms that generate EEG spontaneous rhythms and explores the functional meaning of ERP components in cognitive tasks. The functional neuromarkers for ADHD, schizophrenia, and obsessive-compulsive disorder are reviewed in detail. The book highlights how to use these functional neuromarkers for diagnosis, personalized neurotherapy, and monitoring treatment results. Identifies specific brain activation patterns that are neuromarkers for psychiatric disorders Includes neuromarkers as seen via fMRI, PET, qEEG, and ERPs Addresses neuromarkers for ADHD, schizophrenia, and OCD in detail Provides information on using neuromarkers for diagnosis and/or personalized treatment

Quantitative Eeg Event Related Potentials And Neurotherapy

Author: Juri D. Kropotov
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 9780080922973
Size: 54.54 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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While the brain is ruled to a large extent by chemical neurotransmitters, it is also a bioelectric organ. The collective study of Quantitative ElectroEncephaloGraphs (QEEG-the conversion of brainwaves to digital form to allow for comparison between neurologically normative and dysfunctional individuals), Event Related Potentials (ERPs - electrophysiological response to stimulus) and Neurotherapy (the process of actually retraining brain processes to) offers a window into brain physiology and function via computer and statistical analyses of traditional EEG patterns, suggesting innovative approaches to the improvement of attention, anxiety, mood and behavior. The volume provides detailed description of the various EEG rhythms and ERPs, the conventional analytic methods such as spectral analysis, and the emerging method utilizing QEEG and ERPs. This research is then related back to practice and all existing approaches in the field of Neurotherapy - conventional EEG-based neurofeedback, brain-computer interface, transcranial Direct Current Stimulation, and Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation - are covered in full. While it does not offer the breadth provided by an edited work, this volume does provide a level of depth and detail that a single author can deliver, as well as giving readers insight into the personl theories of one of the preeminent leaders in the field. Features & Benefits: Provide a holistic picture of quantitative EEG and event related potentials as a unified scientific field. Present a unified description of the methods of quantitative EEG and event related potentials. Give a scientifically based overview of existing approaches in the field of neurotherapy Provide practical information for the better understanding and treatment of disorders, such as ADHD, Schizophrenia, Addiction, OCD, Depression, and Alzheimer's Disease

Quantitative Electroencephalographic Analysis Qeeg Databases For Neurotherapy

Author: Tim Tinius
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9780789004888
Size: 12.63 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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Cutting-edge information on databases for research and clinical practice in neuropathy! Quantitative Electroencephalographic Analysis (QEEG) Databases for Neurotherapy: Description, Validation, and Application examines the strengths and limitations of QEEG databases as a tool for the diagnosis of neurological and psychiatric disorders. This book is written by experts who have had considerable experience in either the development of databases or in working with them. This text can improve your ability to fine-tune existing protocols and develop new ones leading to better treatment, better long-term outcome, and fewer training sessions. Quantitative Electroencephalographic Analysis (QEEG) Databases for Neurotherapy can help you differentiate cognitive states, clinical disorders, and EEG changes throughout the lifespan of a patient. This book also reveals the latest technological developments and methodological practices, and comparisons are made between EEG databases to help you determine what is best for your needs. Several controversies involving quantitative EEGs are discussed, including ethical concerns and early criticisms against the use of these methods for diagnostic purposes. This book addresses important topics such as: the development of methodology for estimating the deviance from the database norms to determine abnormal brain functioning the most widely used QEEG databases—their construction and application as well as a comparison and contrast of their features the creation of a universal set of standards for determining which database is suitable for a researcher’s or practitioner’s needs the use of quantitative EEG and normative databases for clinical purposes—ethical concerns, advantages and limitations, and the proposal for a new clinical approach for neurotherapy the comparison of QEEG reference databases in analysis and in the evaluation of Adult Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Quantitative Electroencephalographic Analysis (QEEG) Databases for Neurotherapy is supplemented with case studies, tables, figures, and graphs to support the experts’ most recent findings. Furthermore, several chapters contain topographic maps to show the effects of these databases in clinical practice. This volume will be helpful to both novice and advanced neurotherapists in professions such as medicine, psychiatry, psychology, social work, nursing, and biofeedback.

Neurofeedback And Neuromodulation Techniques And Applications

Author: Robert Coben
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 9780123822369
Size: 44.32 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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The study of neurofeedback and neuromodulation offer a window into brain physiology and function, suggesting innovative approaches to the improvement of attention, anxiety, pain, mood and behavior. Resources for understanding what neurofeedback and neuromodulation are, how they are used, and to what disorders and patients they can be applied are scarce, and this volume serves as an ideal tool for clinical researchers and practicing clinicians in both neuroscience and psychology to understand techniques, analysis, and their applications to specific patient populations and disorders. The top scholars in the field have been enlisted, and contributions offer both the breadth needed for an introductory scholar and the depth desired by a clinical professional. Includes the practical application of techniques to use with patients Includes integration of neurofeedback with neuromodulation techniques Discusses what the technique is, for which disorders it is effective, and the evidence basis behind its use Written at an appropriate level for clinicians and researchers

Handbook Of Aging And The Social Sciences

Author: Robert H. Binstock
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0080495184
Size: 12.35 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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The Handbook of Aging and the Social Sciences, Sixth Edition provides a comprehensive summary and evaluation of recent research on the social aspects of aging. The 25 chapters are divided into four sections discussing Aging and Time, Aging and Social Structure, Social Factors and Social Institutions, and Aging and Society. Within this context, aging is examined from the perspectives of many disciplines and professions including anthropology, bioethics, demography, economics, epidemiology, law, political science, psychology, and sociology. The Sixth Edition of the Handbook is virtually 100% new material. Seventeen chapters are on subjects not carried in the previous edition. Seven topics were carried over from the previous edition but written by new authors with fresh perspectives and brought up to date. Some of the exciting new topics include social relationships in late life, technological change and aging, religion and aging, lifestyle and aging, perceived quality of life, economic security in retirement, and aging and the law. There is also a greater emphasis on international perspectives, particularly in chapters on aging and politics, diversity and aging, and immigration. The Handbook will be of use to researchers and professional practitioners working with the aged. It is also suitable for use as a course text for graduate and advanced undergraduate courses on aging and the social sciences.

Human And Animal Models For Translational Research On Neurodegeneration Challenges And Opportunities From South America

Author: Agustín Ibáñez
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
ISBN: 2889454940
Size: 69.91 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Neurodegenerative diseases are the most frequent cause of dementia, representing a burden for public health systems (especially in middle and middle-high income countries). Although most research on this issue is concentrated in first-world centers, growing efforts in South America are affording important breakthroughs. This emerging agenda poses new challenges for the region but also new opportunities for the field. This book aims to integrate the community of experts across the globe and the region, and to establish new challenges and developments for future investigation. We present research focused on neurodegenerative research in South America. We introduce studies assessing the interplay among genetic, neural, and behavioral dimensions of these diseases, as well as articles on vulnerability factors, comparisons of findings from various countries, and works promoting multicenter and collaborative networking. More generally, our book covers a broad scope of human-research approaches (behavioral assessment, neuroimaging, electromagnetic techniques, brain connectivity, peripheral measures), animal methodologies (genetics, epigenetics, proteomics, metabolomics, other molecular biology tools), species (all human and non-human animals, sporadic, and genetic versions), and article types (original research, review, and opinion papers). Through this wide-ranging proposal, we hope to introduce a fresh approach to the challenges and opportunities of research on neurodegeneration in South America.

Population Neuroscience

Author: Tomas Paus
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642364500
Size: 42.40 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Is Newton’s brain different from Rembrandt’s? Does a mother’s diet during pregnancy impact brain growth? Do adolescent peers leave a signature in the social brain? Does the way we live in our middle years affect how our brains age? To answer these and many other questions, we can now turn to population neuroscience. Population neuroscience endeavors to identify environmental and genetic factors that shape the function and structure of the human brain; it uses the tools and knowledge of genetics (and the “omics” sciences), epidemiology and neuroscience. This text attempts to provide a bridge spanning these three disciplines so that their practitioners can communicate easily with each other when working together on large-scale imaging studies of the developing, mature and aging brain. By understanding the processes driving variations in brain function and structure across individuals, we will also be able to predict an individual’s risk of (or resilience against) developing a brain disorder. In the long term, the hope is that population neuroscience will lay the foundation for personalized preventive medicine and, in turn, reduce the burden associated with complex, chronic disorders of brain and body.

Low Resolution Brain Electromagnetic Tomography Loreta

Author: Rex Cannon
Publisher:
ISBN: 9780982749814
Size: 40.88 MB
Format: PDF
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Low Resolution Brain Electromagnetic Tomography (LORETA) is a cutting edge, freely available brain imaging software that provides 3-dimensional brain images based on EEG recordings. Dr. Cannon, a highly regarded LORETA specialist and researcher, provides EEG practitioners with this essential and much needed "missing manual" for LORETA. The book starts with an excellent introduction to LORETA and then guides readers through the basic operations of the LORETA and sLORETA software interface and analysis functions. The following chapters then explore clinical applications of LORETA for specific disorders, such as depression and ADHD, LORETA neurofeedback, Brodmann areas, ethical considerations, and more. Presented in a beautiful color, large format, this is the first known published book for the increasingly popular LORETA software and will no doubt become the essential LORETA reference text.

Oxford Handbook Of Transcranial Stimulation

Author: Eric Wassermann
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0198568924
Size: 50.48 MB
Format: PDF
View: 1897
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Transcranial stimulation comprises an important set of techniques for investigating brain function, some of which are showing the promise of treating disease. This book provides the definitive review of the scientific and technical background required to understand transcranial stimulation, for neuroscientists, neurologists, and psychiatrists.