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Fundamentals Of Interface And Colloid Science

Author: J. Lyklema
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080507125
Size: 53.44 MB
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Interface and colloid science is an important, though often under-valued, branch of science. It has applications and ramifications in domains as disparate as agriculture, mineral dressing, oil recovery, chemical industry, biotechnology, medical science, and many more. Proper application of interface and colloid science requires factual knowledge and insight into the many basic laws of physics and chemistry upon which it is based. Fundamentals of Interface and Colloid Science is the first book to cover this field in the depth neccessary to be a valuable reference and an excellent textbook. From the beginning to the end of the book, systems of growing complexity are treated gradually. The presentation is particularly suited to emphasize that interfaces are not autonomous phases. As a rule, interfacial properties can be varied only by changing the adjoining phases, so that the properties of these bulk phases must be understood first. The text also recognizes common principles behind a variety of phenomena, and helps the reader to understand them and to develop and improve processes. The systematic treatment of the material in the book makes this clear, and makes the text itself an important contribution to the field. Systematic treatment of information An excellent addition to volume I Two chapters contributed by other experts in the field Uses a deductive approach to increase the order of complexity Written by a leading expert in the field Two chapters contributed by other outstanding scientists Uses a systematic and deductive approach First comprehensive review of the topic

Electrical Phenomena At Interfaces And Biointerfaces

Author: Hiroyuki Ohshima
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 0470582553
Size: 58.85 MB
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This book bridges three different fields: nanoscience, bioscience, and environmental sciences. It starts with fundamental electrostatics at interfaces and includes a detailed description of fundamental theories dealing with electrical double layers around a charged particle, electrokinetics, and electrical double layer interaction between charged particles. The stated fundamentals are provided as the underpinnings of sections two, three, and four, which address electrokinetic phenomena that occur in nanoscience, bioscience, and environmental science. Applications in nanomaterials, fuel cells, electronic materials, biomaterials, stems cells, microbiology, water purificiaion, and humic substances are discussed.

Surface Charging And Points Of Zero Charge

Author: Marek Kosmulski
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781420051896
Size: 46.70 MB
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The Most Detailed Resource Available on Points of Zero Charge With their work growing in complexity, chemists involved with surface phenomena-related projects have outgrown the common resources available to them on points of zero charge (PZC) of oxides. Reporting on a limited number of materials in a limited number of scenarios, these resources often leave scientists wondering if the variances reported in the results they depend upon are due to actual differences in properties among particular samples or due to differences between isoelectric points (IEP) and points of zero charges obtained by titration. Taking on the monumental task of building a complete reference, Marek Kosmulski, a leading authority in the field of surface chemistry (Hirsch index of 22), takes a new approach to provide chemists with the most detailed resource on the points of zero charge of oxides available to date. Surface Charging and Points of Zero Charge presents PZC data on well-defined specimens of materials sorted by trademark, manufacturer (commercial materials), location (natural materials), and specific recipe (synthetic materials). The text emphasizes the comparison between particular results obtained for different portions of the same or very similar material. Synthesizing information published in research reports over the past few decades, this invaluable reference: Characterizes materials in terms of thermochemical data, chemical composition (level of impurities), crystallographic structure, specific surface area (various methods), particular size, and morphology Provides additional references to more detailed sample characterization (SEM and TEM images, XRD patterns, and particle size distributions) Reviews the PZC and IEP--with all possible details regarding the method, type of instrument, and experimental conditions Pays special attention to correlations of the PZC and IEP with other physical quantities and properties, surface charging in mixed and nonaqueous solvents, surface charging at high ionic strengths, and ion-specificity in 1-1 electrolytes All available sources were used to obtain the data in this reference making it the definitive resource on PZC/IEP. Destined to become a classic, Surface Charging and Points of Zero Charge points the way for further research with tried and true methods that help researchers avoid the doubt that can lead to countless hours of unnecessary research. Erratum for this volume can be found on the author's website.

Electrokinetics For Petroleum And Environmental Engineers

Author: George V. Chilingar
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118842839
Size: 32.12 MB
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Electrokinetics is a term applied to a group of physicochemical phenomena involving the transport of charges, action of charged particles, effects of applied electric potential and fluid transport in various porous media to allow for a desired migration or flow to be achieved. These phenomena include electrokinetics, electroosmosis, ion migration, electrophoresis, streaming potential and electroviscosity. These phenomena are closely related and all contribute to the transport and migration of different ionic species and chemicals in porous media. The physicochemical and electrochemical properties of a porous medium and the pore fluid, and the magnitudes of the applied electrical potential all impact the direction and velocity of the fluid flow. Also, an electrical potential is generated upon the forced passage of fluid carrying charged particles through a porous medium. The use of electrokinetics in the field of petroleum and environmental engineering was groundbreaking when George Chilingar pioneered its use decades ago, but it has only been in recent years that its full potential has been studied. This is the first volume of its kind ever written, offering the petroleum or environmental engineer a practical “how to” book on using electrokinetics for more efficient and better oil recovery and recovery from difficult reservoirs. This groundbreaking volume is a must-have for any petroleum engineer working in the field, and for students and faculty in petroleum engineering departments worldwide.

Surface Chemistry Of Surfactants And Polymers

Author: Bengt Kronberg
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118695984
Size: 27.39 MB
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This book gives the reader an introduction to the field of surfactants in solution as well as polymers in solution. Starting with an introduction to surfactants the book then discusses their environmental and health aspects. Chapter 3 looks at fundamental forces in surface and colloid chemistry. Chapter 4 covers self-assembly and 5 phase diagrams. Chapter 6 reviews advanced self-assembly while chapter 7 looks at complex behaviour. Chapters 8 to 10 cover polymer adsorption at solid surfaces, polymers in solution and surface active polymers, respectively. Chapters 11 and 12 discuss adsorption and surface and interfacial tension, while Chapters 13- 16 deal with mixed surfactant systems. Chapter 17, 18 and 19 address microemulsions, colloidal stability and the rheology of polymer and surfactant solutions. Wetting and wetting agents, hydrophobization and hydrophobizing agents, solid dispersions, surfactant assemblies, foaming, emulsions and emulsifiers and microemulsions for soil and oil removal complete the coverage in chapters 20-25.

Emulsions

Author: Paul Becher
Publisher: An American Chemical Society Publication
ISBN:
Size: 66.89 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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A great introduction to the study and fomulation of emulsions, this book discusses background theory, physical properties of emulsions, theories of emulsion stability and instability, emulsifying agents and their chemistry, formulation procedures and techniques, and industrial applications of emulsification and demulsification.

Soils And Waves

Author: J. Carlos Santamarina
Publisher: Wiley
ISBN: 9780471490586
Size: 56.77 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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J. Carlos Santamarina, Georgia Institute of Technology, USA in collaboration with Katherine A. Klein, University of Toronto, Canada; Moheb A. Fam, Cairo University, Egypt Soils are unique materials. Analogous to all other particulate materials, their properties depend on environmental parameters, such as confinement and fluid characteristics. While their behavior is complex, simple micromechanical analyses at the particle level provide unparalleled insight. Furthermore, elastic and electromagnetic waves can be effectively used to gain complementary information about the particulate medium, leading to unique possibilities for studies in engineering and science, including field applications for site assessment and process monitoring. This book is divided into five parts. The first part dwells on the problem of scale and includes a general introduction to materials. In the second part, the behavior of particulate materials is reviewed, with emphasis on the microscale interpretation of macroscale behavior. Fundamental differences between fine and coarse particulate materials are highlighted. The third and fourth parts center on the propagation of mechanical and electromagnetic waves in particulate materials, addressing phenomena such as stiffness, polarization and losses. These two units include laboratory techniques to measure the elastic and electromagnetic spectral response of particulate materials, and an extensive compilation of experimental data. Finally, the fifth part applies elastic and electromagnetic waves to monitoring process in soils. Emphasis is placed on clear, simple analyses and explanations of complex physical phenomena, making this book ideal for self-study. Furthermore, no other book provides such an in-depth description of soils and their behavior and the interaction of elastic and electromagnetic waves and particulate materials (including material data and experimental methods). Thus, this is an invaluable reference for postgraduates, research scientists and practitioners in geotechnical, civil and environmental engineering, as well as scientists in related areas such as physics, geophysics and materials science.