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Fundamentals Of Salt Water Desalination

Author: H.T. El-Dessouky
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080532127
Size: 17.89 MB
Format: PDF
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Industrial desalination of sea and brackish water is becoming an essential part in providing sustainable sources of fresh water for a larger number of communities around the world. Desalination is a main source of fresh water in the Gulf countries, a number of the Caribbean and Mediterranean Islands, and several municipalities in a large number of countries. As the industry expands there is a pressing need to have a clear and well-written textbook that focuses on desalination fundamentals and other industrial aspects. This book focuses on the processes widely used in industry, which include multistage flash desalination and reverse osmosis. Also, other desalination processes with attractive features and high potential are featured. It includes a large number of solved examples, which are explained in simple and careful matter that allow the reader to follow and understand the development. The data used in the development of the examples and case studies are extracted from existing desalination plants. This title also includes comparisons of model predictions against results reported in literature as well as available experimental and industrial data. Several industries include similar unit operation processes, i.e., evaporators, condensers, flashing units, membrane separation, and chemical treatment. Examples of such industries include wastewater treatment, food, petroleum, petrochemical, power generation, and pulp and paper. Process fundamentals and design procedures of such unit processes follow the same procedures given in this textbook.

Sustainable Design Through Process Integration

Author: Mahmoud M. El-Halwagi
Publisher: Butterworth-Heinemann
ISBN: 0128098244
Size: 41.81 MB
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Sustainable Design through Process Integration: Fundamentals and Applications to Industrial Pollution Prevention, Resource Conservation, and Profitability Enhancement, Second Edition, is an important textbook that provides authoritative, comprehensive, and easy-to-follow coverage of the fundamental concepts and practical techniques on the use of process integration to maximize the efficiency and sustainability of industrial processes. The book is ideal for adoption in process design and sustainability courses. It is also a valuable guidebook to process, chemical, and environmental engineers who need to improve the design, operation, performance, and sustainability of industrial plants. The book covers pressing and high growth topics, including benchmarking process performance, identifying root causes of problems and opportunities for improvement, designing integrated solutions, enhancing profitability, conserving natural resources, and preventing pollution. Written by one of the world’s foremost authorities in integrated process design and sustainability, the new edition contains new chapters and updated materials on various aspects of process integration and sustainable design. The new edition is also packed with numerous new examples and industrial applications. Allows the reader to methodically develop rigorous targets that benchmark the performance of industrial processes then develop cost-effective implementations Contains state-of-the-art process integration and improvement approaches and techniques including graphical, algebraic, and mathematical methods Covers topics and applications that include profitability enhancement, mass and energy conservation, synthesis of innovative processes, retrofitting of existing systems, design and assessment of water, energy, and water-energy-nexus systems, and reconciliation of various sustainability objectives

Common Fundamentals And Unit Operations In Thermal Desalination Systems Volume Iii

Author:
Publisher:
ISBN: 1848264232
Size: 61.28 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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These volumes are part of Encyclopedia of Water Sciences, Engineering and Technology Resources in the global Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS), which is an integrated compendium of twenty one Encyclopedias. The three volumes present state-of-the art subject matter of various aspects of Common Fundamentals and Unit Operations in Thermal Desalination Systems such as: Conventional Water Treatment Technologies; Guidelines for Potable Water Purification; Advanced Treatment Technologies for Recycle - Reuse of Domestic Wastewater; Composition of Desalinated Water; Crystallization; Deep Bed Filtration: Modeling Theory and Practice; Distillation ; Rectification; Flocculation and Flocculation Filtration; Hazardous Waste Treatment Technologies; Microfiltration and Ultrafiltration; Post-Treatment of Distillate and Permeate; Pre-Cleaning Measures: Filtration; Raw Water Pre-Treatment: Sludge Treatment Technologies; Supercritical Extraction; Potential for Industrial Wastewater Reuse; Treatment of Industrial Wastewater by Membrane Bioreactors; Unconventional Sources of Water Supply; Problem of Non-Condensable Gas Release in Evaporators; Entrainment in Evaporators; Mist Eliminators; Chemical Hazards in Seawater Desalination by the Multistage-Flash Evaporation Technique; Concentration of Liquid Foods; Environmental Impact of Seawater Desalination Plants; Environmental Impacts of Intakes and Out Falls; Industrial Ecology, Water Resources, and Desalination; Rural and Urban Water Supply and Sanitation; Sustainable Development, Water Supply and Sanitation Technology These volumes are aimed at the following five major target audiences: University and College Students Educators, Professional Practitioners, Research Personnel and Policy and Decision Makers.

Solar Desalination For The 21st Century

Author: Lucio Rizzuti
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1402055080
Size: 56.87 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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This book of the NATO Science Series presents the state-of-the-art of Desalination Technologies driven by Renewable Energies, highlighting the results achieved in the research field and presenting the potentialities of such technologies. It provides an up-to-date point-of-reference on the topic, giving an extensive overview of the current status of solar desalination, both from the research and industrial point of view.

Common Fundamentals And Unit Operations In Thermal Desalination Systems Volume Ii

Author:
Publisher:
ISBN: 1848264224
Size: 74.37 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
View: 4212
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These volumes are part of Encyclopedia of Water Sciences, Engineering and Technology Resources in the global Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS), which is an integrated compendium of twenty one Encyclopedias. The three volumes present state-of-the art subject matter of various aspects of Common Fundamentals and Unit Operations in Thermal Desalination Systems such as: Conventional Water Treatment Technologies; Guidelines for Potable Water Purification; Advanced Treatment Technologies for Recycle - Reuse of Domestic Wastewater; Composition of Desalinated Water; Crystallization; Deep Bed Filtration: Modeling Theory and Practice; Distillation ; Rectification; Flocculation and Flocculation Filtration; Hazardous Waste Treatment Technologies; Microfiltration and Ultrafiltration; Post-Treatment of Distillate and Permeate; Pre-Cleaning Measures: Filtration; Raw Water Pre-Treatment: Sludge Treatment Technologies; Supercritical Extraction; Potential for Industrial Wastewater Reuse; Treatment of Industrial Wastewater by Membrane Bioreactors; Unconventional Sources of Water Supply; Problem of Non-Condensable Gas Release in Evaporators; Entrainment in Evaporators; Mist Eliminators; Chemical Hazards in Seawater Desalination by the Multistage-Flash Evaporation Technique; Concentration of Liquid Foods; Environmental Impact of Seawater Desalination Plants; Environmental Impacts of Intakes and Out Falls; Industrial Ecology, Water Resources, and Desalination; Rural and Urban Water Supply and Sanitation; Sustainable Development, Water Supply and Sanitation Technology These volumes are aimed at the following five major target audiences: University and College Students Educators, Professional Practitioners, Research Personnel and Policy and Decision Makers.

Ion Exchange Membranes

Author: Yoshinobu Tanaka
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0444663215
Size: 44.90 MB
Format: PDF
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Fundamental study and industrial application of ion exchange membranes started over half a century ago. Through ongoing research and development, ion exchange membrane technology is now applied to many fields and contributes to the improvement of our standard of living. Ion Exchange Membranes, 2nd edition states the ion exchange membrane technology from the standpoint of fundamentals and applications. It discusses not only various phenomena exhibited by membranes but also their applications in many fields with economical evaluations. This second edition is updated and revised, featuring ten expanded chapters. New to this edition is a computer simulation program of ion-exchange membrane electrodialysis for water desalination that provides a guideline for designing, manufacturing and operating a practical-scale electrodialyzer. Meant to replace experiments, this program will be an important asset to those with time and monetary budgets. New edition features ten revised and expanded chapters, providing the latest developments in ion exchange membrane technology Computer simulation program, accessible through a companion website, provides a guideline for designing, manufacturing and operating practical-scale electrodialyzers Attractive visual presentation, including many figures and diagrams

Solar Energy

Author: Garg & Prakash
Publisher: Tata McGraw-Hill Education
ISBN: 9780074636312
Size: 64.86 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Physical Chemical And Biological Aspects Of Water Volume I

Author:
Publisher: EOLSS Publications
ISBN: 1848264240
Size: 23.71 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
View: 7714
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Physical, Chemical and Biological Aspects of Water is a component of Encyclopedia of Water Sciences, Engineering and Technology Resources in the global Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS), which is an integrated compendium of twenty one Encyclopedias. The volume presents state-of-the art subject matter of various aspects of Physical, Chemical And Biological Aspects Of Water such as: Electrochemical Processes; Biological Contamination Of Water; Separation Thermodynamics; Process Thermodynamics; Separation Phenomena In Some Desalination Processes; Thermal Desalination Processes; Membrane-Based Desalination Processes; Some Practical Aspects Of Desalination Processes; Properties Of Natural Waters; Physical And Thermodynamic Properties Of Water In The Liquid Phase; General Characteristics Of Water; An Overview Of Fouling; Biofouling; Composite Fouling, Fundamentals And Mechanisms; Common Foulants in Desalination: Inorganic Salts; Crystallization Fouling; Biological Foulants; Change Of Distiller Performance With Fouling. This volume is aimed at the following five major target audiences: University and College Students Educators, Professional Practitioners, Research Personnel and Policy and Decision Makers

Saline Water Processing

Author: Hans-Günter Heitmann
Publisher: Wiley-VCH
ISBN: 9783527278268
Size: 42.59 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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The desalination of saline and brackish water in countries in climatically dry regions is gaining significance, as increasingly large quantities of desalinated water are required for drinking, irrigation and other purposes. Moreover, independent of geographical conditions, the purification of industrial waste water is of growing importance. In this book a group of process, design, and consulting engineers as well as specialists from the chemical industry present their experience. Their contributions are comprehensive and wide in scope, ranging from the chemical and electrochemical fundamentals of the various processes (such as reverse osmosis, electrodialysis and ultrafiltration) to plant design, plant operations and questions concerning materials of construction. Special emphasis is given to chemical factors necessary to the running of desalination plants. The book is intended for specialists involved in the construction and operation of such plants and for administrative personnel.