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Fundamentals Of Scientific Computing

Author: Bertil Gustafsson
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783642194955
Size: 35.23 MB
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The book of nature is written in the language of mathematics -- Galileo Galilei How is it possible to predict weather patterns for tomorrow, with access solely to today’s weather data? And how is it possible to predict the aerodynamic behavior of an aircraft that has yet to be built? The answer is computer simulations based on mathematical models – sets of equations – that describe the underlying physical properties. However, these equations are usually much too complicated to solve, either by the smartest mathematician or the largest supercomputer. This problem is overcome by constructing an approximation: a numerical model with a simpler structure can be translated into a program that tells the computer how to carry out the simulation. This book conveys the fundamentals of mathematical models, numerical methods and algorithms. Opening with a tutorial on mathematical models and analysis, it proceeds to introduce the most important classes of numerical methods, with finite element, finite difference and spectral methods as central tools. The concluding section describes applications in physics and engineering, including wave propagation, heat conduction and fluid dynamics. Also covered are the principles of computers and programming, including MATLAB®.

Wissenschaftliches Rechnen Mit Matlab

Author: Alfio Quarteroni
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3540293078
Size: 50.62 MB
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Aus den Rezensionen der englischen Auflage: Dieses Lehrbuch ist eine Einführung in das Wissenschaftliche Rechnen und diskutiert Algorithmen und deren mathematischen Hintergrund. Angesprochen werden im Detail nichtlineare Gleichungen, Approximationsverfahren, numerische Integration und Differentiation, numerische Lineare Algebra, gewöhnliche Differentialgleichungen und Randwertprobleme. Zu den einzelnen Themen werden viele Beispiele und Übungsaufgaben sowie deren Lösung präsentiert, die durchweg in MATLAB formuliert sind. Der Leser findet daher nicht nur die graue Theorie sondern auch deren Umsetzung in numerischen, in MATLAB formulierten Code. MATLAB select 2003, Issue 2, p. 50. [Die Autoren] haben ein ausgezeichnetes Werk vorgelegt, das MATLAB vorstellt und eine sehr nützliche Sammlung von MATLAB Funktionen für die Lösung fortgeschrittener mathematischer und naturwissenschaftlicher Probleme bietet. [...] Die Präsentation des Stoffs ist durchgängig gut und leicht verständlich und beinhaltet Lösungen für die Übungen am Ende jedes Kapitels. Als exzellenter Neuzugang für Universitätsbibliotheken- und Buchhandlungen wird dieses Buch sowohl beim Selbststudium als auch als Ergänzung zu anderen MATLAB-basierten Büchern von großem Nutzen sein. Alles in allem: Sehr empfehlenswert. Für Studenten im Erstsemester wie für Experten gleichermassen. S.T. Karris, University of California, Berkeley, Choice 2003.

Scientific Computing

Author: John A. Trangenstein
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319691074
Size: 27.46 MB
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This is the second of three volumes providing a comprehensive presentation of the fundamentals of scientific computing. This volume discusses more advanced topics than volume one, and is largely not a prerequisite for volume three. This book and its companions show how to determine the quality of computational results, and how to measure the relative efficiency of competing methods. Readers learn how to determine the maximum attainable accuracy of algorithms, and how to select the best method for computing problems. This book also discusses programming in several languages, including C++, Fortran and MATLAB. There are 49 examples, 110 exercises, 66 algorithms, 24 interactive JavaScript programs, 77 references to software programs and 1 case study. Topics are introduced with goals, literature references and links to public software. There are descriptions of the current algorithms in LAPACK, GSLIB and MATLAB. This book could be used for a second course in numerical methods, for either upper level undergraduates or first year graduate students. Parts of the text could be used for specialized courses, such as nonlinear optimization or iterative linear algebra.

Introduction To Scientific Computing And Data Analysis

Author: Mark H. Holmes
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319302566
Size: 14.57 MB
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This textbook provides and introduction to numerical computing and its applications in science and engineering. The topics covered include those usually found in an introductory course, as well as those that arise in data analysis. This includes optimization and regression based methods using a singular value decomposition. The emphasis is on problem solving, and there are numerous exercises throughout the text concerning applications in engineering and science. The essential role of the mathematical theory underlying the methods is also considered, both for understanding how the method works, as well as how the error in the computation depends on the method being used. The MATLAB codes used to produce most of the figures and data tables in the text are available on the author’s website and SpringerLink.

Scientific Computing From A Historical Perspective

Author: Bertil Gustafsson
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319698478
Size: 72.91 MB
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This book explores the most significant computational methods and the history of their development. It begins with the earliest mathematical / numerical achievements made by the Babylonians and the Greeks, followed by the period beginning in the 16th century. For several centuries the main scientific challenge concerned the mechanics of planetary dynamics, and the book describes the basic numerical methods of that time. In turn, at the end of the Second World War scientific computing took a giant step forward with the advent of electronic computers, which greatly accelerated the development of numerical methods. As a result, scientific computing became established as a third scientific method in addition to the two traditional branches: theory and experimentation. The book traces numerical methods’ journey back to their origins and to the people who invented them, while also briefly examining the development of electronic computers over the years. Featuring 163 references and more than 100 figures, many of them portraits or photos of key historical figures, the book provides a unique historical perspective on the general field of scientific computing – making it a valuable resource for all students and professionals interested in the history of numerical analysis and computing, and for a broader readership alike.

Meshfree Methods For Partial Differential Equations Viii

Author: Michael Griebel
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319519549
Size: 49.67 MB
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There have been substantial developments in meshfree methods, particle methods, and generalized finite element methods since the mid 1990s. The growing interest in these methods is in part due to the fact that they offer extremely flexible numerical tools and can be interpreted in a number of ways. For instance, meshfree methods can be viewed as a natural extension of classical finite element and finite difference methods to scattered node configurations with no fixed connectivity. Furthermore, meshfree methods have a number of advantageous features that are especially attractive when dealing with multiscale phenomena: A-priori knowledge about the solution’s particular local behavior can easily be introduced into the meshfree approximation space, and coarse scale approximations can be seamlessly refined by adding fine scale information. However, the implementation of meshfree methods and their parallelization also requires special attention, for instance with respect to numerical integration.

Numerische Simulation In Der Molek Ldynamik

Author: Michael Griebel
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 364218779X
Size: 76.57 MB
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Das Buch behandelt Methoden des wissenschaftlichen Rechnens in der Moleküldynamik, einem Bereich, der in vielen Anwendungen der Chemie, der Biowissenschaften, der Materialwissenschaften, insbesondere der Nanotechnologie, sowie der Astrophysik eine wichtige Rolle spielt. Es führt in die wichtigsten Simulationstechniken zur numerischen Behandlung der Newtonschen Bewegungsgleichungen ein. Der Schwerpunkt liegt hierbei auf der schnellen Auswertung kurz- und langreichweitiger Kräfte mittels Linked Cell-, P$/\3$M-, Baum- und Multipol-Verfahren, sowie deren paralleler Implementierung und Lastbalancierung auf Rechensystemen mit verteiltem Speicher. Die einzelnen Kapitel beinhalten darüberhinaus detailierte Hinweise, um die Verfahren Schritt für Schritt in ein Programmpaket umzusetzen. In zahlreichen farbigen Abbildungen werden Simulationsergebnisse für eine Reihe von Anwendungen präsentiert.

Essentials Of Scientific Computing

Author: Victor Zalizniak
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0857099361
Size: 43.78 MB
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Modern development of science and technology is based to a large degree on computer modelling. To understand the principles and techniques of computer modelling, students should first get a strong background in classical numerical methods, which are the subject of this book. This text is intended for use in a numerical methods course for engineering and science students, but will also be useful as a handbook on numerical techniques for research students. Essentials of Scientific Computing is as self-contained as possible and considers a variety of methods for each type of problem discussed. It covers the basic ideas of numerical techniques, including iterative process, extrapolation and matrix factorization, and practical implementation of the methods shown is explained through numerous examples. An introduction to MATLAB is included, together with a brief overview of modern software widely used in scientific computations. Outlines classical numerical methods, which is essential for understanding the principles and techniques of computer modelling Intended for use in a numerical methods course for engineering and science students, but will also be useful as a handbook on numerical techniques for research students Covers the basic ideas of numerical techniques, including iterative process, extrapolation and matrix factorization

Numerische Methoden

Author: Thomas Huckle
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3540303189
Size: 54.99 MB
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Die Neuauflage wurde aktualisiert und Erfahrungen der täglichen Vorlesungspraxis eingearbeitet. Integriert sind neue Bereiche wie Internet und Softwareentwicklung für industrielle Anwendungen. Die dazugehörige interaktive Website ermöglicht es Studierenden die Übungsaufgaben des Buches mit Lösungshilfen selbstständig zu bearbeiten.

Elements Of Scientific Computing

Author: Aslak Tveito
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642112986
Size: 65.78 MB
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Science used to be experiments and theory, now it is experiments, theory and computations. The computational approach to understanding nature and technology is currently flowering in many fields such as physics, geophysics, astrophysics, chemistry, biology, and most engineering disciplines. This book is a gentle introduction to such computational methods where the techniques are explained through examples. It is our goal to teach principles and ideas that carry over from field to field. You will learn basic methods and how to implement them. In order to gain the most from this text, you will need prior knowledge of calculus, basic linear algebra and elementary programming.