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Fungi And Lignocellulosic Biomass

Author: Christian P. Kubicek
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118414489
Size: 31.28 MB
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Harnessing fungi’s enzymatic ability to break down lignocellulolytic biomass to produce ethanol more efficiently and cost-effectively has become a significant research and industrial interest. Fungi and Lignocellulosic Biomass provides readers with a broad range of information on the uses and untapped potential of fungi in the production of bio-based fuels. With information on the molecular biological and genomic aspects of fungal degradation of plant cell walls to the industrial production and application of key fungal enzymes, chapters in the book cover topics such as enzymology of cellulose, hemicelluloses, and lignin degradation. Edited by a leading researcher in the field, Fungi and Lignocellulosic Biomass will be a valuable tool in advancing the development and production of biofuels and a comprehensive resource for fungal biologists, enzymologists, protein chemists, biofuels chemical engineers, and other research and industry professionals in the field of biomass research.

Pretreatment Of Lignocellulosic Biomass For Biofuel Production

Author: Pratima Bajpai
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9811006873
Size: 26.49 MB
Format: PDF
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The book describes the pretreatment of lignocellulosic biomass for biomass-to-biofuel conversion processes, which is an important step in increasing ethanol production for biofuels. It also highlights the main challenges and suggests possible ways to make these technologies feasible for the biofuel industry. The biological conversion of cellulosic biomass into bioethanol is based on the chemical and biological breakdown of biomass into aqueous sugars, for example using hydrolytic enzymes. The fermentable sugars can then be further processed into ethanol or other advanced biofuels. Pretreatment is required to break down the lignin structure and disrupt the crystalline structure of cellulose so that the acids or enzymes can easily access and hydrolyze the cellulose. Pre-treatment can be the most expensive process in converting biomass to fuel, but there is great potential for improving the efficiency and lowering costs through further research and development. This book is aimed at academics and industrial practitioners who are interested in the higher production of ethanol for biofuels.

Fungal Biorefineries

Author: Sachin Kumar
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319903799
Size: 13.27 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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This book covers the applications of fungi used in biorefinery technology. As a great many different varieties of fungal species are available, the text focuses on the various applications of fungi for production of useful products including organic acids (lactic, citric, fumaric); hydrolytic enzymes (amylase, cellulases, xylanases, ligninases, lipases, pectinases, proteases); advanced biofuels (ethanol, single cell oils); polyols (xylitol); single cell protein (animal feed); secondary metabolites; and much more.

Bioenergy

Author: Anju Dahiya
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0124081207
Size: 25.12 MB
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Depleting fossil fuel reserves and adverse effects of fluctuating oil prices have renewed interest in alternative and sustainable sources of energy. Bioenergy: Biomass to Biofuels takes on this topic and examines current and emerging feedstocks and advanced processes and technologies enabling the development of all possible alternative energy sources: solid (wood energy, grass energy, and other biomass), liquid (biodiesel, algae biofuel, ethanol), and gaseous/electric (biogas, syngas, bioelectricity). Divided into seven parts, Bioenergy gives thorough consideration to topics such as feedstocks, biomass production and utilization, life cycle analysis, Energy Return on Invested (EROI), integrated sustainability assessments, conversions technologies, biofuels economics and policy. In addition, contributions from leading industry professionals and academics, augmented by related service-learning case studies and quizzes, provide readers with a comprehensive resource that connect theory to real-world implementation. Provides a comprehensive overview and in-depth technical information of all possible bioenergy resources (solid, liquid, and gaseous), including cutting-edge topics such as advanced fuels and biogas Integrates current state of art coverage from feedstocks to cost-effective conversion processes to biofuels economic analysis and environmental policy Features case studies and quizzes for each section derived from the implementation of actual hands-on biofuel projects as part of service learning.

Fungal Applications In Sustainable Environmental Biotechnology

Author: Diane Purchase
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319428527
Size: 47.51 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Fungi are distinct eukaryotic organisms renowned for their remarkable biodiversity and extensive habitat range. Many fungal species have long been exploited for food and medicines. This volume considers other important applications of fungal biotechnology especially in an environmental context, showcasing the essential contributions of these amazingly versatile organisms. It explores how fungi offer sustainable solutions to tackle various environmental concerns. Written by eminent experts in their fields, this work presents a broad array of current advances and future prospects in fungal environmental biotechnology and discusses their limitations and potential. The book is organized in five parts, each addressing a theme of the UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDG): strengthen food security (Zero Hunger), wastewater treatment (Clean Water & Sanitation), pollution reduction (Life on Land), biofuel production (Affordable & Clean Energy) and biosynthesis of novel biomolecules (Responsible Consumption & Production).

Complex Effect Of Lignocellulosic Biomass Pretreatment With 1 Butyl 3 Methylimidazolium Chloride Ionic Liquid On Various Aspects Of Ethanol And Fumaric Acid Production By Immobilized Cells Within Ssf

Author:
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 27.70 MB
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Highlights: Pretreatment with [Bmim]Cl ionic liquid affects bioprocessing of lignocellulose. The pretreatment boosted both enzymatic hydrolysis and microbial transformation. Traces of [Bmim]Cl inhibited the enzyme activity and microbial productivity. Both yeasts and fungi provided improved transformation of the pretreated biomass. Abstract: The pretreatment of softwood and hardwood samples (spruce and hornbeam wood) with 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium chloride ([Bmim]Cl) was undertaken for further simultaneous enzymatic saccharification of renewable non-food lignocellulosic biomass and microbial fermentation of obtained sugars to ethanol and fumaric acid. A multienzyme cocktail based on cellulases and yeast or fungus cells producing ethanol and fumaric acid were the main objects of [Bmim]Cl influence studies. A complex effect of lignocellulosic biomass pretreatment with [Bmim]Cl on various aspects of the process (both action of cellulases and microbial conversion of hydrolysates to target products) was revealed. Positive effects of the pretreatment with [Bmim]Cl included decreasing the lignin content in the biomass, and increasing the effectiveness of enzymatic hydrolysis and microbial transformation of pretreated biomass. Immobilized cells of both yeasts and fungi possessed improved productive characteristics in the biotransformation of biomass pretreated with [Bmim]Cl to ethanol and fumaric acid.

Single Cell Protein Production From Lignocellulosic Biomass

Author: Pratima Bajpai
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9811058733
Size: 35.72 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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This book focuses on bioconversion of lignocellulosic residues into single-cell protein, which offers an alternative to conventional proteins (such as soybean meal, egg protein or meat protein in animal feed) that is not affected by the climate. It provides an overview of the general uses of lignocellulosic residues and their bioconversion into single-cell protein using microorganisms, as well as the recovery of the valuable by-products. It also explores the benefits and potential drawbacks of single-cell protein, with an emphasis on the economic advantages of such processes. Given its multidisciplinary scope, the book represents a valuable resource for academics and industry practitioners interested in the production of single-cell protein from lignocellulosic residues.

Advances In Computational Biology

Author: Luis F. Castillo
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3319015680
Size: 47.11 MB
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This volume compiles accepted contributions for the 2nd Edition of the Colombian Computational Biology and Bioinformatics Congress CCBCOL, after a rigorous review process in which 54 papers were accepted for publication from 119 submitted contributions. Bioinformatics and Computational Biology are areas of knowledge that have emerged due to advances that have taken place in the Biological Sciences and its integration with Information Sciences. The expansion of projects involving the study of genomes has led the way in the production of vast amounts of sequence data which needs to be organized, analyzed and stored to understand phenomena associated with living organisms related to their evolution, behavior in different ecosystems, and the development of applications that can be derived from this analysis.

Glycoside Hydrolases Advances In Research And Application 2012 Edition

Author:
Publisher: ScholarlyEditions
ISBN: 1464992738
Size: 55.27 MB
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Glycoside Hydrolases—Advances in Research and Application: 2012 Edition is a ScholarlyEditions™ eBook that delivers timely, authoritative, and comprehensive information about Glycoside Hydrolases. The editors have built Glycoside Hydrolases—Advances in Research and Application: 2012 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Glycoside Hydrolases in this eBook to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Glycoside Hydrolases—Advances in Research and Application: 2012 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.

Mycofactories

Author: Ana Lcia Monteiro Duro Leito
Publisher: Bentham Science Publishers
ISBN: 1608052230
Size: 69.25 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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Fungi are extremely versatile microorganisms as a biotechnology tool having the advantage of being relatively easy to grow, thus making them suitable for large scale production. Fungi have been successfully employed for biotransformations ranging from food manufacturing to drug design. Mycofactories comprise a substantial share of significant current research in the area of fungal biotechnology, and constitutes an effort to compile high level research in this domain. Topics include applications of fungi as a main source for the production of enzymes, manufacture of food derivatives, pigments and additives, and applications in bioremediation.