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G Protein Coupled Receptors

Author:
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0128036125
Size: 33.75 MB
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G-Protein-Coupled Receptors: Signaling, Trafficking, and Regulation, a new volume in the Methods in Cell Biology series continues the legacy of this premier serial with quality chapters authored by leaders in the field. This volume covers research methods in G-Protein-Coupled Receptors, and includes sections on such topics signaling, trafficking and regulation. Covers the increasingly appreciated cell biology field of G-protein-coupled receptors Includes both established and new technologies Contributed by experts in the field Covers topics such as signaling, trafficking, and regulation

Ramps

Author: William S. Spielman
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461423643
Size: 76.10 MB
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Among the many GPCRs discovered, the calcitonin family of receptors comprise of members that regulate a number of physiological processes and are involved in many pathological conditions. Therefore, understanding how these receptors function is a critical question in the field. When Foord and his colleagues discovered that a single transmembrane protein called Receptor Activity Modifying Proteins (RAMPs) could modulate the surface expression of GPCRs of the calcitonin family, it widely opened the field of receptor life cycle. Hundreds of studies have confirmed the importance of RAMPs in the life cycle of this receptor family. Receptor biology is a rapidly expanding field and with the advances in cell and molecular biology and in vivo techniques, it is very likely that the field of RAMPs will explode further and many unanswered questions will be answered with in the next few years.

Regulation Of G Protein Coupled Receptor Function And Expression

Author: Jeffrey L. Benovic
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 18.87 MB
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Recent advances in molecular and cell biology enabling the cloning, expression, and mutagenesis of signal transduction proteins has prompted an explosion of knowledge in the field of receptor regulation, facilitating the discovery of new classes of regulatory proteins, and providing a basis and means for manipulating receptor function through multiple intracellular targets. This volume covers methods used to examine how the function(s) of receptors are regulated. Understanding how to regulate the function and expression of these receptors is critical in determining how to modify receptors and to translocating receptors away from the cell surface and its recycling. Individual chapters focus on specific techniques used to characterize receptors (epitope tagging, measurement and analysis of receptor phosphorylation, analysis of the kinetics of receptor desensitization, and assessment of receptor/G protein coupling); the role of regulatory proteins (receptor kinases and phosphatases, arrestins) in modulating receptor function; and the methods used to measure receptor trafficking (ligand binding, immunofluoresence) and expression (transcriptional and translational regulation). * Covers a broad range of important concepts and methodologies which are current in the study of G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) * G-protein coupled receptors make up over 40% of the current pharmacological targets * Provides detailed protocols for executing various strategies and offers informed judgments as to what approaches are and aren't useful * Volume Editor, Jeffrey Benovic, is a dominant world leader in the study of receptor regulation of GPCR kinases and is highly respected in the field

Cell Migration In Inflammation And Immunity

Author: Daniele D'Ambrosio
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1592594352
Size: 28.61 MB
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Cell migration is now well recognized as a critical component of the inflammatory disease process, so that its proper understanding promises to generate both ground-breaking basic discoveries and the development of novel therapeutics. In Cell Migration in Inflammation and Immunity: Methods and Protocols, leading cell biologists and immunologists present their most widely useful and innovative techniques for studying the molecular and cellular basis of this phenomenon. Describing each method in step-by-step detail, the authors provide a series of focused, cutting-edge techniques proceeding from the in vitro analysis of cell migration and the molecular mechanisms underlying this process, to methodologies for the analysis of cell migration in vivo. Methods for the analysis of rapid leukocyte adhesion under flow conditions in vitro are described, which may prove especially fruitful for scientists exploring the molecular mechanisms underlying both vascular recognition and leukocyte-endothelium interaction. Experimental approaches useful in establishing the role of cell migration in the pathogenesis of both acute and chronic inflammatory diseases are emphasized. Each fully tested protocol includes an introduction explaining the principle behind the technique, equipment and reagent lists, and tips on troubleshooting and how to avoid known pitfalls. Comprehensive and cutting-edge, Cell Migration in Inflammation and Immunity: Methods and Protocols offers novice and experienced investigators alike a collection of powerful techniques for studying the molecular basis and pathophysiological significance of cell migration in inflammatory and immune diseases, as well as for the development of novel therapeutics.

Structural Genomics On Membrane Proteins

Author: Kenneth H. Lundstrom
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1420016083
Size: 47.10 MB
Format: PDF
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While the genomic revolution has quickly led to the deposit of more than 30,000 structures in the protein data bank (PDB), less than one percent of those contributions represent membrane proteins despite the fact that membrane proteins constitute some 20 percent of all proteins. This discrepancy becomes significantly troublesome when it is coupled with the fact that 60 percent of current drugs are based on targeting this group of proteins, a trend that does not seem likely to reverse. Structural Genomics on Membrane Proteins provides an excellent overview on novel research in bioinformatics and modeling on membranes, as well as the latest technological developments being employed in expression, purification, and crystallography to obtain high-resolution structures on membrane proteins. This cutting-edge work also explains the difficulties facing researchers—both technical and ethical—that have slowed the process. Structural Genomics on Membrane Proteins provides researchers with an unprecedented look at the novel technologies that will ultimately allow them to conquer the last frontier in structural biology, leading to accelerated breakthroughs in drug discovery.

Pediatric Endocrinology E Book

Author: Mark A. Sperling
Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences
ISBN: 1455759732
Size: 73.44 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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In a single, convenient volume, Pediatric Endocrinology offers complete coverage of all aspects of basic science and clinical practice, ideal for both pediatricians and endocrinologists. Pediatric endocrinology expert Dr. Mark Sperling teams up with world-renowned authors to bring you up to date with the latest key developments in every area of the field, providing invaluable guidance on how your clinical decision making will be affected by today’s technological and scientific advances. Consult this title on your favorite e-reader, conduct rapid searches, and adjust font sizes for optimal readability. Determine the best possible course for every patient with easy-to-follow algorithms in every clinical chapter. Stay up to date with today’s hottest topics, including neonatal diabetes mellitus, Type II childhood diabetes, molecular endocrinology, and genetics. Explore the impact of today’s advances and challenges, including explosive growth in molecular biology, sophisticated imaging techniques, and an increase in both pediatric diabetes and obesity. Quickly access the information you need with a new, streamlined organization (Concepts, Endocrine Disorders of the Newborn, Endocrine Disorders of Childhood and Adolescence, and Laboratory Tests and Imaging).

Knobil And Neill S Physiology Of Reproduction

Author: Tony M. Plant
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 012397769X
Size: 32.95 MB
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The Fourth Edition of Knobil & Neill continues to serve as a reference aid for research, to provide the historical context to current research, and most importantly as an aid for graduate teaching on a broad range of topics in human and comparative reproduction. In the decade since the publication of the last edition, the study of reproductive physiology has undergone monumental changes. Chief among these advances are in the areas of stem cell development, signaling pathways, the role of inflammation in the regulatory processes in the various tissues, and the integration of new animal models which have led to a greater understanding of human disease. The new edition synthesizes all of this new information at the molecular, cellular, and organismal levels of organization and present modern physiology a more understandable and comparative context. The Fourth Edition has been extensively revised, reflecting new fundamental advancements in this rapidly advancing field. Provides a common language for researchers across the fields of physiology, endocrinology, and biology to discuss their understanding of reproduction. Saves academic researchers time in quickly accessing the very latest details on reproductive physiology, as opposed to searching through thousands of journal articles.

Cholesterol Regulation Of Ion Channels And Receptors

Author: Irena Levitan
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118342305
Size: 49.14 MB
Format: PDF
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Examines new research on the role of cholesterol inregulating ion channels and receptors and its effect onhealth Drawing together and analyzing all the latest research findings,this book explores the role of cholesterol in the regulation of ionchannels and receptors, including its pathological effects. It isthe first book to comprehensively describe the complex mechanismsby which cholesterol regulates two major classes of membraneproteins. Moreover, it sheds new light on how cholesterol affectsessential cellular functions such as the contraction of the heart,propagation of nerve impulses, and regulation of blood pressure andkidney function. Written and edited by leading pioneers in the field,Cholesterol Regulation of Ion Channels and Receptors isdivided into three parts: Part I, Cholesterol Regulation of Membrane Properties,introduces the heterogeneity of cholesterol distribution inbiological membranes and the physical and biological implicationsof the formation of cholesterol-rich membrane domains. Part II, Cholesterol Regulation of Ion Channels,examines the mechanisms underlying cholesterol sensitivities of ionchannels, including the regulation of ion channels by cholesterolas a boundary lipid. Part III, Cholesterol Regulation of Receptors, exploresthe latest discoveries concerning how cholesterol regulatesdistinct types of receptors, including G-protein coupled receptors,LDL and scavenger receptors, and innate immune systemreceptors. Increased levels of cholesterol represent a major health risk.Understanding cholesterol regulation of ion channels and receptorsis essential for facilitating the development of new therapeuticstrategies to alleviate the impact of pathological cholesterolconditions. With this book as their guide, readers have access tothe most current knowledge in the field.

The Journal Of Cell Biology

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Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 19.89 MB
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No. 2, pt. 2 of November issue each year from v. 19 (1963)-47 (1970) and v. 55 (1972)- contain the Abstracts of papers presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Society for Cell Biology, 3d (1963)-10th (1970) and 12th (1972)-