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Gaining Freedoms

Author: Berna Turam
Publisher: Stanford University Press
ISBN: 0804794529
Size: 19.23 MB
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Gaining Freedoms reveals a new locus for global political change: everyday urban contestation. Cities are often assumed hotbeds of socio-economic division, but this assessment overlooks the importance of urban space and the everyday activities of urban life for empowerment, emancipation, and democratization. Through proximity, neighborhoods, streets, and squares can create unconventional power contestations over lifestyle and consumption. And through struggle, negotiation, and cooperation, competing claims across groups can become platforms to defend freedom and rights from government encroachments. Drawing on more than seven years of fieldwork in three contested urban sites—a downtown neighborhood and a university campus in Istanbul, and a Turkish neighborhood in Berlin—Berna Turam shows how democratic contestation echoes through urban space. Countering common assumptions that Turkey is strongly polarized between Islamists and secularists, she illustrates how contested urban space encourages creative politics, the kind of politics that advance rights, expression, and representation shared between pious and secular groups. Exceptional moments of protest, like the recent Gezi protests which bookend this study, offer clear external signs of upheaval and disruption, but it is the everyday contestation and interaction that forge alliances and inspire change. Ultimately, Turam argues that the process of democratization is not the reduction of conflict, but rather the capacity to form new alliances out of conflict.

Istanbul

Author: Nora Fisher-Onar
Publisher: Rutgers University Press
ISBN: 0813589126
Size: 22.92 MB
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Istanbul explores how to live with difference through the prism of an age-old, cutting-edge city whose people have long confronted the challenge of sharing space with the Other. Located at the intersection of trade networks connecting Europe, Asia, and Africa, Istanbul is western and eastern, northern and southern, religious and secular. Heir of ancient empires, Istanbul is the premier city of a proud nation-state even as it has become a global city of multinational corporations, NGOs, and capital flows. Rather than exploring Istanbul as one place at one time, the contributors to this volume focus on the city’s experience of migration and globalization over the last two centuries. Asking what Istanbul teaches us about living with people whose hopes jostle with one’s own, contributors explore the rise, collapse, and fragile rebirth of cosmopolitan conviviality in a once and future world city. The result is a cogent, interdisciplinary exchange about an urban space that is microcosmic of dilemmas of diversity across time and space.

States And Nations Power And Civility

Author: Francesco G. Duina
Publisher: University of Toronto Press
ISBN: 1487502370
Size: 74.50 MB
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In this volume, twelve leading sociologists and historians leverage the conceptual work of John A. Hall to explore the complex and profoundly consequential relationship between states, nations, power, and civility.

Secular Bodies Affects And Emotions

Author: Monique Scheer
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 1350065234
Size: 43.96 MB
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Taking its cue from the study of 'lived religion', Secular Bodies, Affects and Emotions shows how the idea of a secular public is equally marked by a display and cultivation of affect and emotions. Whereas it is widely agreed that religion is often saturated by emotion, the secular is usually treated as a neutral background serving as the domain of public, rational deliberation. This book demonstrates that secularity and secularism are also upheld by bodily practices and emotional attachments. Drawing on empirical case studies, this is the first book to ask and explore whether a secular body exists. Building on the work of Talal Asad, the book argues that the secular is not an absence of religion, but a positive entity that comes about through its co-constitutive relationship with religion. And, once we attune ourselves to recognizing its operations as grammar which structures social practice, writing an anthropology of the secular could become a new possibility.

Historical Dictionary Of Turkey

Author: Metin Heper
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
ISBN: 1538102250
Size: 46.12 MB
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This fourth edition of Historical Dictionary of Turkey contains a chronology, an introduction, appendixes, and an extensive bibliography. The dictionary section has over 900 cross-referenced entries on important personalities, politics, economy, foreign relations, religion, and culture.

Eine Kurze Geschichte Der Menschheit

Author: Yuval Noah Harari
Publisher: DVA
ISBN: 364110498X
Size: 29.47 MB
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Krone der Schöpfung? Vor 100 000 Jahren war der Homo sapiens noch ein unbedeutendes Tier, das unauffällig in einem abgelegenen Winkel des afrikanischen Kontinents lebte. Unsere Vorfahren teilten sich den Planeten mit mindestens fünf weiteren menschlichen Spezies, und die Rolle, die sie im Ökosystem spielten, war nicht größer als die von Gorillas, Libellen oder Quallen. Vor 70 000 Jahren dann vollzog sich ein mysteriöser und rascher Wandel mit dem Homo sapiens, und es war vor allem die Beschaffenheit seines Gehirns, die ihn zum Herren des Planeten und zum Schrecken des Ökosystems werden ließ. Bis heute hat sich diese Vorherrschaft stetig zugespitzt: Der Mensch hat die Fähigkeit zu schöpferischem und zu zerstörerischem Handeln wie kein anderes Lebewesen. Anschaulich, unterhaltsam und stellenweise hochkomisch zeichnet Yuval Harari die Geschichte des Menschen nach und zeigt alle großen, aber auch alle ambivalenten Momente unserer Menschwerdung.

Neger Neger Schornsteinfeger

Author: Hans J. Massaquoi
Publisher: S. Fischer Verlag
ISBN: 3104002991
Size: 38.15 MB
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***Spannend wie ein Abenteuerroman*** Als Sohn einer weißen Mutter und eines schwarzen Vaters wächst Hans-Jürgen Massaquoi in großbürgerlichen Verhältnissen in Hamburg auf. Doch eines Tages verlässt der Vater das Land. Hans-Jürgen und seine Mutter bleiben zurück und ziehen in ein Arbeiterviertel. Als die Nazis die Macht übernehmen, verändert sich ihr Leben grundlegend ... Hans J. Massaquoi beschreibt in seiner außergewöhnlichen Autobiographie seine Kindheit und Jugend zwischen 1926 und 1948 als einer der wenigen schwarzen Deutschen in diesem Land.

Die Deutschen Und Der Orient

Author: Joseph Croitoru
Publisher: Carl Hanser Verlag GmbH Co KG
ISBN: 3446262717
Size: 56.60 MB
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Die Deutschen stehen seit Jahrhunderten in regem Austausch mit der islamischen Welt. Und doch sind sie hin- und hergerissen zwischen Faszination und Verachtung. Für Joseph Croitoru öffnet sich dieser Zwiespalt schon im Zeitalter der Aufklärung. Bei Staatsmännern wie Friedrich dem Großen, Denkern wie Herder und Autoren wie Lessing finden sich Klischees, die uns noch heute begegnen: Luxus und Reichtum, Falschheit und Faulheit. Die Aufklärung war aber doch mit dem Anspruch angetreten, sich des eigenen Verstandes zu bedienen? Dieses Buch ist ein Appell, in der Auseinandersetzung mit dem islamischen Orient endlich den Maximen der Aufklärung gerecht zu werden – was heute dringender nottut denn je.