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Gangs In America S Communities

Author: James C. Howell
Publisher: SAGE Publications
ISBN: 1544300212
Size: 13.71 MB
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Gangs in America's Communities, Third Edition blends theory with current research to help you identify essential features associated with youth violence and gangs, as well as apply strategies for gang control and prevention. Authors Dr. James C. Howell and Dr. Elizabeth Griffiths introduce you to theories of gang formation, illustrate various ways of defining and classifying gangs, and discuss national trends in gang presence and gang-related violence across American cities. They also offer evidence-based strategies for positioning communities to prevent, intervene, and address gang activity. New to the Third Edition: A series of new case studies document the evolution of numerous gangs in large cities, including the community aspect, evolutionary nature, and how cities influence levels of violence. New discussions highlighting the role of social media, insights into how gangs use it to recruit members, and the response from law enforcement. Current nationwide gang trends are discussed to encourage you to analyze and interpret the most recent statistics for which representative data is available. Updated macro and micro gang theories enable you to explore a recent encapsulation of leading developmental models. New discussions around female gang members offer you potentially effective programs for discouraging females from joining gangs—along with highly regarded delinquency prevention and reduction programs that have the potency to be effective in reducing gang crimes among young women. A comprehensive gang prevention, intervention, and suppression program in Multnomah County, Oregon shows how theory was successfully applied to reduce gang activity in a local community. New research on “gang structures” and their rates of crime illustrate the connections between violent crimes and the amount of violent offenders within a gang. Additional discussion of distinguishing features (e.g., typologies) of major gangs, and numerous examples of gang symbols, tattoos, and graffiti has been added to help readers identify and differentiate various types of gangs.

Gangs In America Iii

Author: C. Ronald Huff
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 9780761924241
Size: 32.31 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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As communities face ever-growing gang-related problems, Gangs in America III provides the most up-to-date information on the diverse perspectives and complex issues that arise in our efforts to understand, prevent, and control gang violence and crime.

Zerozerozero

Author: Roberto Saviano
Publisher: Carl Hanser Verlag GmbH Co KG
ISBN: 3446245782
Size: 80.79 MB
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Sieben Jahre nach dem Welterfolg von "Gomorrha" legt Roberto Saviano nun eine bahnbrechende Reportage über Kokain vor. Millionen Menschen sind abhängig von der Droge, weltweit und quer durch alle Gesellschaftsschichten. Allein in Deutschland liegen die Zahlen bei knapp einer Million. Die geheimen Geldströme, die das "weiße Erdöl" entfesselt, destabilisieren mittlerweile ganze Wirtschaftssysteme. Saviano, der Zugang zu den brisantesten Quellen hat, lässt die unterschiedlichsten Betroffenen zu Wort kommen: den Pusher, den infiltrierten Agenten, die Schönheitskönigin, den Broker. Ein alarmierendes Buch von grandioser Wucht, das zum ersten Mal das Phänomen in seiner ganzen Breite aufzeigt und einen Appell an die Öffentlichkeit richtet – weil Kokain uns alle angeht.

The History Of Street Gangs In The United States

Author: James C. Howell
Publisher: Lexington Books
ISBN: 1498511333
Size: 79.42 MB
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This book contains a history of the origins of youth gangs and the transformation of these into street gangs that often are connected to prison gangs in large American cities. Importantly, the street gang problem has not decreased in seriousness in the past decade even though the U.S. has seen a sharp drop in violent crime.

The Handbook Of Gangs

Author: Scott H. Decker
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118726782
Size: 51.84 MB
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Pulling together the most salient, current issues in the field today, The Handbook of Gangs provides a significant assessment by leading scholars of key topics related to gangs, gang members, and responses to gangs. • Chapters cover a wide array of the most prominent issues in the field of gangs, written by scholars who have been leaders in developing new ways of thinking about the topics • Delivers cutting-edge reviews of the current state of research and practice and addresses where the field has been, where it is today and where it should go in the future • Includes extensive coverage of the individual theories of delinquency and provides special emphasis on policy and prevention program implications in the study of gangs • Offers a broad understanding of how other countries deal with gangs and their response to gangs, including Great Britain, Latin America, Australia and Europe • Chapters covering the legacies of four pioneers in gang research—Malcolm W. Klein, Walter B. Miller, James F. Short Jr., and Irving A. Spergel

Gang Life In Two Cities

Author: Robert J. Durán
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 023153096X
Size: 71.34 MB
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Refusing to cast gangs in solely criminal terms, Robert J. Durán, a former gang member turned scholar, recasts such groups as an adaptation to the racial oppression of colonization in the American Southwest. Developing a paradigm rooted in ethnographic research and almost two decades of direct experience with gangs, Durán completes the first-ever study to follow so many marginalized groups so intensely for so long, revealing their core characteristics, behavior, and activities within two unlikely American cities. Durán spent five years in Denver, Colorado, and Ogden, Utah, conducting 145 interviews with gang members, law enforcement officers, prosecutors, and other relevant individuals. From his research, he constructs a comparative outline of the emergence and criminalization of Latino youth groups, the ideals and worlds they create, and the reasons for their persistence. He also underscores the failures of violent gang suppression tactics, which have only further entrenched these groups within the barrio. Encouraging cultural activists and current and former gang members to pursue grassroots empowerment, Durán proposes new solutions to racial oppression that challenge and truly alter the conditions of gang life.

Gangs

Author: Scott Cummings
Publisher: SUNY Press
ISBN: 9780791413265
Size: 76.81 MB
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This book is an examination of contemporary gangs in American cities. Gangs have proliferated over the past ten years and pose a new set of challenges to public officials, law enforcement agencies, and urban educators. Most major cities are now confronted with serious problems derived from gang violence, drug traffic, and disruption of the public educational system. In the face of deindustrialization and deepening recession, many minority youngsters view gangs as attractive alternatives to a futile search for employment in a deteriorating urban economy. Perhaps most significant, gangs are now beginning to emerge in small and medium-sized cities. Some of the nation’s leading scientists and scholars have been brought together in this book to examine the contemporary contours of America’s gang problem, including Daniel J. Monti, Joan Moore, Scott Cummings, Howard Pinderhughes, Diego Vigil, Ray Hutchison, Felix Padilla, Jerome H. Skolnick, Pat Jackson, and Robert A. Destro. New material dealing with wilding gangs, migration and drug trafficking, and public educational disruption appear in this volume. Other topics covered include how gangs are organized, what social function they serve, their relation to conventional society, and the social and psychological factors that contribute to their rise. The relationship of the contemporary gang problem to past research is explored, and a rich variety of case histories and comparative analysis is presented. The book also includes a section on public policy.

I M Being Targeted By A Gang Now What

Author: Martin Gitlin
Publisher: The Rosen Publishing Group, Inc
ISBN: 1508171912
Size: 76.34 MB
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The dangers of gang activity are a persistent problem. In response to the potential glamor and rebellion a gang can represent for some young people, this compelling guide explores the dangers of gang involvement, the negative impact it can have on one’s future, and ways to avoid recruitment. This fundamental, practical guide empowers readers’ abilities to say no and stay out of trouble and focused on their future. There are resources and practical tips to help readers stay off gangs’ radars and to improve their community against the pressures of gang presence and activity.