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Gangs In America S Communities

Author: James C. Howell
Publisher: SAGE Publications
ISBN: 1483379744
Size: 48.43 MB
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Gangs in America's Communities offers a comprehensive, up-to-date, and theoretically grounded approach to gangs and associated youth violence. Authors Dr. James C. Howell and Dr. Elizabeth Griffiths introduce readers to the foundations of gang studies through the origins of gangs, definitions and categories of youth/street gangs, transnational as well as prison gangs (and the distinctions between these arguably different types), national trends in gang presence and gang-related violence across American cities, distinguishing attributes of serious street gangs, and myths and realities. Students and instructors will benefit from the Second Edition’s comprehensive treatment of the state of the literature on individual-level causes and consequences of gang membership. Going beyond the traditional topics covered in most texts in the market, this book uniquely describes specific gang patterns, trends, and cultures within a group-based structure while illuminating the most promising avenues for reducing the presence and seriousness of gangs in American communities.

Gangs In America S Communities

Author: James C. Howell
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 1412979536
Size: 66.94 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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This book provides a comprehensive, up-to-date, and theoretically-grounded approach to gangs and youth violence. It covers significant topics of interest to gang scholars and practitioners and, in doing so, serves to prepare students to work with gang members, develop and manage anti-gang programs, or engage in scholarly endeavors. The book introduces readers to the foundations of gang studies through the origins of gangs, definitions and categories of youth/street gangs (and the distinctions between these arguably different types), national and international trends, distinguishing features of serious street gangs, what works with gangs and what doesn’t, and myths and realities. James Howell’s extensive experience in this area allows access to the most authoritative national survey data on gang trends, providing insight into topics such as female gangs, migration of gang members, small-town gangs versus the major adult gangs in large cities, gang homicides and drug trafficking.

Gang Life In Two Cities

Author: Robert J. Durán
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 023153096X
Size: 56.37 MB
Format: PDF
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Refusing to cast gangs in solely criminal terms, Robert J. Durán, a former gang member turned scholar, recasts such groups as an adaptation to the racial oppression of colonization in the American Southwest. Developing a paradigm rooted in ethnographic research and almost two decades of direct experience with gangs, Durán completes the first-ever study to follow so many marginalized groups so intensely for so long, revealing their core characteristics, behavior, and activities within two unlikely American cities. Durán spent five years in Denver, Colorado, and Ogden, Utah, conducting 145 interviews with gang members, law enforcement officers, prosecutors, and other relevant individuals. From his research, he constructs a comparative outline of the emergence and criminalization of Latino youth groups, the ideals and worlds they create, and the reasons for their persistence. He also underscores the failures of violent gang suppression tactics, which have only further entrenched these groups within the barrio. Encouraging cultural activists and current and former gang members to pursue grassroots empowerment, Durán proposes new solutions to racial oppression that challenge and truly alter the conditions of gang life.

Corrections A Text Reader

Author: Mary K. Stohr
Publisher: SAGE Publications
ISBN: 1452289921
Size: 13.63 MB
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Corrections: A Text/Reader, Second Edition is designed for undergraduate and/or graduate corrections courses. Organized like a traditional corrections text, it offers brief authored introductions in a mini-chapter format for each key Section, followed by carefully selected and edited original articles by leading scholars. This hybrid format – ensuring coverage of important material while emphasizing the significance of contemporary research - offers an excellent alternative which recognizes the impact and importance of new directions and policy in this field, and how these advances are determined by research.

Youth Gangs And Community Intervention

Author: Robert Chaskin
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 0231519311
Size: 78.56 MB
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Although a range of program and policy responses to youth gangs exist, most are largely based on suppression, implemented by the police or other criminal justice agencies. Less attention and fewer resources have been directed to prevention and intervention strategies that draw on the participation of community organizations, schools, and social service agencies in the neighborhoods in which gangs operate. Also underemphasized is the importance of integrating such approaches at the local level. In this volume, leading researchers discuss effective intervention among youth gangs, focusing on the ideas behind, approaches to, and evidence about the effectiveness of community-based, youth gang interventions. Treating community as a crucial unit of analysis and action, these essays reorient our understanding of gangs and the measures undertaken to defeat them. They emphasize the importance of community, both as a context that shapes opportunity and as a resource that promotes positive youth engagement. Covering key themes and debates, this book explores the role of social capital and collective efficacy in informing youth gang intervention and evaluation, the importance of focusing on youth development within the context of community opportunities and pressures, and the possibilities of better linking research, policy, and practice when responding to youth gangs, among other critical issues.

No Colors

Author: Bobby Kipper
Publisher: Morgan James Publishing
ISBN: 1614481008
Size: 16.23 MB
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A vital guide to keeping gangs and youth violence out of your community—including one hundred ways to keep your kids safe. No community wants to admit it has a gang problem, but the unwillingness to address youth violence can have tragic consequences. This book—and the significant research on which it is based—represents many voices, experiences, and community efforts in the battle against our national gang crisis. It is an inspiring guide to preventing the epidemic of youth violence from destroying our families and eroding our neighborhoods. No Colors gives citizens, community and business leaders, elected and appointed officials, educators, and clergy a set of best practices to help municipalities stand against gangs. The good news is that many cities are winning this battle for the minds and hearts of our kids. These success stories are highlighted to help you shape your community’s plan. Find out how you can “gang proof” your schools and recognize early warning signs, broaden your role beyond punishment to rewarding interventions, and use faith-based initiatives to save your children. At the very least, this book will inform you. It will likely enlighten you. And if you are open to its compelling message, it may even move you to action.

Empowerment

Author: Henry G. Cisneros
Publisher: DIANE Publishing
ISBN: 9780788135019
Size: 36.42 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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Presents an entirely different approach to the problems and opportunities of America's cities. Attempts to return work and responsibility to America's distressed urban communities. This new plan is grounded in 4 principles: linking families to work, leveraging private investment in our cities, it is locally driven, and it affirms traditional values (such as: hard work, family, and self-reliance). Contents: the community empowerment agenda, metropolitan America in the 1990s, a firm foundation for economic growth, expanding access to opportunities, and a new vision for a community empowerment partnership.