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Gene Expression Studies Using Affymetrix Microarrays

Author: Hinrich Gohlmann
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781420065169
Size: 44.36 MB
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The Affymetrix GeneChip® system is one of the most widely adapted microarray platforms. However, due to the overwhelming amount of information available, many Affymetrix users tend to stick to the default analysis settings and may end up drawing sub-optimal conclusions. Written by a molecular biologist and a biostatistician with a combined decade of experience in practical expression profiling experiments and data analyses, Gene Expression Studies Using Affymetrix Microarrays tears down the omnipresent language barriers among molecular biology, bioinformatics, and biostatistics by explaining the entire process of a gene expression study from conception to conclusion. Truly Multidisciplinary: Merges Molecular Biology, Bioinformatics, and Biostatistics This authoritative resource covers important technical and statistical pitfalls and problems, helping not only to explain concepts outside the domain of researchers, but to provide additional guidance in their field of expertise. The book also describes technical and statistical methods conceptually with illustrative, full-color examples, enabling those inexperienced with gene expression studies to grasp the basic principles. Gene Expression Studies Using Affymetrix Microarrays provides novices with a detailed, yet focused introductory course and practical user guide. Specialized experts will also find it useful as a translation dictionary to understand other involved disciplines or to get a broader picture of microarray gene expression studies in general. Although focusing on Affymetrix gene expression, this globally relevant guide covers topics that are equally useful for other microarray platforms and other Affymetrix applications.

Computational Blood Cell Mechanics

Author: Ivan Cimrak
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 135137866X
Size: 49.62 MB
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Simulating blood cells for biomedical applications is a challenging goal. Whether you want to investigate blood flow behavior on the cell scale, or use a blood cell model for fast computational prototyping in microfluidics, Computational Blood Cell Mechanics will help you get started, and show you the path forward. The text presents a step-by-step approach to cell model building that can be adopted when developing and validating models for biomedical applications, such as filtering and sorting cells, or examining flow and deformations of individual cells under various conditions. It starts with basic building-blocks that, together, model the red blood cell membrane according to its physical properties, before moving on to discuss several issues that may pose problems along the way, and finally leads to suggestions on how to set up computational experiments.

Stochastic Modelling For Systems Biology Third Edition

Author: Darren J. Wilkinson
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1351000896
Size: 27.36 MB
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Since the first edition of Stochastic Modelling for Systems Biology, there have been many interesting developments in the use of "likelihood-free" methods of Bayesian inference for complex stochastic models. Having been thoroughly updated to reflect this, this third edition covers everything necessary for a good appreciation of stochastic kinetic modelling of biological networks in the systems biology context. New methods and applications are included in the book, and the use of R for practical illustration of the algorithms has been greatly extended. There is a brand new chapter on spatially extended systems, and the statistical inference chapter has also been extended with new methods, including approximate Bayesian computation (ABC). Stochastic Modelling for Systems Biology, Third Edition is now supplemented by an additional software library, written in Scala, described in a new appendix to the book. New in the Third Edition New chapter on spatially extended systems, covering the spatial Gillespie algorithm for reaction diffusion master equation models in 1- and 2-d, along with fast approximations based on the spatial chemical Langevin equation Significantly expanded chapter on inference for stochastic kinetic models from data, covering ABC, including ABC-SMC Updated R package, including code relating to all of the new material New R package for parsing SBML models into simulatable stochastic Petri net models New open-source software library, written in Scala, replicating most of the functionality of the R packages in a fast, compiled, strongly typed, functional language Keeping with the spirit of earlier editions, all of the new theory is presented in a very informal and intuitive manner, keeping the text as accessible as possible to the widest possible readership. An effective introduction to the area of stochastic modelling in computational systems biology, this new edition adds additional detail and computational methods that will provide a stronger foundation for the development of more advanced courses in stochastic biological modelling.

Statistics And Data Analysis For Microarrays Using R And Bioconductor Second Edition

Author: Sorin Drăghici
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1439809763
Size: 42.40 MB
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Richly illustrated in color, Statistics and Data Analysis for Microarrays Using R and Bioconductor, Second Edition provides a clear and rigorous description of powerful analysis techniques and algorithms for mining and interpreting biological information. Omitting tedious details, heavy formalisms, and cryptic notations, the text takes a hands-on, example-based approach that teaches students the basics of R and microarray technology as well as how to choose and apply the proper data analysis tool to specific problems. New to the Second Edition Completely updated and double the size of its predecessor, this timely second edition replaces the commercial software with the open source R and Bioconductor environments. Fourteen new chapters cover such topics as the basic mechanisms of the cell, reliability and reproducibility issues in DNA microarrays, basic statistics and linear models in R, experiment design, multiple comparisons, quality control, data pre-processing and normalization, Gene Ontology analysis, pathway analysis, and machine learning techniques. Methods are illustrated with toy examples and real data and the R code for all routines is available on an accompanying CD-ROM. With all the necessary prerequisites included, this best-selling book guides students from very basic notions to advanced analysis techniques in R and Bioconductor. The first half of the text presents an overview of microarrays and the statistical elements that form the building blocks of any data analysis. The second half introduces the techniques most commonly used in the analysis of microarray data.

Meta Analysis And Combining Information In Genetics And Genomics

Author: Rudy Guerra
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 158488522X
Size: 27.41 MB
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Novel Techniques for Analyzing and Combining Data from Modern Biological Studies Broadens the Traditional Definition of Meta-Analysis With the diversity of data and meta-data now available, there is increased interest in analyzing multiple studies beyond statistical approaches of formal meta-analysis. Covering an extensive range of quantitative information combination methods, Meta-analysis and Combining Information in Genetics and Genomics looks at how to analyze multiple studies from a broad perspective. After presenting the basic ideas and tools of meta-analysis, the book addresses the combination of similar data types: genotype data from genome-wide linkage scans and data derived from microarray gene expression experiments. The expert contributors show how some data combination problems can arise even within the same basic framework and offer solutions to these problems. They also discuss the combined analysis of different data types, giving readers an opportunity to see data combination approaches in action across a wide variety of genome-scale investigations. As heterogeneous data sets become more common, biological understanding will be significantly aided by jointly analyzing such data using fundamentally sound statistical methodology. This book provides many novel techniques for analyzing data from modern biological studies that involve multiple data sets, either of the same type or multiple data sources.

Modeling Dose Response Microarray Data In Early Drug Development Experiments Using R

Author: Dan Lin
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642240070
Size: 30.11 MB
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This book focuses on the analysis of dose-response microarray data in pharmaceutical settings, the goal being to cover this important topic for early drug development experiments and to provide user-friendly R packages that can be used to analyze this data. It is intended for biostatisticians and bioinformaticians in the pharmaceutical industry, biologists, and biostatistics/bioinformatics graduate students. Part I of the book is an introduction, in which we discuss the dose-response setting and the problem of estimating normal means under order restrictions. In particular, we discuss the pooled-adjacent-violator (PAV) algorithm and isotonic regression, as well as inference under order restrictions and non-linear parametric models, which are used in the second part of the book. Part II is the core of the book, in which we focus on the analysis of dose-response microarray data. Methodological topics discussed include: • Multiplicity adjustment • Test statistics and procedures for the analysis of dose-response microarray data • Resampling-based inference and use of the SAM method for small-variance genes in the data • Identification and classification of dose-response curve shapes • Clustering of order-restricted (but not necessarily monotone) dose-response profiles • Gene set analysis to facilitate the interpretation of microarray results • Hierarchical Bayesian models and Bayesian variable selection • Non-linear models for dose-response microarray data • Multiple contrast tests • Multiple confidence intervals for selected parameters adjusted for the false coverage-statement rate All methodological issues in the book are illustrated using real-world examples of dose-response microarray datasets from early drug development experiments.

Systems Biology For Signaling Networks

Author: Sangdun Choi
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781441957979
Size: 26.56 MB
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System Biology encompasses the knowledge from diverse fields such as Molecular Biology, Immunology, Genetics, Computational Biology, Mathematical Biology, etc. not only to address key questions that are not answerable by individual fields alone, but also to help in our understanding of the complexities of biological systems. Whole genome expression studies have provided us the means of studying the expression of thousands of genes under a particular condition and this technique had been widely used to find out the role of key macromolecules that are involved in biological signaling pathways. However, making sense of the underlying complexity is only possible if we interconnect various signaling pathways into human and computer readable network maps. These maps can then be used to classify and study individual components involved in a particular phenomenon. Apart from transcriptomics, several individual gene studies have resulted in adding to our knowledge of key components that are involved in a signaling pathway. It therefore becomes imperative to take into account of these studies also, while constructing our network maps to highlight the interconnectedness of the entire signaling pathways and the role of that particular individual protein in the pathway. This collection of articles will contain a collection of pioneering work done by scientists working in regulatory signaling networks and the use of large scale gene expression and omics data. The distinctive features of this book would be: Act a single source of information to understand the various components of different signaling network (roadmap of biochemical pathways, the nature of a molecule of interest in a particular pathway, etc.), Serve as a platform to highlight the key findings in this highly volatile and evolving field, and Provide answers to various techniques both related to microarray and cell signaling to the readers.

Statistical Analysis Of Gene Expression Microarray Data

Author: Terry Speed
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9780203011232
Size: 37.36 MB
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Although less than a decade old, the field of microarray data analysis is now thriving and growing at a remarkable pace. Biologists, geneticists, and computer scientists as well as statisticians all need an accessible, systematic treatment of the techniques used for analyzing the vast amounts of data generated by large-scale gene expression studies. And there is arguably no group better qualified to do so than the authors of this book. Statistical Analysis of Gene Expression Microarray Data promises to become the definitive basic reference in the field. Under the editorship of Terry Speed, some of the world's most pre-eminent authorities have joined forces to present the tools, features, and problems associated with the analysis of genetic microarray data. These include:: Model-based analysis of oligonucleotide arrays, including expression index computation, outlier detection, and standard error applications Design and analysis of comparative experiments involving microarrays, with focus on \ two-color cDNA or long oligonucleotide arrays on glass slides Classification issues, including the statistical foundations of classification and an overview of different classifiers Clustering, partitioning, and hierarchical methods of analysis, including techniques related to principal components and singular value decomposition Although the technologies used in large-scale, high throughput assays will continue to evolve, statistical analysis will remain a cornerstone of their success and future development. Statistical Analysis of Gene Expression Microarray Data will help you meet the challenges of large, complex datasets and contribute to new methodological and computational advances.

Bioinformatics

Author: Shui Qing Ye
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781584888116
Size: 58.71 MB
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An emerging, ever-evolving branch of science, bioinformatics has paved the way for the explosive growth in the distribution of biological information to a variety of biological databases, including the National Center for Biotechnology Information. For growth to continue in this field, biologists must obtain basic computer skills while computer specialists must possess a fundamental understanding of biological problems. Bridging the gap between biology and computer science, Bioinformatics: A Practical Approach assimilates current bioinformatics knowledge and tools relevant to the omics age into one cohesive, concise, and self-contained volume. Written by expert contributors from around the world, this practical book presents the most state-of-the-art bioinformatics applications. The first part focuses on genome analysis, common DNA analysis tools, phylogenetics analysis, and SNP and haplotype analysis. After chapters on microarray, SAGE, regulation of gene expression, miRNA, and siRNA, the book presents widely applied programs and tools in proteome analysis, protein sequences, protein functions, and functional annotation of proteins in murine models. The last part introduces the programming languages used in biology, website and database design, and the interchange of data between Microsoft Excel and Access. Keeping complex mathematical deductions and jargon to a minimum, this accessible book offers both the theoretical underpinnings and practical applications of bioinformatics.

Kompendium Systembiologie

Author: Andreas Kremling
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3834886076
Size: 49.34 MB
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Das Buch beschreibt die Grundlagen der mathematischen Modellierung zellulärer Systeme. Nach einer Klassifikation von Modellen wird schwerpunktmäßig auf deterministische Modelle eingegangen und für alle relevanten zellulären Prozesse entsprechende Gleichungen angegeben. Anschließend werden eine Reihe von Verfahren zur Modellanalyse vorgestellt. Etwas kürzer werden Verfahren zum Reverse Engineering und zur Analyse von Netzwerkgraphen abgehandelt. Am Ende werden noch Verfahren der Parameteridentifikation besprochen.