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General Relativity And The Einstein Equations

Author: Yvonne Choquet-Bruhat
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199230722
Size: 70.66 MB
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General Relativity has passed all experimental and observational tests to model the motion of isolated bodies with strong gravitational fields, though the mathematical and numerical study of these motions is still in its infancy. It is believed that General Relativity models our cosmos, with a manifold of dimensions possibly greater than four and debatable topology opening a vast field of investigation for mathematicians and physicists alike. Remarkable conjectures have been proposed, many results have been obtained but many fundamental questions remain open. In this monograph, aimed at researchers in mathematics and physics, the author overviews the basic ideas in General Relativity, introduces the necessary mathematics and discusses some of the key open questions in the field.

Exact Space Times In Einstein S General Relativity

Author: Jerry B. Griffiths
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139481169
Size: 41.26 MB
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Einstein's theory of general relativity is a theory of gravity and, as in the earlier Newtonian theory, much can be learnt about the character of gravitation and its effects by investigating particular idealised examples. This book describes the basic solutions of Einstein's equations with a particular emphasis on what they mean, both geometrically and physically. Concepts such as big bang and big crunch-types of singularities, different kinds of horizons and gravitational waves, are described in the context of the particular space-times in which they naturally arise. These notions are initially introduced using the most simple and symmetric cases. Various important coordinate forms of each solution are presented, thus enabling the global structure of the corresponding space-time and its other properties to be analysed. The book is an invaluable resource both for graduate students and academic researchers working in gravitational physics.

Exact Solutions Of Einstein S Field Equations

Author: Hans Stephani
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9781139435024
Size: 67.98 MB
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A paperback edition of a classic text, this book gives a unique survey of the known solutions of Einstein's field equations for vacuum, Einstein-Maxwell, pure radiation and perfect fluid sources. It introduces the foundations of differential geometry and Riemannian geometry and the methods used to characterize, find or construct solutions. The solutions are then considered, ordered by their symmetry group, their algebraic structure (Petrov type) or other invariant properties such as special subspaces or tensor fields and embedding properties. Includes all the developments in the field since the first edition and contains six completely new chapters, covering topics including generation methods and their application, colliding waves, classification of metrics by invariants and treatments of homothetic motions. This book is an important resource for graduates and researchers in relativity, theoretical physics, astrophysics and mathematics. It can also be used as an introductory text on some mathematical aspects of general relativity.

The Cauchy Problem In General Relativity

Author: Hans Ringström
Publisher: European Mathematical Society
ISBN: 9783037190531
Size: 40.73 MB
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"The general theory of relativity is a theory of manifolds equipped with Lorentz metrics and fields which describe the matter content. Einstein's equations equate the Einstein tensor (a curvature quantity associated with the Lorentz metric) with the stress energy tensor (an object constructed using the matter fields). In addition, there are equations describing the evolution of the matter. Using symmetry as a guiding principle, one is naturally led to the Schwarzschild and Friedmann-Lemaãitre-Robertson-Walker solutions, modelling an isolated system and the entire universe respectively. In a different approach, formulating Einstein's equations as an initial value problem allows a closer study of their solutions. This book first provides a definition of the concept of initial data and a proof of the correspondence between initial data and development. It turns out that some initial data allow non-isometric maximal developments, complicating the uniqueness issue. The second half of the book is concerned with this and related problems, such as strong cosmic censorship. The book presents complete proofs of several classical results that play a central role in mathematical relativity but are not easily accessible to those wishing to enter the subject. Prerequisites are a good knowledge of basic measure and integration theory as well as the fundamentals of Lorentz geometry. The necessary background from the theory of partial differential equations and Lorentz geometry is included."--Publisher's description.

The Mathematical Theory Of Black Holes

Author: Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780198503705
Size: 47.10 MB
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Part of the reissued Oxford Classic Texts in the Physical Sciences series, this book was first published in 1983, and has swiftly become one of the great modern classics of relativity theory. It represents a personal testament to the work of the author, who spent several years writing and working-out the entire subject matter. The theory of black holes is the most simple and beautiful consequence of Einstein's relativity theory. At the time of writing there was no physical evidence for the existence of these objects, therefore all that Professor Chandrasekhar used for their construction were modern mathematical concepts of space and time. Since that time a growing body of evidence has pointed to the truth of Professor Chandrasekhar's findings, and the wisdom contained in this book has become fully evident.

Quantum Gravity In 2 1 Dimensions

Author: Steven Carlip
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521545884
Size: 33.19 MB
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The first comprehensive survey of (2+1)-dimensional quantum gravity - for graduate students and researchers.

On The Topology And Future Stability Of The Universe

Author: Hans Ringström
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191669784
Size: 30.64 MB
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The standard starting point in cosmology is the cosmological principle; the assumption that the universe is spatially homogeneous and isotropic. After imposing this assumption, the only freedom left, as far as the geometry is concerned, is the choice of one out of three permissible spatial geometries, and one scalar function of time. Combining the cosmological principle with an appropriate description of the matter leads to the standard models. It is worth noting that these models yield quite a successful description of our universe. However, even though the universe may, or may not, be almost spatially homogeneous and isotropic, it is clear that the cosmological principle is not exactly satisfied. This leads to several questions. The most natural one concerns stability: given initial data corresponding to an expanding model of the standard type, do small perturbations give rise to solutions that are similar to the future? Another question concerns the shape of the universe: what are the restrictions if we only assume the universe to appear almost spatially homogeneous and isotropic to every observer? The main purpose of the book is to address these questions. However, to begin with, it is necessary to develop the general theory of the Cauchy problem for the Einstein-Vlasov equations. In order to to make the results accessible to researchers who are not mathematicians, but who are familiar with general relativity, the book contains an extensive prologue putting the results into a more general context.

Black Hole Uniqueness Theorems

Author: Markus Heusler
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521567350
Size: 58.83 MB
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A self-contained introduction to the mathematical theory of black holes.

Conformal Methods In General Relativity

Author: Juan A. Valiente Kroon
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1316688070
Size: 27.83 MB
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This book offers a systematic exposition of conformal methods and how they can be used to study the global properties of solutions to the equations of Einstein's theory of gravity. It shows that combining these ideas with differential geometry can elucidate the existence and stability of the basic solutions of the theory. Introducing the differential geometric, spinorial and PDE background required to gain a deep understanding of conformal methods, this text provides an accessible account of key results in mathematical relativity over the last thirty years, including the stability of de Sitter and Minkowski spacetimes. For graduate students and researchers, this self-contained account includes useful visual models to help the reader grasp abstract concepts and a list of further reading, making this the perfect reference companion on the topic.

Advanced General Relativity

Author: John Stewart
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521449465
Size: 46.40 MB
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A self-contained introduction to advanced general relativity.