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Genes A Philosophical Inquiry

Author: Gordon Graham
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134527551
Size: 20.95 MB
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'It's all in the genes'. Is this true, and if so, what is all in the genes? Genes: A Philosophical Inquiry is a crystal clear and highly informative guide to a debate none of us can afford to ignore. Beginning with a much-needed overview of the relationship between science and technology, Gordon Graham lucidly explains and assesses the most important and controversial aspects of the genes debate: Darwinian theory and its critics, the idea of the 'selfish' gene, evolutionary psychology, memes, genetic screening and modification, including the risks of cloning and 'designer' babies. He considers areas often left out of the genes debate, such as the environmental risks of genetic engineering and how we should think about genes in the wider context of debates on science, knowledge and religion. Gordon Graham asks whether genetic engineering might be introducing God back into the debate and whether the risks of a brave new genetic world outweigh the potential benefits. Essential reading for anyone interested in science, technology, and philosophy, Genes: A Philosophical Inquiry is ideal for those wanting to find out more about the ethical implications of genetics and the future of biotechnology.

The Philosophical Inquiry

Author: Claudio Ferreira Costa
Publisher: University Press of America
ISBN: 9780761823179
Size: 73.88 MB
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Develops a "global theory" on the nature of philosophy.

Enzyklop Die Philosophie Und Wissenschaftstheorie

Author: Jürgen Mittelstraß
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3476001350
Size: 62.79 MB
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Philosophie und Wissenschaftstheorie in über 4.400 Artikeln von A bis Z. Lückenlos belegt das größte allgemeine Lexikon zur Philosophie in deutscher Sprache den heutigen Kenntnisstand: alle zentralen Begriffe, alle wichtigen Theorien, alle prägenden Philosophen. Was ist neu in der 2. Auflage? Über 400 zusätzliche Artikel dokumentieren die jüngste Entwicklung in Logik, Erkenntnis- und Wissenschaftstheorie sowie Sprachphilosophie. In der Neuauflage, erweitert auf acht Bände, liefert die Enzyklopädie zusätzlich aktuelle und ausführliche Literaturhinweise und vollständige Werkverzeichnisse auf dem jüngsten Stand. Jetzt legt der Herausgeber den 3. Band der Enzyklopädie vor. Rund 100 neue Artikel sind im Band G bis J enthalten. Darunter die Einträge: Stephen Hawking, Alexander von Humboldt, Roman Jakobson, Theodor Gomperz, Genetik, Gesundheit, Hirnforschung und Interdisziplinarität. Gehört auf den Schreibtisch eines jeden, der sich mit Philosophie und Wissenschaftstheorie beschäftigt.

Pragmatism And Human Genetic Engineering

Author: Glenn McGee
Publisher: Universal-Publishers
ISBN: 9781581120202
Size: 77.32 MB
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William James and John Dewey insisted that pragmatic philosophy finds meaning in its struggle to deal with emergent social problems. Ironically, few have attempted to use pragmatism to articulate methods for ameliorating social difficulties. This dissertation attempts to do just that by putting James' and Dewey's philosophy to work on the moral and scientific problems associated with genetic engineering and the Human Genome Project. The intention is to demonstrate the usefulness of a pragmatic approach to applied ethics and philosophy of biology. The work of proponents and critics of genetic engineering is examined, including LeRoy Hood, Hans Jonas, Leon Kass, Robert Nozick, Jeremy Rifkin, Robyn Rowland, and Paul Ramsey. It is concluded that excessive optimism and pessimism about genetic engineering rests primarily on two errors. The first, basic to the Genome Project, is that organisms are essentially determined by their genes, and that the expression of genes is identical across human populations. I draw both on Richard Lewontin and on Dewey's Logic: The Theory of Inquiry to argue that the formation of human natures is instead the result of a fluid and interpenetrative relationship between hereditary information and varying environmental conditions. Organisms express DNA in different ways under different circumstances, and DNA itself is modified by exposure to mutagens. The second error prevalent in the literature is the belief that genetic engineering is uniquely problematic, requiring a new kind of ethics. To counter the received view, I detail numerous cases in the history of biology and philosophy in which humans have faced moral choices similar to those present in the new genetics. In addition, I resituate new reproductive decisions in the context of everyday problems faced by parents in society, arguing that the hopes and choices of parents provide a matrix within which genetic decisions can be made. I caution against the expansion of genetic diagnosis, and detail some of the greatest real dangers present in positive genetic engineering. Finally, I suggest pragmatic alternatives to positive genetic engineering, including education and health care reform.

Philosophical Problems Of Space And Time

Author: Adolf Grünbaum
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 940102622X
Size: 74.53 MB
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It is ten years since Adolf Griinbaum published the first edition of this book. It was promptly recognized to be one of the few major works in the philosophy of the natural sciences of this generation. In part, this is so because Griinbaum has chosen a problem basic both to philosophy and to the natural sciences - the nature of space and time; and in part, this is so because he so admirably exemplifies that Aristotelian devotion to the intimate and mutual dependence of actual science and philosophical understanding. More than this, however, the quality of his work derives from his achievement in combining detail with scope. The problems of space and time have been among the most difficult in contemporary and classical thought, and Griinbaum has been responsible to the full depth and complexity of these difficulties. This revised and enlarged second edition is a work in progress, in the tradition of reflective analysis of modern science of such figures as Ehrenfest and Reichenbach. In publishing this work among the Boston Studies in the Philosophy of Science, we hope to contribute to and encourage that broad tradition of natural philosophy which is marked by the close collaboration of philoso phers and scientists. To this end, we have published the proceedings of our Colloquia, of meetings and conferences here and abroad, as well as the works of single authors.

Sex From Plato To Paglia A L

Author: Alan Soble
Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group
ISBN: 9780313334245
Size: 72.80 MB
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More than 150 alphabetically arranged entries on topics, thinkers, religions, movements, and concepts locate sexuality in its humanistic and social contexts.

Inquiries Philosophical

Author: Steven H. Propp
Publisher: iUniverse
ISBN: 1475900538
Size: 22.45 MB
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Does God exist? Is there life after death? Do we have free wills? What is consciousness? Are animals and computers "conscious"? Do we always think in words? Are people "illogical"? When can things be "proved"? What is the difference between "knowledge" and "belief"? Can widely differing philosophies of life all be "correct"? What is "time"? Can the universe explain itself? Is there a "purpose" to the universe? Is beauty merely subjective? Is art "worthwhile"? Are emotions "irrational"? Is history going someplace? Should we have governments? Are the Ten Commandments a sufficient guide for our conduct? Is the Golden Rule useful for personal morality? Should happiness be our goal? Are there "absolute" moral standards? Were the Nazis "wrong"? How is philosophy different from science and religion? How do I know I'm not just dreaming all of this? These are just some of the questions raised in this wide-ranging and thought-provoking book. Whether you agree or disagree with the answers suggested, you'll find the discussions challenging and intellectually stimulating.