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The Oxford Handbook Of Genocide Studies

Author: Donald Bloxham
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191613614
Size: 58.66 MB
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Genocide has scarred human societies since Antiquity. In the modern era, genocide has been a global phenomenon: from massacres in colonial America, Africa, and Australia to the Holocaust of European Jewry and mass death in Maoist China. In recent years, the discipline of 'genocide studies' has developed to offer analysis and comprehension. The Oxford Handbook of Genocide Studies is the first book to subject both genocide and the young discipline it has spawned to systematic, in-depth investigation. Thirty-four renowned experts study genocide through the ages by taking regional, thematic, and disciplinary-specific approaches. Chapters examine secessionist and political genocides in modern Asia. Others treat the violent dynamics of European colonialism in Africa, the complex ethnic geography of the Great Lakes region, and the structural instability of the continent's northern horn. South and North America receive detailed coverage, as do the Ottoman Empire, Nazi-occupied Europe, and post-communist Eastern Europe. Sustained attention is paid to themes like gender, memory, the state, culture, ethnic cleansing, military intervention, the United Nations, and prosecutions. The work is multi-disciplinary, featuring the work of historians, anthropologists, lawyers, political scientists, sociologists, and philosophers. Uniquely combining empirical reconstruction and conceptual analysis, this Handbook presents and analyses regions of genocide and the entire field of 'genocide studies' in one substantial volume.

The Genocide Convention

Author: John Quigley
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317030737
Size: 46.75 MB
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The Genocide Convention explores the question of whether the law and genocide law in particular can prevent mass atrocities. The volume explains how genocide came to be accepted as a legal norm and analyzes the intent required for this categorization. The work also discusses individual suits against states for genocide and, finally, explores the utility of genocide as a legal concept.

Reducing Genocide To Law

Author: Payam Akhavan
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521824419
Size: 21.62 MB
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Why is genocide the 'ultimate crime' and does this distinction make any difference in confronting evil?

Crime Of Genocide In International Law

Author: George William Mugwanya
Publisher: Cameron May, Limited
Size: 53.54 MB
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The Crime of Genocide in International Law offers a comprehensive evaluation of the contribution of the UN INternational Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda to the development of the crime of genocide. The author's analysis of ICTR jurisprudence and other relevant sources, reveal the pioneering role of the Court in establishing the contours of the crime

The Criminal Law Of Genocide

Author: Paul Behrens
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317036964
Size: 61.98 MB
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This collection of essays presents a contextual view of genocide. The authors, who are academic authorities and practitioners in the field, explore the legal treatment, but also the social and political concepts and historical dimensions of the crime. They also suggest alternative justice solutions to the phenomenon of genocide. Divided into five parts, the first section offers an historical perspective of genocide. The second consists of case studies examining recent atrocities. The third section examines differences between legal and social concepts of genocide. Part four discusses the treatment of genocide in courts and tribunals throughout the world. The final section covers alternatives to trial justice and questions of prevention and sentencing.

Genocide And Political Groups

Author: David L. Nersessian
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 0199588902
Size: 77.23 MB
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During the drafting of the Genocide Convention in 1948, a critical (and controversial) decision was made to exclude political groups, thereby limiting the Convention to national, ethnic, racial and religious collectives. Acts intended to physically or biologically destroy these four groups are condemned as 'genocide,' whereas the identical criminal conduct-directed instead at other human groups-is not. 'Genocide and Political Groups' analyzes whether,notwithstanding the decision 60 years ago, this legal dichotomy continues to make sense. The question is as relevant today as when the Genocide Convention was drafted in 1948. The intervening years provide many examples of political groups being targeted and destroyed 'as such.' Genocideand Political Groups sheds new light on this important issue and offers sound empirical and theoretical grounds to support action by the international community.

Individual Criminal Responsibility In International Law

Author: Elies van Sliedregt
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191627755
Size: 31.83 MB
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This book examines the concept of individual criminal responsibility for serious violations of international law, i.e. aggression, genocide, crimes against humanity and war crimes. Such crimes are rarely committed by single individuals. Rather, international crimes generally connote a plurality of offenders, particularly in the execution of the crimes, which are often orchestrated and masterminded by individuals behind the scene of the crimes who can be termed 'intellectual perpetrators'. For a determination of individual guilt and responsibility, a fair assessment of the mutual relationships between those persons is indispensable. By setting out how to understand and apply concepts such as joint criminal enterprise, superior responsibility, duress, and the defence of superior orders, this work provides a framework for that assessment. It does so by bringing to light the roots of these concepts, which lie not merely in earlier phases of development of international criminal law but also in domestic law and legal doctrine. The book also critically reflects on how criminal responsibility has been developed in the case law of international criminal tribunals and courts. It thus illuminates and analyses the rules on individual responsibility in international law.

Elements Of Genocide

Author: Paul Behrens
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136168567
Size: 36.66 MB
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Elements of Genocide provides an authoritative evaluation of the current perception of the crime, as it appears in the decisions of judicial authorities, the writings of the foremost academic experts in the field, and in the texts of Commission Reports. Genocide constitutes one of the most significant problems in contemporary international law. Within the last fifteen years, the world has witnessed genocidal conduct in Rwanda and Bosnia and Herzegovina, while the debate on the commission of genocide in Darfur and the DR Congo is ongoing. Within the same period, the prosecution of suspected génocidaires has taken place in international tribunals, internationalised tribunals and domestic courts; and the names of Slobodan Milosevic, Radovan Karadzic and Saddam Hussein feature among those against whom charges of genocide were brought. Pursuing an interdisciplinary examination of the existing case law on genocide in international and domestic courts, Elements of Genocide comprehensive and accessible reflection on the crime of genocide, and its inherent complexities.

Prevention Of Genocide Under International Law

Author: Etienne Ruvebana
Publisher: Intersentia Uitgevers N V
ISBN: 9781780682730
Size: 61.57 MB
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Genocide is 'the crime of crimes' which shocks the conscience of mankind the most because of the unspeakable damage and pain it causes. This book studies the obligation to prevent genocide under international law and, more particularly, the extent of that obligation under the Genocide Convention and customary international law. Although, this obligation is recognized in public international law, the issue of what this obligation actually entails has not received much attention in scholarly works, nor in practice. Even recent debates focused on intervention at the stage where genocide is about to be committed or is being committed, ignoring prevention at early stages. Yet, such early prevention is pivotal in order to effectively reduce the risk of genocide. Drawing upon, inter alia, the 2007 genocide judgment of the International Court of Justice, this book puts forward a distinction between primary, secondary, and tertiary levels of prevention of genocide. Within this temporal structure, the book analyzes and applies the obligation to prevent genocide by States and the United Nations. This leads to a clarification of that legal obligation by filling it with concrete international legal measures to be taken by both States and the UN at each level, and by suggesting improvements, which include the creation of national and international institutions to actively promote and monitor the prevention of genocide. *** Etienne Ruvebana has been awarded the Max van der Stoel Human Rights Award 2014 for this book. (Series: School of Human Rights Research - Vol. 66) [Subject: Public International Law, Human Rights Law]